Gibbons_Stamp_Monthly_2013-07.pdf - VSIP.INFO (2023)

tamp S The first choice for stamp collectors since 1890


a Stanley

Gibbons publication

JULY 2013  £3.75


NZ Fiscals The General Purpose  revenue stamps of  New Zealand

The Man of Steel The new ‘super-powered’  stamp issue from Jersey

British Skeletons unearthed New discoveries in  the Skeleton postmarks of England and Wales

40 years of postal independence 9 770954 808168

The stamps of the Isle of  Man and the home-grown  talent that created them  

Thinking of collecting postal stationery? 0 7 0 7

Members of the Postal Stationery  Society present a few of the fascinating  topics available to study


Waves The new research  that’s redefining the  origins of the so-called  ‘Treasury’ Roulettes

Plus: Machin Watch · New Collector · Danish Royalty on Stamps

tamp S Gibbons



New Collector: John Holman



July 2013



The Treasury Roulette: An Enigma Unwrapped Ray Simpson FRPSL

New Zealand’s General Purpose Revenue Stamps: David Smitham



Jersey’s Man of Steel

Creating a Jewel of the Jubilee: Part 4—The European Connection: John Davis FRPSL

The Manx Factor: Richard West

©2013 Warner Bros. Ent. Inc. All Rights Reserved. MAN OF STEEL and all related characters and elements are trademarks of and © DC Comics.

Contents NEWSDESK 7 Newsdesk More details on the up-coming BPMA stamp sale, new King George V variety discovered; Australia 2013 report. 20 Society News More reports from the nation’s Philatelic Societies. 24 Diary Dates Forthcoming fairs and auctions. 28 Around the Houses News of recent auction results.

BRITISH STAMPS 35 GB News Royal Mail's 60th Anniversary of the Coronation and Classic Locomotives of Northern Ireland issues. 36 The ‘Treasury Roulette’: An Enigma Unwrapped Discover how Ray Simpson’s recent research is redefining the origins of the so-called ‘Treasury Roulettes’. 42 An Update on Skeleton Stamps: Part 1 Harry Layne offers new information on the unframed and framed Skeleton postmarks of England and Wales. 47 Machin Watch John Deering takes a closer look at Royal Mail’s recent Doctor Who and Football Heroes stamp issues, including a bit of an ‘own goal’ from Royal Mail. 53 Stamp Variants in Royal Mail Smilers Sheets— an Update. Part 2 John Gray continues his in-depth update on recent Smiler sheet varieties.


58 GB Specialised Catalogue The latest supplement to the Great Britain Specialised Catalogue.

THE POSTAL STATIONERY SOCIETY 21st ANNIVERSARY 61 The Postal Stationery Society As the PSS marks 21 years, members offer a small taste of what this field of collecting has to offer. To begin, Colin Baker introduces the history of postal stationery and the Society itself. 62 Around The World For A Penny: British ‘Foreign Rate’ Postcards, 1892–1917 How much variety can one type of British postal stationery offer? Peter O’Keeffe reveals the infinite possibilities. 66 Belgian Postal Stationery: The Sunday Label Chris Howe explains how religious politics led to some often confusing designs on Belgium’s early postal stationery. 68 Collecting Mauritius Postal Stationery Looking for a new collecting avenue? Alan Huggins explains the many reasons why you should consider the postal stationery of Mauritius.

SPECIAL FEATURES 96 New Zealand’s General Purpose Revenue Stamps With face values ranging from 1d. to over £190,000, New Zealand's General Purpose revenue stamps offer a fascinating area of study, as David Smitham reveals. 100 Vatican Post Office Sede Vacante Stamps and Emeritus Pope Benedict Peter Jennings reports from The Vatican on the recent Sede Vacante issue for Pope Benedict XVI. G.S.M. July 2013

Dear Reader

Have you ever watched a mind-blowing act on a variety performance show and thought to yourself, ‘I would hate to be the person who has to follow that!’ Well, when I first joined the editorial team on GSM, a little over three years ago, and was told of the possibility of one-day, maybe, inheriting the editor’s chair from the venerable Hugh Jefferies, I will admit that I did feel a lot like that person waiting in the wings, watching open-mouthed as the preceding act consistently delivered a first class performance. For over a quarter of a century Hugh has given an awe-inspiring performance as the editor of Gibbons Stamp Monthly. Not only has he expertly juggled the editorial duties of GSM along with the huge responsibilities of being catalogue editor, he has also managed to grow each title in his care, developing them into award-winning, globallyrespected publications. How on earth do you follow an act like that? Compared to Hugh, I felt like my philatelic and editorial repertoire was the equivalent of coming on stage and playing the spoons! Fast forward three years (believe me, that is how it feels!), and Hugh has taken his final bow as the editor of GSM. Last month, he signed off his 303rd and final issue, much to the applause of fellow philatelists, friends and colleagues. Even though I came to GSM with over a dozen years of experience as an editor under my belt—almost half of those as the editor of another philatelic title—the wealth of knowledge, both philatelic and editorial, that Hugh has enthusiastically shared with me over the years has been amazing. I couldn’t have asked for a better mentor and I truly am thankful for the privilege of working with Hugh, especially as I mark my first issue in the ‘hot seat’. So, thanks for everything, Hugh, and thank you for the faith you have shown in me by handing over the reins of GSM. I only hope that I can come close to matching your philatelic, editorial, and dare I say it, facial hair-growing, prowess.

103 The Postmarks of Southern Rhodesia during the King George VI Period, 1937–1953 David Horry explores Southern Rhodesia, which still offers a rich source of rare King George VI postmarks. 106 Jersey’s Man of Steel Discover the story behind Jersey Post’s latest ‘super’ issue. 110 Creating a Jewel of the Jubilee: Part 4 —The European Connection John Davis focuses on the history of Denmark’s royal family, as shown through stamps. 114 The Manx Factor 40 years after the Isle of Man achieved postal independence, Richard West looks back at some of the home-grown talent responsible for its stamps.

REGULAR FEATURES 31 New Collector Another inspiring article for new (and seasoned) collectors. 89 2011–12 Foreign Postal Stationery Geir Sør-Reime continues his annual survey of postal stationery from around the world. EDITORIAL OFFICE 01425 481 042 [emailprotected]

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Your £1 Stanley Gibbons Voucher can be found on page 162

109 Stamp Hunting Nimrod highlights some important stamps to look out for from St Vincent. 113 Competition Your chance to win a £50 Stanley Gibbons voucher. 120 The Unissued Stamps of Queen Elizabeth II The unissued stamps of Non-Sequiturial Africa. Catalogue Column Hugh Jefferies presents his latest comments as SG catalogue editor.

NEW ISSUES 116 Shore to Shore New issues from the Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey. 117 Panorama More of the latest new issues get put under the spotlight. 118 Stamp News in Brief Your monthly summary of recent and forthcoming issues. 121 Catalogue Supplement A 18-page update to the Stanley Gibbons Catalogue. NOTICES ISSN 0954-8084 Price £3.75 a copy from booksellers, newsagents and stamp dealers. Postal Subscription Rates UK £45.00. Europe Airmail £80.00. Overseas (surface mail) £85.00. Airmail £116.00.

Copyright of Articles All the Articles and Features in this magazine are copyright and must not be reproduced without the consent of the Editor and/or the respective authors. Printed by Wyndeham Roche Limited

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First published in July 1890 as Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal

Published by: Stanley Gibbons Limited, 7 Parkside, Christchurch Road, Ringwood, Hampshire BH24 3SH

G.S.M. July 2013

But don’t think we are going to let Hugh disappear without a trace. I am very glad to say that he will still be taking to the GSM ‘stage’ for a number of encores; Hugh will still continue with his regular ‘Around the Houses’ and ‘Catalogue Column’ features, as well as providing a variety of articles covering his many collecting interests—all, of course, performed in his own distinctive style. It is interesting to note that two former GSM editors are still active parts of the magazine today—the esteemed John Holman and now Hugh Jefferies. There is definitely a magnetic quality about GSM that just makes you want to be a part of it. I’m not sure what it is (it’s certainly not the pay!). Maybe it’s the knowledge that you are a part of the team that makes GSM the UK’s leading and best-value philatelic title, or maybe it’s being associated with something with such a long and distinguished heritage? As I slide into the metaphorical editor’s chair (which, in reality, is the same old, wobbly affair I have had for the past three years) I am conscious that I am not only following in Hugh’s Chelsea-booted footsteps, but also those in an illustrious list of previous editors of a title that has spanned three centuries. As assistant editor, I was proud to play a part in continuing the GSM legacy, but to have been given the opportunity to add my name to that awe-inspiring list of editors is a real honour. Thank to you for joining me for this issue and I hope you enjoy reading it as much as we have enjoyed putting it together. Now, as they say, on with the show!




World Great Britain Local Society News

BPMA sale: more details announced • Farewell to Hugh Jefferies • Sideways watermark discovered • British success at Australia 2013 • Royal Mail sets the trend at prestigious award ceremony

Near sell-out George S Harell auction achieves impressive results at SG The Stanley Gibbons’ George S Harell auction of Indian Feudatory States, which took place on 2 May, proved to be a great success, with nearly all lots sold. With many of the star items from the sale having been off the market for more than three decades, the collection was described by Dr Kinns, the company’s philatelic Director, as, ‘The most important collection of its kind to appear for some years’. The auction attracted a full room, as well as a large number of telephone and internet bidders. However, they all had to compete against a very strong ‘book’, with many lots selling over estimate and a good number achieving well over catalogue value. By the end of the sale, 96 per cent of lots had been sold, with the total realisation of the auction achieving 57 per cent above estimates. The undisputed highlight of the auction was lot 391, an unused example of the 1944 ‘Maharaja Kerala Varma II’, 1a. brown-orange Cochin Official (SG O70). Catalogued at £5500, this extremely rare item eventually sold for £9400. It wasn’t just the ‘high value’ items that achieved results well in excess of their catalogue prices; lot 39, a set of three 1927 Barwani stamps (SG 20/22)—catalogued at £140—sold to a book bid of £420. Meanwhile, lot 246, a fine unused 1915-4 1a. BundiOfficial (SG O45B)—catalogued at £75— sold for £190.

The 1944 ‘Maharaja Kerala Varma II’, 1a. Cochin Official, which sold for £9400 in the recent Stanley Gibbons Indian Feudatory States auction

Other lots realising over their catalogue values included lot 106, a 1935-36 Bhopal 4a. chocolate, with ¼a. type O5 surcharge (SG O322), which sold for £1700 (catalogue £1500), and lot 333, a ‘doubly printed’ Cochin 1902-03 2 put. (SG 19a), which sold for £1800 (catalogue £1000). Elsewhere, lot 565, a good unused ‘cut square’ example of the rare Jammu and Kashmir 1866 ½a. (SG 2), catalogued at £4000, sold for an impressive £7000. Commenting on the success of the sale, Stanley Gibbons’ Managing Director, London, Richard Watkins, said, ‘The teamwork involving the SG specialists, working together with the vendor, combined with a prestigious catalogue and exceptional results, further demonstrates that Stanley Gibbons Auctions is the venue for success‘ Prices quoted exclude 15 per cent buyer’s premium.

Royal Mail Fashion stamps receive coveted design award Royal Mail’s Great British Fashion issue, released in May 2012, has been named as the winner of a prestigious design award for print communications. The announcement was made on 4 June at the 2013 Design Week Awards, held at the Honourable Artillery Company in London. The award-winning stamps, designed by Johnson Banks, feature the work of some of Britain’s most influential fashion designers to have emerged since World War II, including Hardy Amies, Tommy Nutter, Jean Muir, Zandra Rhodes and punk fashion creator, Vivienne Westwood. G.S.M. July 2013

Philip Parker, Royal Mail Stamps spokesperson, said, ‘We are delighted to have won this award. Great British Fashion was a hugely popular issue that allowed us to showcase some of the creative talent Britain is famous for around the world.’

Official London 2015 auctioneers announced Heinrich Koehler and Corinphila, have been appointed as official auctioneers for the London 2015 Europhilex, the international stamp show being organised by Stamp World Exhibitions, which will take place at the Business Design Centre, London on 13 to 16 May 2015. Koehler and Corinphila will stage the auction at the Business Design Centre towards the end of the exhibition. Further details of the auction will be published nearer the time. For further information about London 2015 Europhilex, visit www.

AAPE Youth Grand Champion of Champions 16-year-old Canadian, Jesse Chevrier, has been crowned as the 2013 Youth Grand Champion at the American Youth Champion of Champions competition, organised by the American Association of Philatelic Exhibitors (AAPE). This year’s annual competition took place during the Napex exhibition, which was held in McLean, in Virgina, USA, between 29 May and 2 June. Jesse’s exhibit, titled ‘Owls’, qualified for the Youth competition by winning the Youth Grand award at Novapex 2012. The Grand Championship honour comes on the heels of his recent success at Australia 2013 where his exhibit was awarded a large silver. The 2013 Reserve Grand Award was won by 13-year-old Darren Corapcioglu from Maryland, with his exhibit entitled ‘The Universe’.



New Australian 1d. variety discovered at Melbourne

Double honour awarded to GSM’s ‘Diamond Geezer’

The 2013 World Stamp Expo in Melbourne was the fitting venue for the discovery of a new variety on the most popular collected stamp in Australia. An Australian Penny Red stamp, posted in Leichhardt, NSW, in 1914, with watermark sideways was certified by philatelic experts at the Expo and could be worth as much as AUS$100,000. More than one billion of these stamps were printed from 1914–1921 but this is the first time that an example has been found with a sideways watermark.

SG heads to the York Show The latest York Stamp and Coin fair will take place from 19 July (11.00a.m.–6.00p.m.) to 20 July (10.00a.m.–4.00p.m.) 2013. As usual, the show wil be located in the Grandstand at the Racecourse, York, YO23 1EX.

Admission to the fair is free and there will be around 95 stamp and postal history dealers, and over 60 coin, banknote and medal dealers in attendance. Amongst the dealers will be Stanley Gibbons who will be offering a variety of catalogues, albums and other philatelic accessories. Any reader who will be attending the show and would like to pre-order any SG stock and pick it up at the event, thus saving the cost of postage, can do so by calling the sales team on 01425 481 0678.

ASCAT Grand Prix awarded to Dr Jacques Rogge

Do you want to work for Stanley Gibbons?

ASCAT, the international association of philatelic publishers, will award Dr Jacques Rogge with the ASCAT Grand Prix, one of the most prestigious international philatelic awards. Dr Jacques Rogge is the current President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). He is by profession an orthopaedic surgeon and he also competed in yachting in the 1968, 1972 and 1976 Summer Olympics. Dr Rogge is awarded the prize due to his great dedication to the Olympic Games, including the development of the Olympic Museum and for his long time support of philately. The Grand Prix will be presented to Dr Rogge at a special Gala Dinner honoured by the presence of HSH Prince Albert II of Monaco—who himself won the award in 2011—during the MonacoPhil2013 Exhibition on 5 December, in Monte Carlo. The Principality of Monaco will issue a special stamp to commemorate the occasion.

Stanley Gibbons is looking for Specialist Describers and Stock Processors to support its busy Commonwealth Department. If you are interested in seeing a job description, please contact the HR manager, Gill Sellers, at [emailprotected]

Happy semi-retirement, Hugh Jefferies! On 29 May, GSM said farewell to its long-standing editor, Hugh Jefferies. Hugh has been the editor of GSM since 1988, and an employee of Stanley Gibbons since 1975. In his 25 years as editor, Hugh has delivered over 300 issues of Gibbons Stamp Monthly, and secured its position as the UK’s most popular philatelic magazine on the shelf today. As many will know, Hugh is also the catalogue editor for many of Stanley Gibbons titles, and he will still continue in this role on a part-time basis. We are glad to say that Hugh will also still remain a regular contributor to GSM, supplying his monthly ‘Around the Houses’ and ‘Catalogue Column’ features, as well as articles on his own collecting interests. In a light-heated farewell ceremony in front of gathered members of the entire Stanley Gibbons’ publishing team, Publisher, Robert Swain delivered a sincere appreciation of Hugh’s contribution to not only GSM and the catalogues, but to Stanley Gibbons as a whole. Well done, Hugh!


Josef Charrach, who has written several well-received thematic articles on precious gems and minerals in GSM, has received two ‘precious’ philatelic honours. Not only did Josef come away with a much-deserved gold medal at the recent international competition in Melbourne, he has also been elected at the new President of the Gems, Minerals and Jewellery Study Unit of the American Topical Association (ATA). The Study Unit is made up of an international group of philatelists who conduct research in the above fields, which also encompasses related geology, mining and beneficiation. Members’ articles are published in a quarterly journal, Philagems International. The journal is available as an email PDF file or as a paper copy. If you would you like to receive a sample copy, send your postal address or email to: Josef Charrach, President GMJSU, POB 14, Metar 85025, Israel or email [emailprotected] com

Publisher, Robert Swain (left) congratulating Hugh Jefferies on his ‘semi’ retirement after almost 38 years of service to Stanley Gibbons


John Batchelor awarded MBE The 50-year career of stamp designer and illustrator, John Batchelor, was recognised in March 2013 when he was awarded an MBE for services to illustration. The selftaught technical artist began his career back in 1963 by illustrating a 56-week series on antique pistols for the popular boy’s paper Eagle. Commissions from various other publications soon followed, offering Mr Batchelor the opportunity to provide illustrations on a variety of subjects ranging from aviation, science, motoring and military vehicles. Mr Batchelor’s first entry into stamp design came in late 1985. After realising that March 1986 would be the 50th anniversary of the first flight of the Spitfire, he produced a series of rough colour sketches and sent them to the Post Office in the hope that they could be developed into a set of postage stamps to mark the occasion. No answer was forthcoming from the Post office. However, the artist did get

a surprise call from Mr Paul Epps of the Crown Agents Stamp Bureau, who said that his sketches had arrived on his desk and would he like to produce final illustrations for a set of stamps. Batchelor was delighted and the finished stamps, produced for Nevis, were launched on 5 March 1986. 27 years later, John Batchelor, who still works as a full time illustrator, has produced 891 stamps for 49 countries.

More details released on BPMA sale As reported in the May issue of GSM, Sotheby’s will be conducting the sale of material from The British Postal Museum & Archive (BPMA) collections. The first of two scheduled auctions, which is estimated to bring in excess of £5 million, will take place on 11 July 2013 in London and will comprise duplicate imperforate items from the BPMA’s collections. The proceeds of the sale will go towards the establishment of the BPMA’s new home, which is scheduled to open in early 2016. Following its initial announcement, Sotheby’s has now released more details on what the first, 191-lot sale will contain. Lots 1 to 12 of the sale will comprise a selection of registration sheets and part-sheets of the ever-popular King George V Seahorses issues. Highlights of the section include lot 4—a complete sheet of the 1923 Bradbury Wilkinson 10s. printed on Joynson paper (estimated at £100,000–£120,000). Comprising 40 stamps, the registration sheet is signed and endorsed on the back, with manuscript endorsements in the margins on the front. Lots 7 to 12 comprise of a selection of the 1934 re-engraved issue sheets printed by Waterlow and Sons. The stamps will be available as single sets, pairs and blocks of four, plus registration blocks of 24. A single example of the imperf 1934 reengraved Waterlow Seahorses (lot 7)


A horizontal registration multiple from the King George VI high value series (lot 86)

Estimates start from £5000 for each set of three marginal singles to a top-end estimate of £160,000 for a complete set of three registration blocks. Lots 13 to 40 will feature the four values of the King Edward VIII definitives, with each value available as single sets, sets in pairs and blocks of four. The star lot in this section is a set of four registration blocks of 48, estimated at £100,000–£120,000 (lot 18). Other King Edward VIII items to be offered will be imperforate blocks from booklet panes of six, coil stamps and the Postage Due issues. Lot 40 comprises a complete collection of King Edward VIII issues, essentially ‘one-of-each’ from this reign, offered with an estimate of £20,000–£25,000. The final section of the sale will feature items from the reign of King George VI, beginning with the 17 values issued between 1937 and 1947, known as the ‘Dark Colours’. The sale will offer each value as single sets, pairs, and blocks of four; as well as cylinder blocks and registration blocks. Estimated at £400,000–£500,000 the highest value item in the sale is a set of 17 horizontal blocks of 48, 36 and 24 stamps in different values. Large multiples of the 1939 to 1948 high value series will also be available during the

sale, including complete registration blocks, estimated at £250,000–£300,000 (lot 86, illustrated above). Also on offer will be the six-value wartime ‘Light Colour’ issue (1941–42)—which will be offered in lots ranging from sets of marginal singles to complete horizontal registration blocks of 24. Collectors will also have the opportunity to obtain examples of the 1950–52 Colour Change ‘Festival of Britain’ low values; lots range from single stamps to a complete set of six horizontal registration multiples, estimated at £140,000–£180,000 (lot 130). Examples of the 1951 ‘Festival of Britain’ high values will be offered as two single sets, vertical pairs, blocks of four and eight, as well as vertical blocks of 12, the latter is estimated at £95,000–£120,000 (lot 178). The July sale will also include a selection of King George V Postage Dues. Lots include: a 1951-54 set of five marginal singles; a 1937-38 set of seven marginal singles; a 1937-38 set of eight blocks of four and a set of eight vertical registration blocks (estimated £180,000– £220,000). The second sale of duplicate material from the BPMA collection is scheduled to take place in February 2014. G.S.M. July 2013


British success at Australia 2013

Winners of large gold awards, Lesley Marley, Birthe King and Pat Grimwood-Taylor.

The Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne, was a fitting venue for the Australia 2013 World Stamp Expo

The much-anticipated Australia 2013 World Stamp Expo, held in Melbourne on 10 to 15 May, has been regarded as a great success; a performance mirrored by many of the British exhibitors who attended. The event, which marked the centenary of the Kangaroo stamps, was held in the prestigious Royal Exhibition Building, which was a fitting venue for such an important occasion. Attendance throughout the six days was high, with Australia Post being very pleased with the long queues waiting to buy the new issues released during the exhibition (see this month’s ‘New Collector’ for more information). Something which was receiving a lot of attention at the exhibition was the presence of two of Royal Mail’s Post & Go machines, which were offering an ‘Australia 2013 Stamp Expo’ inscription on both the Machin and Union Flag designs, plus Smilers sheets. No fewer than 40 exhibits were shown by British exhibitors. This included the display by Arthur Woo featuring the classic stamps of Western Australia printed from Perkins Bacon plates, which had the honour of winning won the coveted Grand Prix National, as well as a large gold medal. The Grand Prix International went to Emil Buhrmann of South Africa for ‘Cape of Good Hope –The Hope Rectangular Design

Australia Post’s $10 ‘Roo’ issued during the 2013 Melbourne International


A view of the exhibition hall, which held no fewer than 40 British exhibits

during the Victorian Period’, and the Grand Prix D’Honneur was awarded to Koichi Sato of Japan for Tasmania Imperforate stamps from ‘Courier’ to ‘Chalon Head’. In the Championship Class, Hugh Feldman showed ‘Mails carried by water in the USA (1813– 1875)’. British exhibitors scored highly in the medals with large golds going to: John Griffith-Jones (The Missionary Stamps of Uganda 1895–99), Pat Grimwood-Taylor (The Postal History of South Australia to 1891), Alan Holyoake (Secured Delivery leading to the Registration of UK Mail, 1450–1862), Alan Huggins (Great Britain—The Early Embossed Postal Stationery Issues), Lesley Marley (A Whale’s Tale), Brian Moorhouse (The Early Issues of Haiti) and Arthur Woo (The Provincial Issues of Argentina). In addition, gold medals were awarded to: Graham Booth (The Cayman Islands Post Office 1889–1945), Andrew Dove (New Zealand Definitive Stamps showing the head of King George V), Christine Earle

(Extracts from a Wartime Diary 1939–45), Hugh Feldman (The first four decades of US Rail Road Mail Contracts), Ian Greig (The Queen on Throne Stamps of Victoria), Joseph Hackmey (The Half Lengths of Victoria), Keith Hanman (Sierra Leone Postal Stationery 1880 to 1955), Chris Harman (Great Britain—The College Posts of Oxford and Cambridge 1871–1886), Bill Hedley (Postal Services in the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary to 1900, with special reference to Pozsony and its environs), Colin Hoffman (Rhodesia—Early Mails 1860–1901), Simon Greenwood (British Guiana 1850–1899), Chris King (From Prussia to Plebiscite: The Duchy of Slesvig 1868–1920), Neil Sargent (Great Britain Queen Victoria Stampedto-Order Envelopes 1855–1901), ‘Sinbad’ (Western Australia 1854–1912), David Stirrups (Gibraltar Spanish Connections 1845–1875), John Sussex (Postal History of South West Africa) and Graham Winters (Aspects of Ceylon Postal History 1872–1904). Large Vermeil medals went to: Graham Booth (The Rise and Fall of the American Merchant Marine as a Transatlantic Mail Carrier 1800–62), Peter Cockburn (Revenue and Judicial stamps of the Straits Settlements), Richard Stock (Sudan: The Development of Postal Services), Richard Wheatley (Netherlands East Indies Pre-stamp Mail 1789–1864), Andrew Wilson (Rhodesian Admirals 1913–1924) and Paul Wreglesworth (New Zealand—Second Sideface Issue, 1882–1900). Peter Shaw received a vermeil for ‘The Wilding Castle High Values of Great Britain 1953–1962. In the Open Class, Birthe King was awarded 95 points (Large Gold medal equivalent) for her exhibit ‘Denmark: Conscience, Conflict and Camps, 1932–1949’ and Claire Scott was awarded 77 points (Large Silver medal equivalent) for ‘Death by Post’. In the One Frame Class, Patrick Reid was awarded 90 points (Gold medal equivalent) for ‘Tasmania–The CTMS/T Tax Mark Handstamps 1904–1939’. In the Literature Class, Alan Drysdall was awarded a vermeil for The Postal History of Bulawayo to 1923, and Barry Floyd a silver medal for Charles Darwin: His Life through Commemorative Stamps. Two sisters from Ayr, Claire and Lynne Mitchell, entered the Youth Class and were awarded a silver-bronze for ‘Is it a bird? Is it a plane?’ and a Bronze medal for ‘Bobbing along on the Canal’ respectively. G.S.M. July 2013


Online vote for 2013 Europa stamps now open On 9 May 2013, PostEurop, the association that represents the European postal administrations, opened the public online voting to select the best Europa stamp for 2013. The chosen theme for this year’s competition was postal vehicles. These workhorses of the postal industry (or work-camel in the case of Kazakhstan’s entry) not only fulfil the vital role of transporting the post, but also act as a visible, daily symbol of each postal operator’s presence in their own country. Each of the stamps issued for this year’s competition, which all bear the official EUROPA logo, can be viewed at the website: To vote for your favourite stamp, simply register your details and select the design you think deserves to be a winner (one vote per registered voter). The online competition ends on 31 August 2013. The winning stamps will be announced at the PostEurop 20th Anniversary Dinner to be held on 18 September 2013 in Brussels.

The future of the BPMA to be revealed at SRT lecture Adrian Steel, the Director of the British Postal Museum & Archive, will give a talk entitled ‘The Future of the BPMA’ for this year’s Stuart Rossiter Trust memorial lecture. In his talk, Adrian will discuss the BPMA’s exciting plans for a new centre in Central London adjacent to the Mount Pleasant site, a historic centre of the British postal service. The philatelic community has been anxiously awaiting a replacement for the old National Postal Museum (which closed in 1998) for many years and we are finally on the way to the first class home for Britain’s postal heritage which it so richly deserves. The lecture will be a personal look at the plans for the new centre and the work behind them. Adrian will also provide a look at some of the hidden gems of the BPMA’s collections which have particularly

appealed to him over the last ten years of working at this endeavour. Adrian has been with the BPMA, and its predecessor Royal Mail Heritage, since 2003. He has been Catalogue Manager, Head of Archives and Records Management during maternity leave, and led the BPMA’s project to create a new centre for its museum and archive collections since 2006. Following the retirement of Tony Conder in April 2009, he was appointed acting Chief Executive Officer, and ultimately Director. The lecture will be held at 5.00p.m. on 8 November at the Royal Philatelic Society London, 41 Devonshire Place, London, W1G 6JY. Free admission is only by non-transferable ticket on application to the Corresponding Trustee: Rex Dixon FRPSL at [emailprotected] com. Early application is advised.

Great Britain illustrated Price List 1840 – 2008

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G.S.M. July 2013


Society News

Philatelic Society news from home and abroad Rugby and District Philatelic Society The Rugby and District Philatelic Society will be holding a special meeting in September to celebrate a milestone moment in its history—its Diamond Jubilee. The original Rugby Philatelic Society comprised seven members who met 14 times in 1908 before disbanding due to lack of money. The Society re-formed in 1953 on the initiative of a Mr C Worrall, who published a letter in the local paper asking collectors to contact Members at a recent meeting of the Rugby and him. Having half-a-dozen replies, he District Philatelic Society, which celebrates its 60th organised a meeting in the Percival anniversary in 2013 Guildhouse on 7 July 1953. Ten collectors attended, including—incredibly—a Mr Foddy who was one of the original 1908 membership! A member of Leicester PS attended that first meeting and gave advice on setting up and running a Society. It was then decided to hold regular meetings on Monday evenings in the Public Library, the first of which took place on 12 October 1953. So began Rugby and District Philatelic Society, which still meets—after several relocations—in the Percival Guildhouse. During the past 60 years, the Society has presented displays on every conceivable philatelic topic. It has hosted the Midland Federation Convention in both April 1972 and November 1993, and members have organised several exhibitions at Rugby Library, as well as numerous Stamp Fairs in the town. Membership peaked at 54 in the 1976–1977 season, which included a healthy Junior section. However, like many, the Society has seen a decline in recent years. Although only a dozen strong at present, four members display regularly to Societies in the Midland Federation (and sometimes further afield). The Programme Secretary, Clive Williams, is also Curator of the Rugby Collection—an extensive archive of local postal history and postmarks built up over the years, with a subsidiary Thematic collection relating to the game of Rugby. The Diamond Jubilee meeting will take place on 9 September at the Percival Guildhouse from 1.00p.m. to 3.00p.m. It is hoped that as many past and present members as possible will attend. However, all collectors will be welcome. Refreshments will be provided. For more information and directions please contact the Secretary, Mike Whittaker, on 01788 817 892.

The displays ranged from 1840 Prepaid Parliamentary Envelopes, the usage of the Mulready Postal Stationery, Queen Victoria Embossed Penny Pink Envelopes and Advertising Rings and British postal stationery for use overseas, to the postal stationery of Ceylon, Mauritius, Sierra Leone, Orange Free State, Bolivia and Denmark, plus The Wells Fargo Express Co. Introducing the displays, Alan Huggins commented that the scarcity of much postal stationery material is not fully appreciated. Those wishing to visit The Royal Philatelic Society London at 41 Devonshire Place, London W1G 6JY, or be a guest at one of its meetings, are kindly asked to contact in advance the Administrative Office on 020 7486 1044.

Swanage Stamp Society

At the Society’s March meeting, speaker John Hilton gave a captivating talk on the history of the World War I German submarine ‘U’ boat 9, which was awarded the Iron Cross. John illustrated his talk with a very fine display of original postcards, including many of the ships that came into contact with ‘U’ boat 9. Also at the meeting, Peter Grey gave a very interesting and informative talk on the history of Egypt from Napoleonic times up to the 1950s. Peter’s talk was also illustrated with another fine display of stamps and postcards, etc. Details of the society can be obtained from John Connor on 01929 450293.

British West Indies Study Circle 39 members attended the Circle’s latest AGM, which was kindly hosted by Grosvenor Auctions on 27 April. The Chairman, Peter Ford, thanked Terry Harrison and George Dunbar for volunteering to succeed two stalwarts, Steve Jarvis and Peter Fernbank, as Bulletin Editor and Secretary respectively. Both had moved into their new tasks seamlessly. He expressed the Circle’s gratitude to Steve and Peter for their past efforts and for smoothing the handover. Another change approved was the appointment to the Committee of John Keegan following the resignation of Michael Hamilton, who was applauded for his more than 30 years service. Despite another rise in postal charges, the accounts proved in sufficiently good order to avoid an increase in subscription rates. The second edition of Peter Fernbank’s book on the KGV keyplates, recently published by the Circle in full colour, was on sale and members were informed that books on the Barbados Britannias, Br Guiana 1882


issue and Jamaica airmails would likely be ready later in the year. Following the AGM the traditional auction took place, when around 70 per cent of the 673 lots found new owners for a total of close to £20,000. The Circle will hold its biennial convention at the Honiley Hotel in Warwickshire on the weekend of 5–6 October 2013. The main displays will be British Honduras by Simon Greenwood and a BWI miscellany by Federico Borromeo d’Adda. All collectors are welcome to attend and those interested in BWI philately are invited to log onto the website or to contact Membership Secretary Steve Jarvis on [emailprotected] or at 5 Redbridge Drive, Andover, Hants SP10 2LF.

The Royal Philatelic Society London 11 members of The Royal Philatelic Society London provided an afternoon of Postal Stationery ‘Uncovered’ at the meeting held on 23 May.

John Hilton (fifth from the left on back row) and Peter Grey (far right on back row) and other club members, with a small fraction of their displays

Taunton Stamp Club

A recent meeting at the Club included a visit from Val Beeken—an enthusiastic philatelist at both Newcastle and Gateshead. Val entertained members with a superb selection of first day covers, aerogrammes, postal stationery, errors, postmarks, autographs, slogans and commemorative covers, all connected with the principality of Wales. Val even supplemented the coffee break by supplying a tasty Carnarvon cheese impregnated with leeks. The talk and cheese was much lauded. G.S.M. July 2013

GREAT BRITAIN AND ISLANDS SPECIAL OFFERS All collections contain 2012 issues – All Off Paper 500 diff. - £6.00 1000 diff - £22.00 2000 diff - £75.00 3000 diff - £140.00 MULTIPLES ONLY: 100 diff. - £20.00 200 diff - £35.00 REGIONALS ONLY: 100 diff - £ 6.00 200 diff - £12.00 COMMEMS ONLY: 500 diff - £13.00 1000 diff - £50.00 3000 diff - £500.00 HIGH VALUE COMMEMS ONLY 100 diff - £10.00 200 diff - £20.00 500 diff - £65.00 1000 diff - £260.00 QUEEN VICTORIA TO KING GEORGE VI 50 diff - £6.00 100 diff - £13.00

1500 diff - £44.00 5000 diff - £900.00 500 diff - £99.00

50 years ago news of one of Britain’s most infamous crimes first hit the headlines—The Great Train Robbery. As we approach the 50th anniversary, Douglas Muir of the British Postal Museum and Archive looks through the historical records held by the BPMA relating to the crime. With some never before published material, this fascinating article offers a unique insight into the robbery and the subsequent investigation to find those responsible.

300 diff - £25.00 2000 diff - £250.00

300 diff - £35.00

200 diff - £50.00

BRITISH EMPIRE (off paper) Victoria to Geo VI (they don’t make it now!!) This excellent mix is accumulated from our own surpluses, bin ends, stripped collections and other bits & pieces that we don’t have time to sort. Limited supplies and again sold by weight. Approx. 2000 to 100g - £55 and 4000 to 225g - £115

BRITISH EMPIRE: (QV to Geo. VI ONLY) Well over 1000 all diff. Mostly used incl. shade, perf & w/m Varieties. Includes Bahawalpur SG012, Barbados SG163, SGH248, Caymans 1A and Cyprus 86. All mint – Gilberts D1, Transvaal 212 and Turks 154-all used. Newfoundland 258 – mint. These 10 alone cat. £180, so total cat. must be in excess of £1000. Price £140

MAGICAL MIXTURES - off paper WHOLE WORLD: Based on auction & charity supplied lots plus our own surpluses, this very wide ranging mix works out at about 3 for a penny. You should find high cat values and fill a load of gaps. 225g - £16 425g - £30 BRITISH EMPIRE: Small & large mint & used from early Empire to modern. You could find anything from A – Z and with good cat. Report to magazine or to us if you do. Works out at an amazing ½ p ea. stamp or less. 225g - £22 425g - £40 W. EUROPE: Small/Large.More collectors are turning to the stamps of our EU partners.This well ranging mix will give you a great start!! 225g - £22 425g - £40 (NOTE) a 225g purchase of each of the 3 above can be had for £55 and 425g of ea. for £100. PLUS we will give you 500 different World F.O.C. BRITISH AFRICA: Supplied by a charity org. without RSA and with excellent variety 225g - £30 425g - £55

OVERSEAS MIXTURE (all from charities) Mostly On Paper – from around the Globe A fantastic variety and absolutely loaded with better values. You are sure to find something new! 425 gr (1lb) - £25.00

All prices include post/VAT.for UK, elsewhere postage is extra. Orders are usually dispatched within 48 hours of receipt. Our extensive list will be sent with your order or is FREE on request. TERMS: Cash with order. No quibble refund guarantee on all items returned promptly and in good order. We accept cheques, postal orders, cash, credit cards (Visa, Access, & Mastercard). Please advise the address at which the card is registered, along with the security code on the reverse. Your daytime tel. no. and/or e-mail address is appreciated

Dept 20 PO Box 1 – CHESHAM – Bucks HP5 2YJ – UK Tel & Fax: + 44(0)1494 785907 e-mail [emailprotected]


On Sale 18 July 2013


SG catalogue value at least £10,000 - £750



onth ·

As above, but may contain some slight duplication SG catalogue value at least £5000 - £395



An excellent selection of used stamps, all in clean, sound, collectable condition. All different including visible plate numbers, watermarks and listed shades (where applicable) SG catalogue value at least £500 - £49.50 SG catalogue value at least £1000 - £95.00 SG catalogue value at least £2000 - £175

tamp S onth

GREAT BRITAIN Queen Victoria Only



Are pleased to offer...


David Horry returns with the concluding part of his in-depth article on the Colonial Administrator and philatelist, Sir Harry Luke. When Luke lost his philatelic collection during a World War II bombing raid, he had the motive, the means, the opportunity, and certainly the connections, to create facsimiles of the used covers lost. In this final part of his article, David examines the possible relationship between Luke, the famed postmark collector, Roger Wells and the infamous forger, ‘Madame Joseph’.


Gwynn Williams tells the fascinating story of the USSR’s dream to create a fleet of airships in the 1930s—an ambitious plan part-funded through the sale of special stamps and pre-stamped cards.


New Collector, Nimrod, Catalogue Column, Panorama, Stamp News in Brief and the latest supplement to the Stanley Gibbons Catalogue.


As Britain’s railway structure developed in the mid-19th century and more mail was being moved by rail, it was thought convenient to have a post office adjacent to, or even located on, railway stations. Inevitably specific postmarks were introduced to facilitate the service. In this article, Bill Pipe introduces a wide range of railway station postmarks dating back the early 1840s. With some handstamps being introduced for very short periods, there is plenty of scope for study.


Machin Watch, the Specialised Catalogue Supplement and all the latest GB News.


Win a £50 Stanley Gibbons voucher in our easy-to-enter competition.

Stamp Gibbons Monthly

At £3.75 still without doubt

Britain’s best value stamp magazine. G.S.M. July 2013

Newsdesk Diary Dates

Diary Dates Readers are advised to check (telephone numbers are given, where known) that venues and times are correct. The listing contains stamp, postcard, coin, other collectables or combination fairs. Every care is taken in the compilation of this listing but we regret that GSM cannot be held responsible for omissions or errors.

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21/22 22 22 22 22 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 30 30 30

3 4 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 11 12 12 12/13 13 13


June Stafford, County Showground, A518, ST18 0BD Stafford Stamp Show Finchley, Methodist Church Hall, Ballards Lane, Essex Park, N3 1ND North Berwick, St Andrew Blackadder Church Hall, High Street, EH39 4NU Salisbury, Methodist Church, Fisherton Street SP2 7RB Newton Abbot, St Michaels Church Hall, Chudleigh Road, Kingsteignton, TQ12 3JU Bristol, The Fear Institute, Keynsham High Street, Keynsham, BS31 1DG Ealing, Polygon Complex, Ealing Parish Church. St Marys Road, Guildford, Onslow Village Hall, Wilderness Road. GU2 7QR Great Barr, Collingwood Centre, Collingwood Drive, Pheasey, B43 7NF Morley, St Mary’s Hall. Commercial Street. Morley (nr Leeds), LS27 8HZ Redbourn, Redbourn Village Hall, 63 High Street, AL3 7LW Redcar, Rye Hills School, TS10 2HN Taunton, St James Church Hall, St James Street, TA1 1JS Ascot, British Red Cross Centre (Heatherwood Hospital Entrance 3) Kings Ride, SL5 7RD Carlisle, Houghton Village Hall, Houghton, CA3 0LL Hatfield, Ramanda Hatfield, St Albans Road West, AL10 9RH Peterborough, The Holiday inn, Thorpe Wood, PE3 6SG Southport, Royal Clifton Hotel, The Promenade Wakefield, The Cedar Court Hotel, Denby Dale Road, Calder Grove July Neath, Neath Town Hall, SA11 3LL Cardiff, Methodist Church, Nottingham Street, CF5 1JP Beckenham, Azelia Hall, Croydon Road Chichester, Stockbridge Hall, Stockbridge Road, Donnington. PO19 8SJ Huddersfield, St Thomas’ Community Centre, Manchester Road, Longroyd Bridge Leamington Spa, Warwickshire Exhibition Centre, Radford Semele, Midpex Leicester, The YMCA, 7 East Street, LE1 6EY Rawreth, Rawreth Parish Hall, Church Road, Essex, SS11 8SH Ruislip, Methodist Church Hall, Ickenham Road, HA4 7DQ Sutton Coldfield, Fellowship Hall, South Parade, Town Centre, B72 York, Wiggington Recreational Hall, YO32 2PJ Altrincham, Cresta Court Hotel, Church Street, Town Centre Milton Keynes, Novotel, Saxon Street, Leyburn Coure, Heelands, MK13 7RA Oxford, The WI Hall North Hinksey Lane, Botley, OX2 0LT Worthing, Heene Community Centre, 122 Heene Rd, BN11 4PL Plymouth, Plymouth Guildhall, Armada Way PL1 2ER Clyst St George (Exeter), Parish Hall, Woodbury Road EX3 0RE London, Royal National Hotel, Bedford Way, Russell Square, London WC1H 0DG Chessington, King George Field Indoor Bowls Club, Jubilee Way, KT9 1TR Bournemouth, Pelhams Park, Millhams Road, Kinson Colwyn Bay, Eirias High School, Eirias Road, LL29 7SP


(01785 259 350)


(07710 683 122)


(01368 860 365)


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10-4 9.30-2.30


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(01446 741 026) (01446 741 026)

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9.30-3.30 10-3.30


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Derby, Nunsfield House Community Hall, 33 Boulton Road, Alvaston, DE24 0FD Hastings, Christ Church, London Rd, St Leonard’s-on-sea. TN37 6GL Laindon, Methodist Church Hall, High Road, Langdon Hills, Essex, SS16 6EX Norton, Norton Methodist Church Hall, Stockton-on Tees Staines, Christchurch Hall. Kingston Road Sutton, St Helier Methodist Church Hall, Green Lane, Rose Hill, SM4 6SQ Telford, Belmont Hall, Wellington Centre, Telford, TF1 1LU Upminster, St Lawrence Church Hall, Corbets Tey Road, RM14 2AJ Altrincham, Mercure Hotel, Langham Road, Bowdon Maidstone, Royal British Legion, British Legion Village, Hall Road, Aylesford Wokingham, St Crispins Leisure Centre, London Road, RG40 1SR York, Grandstand, York Racecourse York Stamp and Coin Fair Basingstoke The Costello School, Crossborough Hill, Basingstoke, RG21 4AL Brighton, Good Shepherd Hall, 272 Dyke Road Bristol, Shirehampton Public Hall, Station Road, Shirehampton, BS11 9TX Colchester, Parish Hall, Old London Road, Marks Tey, CO6 1EN Durham, Durham County Hall, DH1 5UL Exeter, America Hall, De La Rue Way, Pinhoe, EX4 8PX Hull, St Stevens Church Hall, Freehold Street, Off Spring Bank, HU3 1RB Kenilworth, Kenilworth School, Leyes Lane Kenilworth, CV8 2DA Sittingbourne, Carmel Hall, Ufton Lane (off West Street), ME10 1JB Altrincham, Cresta Court Hotel, Church Street, Town Centre Dronfield, Coal Aston Village Hall, Coal Aston, Dronfield (nr Sheffield), S18 3AY Knowle, Knowle Village Hall, St Johns Close, B93 0NH North Berwick, St Andrew Blackadder Church Hall, High Street, EH39 4NU Slip End, Village Hall, Markyate Road and Grove Road, LU1 4BU Winchester, Badgers Farm Community Centre, Badgers Farm Rd., SO22 4QB Bexhill, St Martha’s Church Hall, Cooden Sea Road, Little Common Bristol, The Fear Institute, Keynsham High Street, Keynsham, BS31 1DG Ealing, Polygon Complex, Ealing Parish Church. St Marys Road Morley, St Mary’s Hall. Commercial Street. Morley (nr Leeds), LS27 8HZ Northampton, The Abbey Centre, East Hunsbury, Overlade Close, NN4 0RZ Petersfield, Community Centre, off Love Lane, GU31 4BW Redbourn, Redbourn Village Hall, 63 High Street, AL3 7LW St Albans, United Reform Church, Homewood Road, AL1 4BE Wanstead, Wanstead Library, Spratt Hall Road, E11 2RQ Ascot, British Red Cross Centre (Heatherwood Hospital Entrance 3) Kings Ride, SL5 7RD Doncaster, Park Social Club, Eden Grove Road, Edenthorpe, DN3 2LS Hopton-on-Sea, Station Road, NR31 9BE Southport, Royal Clifton Hotel, The Promenade Stevenage, Novotel, Knebworth Park, Hertfordshire, SG1 2AX Wakefield, The Cedar Court Hotel, Denby Dale Road, Calder Grove Wing, Cottesloe School, Aylesbury Road, LU7 0NY

(01909 563 394)


(01795 478 175)


(01268 543 371)


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(07858 864 557) (0208 640 1404)

9.30-2 10-4

(01694 771 880)


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(01923 674 999)


(01793 513 431)


(01256 415 699)


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(01368 860 365) (01749 677 669)

10-3.30 10-4

(01909 563 394)


(01785 259 350)


(01795 478 175)


(01484 866 777)


(01909 563 394)


(07765 792 998)


(01368 860 365)


(07710 683 122)


(01795 478 175)


(01903 244 875)


(07599 001 101)


(07858 864 557)


(01909 563 394)


(01733 203 121)


(01489 582 673)


(07710 683 122)


(01895 637 283)


(07710 683 122)


(07858 864 557)


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(01502 563 759) (01484 866 777) (07710 683 122)

10-3.30 10-4 10-4

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G.S.M July 2013








GOVER NMENT OF B ER M UDA Minis tr y of Finance Bermuda Post Office


Auctions A monthly guide to auctions This guide has been compiled from information supplied by organisers of the events. Gibbons Stamp Monthly cannot be held responsible for any errors, changes, cancellations or omissions. Information for inclusion in the August issue (published 18 July) should be sent to The News Editor, Gibbons Stamp Monthly, 7 Parkside, Christchurch Road, Ringwood, Hampshire, BH24 3SH by 1 July 2013.


For more information please e-mail [emailprotected]

Spink 69 Southampton Row, Bloomsbury, London, WC1B 4ET MEDINA COLLECTION


AJH Stamps The Dunkenhalgh Hotel & Spa, Clayton-le-Moors, BB5 5JP Lancs


Excelsior Hotel, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong

Cambridgeshire Philatelic Auctions The Maltings, Ship Lane, Ely


Essex Stamp Auctions Marriott Hotel, Waltham Abbey, EN9 3LX

James & Sons Fakenham Race Course, Fakenham, Norfolk, NR21 7NY,


Corinphila Wiesenstr. 8. 8034 Zurich, Switzerland



Spink 69 Southampton Row, Bloomsbury, London, WC1B 4ET SOUTH EAST ASIA


Grosvenor 2nd and 3rd floor, 399 - 401 Strand, London WC2R 0LT


Essex Stamp Auctions Marriott Hotel, Waltham Abbey, EN9 3LX


Tony Lester The Holiday Inn, London Road (A45), Coventry CV8 3DY

Apex Philatelics PO Box 31, Lingfield, Surrey, RH7 6FD. Postal auction


Eastern Auctions

29/ 1 July




The Bermuda Post Office is pleased to offer “Bermuda’s Folklife Part I Arts of Celebration: Gombeys”, a series of four stamps. This commemorative features Bermuda’s iconic gombey troupes. These stamps will be released on 18 July 2013. First Day Cover $7.00, cost per set $4.75. Available at the Bermuda Philatelic Bureau.



1515 South Park Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 2L2 Canada


Warwick & Warwick The Lord Leycester Hotel, Jury Street, Warwick, CV34 4EJ


Brian Reeve Trident Business Centre 89 Bickersteth Rd, Tooting London, SW17 9SH


Provincial Philatelics Parish Hall Benson, Oxon, OX10 6LZ


AJH Stamps The Dunkenhalgh Hotel & Spa, Clayton-le-Moors, BB5 5JP Lancs


Spink 69 Southampton Row, Bloomsbury, London, WC1B 4ET COLLECTOR SERIES


Sotheby’s 34-35 New Bond Street London W1A 2AA BPMA COLLECTIONS

Tennants Auctioneers The Auction Centre, Leyburn, North Yorkshire DL8 5SG (01969 623 780)


Warwick & Warwick The Lord Leycester Hotel, Jury Street, Warwick, CV34 4EJ


Stanley Gibbons 399 Strand, London, WC2R 0LX


Regency-Superior Sescal 2013 Hilton Los Angeles Airport, 5711 West Century Boulevard, Los Angeles, California, USA


Provincial Philatelics Parish Hall Benson, Oxon, OX10 6LZ


AJH Stamps The Dunkenhalgh Hotel & Spa, Clayton-le-Moors, BB5 5JP Lancs


Trafford Books Unit 7, Astra Road, Astra Business Park, Guinness Road, Trafford Park, Manchester, M17 1SU


James & Sons Maid’s Head Hotel, Norwich, Tombland, Norwich, Norfolk NR3 1LB


Grosvenor 2nd and 3rd floor, 399 - 401 Strand, London WC2R 0LT


Warwick & Warwick The Lord Leycester Hotel, Jury Street, Warwick, CV34 4EJ


Cambridgeshire Philatelic Auctions The Maltings, Ship Lane, Ely


AJH Stamps The Dunkenhalgh Hotel & Spa, Clayton-le-Moors, BB5 5JP Lancs


A F Brock 269 London Road, Hazel Grove, Stockport, Cheshire, SK7 4PL



Tony Lester The Holiday Inn London Road (A45), Coventry CV8 3DY


Trafford Books Unit 7, Astra Road, Astra Business Park, Guinness Road, Trafford Park, Manchester, M17 1SU


James & Sons Maid’s Head Hotel, Norwich, Tombland, Norwich, Norfolk NR3 1LB



Warwick & Warwick The Lord Leycester Hotel, Jury Street, Warwick, CV34 4EJ


Regency-Superior APS StampShow 2013 400 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, USA


AJH Stamps The Dunkenhalgh Hotel & Spa, Clayton-le-Moors, BB5 5JP Lancs


A F Brock 269 London Road, Hazel Grove, Stockport, Cheshire, SK7 4PL





Trafford Books Unit 7, Astra Road, Astra Business Park, Guinness Road, Trafford Park, Manchester, M17 1SU


Warwick & Warwick The Lord Leycester Hotel, Jury Street, Warwick, CV34 4EJ

G.S.M. July 2013


Around the Houses News of recent and forthcoming auctions around the world

Recent Auctions Grosvenor A two-day British Empire and Foreign sale at Grosvenor’s saleroom in the Strand on 5 and 6 March was followed by the much heralded John E Du Pont collection of Falkland Islands on the 7th.

The general sale itself, featured some important collections, notably the ‘Blantyre’ collection of Nyasaland, where the unique in private hands pair of the 1d. 1898 Cheque stamp with the centres inverted

(SG 54b), formerly in the Hind and Burrus collections, sold for £32,000, a corner plate block of four of the 1913-21, £10 purple and blue, complete with the ‘break in scroll’ and ‘broken crown and scroll’ flaws, made £12,500 and the unique corner examples of the 1907 2d. and 4d. on Multiple Crown CA paper (69/70) made £23,000. This sale also included the John E Du Pont collections of Papua and Commonwealth postage dues, with the highlight of the former being a marginal block of four of the 1907 small ‘Papua’ overprint 1s. with the overprint double, one diagonal, which made £30,000, while a 1930 1s. airmail with inverted overprint (117a) made £6200. Among the postage dues, the only known example of the Australia 1909 perf 11 2d. unused (without gum) sold for £9000 and a block of six of the BOIC Eritrea 10c. on 1d., one with ‘C’ omitted (ED7a) was knocked down at £2600. The Du Pont Falkland Islands achieved an overall total of £548,400—more than double pre-sale estimates with the world

record price for a Falklands item being broken twice. The first record came with lot 2036, when £50,000 was paid for the front cover item, a pair of the 1882 1d., imperforate vertically, but it was to stand for less than an hour, when it was shattered by lot 2147, the mint block of 30 of the 1928 South Georgia provisional 2½d., one stamp showing the surcharge double variety (115a). Estimated at £40,000-50,000, this was eventually knocked down at £85,000. Other significant Falkland Islands prices included an 1891 Government notice for the bisect provisional which made £16,500 and an attractive Red Frank on cover (the second earliest known), which made the same price. Prices exclude the 20 per cent buyer’s premium. Prestige Philately Prestige put on a double sale on 22 February, with their regular ‘General’ auction followed by another in their ‘Signature Series’, this time devoted to the Trevor Hiscock collection of Western Australia.

Forthcoming Auctions Brian Reeve The Garth Denman collection of Great Britain missing colours on first day cover will be offered as a single lot on the 4 July sale, with a starting price of £90,000. If unsold, the covers will be offered individually in the following sale, on 25 July. Garth Denman’s is almost certainly the most extensive such collection ever formed and, once dispersed, is unlikely to be repeated. It comprises 57 covers, around 20 of which are believed to be unique. They include the 1968 Bridges with missing ultramarine on the 9d. and the 1969 Anniversaries with missing lemon on the 1s.6d., both estimated at £7500, and the 1971 Anniversaries with lemon omitted on the 9p, which is expected to make at least £7000. Corinphila Following the successful sale of the first part of Dr Hugo Goeggel’s collection of Brazil, Corinphila will be selling Part 2 during their Autumn series of sales, between 18 and 21 September, along with Dr Goeggel’s Colombia collections; ‘Colonial Postal History, 15141810’, ‘Colombia, 1859-64’ and ‘Colombian Airmails, 19191930’. The Brazil includes an extraordinary block of six of the 90r., grey ‘Bull’s Eye’.


Other sections of the sale include Classic Switzerland and ‘Worldwide rarities’, amongst which we notice this Sierra Leone Type 10 2½d. on 2s. dull lilac, SG 68. Interasia The Hong Kong Auction House’s next sale will be held at the Excelsior Hotel, Hong Kong, between 21 June and 1 July. A significant offering of classic China stamps and postal history is promised, one of the highlights being a mint example of the rarest regularly issued stamp of China, the ‘Small One Dollar Red Revenue’. This will be followed by strong Republic Period (1911-49) and People’s Republic sections and an important correspondence from the Customs Post in Taiwan. Murray Payne The firm’s 15th sale closes to ‘book’ bids on 24 June, with live Internet bidding commencing at 1.00p.m. on the 25th It features the second part of the ‘Penmaen’ collection of Union of South Africa, with die proofs, colour trials and errors and varieties. Also in the sale is David Woods’ substantial collection of King George VI Ceylon, including some very scarce plate blocks, larger lots of individual territories being sold intact and a fine selection of individual George VI items—all being sold without buyer’s premium.

Once again, the first sale demonstrated that the Australian market is losing none of its strength, with the item on the front cover, an interpane block of ten of the ½d. Kangaroo selling for A$14,000 and a mint block of four of the 1926–30 2d. golden scarlet on unwatermarked paper (SG 99ab) going for A$6500. The sale also included a nice section (47 lots) of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, with mail to and from the islands bearing the stamps of a number of different countries. Our eye was particularly caught by the Straits Settlements 25c. Silver Jubilee cancelled with a double-ring ‘Cocos Islands’ c.d.s. Apparently only ten examples of the postmark have been recorded—so the hammer price of A$460 looks like a bargain.

In the Hiscock collection the top price of A$17,000 was achieved by an attractive 1866 cover to the USA franked with a pair of the 1861 4d. vermilion (40) and a 1s. green (61). There was a nice-looking 1864 2d. error of colour (light crease and regummed) which made A$13,500 and a very rare unused example of the 1857 Hillman 2d. printed on both sides (15a). Whichever side you looked at, it was cut into on two sides, but the auction house could not trace another example and deemed the current catalogue price of £4500 ‘ridiculous’. So the hammer price of A$3800 was either a massive bargain or the catalogue price is not too far out after all! We have said before how much we like Prestige’s sale catalogues and further justification for that view was provided by the treatment of Western Australia postmarks, where the 15-bar numeral ‘4’ was picked out. This example, which might have been easily overlooked is believed to be the finest of the three known strikes, on a stamp ctalogued at just £18 (SG 61), it sold for A$3400 on a A$1500 estimate. Buyer’s premium needs to be added to prices quoted (15 per cent). G.S.M. July 2013

John Holman looks at the collecting possibilities provided by 2013’s international exhibitions so far and reveals the sometimes Europa-sceptic attitude to be found in Britain’s new issues policy.

Stamps for international philatelic exhibitions Last July I wrote about stamps released for international stamp exhibitions, highlighting those issued for the exhibitions in London (1970–2010) and looking at past issues of exhibitions in countries about to host new exhibitions. Details were given of issues for Indonesia 2012 (Jakarata 18–24 June 2012). I also mentioned the then forthcoming Australia exhibition (Melbourne 10–15 May 2013), and that I was looking forward to seeing stamps commemorating the exhibition. Also in that article, I gave details of stamps for past exhibitions in Thailand; the latest international in that country takes place in Bangkok, 2–14 August 2013.

The Melbourne international

But first, the Melbourne international and my disappointment that Australia Post did not issue any stamps specifically to publicise or commemorate the show. However, several new issues were released during the exhibition and so could be included in a collection relating to that particular exhibition or exhibitions in general. There was a handsome $10 stamp reproducing the Map and Kangaroo design of the Commonwealth of Australia’s first issue of 1913—thus marking its centenary. This $10 stamp went on sale on the opening day of the exhibition, issued as a single stamp or in a The $10 stamp miniature sheet. Australia issued during Post’s order form indicates the 2013 a range of no fewer than Melbourne 14 products associated international with this issue, from a exhibition, blank f.d.c. envelope at just which 30c. to a stamp-coin set at reproduces $89.95. the Map and Also available on 10 May Kangaroo was a joint issue between design of Australia and Israel marking Australia’s first the Battle of Beersheba, stamp which took place on 31 October 1917. This was part of a wider British offensive known as the third Battle of Gaza during World War I. The battle included the mounted charge of the 4th Light Horse Brigade, considered the last great mounted charge in military history. The stamps are of 60c. and $2.60 face value. G.S.M. July 2013

The two stamps from the 2013 joint issue between Australia and Israel marking the Battle of Beersheba

Day two of the exhibition saw the issue of 60c. and $2.60 stamps and a miniature sheet marking the centenary of the first Commonwealth of Australia banknotes. Of vertical format, the 60c. stamp shows the official numbering ceremony for the 10s. note, which took place on 1 May 1913. The archive photograph shows five-year-old Judith Denman, daughter of the Governor General, Lord Denman, holding the note she was given as a souvenir after the ceremony. The first 10s. note to be produced during the ceremony, bearing the serial number M000001, was on display during the exhibition. It is now estimated to be worth AUS $3.5 million. The $2.60 stamp shows the Australian Coat of Arms which featured on the note. Also issued on 11 May were four stamps featuring Pardalotes—the foliage-gleaning, mainly insectivorous birds native to Australia. They are sometimes referred to as ‘peerwrens’ or ‘diamond birds’. The 60c., $1.20, $1.80, and $3 stamps are the work of noted Australian wildlife artist, Christopher Pope, who attended the exhibition. The stamps depict Forty-spotted, Spotted, Red-browed, and Striated pardalotes, perched on foliage. Australia Post’s Stamp Bulletin (May–June 2013) also gives details of souvenir postcards available at the exhibition, reproducing the $10 Map and Kangaroo stamp, the George V head 1d. stamp, the two banknote centenary stamps, plus a 60c. flower stamp, a block of four Australia Post 200 Years stamps, and the flag of Australia 43c. stamp.

Information is also to be found of the various postmarks used each day of the exhibition. As well as a general one used each day, showing the Map and Kangaroo applied in green, there were six on 10 May (Kangaroo and Map Day), five on 11 May (Banknote Centenary Day), two each on 12, 13 and 15 May (Mother’s, Australia Post, and Awards Days), and three on 14 May (King George V Day). Collectors were certainly not deprived of choice for postmarks on their mail. Royal Mail has in recent years issued an ‘exhibition sheet’ for international exhibitions it has attended or been represented by one of its agents. These sheets are similar to Smilers sheet, containing 1st class stamps with attached labels. The sheet for the Australia exhibition contains 20 1st class ‘Hello’ stamps, with labels featuring Melbourne scenes, such as the Royal Exhibition Building, the Queen Victoria Hotel, the Royal Botanic Gardens, the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne cricket ground, Australian Open tennis and the Melbourne Cup horse race. An aerial view of the city forms the background to the sheet with the exhibition logo positioned top right and the caption ‘G’day from Royal Mail/ Melbourne 2013’ at top left. The sheet was sold at the exhibition, and remains available from Tallents House (Philatelic Bureau) and presumably a few of the Post Office Ltd philatelic outlets. Royal Mail provided Post & Go machines at the exhibition, vending Machin head and Union Flag stamps with an exhibition overprint. No doubt details will be given by fellow GSM contributor, John Deering in his ‘Machin Watch’ column. Post & Go machines were provided at the London international in 2010, and at Stampex since Spring 2011, they have also attended a few other events, such as the recent Scottish Philatelic Congress. Their appearance in Melbourne was their first ever trip overseas. So there is much to collect if you want souvenirs of the Australia 2013 exhibition, but it remains a pity there were no Australian stamps specifically mentioning the exhibition. The exhibition organisers, in collaboration with Australia Post, produced a range of souvenir items (see GSM, February 2012, page 20).

Australia Post’s set featuring native Pardalote birds


New Collector

Thailand’s eastern promise The Thailand exhibition in Bangkok, which takes place next month (2–14 August), marks the 130th anniversary of the first Thailand stamps and the introduction of the country’s postal service. The date of the exhibition also coincides with the tenth anniversary of Thailand Post Co Ltd, which was formed by the privatisation of the former Communications Authority of Thailand (CAT) in 2003. Her Royal Highness Princess MahaChakriSirindhornis the exhibition’s Patron and will preside over its inauguration. Stamps from the Princess’s personal collection will be on show (the Princess herself featured on a Thailand stamp marking her 48th birthday in 2003, SG 2431). The exhibition organisers hope to attract up to 100,000 visitors, including 10,000 overseas participants, generating over two billion baht for the country’s economy. Thailand has issued stamps for its past international exhibitions—in 1983 (three issues featuring Temples, the old General Post Office, and the Postal Service), 1993 (four issues—two reproducing early stamps, and two showing Traditional Pottery and Cosmetic Jars) and 2003 (three issues—Thai Food, Landscapes, and Traditional Crafts). The Youth international of 1999 was promoted by sets featuring Children’s Games, Folk Tales, and Ceremonies. For more information on these see ‘New Collector’, July 2012. For the 2013 exhibition, the Thai Post Office is issuing three sets of stamps. The first (issued 3 October 2012) features Folk Arts and Crafts, followed by Traditional Arts and Royal Crafts (1 March 2013), and Contemporary Arts (2 August). The stamps include the exhibition logo. In addition, the Post Office will issue stamps to mark the 130th anniversary of the country’s postal service and the tenth anniversary of Thailand Post Corporation on 4 and 14 August respectively. The exhibition is called ‘Thailand 2013 World Stamp’, with the strap-line ‘The

Europa stamps

I first wrote about Europa stamps in ‘New Collector’ back in August 1996. Europa stamps were first issued in 1956 by members of the old European Coal and Steel Community: Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. Each country issued two stamps in a common design of a Europa tower surrounded by scaffolding. The following year the designs were specific to each country, but a standard design was again adopted from 1967 to 1973. I listed the design subjects in August 1996; they included the six-ring symbol (1959), a dove, made up of 19 small doves (1961), a Europa ship (1966), and a flaming sun (1970). The number of participating countries increased following the formation of the


The first set of stamps issued for Thailand’s 2013 international exhibition features folk arts and crafts

Magnificent Heritage’. The logo is in various shades of colours, said to represent each ‘science of arts’. Its round shape symbolises the globe. Some exhibitions also have a mascot and for this Bangkok exhibition it is an adaptation of Kinnaree, a half-bird, half-woman character in Thai literature. The figure of Kinnaree is traditionally found in architecture at the main entrance of buildings to welcome visitors. Royal Mail will be represented at the exhibition, so again an exhibition sheet is being produced. It bears 20 1st ‘Hello’ stamps with attached labels in ten designs—so two of each label per sheet. The labels feature: a traditional wai greeting; the Royal Paragon Hall, Bangkok; the Buddha Wat Pho temple, Bangkok; the Ang Thong National Marine Park; a Buddhist monk; a rice paddy in northern Thailand; Nang Yai shadow puppetry; a floating market in Bangkok; a Khon dance and the Wat Mahathat Buddhist temple, Bangkok. The exhibition logo is shown top right and the bilingual inscription (Thai and English), which reads ‘Hello from Royal Mail’, is located at top left. As well as hosting this international stamp exhibition, Bangkok is also the World Book Capital in 2013. After Bangkok, the next international exhibition will be at Rio de Janeiro in November, which will mark the 170th anniversary of the first stamps of Brazil. The Brazilian Post Office has issued some interesting stamps for past philatelic exhibitions and I will write about them in ‘New Collector’ later in the year. Looking ahead, exhibitions are being arranged in 2014 in Seoul, South Korea and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. There will also be an exhibition in Singapore in 2015 and in New York in 2016. Presumably the next international in London will be in 2020, continuing the ten-year sequence begun in 1950. Meanwhile, a ‘European’ stamp exhibition, entitled ‘Europhilex’, will be held in London in May 2015—information about which was given in the news pages of GSM in June (page 10). Stamp exhibition material (stamps, postmarks, and souvenir items) are popular with some collectors, and interesting collections and displays can be built up. Many feature past stamp designs or images closely related to the postal service past and present. Thus, many of the stamps are relevant to a thematic collection of ‘stamps on stamps’ or postal history. Conference European des Postes et Telecommunications (CEPT) in 1959. The letters ‘CEPT’, or the Conference’s posthorn emblem, appeared on many stamps until 1992, after which the stylised word ‘EUROPA’ has been used—the old CEPT having been succeeded by Posteurop for postal administrations. Telecommunication companies now have their own organisation. Posteurop has 52 member postal administrations, which employ a total of 2.1 million people, serving 800

Britain’s 1992 Europa stamp set was the last to feature the old CEPT logo, which was also shown on the first day postmark

G.S.M. July 2013

New Collector

million customers daily from 175,000 post office counters. Based in Brussels, Posteurop is a ‘restricted union’ of the wider Universal Postal Union, a UN specialised agency, with its headquarters at Bern in Switzerland. Since 1974 the Europa stamps have been on a common theme each year, but each country produces its own designs. These can vary from very relevant to the theme to just a passing nod. The themes began with Sculpture in 1974 and have included: Paintings (1975), Buildings (1978), Famous People (1980), European Music Year (1985), Europe in Space (1991) and Medical Discoveries (1994). A full list of themes from 1974 to 1996 was included here in August 1996. I now bring the list up to date: Tales And Legends (1997); Festivals And Parks (1998); Nature Reserves (1999); Common Millennium Design (2000); Water (2001); The Circus (2002), Poster Art (2003), Holidays (2004), Gastronomy (2005), Integration As Seen By Young People (2006), Scouts (2007), The Letter (2008), Astronomy (2009), Children’s Books (2010), Forest (2011), Visit (2012), and The Postman’s Van (2013). The subjects for the next three years are: National Musical Instruments (2014), ecology in Europe—Think Green (2015), and Old Toys (2016). Of the many designs for the ‘Visit’ stamps of 2012, I rather enjoyed the humorous Swiss contribution featuring ‘a mother-in-law’s visit’, shown in the catalogue supplement in last month’s GSM (page 139). The 2013 theme of postal vans is yielding some interesting designs and I show a few here. I rather like the Guernsey issue, which features vehicles of the British, French, German, Swedish, and US postal administrations, as well as one of Guernsey Post itself. The red Royal Mail vehicle on the UK Letter rate stamp reminds us that postal services in the Channel Islands were until 1969 part of the wider UK service. For more on this issue see ‘Shore to Shore’ in April 2013 GSM (page 139). The Irish Post Office issue features mail delivery in that country—the 60c. stamp shows two postmen, one on his bicycle and the other pushing a post trolley. The 90c. stamp depicts a postman alongside his green An Post van. Britain’s contribution to the series will be part of the British Auto Legends set to be issued on 13 August, but I haven’t seen the designs at the time of writing. It has to be said that the UK hasn’t always wholeheartedly participated in the Europa series—perhaps reflecting the generally lukewarm attitude of the British (if not actual Euro-scepticism) towards the European idea. Our role in (or out) of Europe remains a hot political issue. But back to stamps. Britain’s first Europa set, issued in 1960, was in a common design showing the Europa wheel. The following year a rather more exciting set featured the dove (of 19 smaller birds). There were no more Europa issues until 1969 when one was included in the Anniversaries set to mark ten years of CEPT. There was then another break until 1980. Not all stamps in ‘Europa’ sets have included the CEPT or EUROPA symbol; mostly only the UK or Europe rate stamps have done so, although in some years stamps intended for mail outside Europe have carried the logo. G.S.M. July 2013

2013 Europa stamps from Faroe Islands, Czech Republic and Ireland on the theme of ‘The Postman’s Van’

British Europa stamps issued in 1960 (first anniversary of CEPT), 1961, 1980 (famous people), and 1984 (25th anniversary of CEPT)

On some of the stamps it has been very difficult to see the logo—for example the 19p stamp in the Farmers’ Tale set of the 1999 Millennium series. It will be very interesting to see how prominently it is displayed on this year’s stamp. Europa stamps are probably not as much collected as a theme in the UK as they are on the Continent. A complete collection of Europa stamps from 1956 to date would now be rather expensive as well as extensive. An alternative would be a collection on particular themes or just the earlier issues in the common designs when fewer countries were participating. As well as stamps issued by national postal administrations, there have been some ‘Cinderella’ Europa issues, including local stamps (local carriage labels) from British offshore islands. These started with issues from Lundy (Bristol Channel), Herm and Jethou (Channel Islands) in 1961 when there was considerable interest and demand for Europa issues. Indeed, the Lundy Post Office produced 500,000 sets of stamps and over 190,000 miniature sheets—enough to meet the islanders’ postal needs for ever! Europa stamps from the islands are still around in quantity, mint and on first day covers, but finding examples used on genuine postcards or envelopes is not so easy. Amongst other Cinderella Europa stamps I have encountered (but have no information about) issues from Croatia (in 1960) and the Greek island of Oxia on an unaddressed cover with a 1963 cancellation. I am sure there are others.

Europa ‘Cinderella’ stamps issued in 1962 by Lundy, Herm, and Jethou

Observations for New Collector should be sent to John Holman, c/o Gibbons Stamp Monthly, Parkside, Ringwood, Hants BH24 3SH. Mr Holman regrets he cannot send individual replies.


Supplement No 388 July 2013




The ‘Treasury Roulette’: An Enigma Unwrapped An Update on Skeleton Stamps Machin Watch Smilers Variants Specialised Catalogue Supplement

The Monthly Specialist British Stamp Supplement

The 60th Anniversary of the Coronation of Her Majesty The Queen 2 June 2013 marked the 60th anniversary of the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. To commemorate this landmark occasion, on 30 May, Royal Mail released a set of six stamps depicting some of the finest ever portraits of The Queen painted over the six decades of her reign, including, for the first time ever, a brand new portrait especially commissioned by Royal Mail. The new painting, which depicts The Queen dressed in the Order of the Garter robes, was undertaken by artist, Nicky Philipps, and is the result of three especially convened sittings with The Queen that took place in the Chinese Drawing Room at Buckingham Palace in the late autumn of 2012. This is not the first Royal portrait Philipps has produced; in 2009 she painted a double portrait of Princes William

and Harry, which is now on display in the National Portrait Gallery. Royal Mail will be gifting the original artwork of the new painting of The Queen to the Royal Collection. The new portrait takes pride of place as the 1st class value in the new stamp set. The other five stamps in the set each depict a detail of portraits painted at various stages of The Queen’s reign—from her Coronation in 1953, right up to the turn of the new millennium. They are: study for The Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II by Terence Cuneo, 1953 (2nd class); Portrait by Andrew Festing, 1999 (78p); Portrait by Pietro Annigoni, 1955 (88p); Portrait by Sergei Pavlenko, 2000 (£1.28) and Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II by Richard Stone, 1992 (£1.88).

Classic Locomotives of Northern Ireland The latest in Royal Mail’s series of miniature sheets celebrating Britain’s classic locomotives pulled into post offices on 18 June. Following on from the previously departed England and Scotland examples, this miniature sheet and retail stamp booklet issue takes a whistle-stop tour of some of the majestic and charismatic steam The third Classic Locomotives miniature sheet from Royal Mail, issued on 18 June, features the locomotives of Northern ireland

G.S.M. July 2013

locomotives that served Northern Ireland during the middle of the 20th century. The images used for the miniature sheet were chosen in collaboration with railway expert, Professor Colin Divall of the National Railway Museum, and Northern Irish railway expert, Norman Johnston. The 1st class value depicts the Ulster Transport Authority (UTA) W Class No. 103 locomotive Thomas Somerset pulling the upexpress through County Donegal in 1950. The 78p stamp shows a UTA SG3 Class locomotive shunting wagons at Portadown in 1963. Depicted on the 88p stamp is a Peckett No. 2 locomotive reversing wagons into the British Aluminium Works at Larne in 1937. The highest value stamp (£1.28) has been reserved for the CDRJC (County Donegal Railways Joint Committee) Class 5 No. 4 locomotive Meenglas, which is shown shunting a carriage at Strabane in 1959. All four stamps are contained in an attractive miniature sheet, the lower margin of which depicts the UTA Class Z locomotive No. 27 Lough Erne crossing Larne Lough. The supporting retail stamp book features two of the first class stamps from the miniature sheet and four, red 1st class Machins.


The ‘Treasury Roulette’ BRITISH STAMPS

The ‘Treasury Roulette’: An Enigma Unwrapped By Ray Simpson FRPSL The so-called ‘Treasury Roulettes’ have been something of a mystery, ever since they were first documented in 1897. Now, Ray Simpson’s analysis of known examples by period of use, postmarks and roulette type gives a clear picture as to how, where and when they were produced and distributed—and that they had nothing at all to do with the Treasury!

Short of winning the lottery most collectors can only dream of owning a copy of the famous Treasury Roulette (Fig 1). The Stanley Gibbons Great Britain Specialised Catalogue (Volume 1) values a used off-cover example at £7200; one on cover could cost an eyewatering £23,000. You would think that anyone prepared to shell out that kind of money would want to know exactly what they were buying – how and why the stamps were issued, an assurance that they were getting the genuine article, and so on. And that is where the problems begin. Starting with the ‘Treasury Roulette’ description itself, which owes more to myth than reality, it is a fact that there is no universally agreed definition of the stamp, and its origins are shrouded in mystery. A further complication is that the stamps with serpentine roulettes come in several different varieties. So you can take your pick, if you can make up your mind! So, is there any way to unravel the mysteries surrounding this stamp? The best place to start would normally be the philatelic literature, though in this case that proved to be pretty much a dead end. The earliest published reference to these stamps seems to be an article by AH Stamford in which he announced his discovery of the variety. Writing in The Philatelists’ Supplement to The Bazaar in 1897 (Ref 1) he drew attention to a cover bearing an example of the stamp which had been signed at the bottom by WE Gladstone, who was the Chancellor of the Exchequer when the cover was posted. In an effort to find a context for the stamp, Stamford went on to state that ‘In the years 1850 to 1854 (Archer, as is well known, completed his experiments in 1850 or 1851) the Treasury had been experimenting with various processes, and it seems not


improbable that the rouletted stamps in question were issued on trial to members of the Government.’ Thus was born the myth of the ‘Treasury Roulette’. The cover in question is still believed to exist, though it has not come to the market in recent years, but there is no reason to doubt that it is genuine and that it gave rise to the two popular names for the stamp – the ‘Gladstone’ or ‘Treasury Roulette’. There are plenty of other references to the ‘Treasury Roulette’ in the philatelic literature, but little of any real substance, though it is fair to point out that many of those who have written about it have been sceptical about the ‘Treasury’ bit of the description. Others have noted the existence of more than one variety of serpentine roulette (Ref 2). And that’s about it. Surprisingly, nobody seems to have made a serious attempt to investigate the circumstances in which the stamps were produced, issued and used, at least until now.

Establishing the facts

As the Specialised Catalogue (Ref 3) makes clear, the variety is found only on the otherwise imperforate Great Britain 1d. red-brown, Die I, Alphabet II, postage stamp, issued between 1852 and early 1854. It is also only fair to mention that the catalogue does not seek to perpetuate the myth of Treasury involvement but makes it clear this was an unauthorised variety. More of that later. In the absence of any useful background information about the production and distribution of these stamps, the only way forward seemed to be to acquire as much information about the actual stamps and covers themselves, and compile a database. This proved to be easier than might first be supposed. Because of the rarity of the items and their market value, an unusually large

Fig 1 The famous Treasury Roulette

proportion of these stamps and covers have, over the years, been submitted to the two principal expert bodies in the UK, RPSL Ltd and BPA Expertising Ltd. Both have willingly made their records available, and that information was supplemented by, and cross-checked with, Karl Louis’ card index and by searches of dealers’ lists and auction catalogues which tend to feature these stamps prominently. The net result is that the most comprehensive database yet of serpentine roulettes (including images in most cases) has been assembled. To cut a long story short, 205 potential individual subjects have been identified, most of which are single stamps. For the purposes of this survey multiples, whether on cover or off, were treated as a single subject. Hence the number of stamps covered by the survey was greater than the number of subjects listed. Taking account of multiples, the total number of ostensibly serpentine rouletted stamps included in the survey was 221.

Statistical findings

Table 1 below includes all those 205 subjects (221 stamps). Table 1: Primary List Of Subjects No/ Subject No. of Apparently Genuine Doubtful Indistinct Type Subjects Faked Image

On cover





On piece/ part cover





Off paper











G.S.M. July 2013

The ‘Treasury Roulette’

Table 2 Subject Type

No. of Subjects

4/3 Wave Pattern (Type 1)

3/2 Wave Pattern (Type 2)

2/1 Wave Pattern (Type 3)

On cover





On piece/ part cover





Off paper










The three different types of wave pattern are illustrated (Figs 2 to 4). There can be little doubt that three different instruments were used to produce the separations. In all three cases, these are true roulettes with small sections of uncut paper at either the crest or trough of the waves, or both. The basic facts about the stamps and their use can be summarised as follows: Period of use. Apart from one cover apparently used in January 1852 (which could possibly be a date error for 1853), the data is remarkably consistent and establishes the period of use as November 1852 to March 1854; the latter date, of course, marks the general introduction of perforated stamps. Plate range. Plating data is not complete and, for the most part, there has been no attempt to confirm the plate numbers attributed by others to the stamps. However, subject to the point made below, there is no reason to question the plate attribution in most cases. The plate range noted is from Plate 133 (probably incorrect), then Plates 138 to 173 with all plates except 140, 142-145, 155, 159, 166 and 172 represented by at least one example. Plate 157 is the most common with no less than ten examples. However, it is worth noting that some of the earlier plates (Plates 130-141, 143, 145 and 147) were defaced on 3 November 1852, G.S.M. July 2013


It was obvious from the start that some of the stamps described as Treasury Roulettes were nothing of the sort. All suspect subjects (29) were excluded, together with a further ten about which there were reservations; in addition four subjects proved impossible to classify because the characteristics of the stamps were not sufficiently clear. The basis on which items were excluded merits some explanation. Apart from some obvious ‘rogues’, e.g. stamps with Maltese cross cancellations, scans of the subjects were examined taking account of the uniformity, regularity and consistency of the visible wave patterns, backed up where necessary and possible with some basic measurements. The opinions that had been expressed by the expert bodies were also taken into account where relevant, though that does not necessarily imply agreement with those opinions in all cases. Having excluded the suspect subjects, the remaining 162 subjects were classified by reference to their wave pattern. Three distinctive wave patterns were noted on genuine contemporary serpentine rouletted stamps and these are separately listed in table 2 below. The type numbers assigned to these reflect only the relative commonness of each and have no other significance. The breakdown of the subjects was as follows:

nearly three weeks before the undisputed start of the serpentine roulette period as noted above, and some of these, notably Plates 133, 138 and 141, were probably taken from press several months previously (Ref 4). There may therefore be some doubt about the identification of these plates. Postmarks. The obliterators used on the stamps themselves, including the loose copies, also provide important clues to the genuine stamps. The vast majority bore London obliterating marks, either the marks of the London Inland Office (with the number contained in a diamond—Fig 5) or London District office numerals in a circle (Fig 6). Only about 20 per cent displayed postmarks from outside London. The logical conclusion must be that the source of the stamps was located in central London. The minority of genuine examples bearing provincial postmarks can be accounted for by purchasers or their associates using stamps acquired in London on their travels. Varieties of serpentine roulette. The survey establishes beyond reasonable doubt that three distinctive types of serpentine rouletting tool were used to separate imperforate stamps during this period; it is probable that the different tools were in simultaneous use in different places. Type 1 is the predominant variety, accounting for 80 per cent of all serpentine roulettes judged to be genuine, and all these stamps are assumed to have been severed with the same instrument. Type 2, with the 3/2 wave pattern, accounts for 13 per cent of the total, and Type 3 with the 2/1 configuration accounts for the remaining 7 per cent.

Origins of the ‘Treasury Roulette’

Starting with Stamford and the Treasury, most theories about the origin of the stamps have centred on the involvement of some official or semi-official body, and the reasons for this are considered below. This study has, however, been based on a significantly larger and more detailed database than has previously been available, and has provided additional insights into the circumstances of the usage of the stamp which provide helpful clues about their likely origin. The likely scale of production has also been calculated, and this has implications for theories about the possible role of public authorities in the production of the serpentine roulettes.

Fig 2 Wave pattern 1

Fig 3 Wave pattern 2

Fig 4 Wave pattern 3

Three distinctive wave patterns were noted on genuine serpentine rouletted stamps

Attribution to official or semi-official sources

Stamford’s attribution of the serpentine rouletted stamp to the Treasury was probably prompted by Gladstone’s position as Chancellor of the Exchequer, but the result has been to confer a semi-official status on the stamp which, to some extent, appears to have continued to colour people’s thinking. Less charitably, perhaps, semi-official status may be thought to inflate value. Important though HM Treasury was, and still is, in the affairs of the country, Stamford was mistaken in thinking it had any responsibility for perforation experiments, or any other aspect of postage stamp production for that matter. Most people would be surprised to learn that responsibility for stamp perforation in this era actually rested

Fig 5 London Inland Office postmark

Fig 6 London District Office postmark


The ‘Treasury Roulette’ BRITISH STAMPS

with the tax man! Fortunately, an impressive number of contemporary Inland Revenue documents about perforation (and other aspects of stamp production) can still be found in the National Archives at Kew. Whilst these do provide interesting information about separation experiments and different types of perforating machines, unfortunately for those of a romantic disposition, they are silent on the subject of any experiments which could have resulted in the serpentine rouletted stamps. That might just be because there weren’t any. So the case for a Treasury connection rests essentially on the existence of the Gladstone cover, and another one said to be addressed in his handwriting, and, as suggested by some, the fact that a number of the stamps are on covers sent to, or otherwise associated with, Members of Parliament. The Gladstone connection, though undisputed, is a complete red herring. The Treasury as an organisation had no use for postage stamps because its official mail, including any official letters sent by Gladstone, whether to MPs or anyone else, was sent free of charge and unstamped. Only Gladstone’s private mail required stamps and, despite Stamford’s speculations, it is hardly likely that the Department, noted for counting the pennies, would be supplying stamps for his personal use. The covers sent to MPs, far from providing evidence of Treasury involvement, actually do the exact opposite for the reasons given in the previous paragraph. MPs received mail from all manner of individuals. Why the Treasury should be singled out in this context is baffling, unless that too is an ill-informed attempt to justify the traditional attribution of this stamp variety. In brief, there is neither documentary nor other evidence to link the serpentine rouletted stamps with the Treasury (or to any other government institution for that matter).

The Gladstone connection, though undisputed, is a complete red herring The scale of the operation

Amidst all the speculation about a Treasury or other semi-official source for the stamps, one important matter seems to have been completely overlooked, namely how many serpentine rouletted stamps were actually produced. The survival rate of stamps from this period is not, in general, particularly well researched. For the purposes of this study two measures have been used. First, the philatelists’ ‘rule of thumb’ estimate of an overall 1-2 per cent survival rate for stamps of this period, and second, what can be called the ‘Gough Scale’ which estimates the survival rate of stamps on cover. On the first measure, the calculation is based on the number of actual stamps with serpentine roulettes (174) in the census that were judged to be genuine. Because people tend to seek certificates for this kind of item, there are probably relatively few genuine stamps unaccounted for. If, for the sake of argument, it is assumed that a grand total of 200 of these stamps have survived, the 1 per


cent survival rate suggests that over a period of 15 months or more something like 20,000 stamps (or the equivalent of approximately 83 sheets) might have been separated using the serpentine rouletting tools identified. The ‘Gough Scale’ is based on studies of early stamps on cover made by an eminent American postal historian, Jamie Gough. In simple terms, he has found that for every million normally issued stamps, some 800-1200 covers could be expected to have survived. In the absence of information about the original number of serpentine rouletted stamps, the scale has been applied in reverse. Assuming that the census figure of 61 covers with serpentine rouletted stamps (see Table 1) is a reasonable representation of what has survived, this would imply that up to about 50,000 stamps (or 208 sheets) were separated by such instruments. These two methods of calculation suggest a probable range of production of between 85 and 210 sheets (rounded) – a totally insignificant figure compared to the nearly 1.5 million sheets of 1d. postage stamps issued in 1853 alone. By way of comparison, this figure is also dwarfed by both of the limited experimental issues of the Archerperforated stamps in 1850 and 1851. The South Devon issue in the last three months of 1850 involved an estimated 1000 sheets (or 240,000 stamps). The 1851 distribution, which probably also took place over a similar period, was confined to the House of Commons and involved an estimated 700-750 sheets. The fact that the serpentine rouletted stamps were issued in much smaller quantities and apparently over an extended period of a year or more leads me to believe that the production and distribution of these stamps was more likely to have been the result of a private initiative than from any sort of officially led project.

How were the stamps distributed?

The question that has baffled everyone is how the stamps came into the hands of the people who used them. This examination of the surviving material, and especially the covers, provides some possible clues. As previously noted, approximately 80 per cent of all the stamps judged to be genuine bear a London postmark, which suggests strongly that is where they originated. Although I am not aware of any published reports about the number of Members of Parliament (MPs) directly associated with covers bearing Treasury Roulettes, I know that some collectors have drawn attention to the point. The present census has in fact identified nine MPs who were either senders or recipients of covers bearing these stamps. That level of involvement is unexpectedly high and can hardly be the result of chance. Moreover, several members of the House of Lords or their families are also associated with these covers. That raises the possibility that the distribution of the rouletted stamps may have had something to do with the Houses of Parliament, but it would be unwise to jump to any conclusions here. I have already mentioned the sale of 700750 sheets of the Archer stamps in the House of Commons early in 1851, and this suggests a pretty healthy level of demand from that quarter. On the other hand, the sale of 200 sheets or more of the serpentine rouletted

stamps would barely have made a dent in that demand. Another factor to consider is the relatively even spread of usage of the stamps over the 17 months during which they are recorded; the data is drawn primarily from covers, but also dated pieces: Serpentine roulette covers - used by month

This pattern of distribution implies that the stamps were made available in small quantities over a period of about a year, in complete contrast to the distribution pattern for the Archer-perforated stamps in 1851. Although the Palace of Westminster cannot be ruled out as the point of origin of these stamps, the argument for its involvement is entirely circumstantial and is far from convincing.

Where gentlemen gather?

There is, however, another possibility which deserves consideration. The census of the serpentine roulette covers suggests that these stamps were not made available to the ordinary man in the street. Collectors of early 19th century British covers will know that most tend to be legal or commercial in nature. A fair amount of personal correspondence also survives, of course, but more often than not recipients or senders are a pretty anonymous bunch. The serpentine roulette covers are different. Including those sent to or by MPs, more than half the 60 covers in the census are addressed to prominent members of society or to people residing at upmarket addresses. Where the senders can be identified, it is apparent that they also come from the same social strata. The question that arises is where might such a select group of people assemble on a regular basis as a matter of habit and, even more to the point, have the time and occasion to engage in correspondence? One of the unique features of 19th century London society was that peculiarly British institution, the gentlemen’s club. Practically all the well-known clubs were well established by the mid-1800s and catered for the good and the great, or at least those who aspired to such status. The most prestigious clubs were concentrated in the St James’s/Pall Mall area of London (Fig 7) which was conveniently located close to the centres of political, administrative, legal and ecclesiastical life in the capital, not to mention the arts and entertainment. The clubs provided their members with a wide range of services, and such day-to-day requirements as stationery and postage stamps would be readily available to them. An enterprising stamp supplier or club servant might well have found a ready clientele for his partially severed stamps. Postal and other evidence supports this argument. Five different covers bear the local St James’s Street and Pall Mall postmarks, and another four of them are backstamped at the nearby Charing Cross district office. G.S.M. July 2013

The ‘Treasury Roulette’

The origins of the serpentine roulettes remain a mystery. There is no reason to believe that there was any official or semiofficial involvement in their production, and it is more likely that the stamps were produced by an enterprising individual (or individuals) operating on a relatively modest scale. Whoever may have been responsible, he, or they, apparently had access to a market frequented by many of the more privileged members of society. Whether or not this was via the gentlemen’s clubs will probably remain a matter for debate. What is certain is that the ‘Treasury Roulette’ description is both misleading and confusing. Not only is there no evidence to link any of the stamps to the Treasury, the London Gentlemen’s Club’s: A: Anthenaeum B: Brooks’s C: Carlton LY DIL D: Traveller’s CA PIC E: United University







The origins of the serpentine roulettes remain a mystery





were to be redesignated as ‘unofficial’. But that is effectively how things stand in the present catalogue (with its reference to an unauthorised variety). And it needs to be remembered that the important pioneering efforts of Henry Archer, among others, who experimented with a rouletting machine as a means of overcoming the problems of separating individual stamps from imperforate sheets were equally unauthorised. Suffice it to say that those enterprising individuals who produced the serpentine rouletted stamps have certainly left us with something very distinctive, rare and interesting. In the real world any stamp with such characteristics is bound to be highly desirable and collectable, however it is described in the catalogue. And so, back to our prospective lottery winner. He or she might now have a better understanding of the serpentine rouletted stamps and what to look out for in the market place. For anyone still aspiring to own a copy, there is a lot to be said for ensuring that it has a good certificate from a reputable body, or trusted individual. Always remember, however, that certificates record an opinion; they do not constitute a guarantee. Caveat emptor (let the buyer beware) remains the best advice I can give.





Photo credit: David Holt. The Athenaeum 2012


existence of more than one type of serpentine roulette raises the question of which of them, if any, should be singled out for this special description. Other than on grounds of quantity, or maybe aesthetics, there is no feature that objectively marks one out as being of superior quality or interest. It would therefore be invidious to distinguish between them other than on grounds of their physical appearance and relative scarcity. The logical and rational course would be to sever the link with the Treasury (which few believe in, anyway), with all the overtones that carries, and simply redefine the stamps as having an ‘unofficial serpentine roulette applied by a person or persons unknown’. In the real world, however, tradition will doubtless continue to exert a strong influence. There is, however, a serious point. Given the extent to which certificates are now necessary for the sale of scarce to rare items like the serpentine roulettes, there is a compelling case for liaison between the expert bodies to review their approach to the serpentine rouletted stamps, and find a description which does not imply that the stamps have some kind of official status. Some may feel that the evolutionary chart of official stamp perforation would be the poorer if this attractive method of separation



Fig 7

Fig 8 The Athenaeum in the 19th century and below as it looks today

Acknowledgements I particularly want to pay tribute to my friend and colleague, Tim Burgess, for his unfailing support in setting up the project and helping carry it through, not least his discovery of the Stamford article and his painstaking work in compiling the database which forms the foundation of the survey. I am also indebted to the three major repositories of information about the serpentine rouletted stamps: RPSL Ltd; BPA Expertising Ltd and Karl Louis’ card index, all of whom have willingly made their records available. Without their support and cooperation this project would not have been possible and I wish to record my thanks. References 1. AH Stamford, The Philatelists’ Supplement to The Bazaar, 24 February 1897. 2. Tim Burgess, ‘Experimental Separation in the 1d Red Stars’, GreatBritain Philatelic Society Newsletter, No 285, January/February 2004, p. 6. 3. Stanley Gibbons Great Britain Specialised Stamp Catalogue Volume 1: Queen Victoria, 16th Edition, p. 123. 4. W de LM Messenger, ‘QV Line-Engraved Plates: Withdrawal and Defacement’, The GB Journal, Vol 36, No 8, p. 67. G.S.M. July 2013



Moreover, five covers have been recorded with the crests or seals of the Athenaeum (Fig 8), Brooks’s, Carlton, Traveller’s, and the United University Clubs, all of which were located in, or adjacent to, Pall Mall. In all, and avoiding double counting, no fewer than 12 covers (20 per cent of the total) are geographically or otherwise directly associated with the area in which the most prestigious gentlemen’s clubs were, and indeed still are, located. This is, of course, not proof positive of a connection between the clubs and the serpentine roulettes because it is possible that the stamps could have been acquired elsewhere, but it does point to a previously unsuspected link.

Skeleton Stamps BRITISH STAMPS

An Update on Skeleton Stamps: Part 1 By Harry Layne In an update to his previous article in GSM, Harry Layne presents more information of the unframed and framed Skeleton postmarks of England and Wales in use from the mid-19th century to the early 20th century.

These notes, which will only refer to England and Wales, have been produced as an update to my previous article (GSM April 2005) following the discovery of a number of new finds. Some of the information in my previous article has also been incorporated in this article to save backtracking, and also to enable easier reference for the reader. Please note that the words ‘stamp’ or ‘stamps’ refer to the postmarks or cancels mentioned in these notes, and are not associated with adhesive stamps that are placed on mail to pre-pay postage costs, which will be referred to as adhesives where appropriate.

General terms

When normal datestamps wear out, are lost, broken or even stolen, it is usual practice for the postmaster to requisition a replacement. Pending the supply of a new current cancelling stamp a stop-gap means of cancelling mail would have to be brought into use. This problem was usually overcome by making a temporary datestamp, normally using a skeleton case or circular frame that incorporated a number of slots both in the inner case and around the circumference. Loose type could be inserted into these slots to provide the desired details, such as head office or sub-office name, county, town, date, time and year. Sometimes an identification code or other mark is also added. These make-do stamps have been referred to by many names in the past, such as: Climax, Emergency, Relief, Replacement, Temporary, Travelling and Skeleton stamps. In recent times the name Skeleton is used more often than not, although the name ‘Traveller’ or ‘Travelling’ stamps is still sometimes used when referring to the earlier unframed types. Other uses for such stamps can sometimes be for temporary offices, or new offices that are waiting for permanent stamps to be issued. They are sometimes seen in use to perhaps alleviate the pressure during peak times, such as Christmas or holiday periods. The stamps were normally made of a metal construction and assembled rather like a child’s printing outfit. Rubber Skeleton stamps have also been used from time to time in the same fashion. These will be discussed in a later article. I prefer to collect these markings by county, e.g.: London, Essex, Kent, etc, noting the size of the outer ring inside which contains the office details. Collecting and


storing by county makes it a little easier when checking for different offices and sizes of the stamps, rather than an A to Z listing, which can sometimes be confusing when offices from different counties have the same name. The details inside the outer ring appear to have been a matter of choice of the person making up the stamp, hence the layout from some offices differ considerably. The year can be in two or four digits, and the day can appear either before or after the month. Likewise, the town name or a code letter can sometimes appear at the top or bottom of the stamp. Some examples show only the head office, while others have the town or county name also included. With the above in mind, it is usual to find stamps with the same layout from a particular office, but if the stamp is broken down and then used again at a later date, a different assembler may have chosen to place the details in a slightly different format from when it was previously used (e.g. the day before the month instead of after the month). On the second occasion of use, the stamp may have only had a short life. When this has happened sometimes the impressions are said to be rare. However, one is only collecting a later usage of the same stamp with a slight alteration. These should be referred to as varieties and not separate issues. Early and late dates of usage can be helpful and show how often, or seldom, the stamp was in use. Obviously, a stamp that had only a very limited use would be difficult to find and therefore can be classified as scarce. Although instructions were usually issued with these Skeleton kits, it does not follow that they were strictly adhered to. As a result, all kinds of minor changes in the details within the frame may be found. In a busy office the stamp may have been quite quickly constructed for use in order to cancel and get the mail out on time. It was probably not overly important whether the day appeared before or after the month, or whether the year was denoted in two or four digits.

Fig 1 Early unframed marks take the form of an inverted pear shape featuring the office name and two-line date, in seriffed letters

Fig 2 Unframed marks were usually applied in black ink, but may also be found in blue, green or even red

Early unframed marks

As the volume of mail began to increase in the mid-1830s, precautions were introduced to account for a replacement stamp should it be needed for any reason. The time had come whereby certain types of mail had to bear a dated postmark. The so-called Travelling or Skeleton kits became a vital part

Fig 3 Pear-shaped stamps, such as the Gravesend mark shown here, were used during the second decade of the nineteenth century. However they can easily be identified by the distinctive format of the date

G.S.M. July 2013

Skeleton Stamps BRITISH STAMPS

of the equipment issued to every head office to act as a temporary replacement for worn or damaged stamps; an idea which has survived into recent times, although replacements are nowadays often made locally. I have found no firm date for the introduction of these replacement stamps, but they were probably issued in late 1836 or early 1837, and impressions from them are generally recognised by their uneven appearance. These early unframed stamps were never used in Ireland and Scotland; Skeletons from these areas will be discussed at some length in a future article. Examples from some offices are rarely seen as the stamps were not for general use, being put to use for short periods of a few days only until a new current issue was made available. The earliest examples take the form of an inverted pear shape with the office name in seriffed letters in an arc at the top (Fig 1), below which is a two-line date, usually with a four digit year, with a cross, letter, number or ornament below. They were usually applied in black ink, but may also be found in blue or green (Fig 2) and very rarely in red. They may be seen in use from 1838 onwards and some offices were still using this type as late as 1849. Pear-shaped stamps similar to the Skeletons are mainly seen in use during the second decade of the nineteenth century. The general layout of the later stamp is usually better, but the date is the tell-tale factor. Both examples are shown for comparison (Fig 3). Seriffed letters were replaced with sansserif letters from about 1843, although the former type can be found throughout the 1840s from some offices. By 1850 all offices were using sans-serif lettering. In most of the impressions I have seen the lettering varies slightly, and sometimes mistakes are made whereby the letters or numerals are seen inverted, or even placed in the wrong position (Fig 4). However, some have been seen from smaller, less busy offices where the lettering is near perfect, probably as they had more time to construct the stamp.

Fig 4 An 1850 Skeleton stamp with an inverted letter in the office name

Framed Skeletons

Skeleton stamps enclosed in a circular frame are seen from about 1843 onwards, around the same time the sans-serif type was introduced. The older, unframed stamps overlapped the introduction of the new framed stamps, but seem to have been gradually phased out as the new designs were issued and made available. The unframed stamps are not frequently seen with sansseriffed letters (Fig 5). Stamps having a circular design or frame have been around since the introduction of the Bishop marks, which first appeared in the early 1660s. The early framed Skeleton stamps can be recognised by their uneven layout, which in many cases is quite noticeable. A few examples may be found with seriffed letters (Fig 6), but generally sans-serif lettering was used. The containing frame was generally quite large, being approximately 35mm in diameter. In the late 1840s, the frame was reduced to approximately 32mm. In 1858 they were further reduced in size to approximately 28mm. An example of this size, taken from the proof books, shows G.S.M. July 2013

Fig 5 Examples of unframed stamps with sans-seriffed letters are not often found

Fig 6 Examples of framed stamps with seriffed letters


Supplement Skeleton Stamps No 354 January 2010 BRITISH STAMPS

that a variety of some 20 letters could be placed around the circumference (Fig 7). Further reductions in size are seen in the mid-1860s. At this time the four-digit year, which previously had been universally used, was reduced to two digits only. Two further examples from the proof books are shown (Fig 8). Each has the year in two digits, and also show reductions in the number of letters that could be inserted into the stamp—18 in the 26mm stamp and only 12 in the smaller 22mm stamp. Approximate dimensions are given on the basis that over-or under-inked stamps, and porous paper, can account for plus or minus 1mm. Therefore, one has to be quite open-minded when measuring any postmark. It cannot be stressed too strongly that over-or under-inking and the porosity of the paper will all inevitably have some effect on the final measurement. The human element can also play a part in discrepancies in measurements. I have seen two identical stamps referred to as having different measurements, e.g. 31mm and 31.5mm, probably because one was measured from the inside of the frame and the other from the outside of the frame. Indeed, many of these marks are at least 100 years old, and one must also take into account that not many markings have been stored under archive conditions. Given time, ink can spread and paper can expand or shrink. This, coupled with the human element, may account for measurements showing differences of the odd half millimetre.

Fig 7 A 28mm-wide 1858 framed stamp could incorporate a 20-letter office name

Fig 8 left A 26mm stamp could carry an 18-letter office name. Right: A 22mm stamp with 12 letters. Both stamps feature the reduced two-digit year format

Fig 9 Framed impression incorporating both the head office and town name

Above: Fig 10 From the turn of the twentieth century some towns also showed the county name for identification purposes, especially when the same town name existed in two different counties

The name game

With a few exceptions, most of the earlier framed impressions only show the head office or town name, as seen in Fig 6. However, it was not long before stamps were incorporating both head office and town names (Fig 9). From the turn of the twentieth century some towns also showed the county name for identification purposes (Fig 10), especially when the same town name existed in two different counties (for example, Newport, Monmouthshire, or Newport, Isle of Wight). The insertion of county names increasingly became a matter of routine, while London, as usual, incorporated its district initials within its markings (Fig 11). From the late nineteenth century stamps featured code letters (A, B, C, etc) to aid recognition (Fig 12), or sometimes a numeral was placed above the date (see Fig 11). A clock time had also started to be inserted and placed above the date at the start of the century (Fig 13). When this happened, the duty and code letters or numbers, if used, were either placed at the base of the stamp or omitted (Fig 14). I have not seen any examples of the time placed other than above the date before the 1930s, although some of the more recent stamps sometimes show the time below the date. Examples may also be found where the code letters may have been erroneously placed at the base of the stamp. An 1898 stamp from Peterborough in my collection (Fig 15) shows the letters BL at the base. Later, an 1899 example of the same stamp shows the letters AE at the base. Pure conjecture, but these may be the initials of the persons who used the stamp, as there seems to be no firm reason why two letters were just selected at random. Any letters seen


Fig 11 London impression with district initials (Reduced)

Fig 12 From the late nineteenth century stamps featured code letters to aid recognition (Reduced)

G.S.M. July 2013

Supplement No 354

September 2010 Skeleton Stamps BRITISH STAMPS

Left and Below: Fig 13 Framed stamps from 1906 and 1905 with clock times added

Right: Fig 14 When clock times were added the duty and code letters or numbers, if used, were either placed at the base of the stamp or omitted

Fig 15 An 1898 stamp from Peterborough showing the letters BL at the base. Could these be the initials of the person who used the stamp?

Below: Fig 16 Manchester stamp with the MR abbreviation

Below: Fig 17 A 1903 stamp with the letters SOM for Somerset

in these stamps were usually duty codes or abbreviations, such as SO for sorting office, or RSO for railway sub-office. Examples from Manchester sub-offices sometimes show MR (Fig 16), or MCHR, to denote the head office when space was probably at a premium. Likewise, Somerset used the letters SOM (Fig 17) and London used the letters LDN in its later issues. Code letters were never used to denote the time in these stamps, but recognition codes continued to be used even after the clock time had been incorporated into the design, with the date still being shown in two lines. These lasted at least until the end of the second decade of the twentieth century. The date may be found in a single line from G.S.M. July 2013


Supplement No 354 January 2010 Skeleton Stamps BRITISH STAMPS

about 1915 onwards, although some of the early paid Skeletons (Fig 18) may be found with the date in a single line from the early 1900s, and perhaps earlier, although this seems to have been normal practice for these paid stamps.

Smaller Skeletons

The smaller Skeleton stamps appear to have been issued in the early 1890s and the symmetry in most examples I have seen is quite good. The size of the frame is approximately 23mm (plus or minus 1mm) and was probably decided upon by the number of letters that could be inserted into the stamp. The office name may have also been taken into consideration before the replacement kit was issued. Obviously, a larger 25mm diameter stamp could accommodate 18 letters, while the smaller 23mm stamps only had room for a maximum of 12 letters (see Fig 8). Therefore, it would be quite useless to send a 23mm stamp to Bishops Stortford, or to one of the longer named Welsh towns, like Llanfairfechan, for example. The four-digit year was reduced to two digits in the mid-1860s, although a few examples may still be found using four digits in the first decade of the twentieth century. These are quite unusual and are probably due to an earlier issued stamp still being serviceable. By the turn of the century, new stamps only incorporated room for two digits for the year, which were mostly placed nicely in a central position (Fig 19). These small Skeletons were no larger than the normal issue of stamps, but many impressions still show the give-away sign of unevenness and the lack of symmetry, as shown in Fig 13, with the lettering being well off centre. Others may show only the slightest hint of unevenness. By the mid-1920s most sub-offices, both in the town and country areas, had been equipped with metal datestamps. It must have been quite a fiddly operation inserting the details into these small stamps. Even the larger types must have been quite troublesome at times, hence the amount of nonconformity noticed. Once the office details were inserted, the stamps probably remained in this state so that only the date needed to be changed, if and when the stamp was required for future use. In more recent times, Skeletons seem to have been issued mainly to sub-offices that did not cancel mail in the usual way. Their datestamps were used as counter stamps or for dating registered mail, parcels, receipts, postal orders or certificates of posting, etc, and in many cases time slugs ceased to be issued, being replaced instead with an asterisk. Here again there is much nonconformity. Spelling mistakes, together with inverted letters seem to have been quite frequent. Some stamps had the name inserted with all the letters facing either inwards or outwards, while many others had a combination of both. These metal stamps have survived into recent times, many of which are easy to spot, especially as they seem to have increased in diameter to allow for all kinds of information to be included within them. The lack of symmetry is, in some cases, very easily noticeable. Indeed, some of the modern rubber stamps have very thin frames and it


Fig 18 A Paid Skeleton from 1906 with the date in a single line (Reduced) Fig 19: 1905 stamp with the two-digit year format

Below: Fig 20 Later examples of Skeleton marks

is difficult to ascertain whether it is of metal or rubber manufacture, but with a little experience collectors will be able to recognise them. A few examples of these later types are shown in Fig 20. The rubber stamps will be discussed in the second part of my article.

A note on modern large single-ring rubber cancellers I have often been asked about the significance of large single-ring cancellations. In many areas, large singlering rubber cancellers are still being used to cancel a single small adhesive. It appears that there is no real explanation for using such a large cancel. However, they are more acceptable than ink jet machine cancels for the adhesive collector seeking fine used. I have viewed some very large cancellers, some of which measure up to 55mm in diameter, that have been impressed on a small envelope. Whether or not this is normal practice for post offices, they do seem to add a touch of interest to a collection, especially when being displayed, and comments are usually raised as to why such a large postmark has been used. These large Skeleton stamps (both metal and rubber) are one of the few areas of postmark collecting where it is still possible to find new varieties or even a unique example to add to your collection. They may have been allocated for use on larger packets that machines could not handle, or possibly used as an emergency canceller when all the machines were busy, to help out with an overload of mail. G.S.M. July 2013


Machin Watch By John M Deering In his latest column for Machin watchers, John Deering dissects the recent Doctor Who and Football stamp issues on the look-out for new Machin varieties. In the process, he also discovers a bit of an ‘own goal’ from Royal Mail, as far as some of the printed information is concerned. Machin Post & Go with 84th Scottish Congress 2013 inscription. Alongside is a 12×2nd retail booklet with M13L date code. M13L date code picture courtesy of Connoisseur Publications (thanks James).

What a stamp-filled time we are all having at the moment, and this month (welcome to ‘Machin Watch’ by the way) I am giving you a very full report on the two recent prestige booklets and their stamps. Here at ‘Machin Watch’ HQ, I yet again find myself deviating away from Machins for some of the time. As regular readers will realise, when a prestige booklet comes along, there might be pictorial definitives and/or commemoratives contained that need covering so that the

whole issue makes some sense; this month is a case in point. Thinking of Post & Go for a moment, both Machin and Flag Post & Go stamps with inscriptions were available from Hytech machines at the recent 84th Scottish Congress in Perth. Other things happing just now are the appearance of current 2nd and 1st Machins with M13L date codes. As things surface I will keep you informed (but to whet your appetite here is taster of a 12×2nd retail booklet with M13L). Enjoy!

Doctor Who and Football Heroes issues, and the prestige stamp booklets Royal Mail has issued two prestige booklets already this year: the ‘50 Years of Doctor Who’, on 26 March, and ‘Football Heroes’ on 9 May. Both are rather nice (especially Doctor Who, but then I am biased, as I have never been a football aficionado) and contain some unique and important Machins, with the latter also having three (philatelically) important emblem stamps. Now I quite understand that marking 50 years of Doctor Who and celebrating the 150th anniversary of the forming of the Football Association are of great interest to many people, and certainly worthy of a stamp issue, but I do fail to see why both issues needed to be so close together? After all, the Football Association was formed on 26 October 1863 and not 9 May, but not being a follower of football matters perhaps I have overlooked a relevant fact. I know that Doctor Who and football are hardly connected, but there are some striking similarities in the two prestige booklets: they both include self-adhesives, and their definitive se-tenant panes contain unique MPIL source-coded Machins (which all seems quite fine). Not fine though, and causing a significant problem for all (especially writers and cataloguers who rely on the official line), both booklets have errors in the printers’ acknowledgements! It is stated in both booklets that the definitive panes are printed in gravure by Walsall Security Printers, although they are clearly printed in litho, and by Cartor! Litho not gravure! I really do find the erroneous statement of the printing process very annoying, and it’s not the first time this has happened. A similar thing occurred with the Morris prestige booklet, SG DY1 (see the July 2011 ‘Machin Watch’). I know we are all human and prone to making mistakes ourselves, but Royal Mail’s double own-goal really does have the feel of a lack of attention to detail and the whiff of ‘it doesn’t really matter, does it?’ about it. G.S.M. July 2013

The inside front cover of the Doctor Who and inside back cover of the Football Heroes prestige booklets showing the erroneous acknowledgements for the definitive panes, which credit Walsall as the printer and state the process as gravure; Cartor printed the definitive panes in litho.

When publishing something like a prestige booklet, it is incumbent upon Royal Mail to get the copyright credits and contributors names correct, but perhaps the printers’ acknowledgements and statement of the processes are more of a courtesy to philatelists and so maybe less importance is given to their accuracy. Who knows? (Doctor Who perhaps?) Royal Mail: please, please (I am pleading now, not something I often do you know) can you make sure that in the future the printers’ acknowledgements and stated printing processes are accurate or don’t print them at all? Also, if a mistake does occur, that an immediate official statement is circulated to the press for publication. Trust me, you will get far less bad press if you say, ‘Oops! We slipped up, but this is the correct information’ than if you stay silent.

Ultimately, the error will become ‘fact’ and it will be very difficult to put right As many readers of this column will already be aware, stamps are collected and catalogued where their printing process is different, and this has been the case for a very long time indeed. The difference between gravure and litho is considered of paramount importance (it is a factor for listing in the SG Collect British Stamps Catalogue) and hence why the erroneous information inside the prestige booklets is so irritating and potentially dangerous. Naturally enough, the information published by Royal Mail will be copied and carried forward into articles, preprinted and collectors’ own albums pages, catalogues, and even society exhibits and the like. Ultimately, the error will become ‘fact’ and it will be very difficult to put right. So let’s be quite clear; regardless of what it says in the Doctor Who and Football Heroes prestige booklets, the definitive se-tenant panes of which there are three in all (one in Doctor Who and two in Football Heroes) are all printed in litho.



Top tip: Walsall and Cartor—Gravure and litho To help those who are new to Machins, or are less familiar with the printers and their usual processes, and as a reminder to others, the following general notes may be useful: Walsall and Cartor are really sister companies (Walsall effectively owns Cartor) and although they are in different countries, they really are one and the same; I am guessing that sometimes a print job is given to Walsall who subcontract it to Cartor, who then print it in litho (I think it is still the case that Cartor do not have a gravure press). Conversely, if Cartor are given a large print job which requires gravure for part of it then that part would likely be dealt with by Walsall. In some cases (and particularly commemorative stamps with multiple colours) top-quality gravure and litho printings are becoming more difficult to distinguish, although Machin and Emblem stamps printed in gravure and litho usually have very different and distinguishing characteristics. To examine the fine detail and tell the two processes apart all you really need is a reasonably strong magnifier (×10 is quite good) and the best place

to start is the value and/or the upper and lower frame edges. Litho stamps tend to have very clean and clearly defined edges to the frame and value, whereas gravure printings (generally) have much less definition and a ‘wooliness’ to them, where the individual screening dots can be clearly seen. Take a comparable gravure Machin and you will see what I mean. Let’s use the 68p SG U3005 from Walsall; it is from the Dahl, DY3, prestige booklet, has ordinary gum, and an iridescent overprint with MPIL and M11L. You will notice there is poor definition and a ‘wooliness’ around the inside edge of the value. This effect can also be seen along the upper and lower frame edges. Close inspection here also helps to confirm the printing direction, which is another attribute studied by some specialists. Next, take a known litho stamp from a recent prestige booklet and do the same—the 20p U3014 from the Doctor Who prestige booklet will do nicely. Under magnification you will clearly see exactly what I mean by the differing characteristics, thanks to its clean and clearly defined edges.

The 68p (SG U3005) stamp from the Dahl prestige booklet is a typical Walsall gravure printing; the edges of the value have poor definition and a ‘wooliness’ to them The 20p (SG U3014) from the Doctor Who prestige booklet is a typical Cartor litho printing; the value has clean and clearly defined edges

The Doctor Who prestige booklet, the TARDIS stamps, and the Machins In the May ‘Machin Watch’ I provided a detailed report about the Doctor Who prestige booklet’s unusual arrangement of the various panes, and said that I would be back to the booklet to discuss the relevant stamps and anything else of importance (which I am now doing). There is quite a lot to tell you! Helping put the booklet and its stamps into some sort of context, we need to be reminded about the primary issue, which is of 11 Doctor Who 1st sheet commemoratives and a self-adhesive miniature sheet. The miniature sheet (with a white back) has four 2nd commemoratives (Dalek, The Ood, Weeping Angel, and Cyberman) and a single 1st TARDIS pictorial definitive. In the booklet are five stamp panes: the first (entitled ‘Hiding behind the sofa’) is a pane version of the selfadhesive miniature sheet (with the design of the next page printed on its back so it’s not plain like the loose version). This is followed by three panes, which between them encompass the 11 Doctor Who 1st commemoratives (both sheet and pane versions are the same: Cartor litho) and then, nearly at the end of the arrangement, is an all-important se-tenant definitive pane (ordinary gum) containing four 1st TARDIS stamps and, with iridescent overprint,


one each of the 5p, 10p, 20p and 87p Machin definitives, all surrounding a TARDIS label. Apart from the open door, the TARDIS label is very similar to the stamp but, of course, it doesn’t have The Queen’s head, value or phosphor bands; it is just a label. For a moment, let’s return to the controversy regarding who has printed what and in which process. The credits in the booklet suggest that the self-adhesive miniature sheet pane (Dalek, Ood and so on) is printed by Enschedé in litho but, like the rest of the booklet, the pane is supposed to be from Cartor in litho (which it is). It is actually the loose miniature sheet that has been printed by Enschedé, but (apparently) in gravure (not litho). Oh dear, this is all rather a mix-up, and very confusing (my brain has now gone to mush). My information comes care of a very reliable source within Royal Mail who ought to know as he is involved at the commissioning process (thanks ‘MF’). Consequently, I think we must take the view that printers and processes are as I have been informed. Close inspection certainly suggests that the two miniature sheets are not from the same stable. But the fun doesn’t end there; things get even more interesting for the self-adhesive TARDIS stamps. The self-adhesive pane version has a different perforation gauge (15×15) to the TARDIS stamp in the loose miniature sheets (15×14) and further confirms the probability that two entirely different printers might have been responsible. Printed by Cartor in litho is the self-adhesive miniature sheet pane the TARDIS stamp is perforated 15×15, whilst the TARDIS stamps from other sources are 15×14.

G.S.M. July 2013

Machin Watch

The TARDIS stamps from the different sources are not only distinguishable by their different printing processes and perforation gauges, but also from the gaps between their two phosphor bands. Additionally, and surprisingly, the retail booklet stamps have another easily overlooked detail—the overall size of the design area is a little bigger than on any of the other versions. Walsall’s TARDIS design area is actually the same size as a Machin and so I think it is more that the other TARDIS stamps have a slightly smaller design area and this is noticed through the white border appearing to be a little wider than normal. It is most noticeable on the se-tenant definitive pane because the TARDIS design area looks very slightly smaller than the Machins they are adjacent to. The different printings also have differing shades, particularly the retail booklet stamps, which are a brighter and deeper purple to the right of the TARDIS, and a brighter blue towards the bottom left corner. To make things as simple as possible, I am including a table detailing (apart from the shades) all the relevant differences, as follows:

The different sources of the 1st TARDIS stamps (all have two [side] phosphor bands) Source



Printing process

Perf. gauge

Gap between two (side) phosphor bands (to nearest ½mm)

Size of design area (to nearest ½mm)

Retail booklet







Miniature sheet (including four 2nd stamps)

Enschedé Self-adhesive





Hiding behind the Sofa pane (including four 2nd stamps) from prestige booklet







Generic sheet







Se-tenant Machin pane from Prestige booklet


Ordinary gum Litho




Cylinder example (W1 W1 W1 W1 W1 pW1) of the Walsall gravure Doctor Who 6×1st mixed pictorial-definitive/ commemorative retail booklet; alongside is the Cartor litho generic sheet (Reduced)

The se-tenant Machin pane…. I am sorry it’s taken so long to get to this bit, but the Doctor Who issue as a whole really did need dealing with properly, especially in view of its complications. Now, and apart from the four TARDIS stamps, the Cartor, litho-printed se-tenant definitive pane contains four totally new Machins (each with two [side] phosphor bands): 5p (U3012), 10p (U3013), 20p (U3014) and 87p (U3020). The pane layout is as follows: TARDIS / 10p / TARDIS (top row), 5p / TARDIS label / 20p (middle row), and TARDIS / 87p / TARDIS (bottom row). Whilst G.S.M. July 2013

being from the Cartor stable and printed in litho certainly makes them important, this is not what makes them unique. What does make them unique, and affords them full catalogue status, is their ordinary gum and their printing process in combination with the source and date code within the iridescent overprint (MPIL/M12L). When issued in March, the 5p, 10p, 20p and 87p with MPIL/M12L codes did not already exist, but MPIL versions of the 5p and 10p appeared again with the issue of the Football Heroes booklet—but this time with M13L date codes. Although issued in 2013, the Doctor



How many different TARDIS stamps? As the 1st TARDIS stamps are really pictorial definitives, and in view of all the different versions, I thought that readers might like a summary detailing them and their differences; all have two (side) phosphor bands. Mentioned in the May article and shown again here, but this time with a cylinder number as I promised, is the Doctor Who self-adhesive retail booklet, which has four TARDIS stamps; it is from Walsall and printed in gravure. As mentioned earlier, there are the other two self-adhesive versions of the TARDIS, but yet to be discussed is another (fourth) self-adhesive version, which comes from the Cartor litho-printed generic sheet. The generic sheet contains 20 TARDIS stamps, each of which is adjacent and adjoined to a label featuring (in different guises) various characters, creatures and beings from the series (for some reason I particularly like the potato-headed Sontarans). Finally, there is the se-tenant definitive pane from the prestige booklet which contains four TARDIS stamps, but as the pane has ordinary gum, these versions are unique in their own right.


Who booklets were presumably manufactured towards the end of 2012 and this might explain why the Machins in them have an M12L date code. The four Machins are actually rather nice; their colours have some depth (nothing wishy-washy about them) and, unlike the Cartor, litho Machins from the Aerial Post prestige booklet (DY2) in 2011, which had a very weak overprint, they have very clear iridescent wording indeed. There really is no problem seeing the M12L date code in front of The Queen’s crown, and in the top right corner the MPIL (‘P’ for prestige booklet) source code. It is quite interesting to compare the iridescent overprint on these new stamps with other current printings, and if you do so you will see that the actual lettering and numerals are a little finer and have a little more space between their individual lines. The stamps are different anyway, but it’s none-the-less an interesting observation.

An enlargement of the top of the 5p Machin from the Doctor Who setenant definitive pane which shows, between the phosphor bands, a very clear iridescent overprint, including the M12L date code

Football Heroes issue, the prestige booklet and the definitive panes

and playing at the same time, a sort of dream team. The 11 football heroes are as follows (or if you prefer skip straight to the next section for the actual stamps): Jimmy Greaves, England, Born: 20 February 1940, Caps: 57 (1959–67): apparently one of the most instinctively-gifted goal scorers in the history of the game, Jimmy Greaves played 57 times for England and scored 44 goals. Having begun his career and enjoyed huge success at Chelsea, Greaves spent nine years at Tottenham Hotspur, where he won the FA Cup (1962 and 1967) and the European Cup Winners’ Cup (1963). John Charles, Wales, Born: 27 December 1931, Caps: 38 (1950–65): seemingly judged by many to be not only the finest Welsh footballer of all time, but also Britain’s finest all-round player, he was as brilliant and effective a centre-forward as he was a dominant centre-half. During a groundbreaking and hugely successful spell with Juventus from 1957 to 1962, Charles was dubbed ‘The Gentle Giant’. Gordon Banks, England, Born: 30 December 1937, Caps: 73 (1963–72): unquestionably the finest goalkeeper to have played for his country, Gordon Banks was an effective presence in the England goal for almost ten years, including throughout the successful 1966 World Cup campaign. I gather that a truly astonishing save from the Brazilian striker Pele during the 1970 World Cup has gone down in football history as the greatest ever made. George Best, Northern Ireland, Born: 22 May 1946, Caps: 37 (1964–77): stated to be a sublimely skilful player who could pass, shoot, tackle, head, and above all dribble with the sort of effortless brilliance that manifests itself no more than once in a generation. George Best also had the looks and charm to match his talent, and with the ball at his feet he is believed to be the most naturally gifted footballer the nation has ever produced. John Barnes, England, Born: 7 November 1963, Caps: 79 (1983–95): quoted as being a talented and graceful dribbler with impressive speed and strength; apparently he was also a precise and creative passer and finisher, who

Similar to the Doctor Who issue, Football Heroes combines 11 sheet 1st stamps, a miniature sheet, a prestige booklet, and a retail booklet—and all were issued on 9 May to help celebrate the 150th anniversary of the forming of the Football Association, which took place in 1863. 140 years of the Scottish Football Association and the 125th anniversary of the Football League are also celebrated in 2013, and so, in football terms, the current year is particularly special. I have to confess that I am a heathen when it comes to football; it’s not something I have ever followed and consequently my knowledge is extremely limited. To give you an overview of the issue a little homework was necessary, but beyond a brief résumé and details of the players featured on the 11 different stamps I will leave the topic to be covered by others. Though, what I learnt during my research is that The Football Association is the footballing governing body of England, and that it was formed on the evening of 26 October in 1863. Apparently, various representatives (including captains and secretaries) of several London and suburban clubs, who at the time were playing their own versions of the game, met to form an Association and establish a code of rules so that football could be regulated—and thus The Football Association (FA) was born. The rest, as they say, is history! To mark the 150th anniversary of the FA, Royal Mail worked closely with the National Football Museum and came up with 11 legendary players to feature in the issue. Further confirming my football ignorance, and no doubt astonishing some readers, I now understand the significance of the 11 stamps; i.e. that, including the goalkeeper, there are 11 players in a team. Also, hence the clever title of the issue Footba11 Heroes.) In terms of when the chosen players were actually playing, the 11 footballing legends span 1950 through to 1995 and represent, had they all been at the top of their game


Se-tenant definitive pane from Doctor Who prestige booklet; stamps are printed by Cartor in litho and have ordinary gum. The pane contains four totally new Machins each with MPIL source code and M12L date code (Reduced)

rarely gave the ball away. In June 1984, during a match against Brazil, he dribbled past four defenders and the goalkeeper to score a goal of brilliance which is judged by some to be the finest England goal of all time. Kevin Keegan, England, Born: 14 February 1951, Caps: 63 (1972–82): described by Bill Shankly (a Liverpool manager) as a born winner, Keegan was energetic, brave, fast, strong, skilful, and had a real drive to succeed. He was a vital force in the Anfield team of the 1970s that won seven major trophies. After moving to Hamburg in 1977, he was twice named European Player of the Year (1978 and 1979). Denis Law, Scotland, Born: 24 February 1940, Caps: 55 (1958–74): a prolific striker and nicknamed ‘The King’ by Manchester United fans, Law was apparently outstanding in the air as well as with the ball at his feet. He had a speed and awareness that made him hard to mark; with a slim frame and impish grin he was apparently quite deceptive. With impressive tackling skills as well as his creativity and passing ability, he was influential in midfield as well as up front. Bobby Moore, England, Born: 12 April 1941, Caps: 108 (1962–73): a loyal servant at West Ham United for 16 years, Bobby Moore attained idol status at the east London club, while his place in the nation’s affections was assured when he captained England to World Cup glory in 1966. The most composed of defenders, his ability to read the play and put himself in the right place to break up an attack was unsurpassed. Bryan Robson, England, Born: 11 January 1957, Caps: 90 (1980–91): stated to be the most complete midfield player of his generation, Bryan Robson had seemingly inexhaustible stamina, and his readiness to give everything he had made him a manager’s dream for both club and country. He was renowned for his determination and bravery on the pitch. Dave Mackay, Scotland, Born: 14 November 1934, Caps: 22 (1957–65): a very influential player of his time, Mackay was an immensely strong, determined and notably hard-tackling midfielder whose relentless G.S.M. July 2013

Machin Watch

Front and back covers of the Football Heroes prestige booklet (Reduced)



commitment in driving his side forward became legendary. A precise passer and regular goal scorer, Mackay enjoyed club success at Heart of Midlothian, Tottenham Hotspur and Derby County. Bobby Charlton, England, Born: 11 October 1937, Caps: 106 (1958–70): believed to be quite possibly the greatest English footballer of all time, Bobby Charlton was an attacking midfielder, possessed of a thunderously powerful and accurate long-range shot with either foot. Skilful, committed and hard-working, with an innate ability to find space and create it for others, Charlton was noted for his sportsmanship throughout his career. The stamps and the prestige booklet The 11 stamps (all 1st) are available in sheet form and also in a miniature sheet of two se-tenant rows (both of these formats having ordinary gum), and are in a clever arrangement. In terms of the sheet stamps, the first five footballers are in one se-tenant strip, whilst the remaining six are in another strip, and the miniature sheet goes on to echo the same se-tenant arrangement by showing the 11 footballing heroes in a typical team line up as if they were all photographed together at the same time (five in the top row and six in the bottom). I have to say it’s all been very well thought out and put together. In the prestige booklet are the same 11 designs, but in self-adhesive form, which make them unique. They are presented in two panes (pane 2 and 3) which face each other so all 11 players can be seen together. The arrangement of the stamps is the same, although each is spaced apart from the other. The booklet has a foreword written by the Director of Football Development at The Football Association, Sir Trevor Brooking, and goes on to discuss the 11 featured players through the words of other famous footballers. For example, Ray Clemence, who won 61 caps for England between 1972 and 1984 and who is now an England goalkeeping coach, talks about Gordon Banks.

The two definitive se-tenant panes (1 and 4) from the Football Heroes prestige booklet (Reduced). The Machins all have an MPIL source code, but with M13L date code

Definitive se-tenant panes In addition to the two panes of Football Heroes commemoratives, the booklet also contains two (yes two) definitive se-tenant panes. They are panes 1 and 4 (both with ordinary gum), and are quite significant in relation to the stamps they contain. Pane 1 takes account of the fact that the overall stamp issue features players from England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales by including one each of four emblem-type 1st definitives (although those for England, Scotland and Wales are not the usual emblem stamps we are used to in sheet form; instead they are St George’s Cross flag, Saltire flag, and Red Dragon flag). Pane 1 is the label pane (3×3) with, in its middle, an attractive gold on white label featuring the FA logo/crest. Other stamps in the pane are 1p and Royal Mail Red 1st Machins of which there are two of each. All eight stamps each have two (side) phosphor bands. The pane arrangement is as follows: 1p / 1st / 1p Machins (top row), St George’s flag / FA label / 1st Machin (middle row), and Saltire / Red Dragon / Northern Ireland green fields (bottom row). Pane 4 is a much simpler affair being of six Machins (2×3), each with two (side) phosphor bands, and are arranged as follows: 5p / 10p (top row), 10p / 2p (middle row), and 2p / 5p (bottom row). If we turn our attention to the Machin stamps in the two definitive panes things are actually relatively straightforward (remember, contrary to what the booklet credits say the stamps in the panes are printed by Cartor in litho). They all have MPIL/M13L source and date codes within the iridescent overprint and, in terms of their characteristics, are very similar to the M12L date-coded stamps in the Doctor Who prestige booklet; i.e. typical litho with a slightly finer iridescent overprint (with a little more space between their individual lines). The 1p, 2p and 1st stamps are completely new: the 1p and 2p because we haven’t had them before (regardless of the date code) with ordinary gum and an iridescent overprint, and the 1st because it is the very first time a Royal Mail Red-coloured 1st has appeared with ordinary gum. The 5p and 10p stamps are new only because they have an M13L date code (M12L versions are in the Doctor Who prestige booklet). The four emblem stamps are quite interesting and for three of them this is their first outing with ordinary gum, other than being within a miniature sheet (although self-adhesive versions exist from generic sheets). Anyway, I will come back to them next month with a full report to put them into context. But take a look at the phosphor bands on pane 1 and you will see that the emblem stamps have wide bands (and thus a smaller gap between them). Next time I will also discuss the Football Heroes retail booklet too.

Before closing I wanted to leave you with a picture of the ‘Classic Locomotives of Northern Ireland’ retail booklet, which was issued in mid-June, and to tell you about De La Rue self-adhesive sheet stamps which are appearing with an MA13 date code (yes, MA13, not M13L). The new tariff stamps (which I have to yet fully report on) were, when initially issued, printed by Walsall as a temporary measure; they have M13L date codes. De La Rue are now printing again, and their versions of the 88p and £1.88 have the date code expressed as MA13! Both the Walsall and De La Rue stamps are self-adhesive and gravure, and so this will be the first time ever that the same sheet-printed denominated stamps have two different formats of date codes. I suppose it had to happen sometime! Royal Mail’s preferred format is M##L rather than MA## and so De La Rue’s printing may be an oversight G.S.M. July 2013

already corrected. The £1.28 and £2.00 also exist with MA13, but for the £2.00 it is the first high value to have a date code! Watch out, the Machin rollercoaster ride is about to begin again. What fun! Happy collecting. Classic Locomotives of Northern Ireland retail booklet, and alongside £1.88 Machin from De La Rue with MA13 date code (picture courtesy of Connoisseur Publications).



Stamp Variants in Royal Mail Smilers Sheets—an Update. Part 2 By John Gray Following on from his previous article in last month’s GSM, John Gray provides an update on recent issues and emphasises the importance of closely scrutinising the shape of perforations. Left: Fig 1 The Winter Robins sheet printed by De La Rue was the first Smilers sheet with self-adhesive stamps. The 1st class stamp also appeared in the Christmas Robins sheet printed by Cartor

Perforation differences

The early Smilers sheets with water-activated gum were conventionally perforated and a few variations in perforation gauge occurred between stamps in Smilers sheets and counter sheets or booklets (see the previous article in GSM October 2011). Die-cut simulated perforations were first introduced instead of conventional perforation for the 20×1st class self-adhesive stamps in the Winter Robins Smilers sheet (LS 14) printed by De La Rue and issued in September 2003 (Fig 1, left). A personalised version with similar diecut simulated perforations was also available. The 1st class Winter Robins stamp also appeared in the Christmas Robins Smilers sheet (LS 27; Figure 1, right) printed by lithography by Cartor and issued in November 2005, but with different shaped die-cut perforations (see later). The first business customised sheet with die-cut simulated perforations was released in January 2006 for the 30th Anniversary of the first flights of Concorde (Fig 2). It contained ten definitive-sized Union Flag stamps and was produced by Buckingham Covers. Self-adhesive stamps with diecut simulated perforations now make up the vast majority of Smilers sheets; only one conventionally gummed and perforated sheet (BC-384, Doctor Who—the Eleventh Doctor

Right: Fig 2 The first business customised sheet with self-adhesive stamps was issued by Buckingham Covers in January 2006 to celebrate the 30th Anniversary of the First Flights of Concorde

Fig 3 Sheets with circular labels. Top: The ‘I wrote to say…’ generic Smilers sheet (left) and three personalised sheets issued in January 2008 were the first sheets to contain stamps with elliptical perforations. Middle: The Smilers for Kids sheets issued in October 2008 and April 2009. Bottom: personalised Christmas 2008 Smilers sheets with 2nd class (left) and 1st class stamps (right). The 2nd class Christmas 2008 sheet was available only with 20 stamps, all other sheets illustrated were available either as A4 sheets of 20 stamps or A5 half-sheets of ten stamps

G.S.M. July 2013



and Amy Pond, produced by The Stamp Centre) has been issued in the past year.

Elliptical perforations

Elliptical perforations were first introduced in April 1993 in conventionally gummed and perforated stamps in counter sheets for increased security against forgery, and they quickly appeared on self-adhesive stamps with die-cut simulated perforations in a stamp booklet in October 1993. They first appeared in Smilers sheets in January 2008 in the generic ‘I wrote to say…’ sheet (LS 45) containing the definitive-sized Union Flag, Love and Hello stamps and the associated personalised sheets containing ten or 20 of each of the Union Flag, Love and Hello stamps (Fig 3, top row). As these Smilers sheets contained stamps with attached circular labels they required a different die-cut from stamps with attached rectangular labels. The locations of the interrupted die-cuts that provide the attachment of the stamp and label are marked with arrows in Fig 4.





Fig 4 Scans of the left-hand side of stamps in Smilers sheets showing the interrupted die-cuts (red arrows) providing attachment points between the stamp and adjacent label. a) normal perforation with rectangular label; b) elliptical perforation with circular label; c) elliptical round-ended perforation with rectangular label; d) elliptical square-ended perforation with rectangular label

There are three attachment points between stamp and label in previous self-adhesive Smilers sheets (Fig 4a), but an additional attachment point is present on the bottom edge of stamps with adjacent circular labels


Fig 5 The 2012 British Cycling Victory business customised sheet produced by AG Bradbury and issued in September 2012 is the first source of the Celebration stamp with elliptical perforations printed by Cartor

(Fig 4b). In addition, two of the previous three attachment points are repositioned closer to the central attachment point (Fig 4b). Circular labels were also used with definitive-sized Balloons, Flower, Hello and New Baby stamps with elliptical perforations in the Smilers for Kids sheets (Fig 3, middle row) issued in October 2008 and April 2009, and with 1st and 2nd class Christmas 2008 stamps with elliptical perforations in personalised Smilers sheets (Fig 3, bottom row) issued in November 2008. Most of these stamps have also appeared with elliptical perforations and rectangular labels (details of attachment points are shown in Fig 4c), although some have not. The Balloons and New Baby stamps with rectangular labels were issued in the ‘Extra Special Moments’ Smilers (LS 33) and associated personalised sheets, but without elliptical perforations. Although the personalised Balloons and Hey Baby Smilers sheets containing these stamps are still available from Royal Mail, they have not yet been reprinted with stamps with elliptical perforations. They have also not yet appeared in any form in business customised sheets. The Best Wishes and Thank You stamps, which were issued with normal perforations in the ‘Extra Special Moments’ Smilers sheet (LS 33) and associated personalised sheets, have also not yet appeared with elliptical perforations. However, recently, the Celebration stamp has appeared with elliptical perforations in a Cartor-printed sheet for the first time. A business customised sheet, inscribed 2012 British Cycling Victory (BC-386) and containing ten Celebration stamps, was issued in September 2012 to celebrate Bradley Wiggins’ victory in the 2012 Tour de France cycle race (Fig 5). Unfortunately, the cyclist in the yellow jersey is Mark Cavendish, winning a stage of the race in 2011! The generic (LS 34) and personalised Smilers sheets for Christmas 2006 were issued with 1st class Father Christmas and 2nd class Snowman stamps without elliptical perforations, but elliptical perforations were present on the stamps in personalised sheets (Fig 6) when they were reissued in November 2009 and around the same time in subsequent years.

Fig 6 Top: The generic Christmas 2006 Smilers sheet containing 10×1st class and 10×2nd class stamps without elliptical perforations. Middle: A personalised Smilers sheet containing 20×2nd class stamps with elliptical perforations from December 2011. Bottom: A personalised Smilers sheet containing 20×1st class stamps with elliptical perforations from December 2011

G.S.M. July 2013

Smilers Sheets

Christmas 2006 generic



These later personalised Smilers sheets are the only source of the Christmas 2006 1st and 2nd class stamps with elliptical perforations (Fig 7). The stamps in counter sheets and booklets printed in photogravure by De La Rue did not have elliptical perforations.

booklet coil a b c d

Fig 7 Christmas 2006 stamps from generic and reprinted personalised Smilers sheets. Top: 1st class stamps; Bottom: 2nd class stamps. The elliptical perforations on the stamps from the reprinted personalised sheets are marked with red asterisks (*)

Changes in the shape of diecut stimulated perforations

When Royal Mail first introduced selfadhesive stamps in a booklet of 20×1st class stamps in October 1993, the shape of the die-cut simulation was similar to cut or torn conventional perforations with square-cut ends (Fig 8, booklet). However, the appearance of the die-cut changed for the second issue of self-adhesive stamps, in coils released in March 1997, with the stamps showing a serpentine perforation with rounded ends (Fig 8 coil). Although these perforation-shape differences can be seen by eye, highresolution images, obtained with a digital microscope or scanner, viewed on a computer screen are recommended to ensure correct identification. Self-adhesive stamps viewed against the backing paper, with matrix removed, can be particularly clear due to the shadow cast by the scanning light (top images in Fig 8). However, perforations on stamps within Smilers sheets can also be easily distinguished in digital images. The lower images (a-d) in Fig 8 show the bottom edge of the stamps whose left edges are illustrated in Fig 4. Different stamp printers used different diecut shapes at different times and this feature can be used to distinguish some stamps from different sources, including stamps from Smilers sheets. The shape of the die-cut perforations can be used to distinguish the Cartor-printed Christmas Robins (LS 27) with round-ended perforations issued in November 2005 from the De La Rue-printed Winter Robins (LS 14) with square-ended perforations issued in September 2003 (see G.S.M. July 2013

Fig 8 Top: Scans of the first self-adhesive Royal Mail stamps; booklet, a stamp from a booklet of 20 printed by Walsall and issued on 19 October 1993; coil, coil stamp printed by Enschedé and issued on 18 March 1997. Bottom: scans of the bottom edge of stamps in Smilers sheets, showing the same stamps as in Fig 9. Red arrows show the position of the interrupted die-cuts providing attachment points between the stamp and adjacent label. a) stamp with non-elliptical round-ended perforation attached to a rectangular label; b) stamp with elliptical round-ended perforation attached to a circular label; c) stamp with elliptical round-ended perforation attached to a rectangular label; d) stamp with elliptical square-ended perforation attached to a rectangular label

Fig 1). Similar differences can be used to distinguish the Fun Fruit and Veg Smilers stamps printed by Cartor (in sheet LS 29) from the stamps printed by Walsall, and the Christmas Smilers stamps for 2009 and 2010 printed by Cartor (in sheets LS 67 and LS 75) from the counter sheet and booklet stamps printed by De La Rue and Walsall. In each case, the Cartor-printed stamps have round-ended perforations, whereas the De La Rue and Walsall-printed stamps have squareended perforations. The shape of the die-cut simulated perforations can also be used to distinguish stamps from different Smilers sheets printed by Cartor. From November 2005 to November 2011, all Smilers sheets printed by Cartor had serpentine round-ended die-cut perforations (shown in Figs 4a-c and Figs 8a-c). However, the generic and personalised Smilers sheets for the Christmas 2011 issue contained stamps with square-ended die-cut simulated perforations (shown in Fig 4d and Fig 8d), and all subsequent generic and personalised Smilers sheets with 20 stamps (i.e produced in a horizontal A4 format) have had squareended perforations. The stamps in the generic and personalised sheets for London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic games and for Christmas 2012 (featured in last month’s GSM) all contain stamps with square-ended perforations. The definitive-sized Firework stamp in the Lunar New Year sheets (LS 80 for the Year of the Dragon 2012 [Fig 9, top] and LS 84 for the year of the Snake 2013) and the definitive-sized Hello stamp in the Indonesia 2012 sheet (LS 81; Fig 9 bottom) both have square-ended perforations, unlike previous issues of the Firework and Hello stamps in Smilers sheets or in booklets.

Fig 9 Royal Mail sheets with stamps with square-ended perforations. Top: Lunar New year 2012, Year of the Dragon (LS 80, issued 20 January 2012). Bottom: Indonesia 2012 Stamp exhibition sheet (LS 81, issued 18 June 2012)


Smilers Sheets BRITISH STAMPS Fig 10 Sheets with stamps with square-ended perforations. Left: Classic Locomotives of Scotland sheet (BC-371, produced by Benham and issued on 2 April 2012). Middle: The Sinking of RMS Titanic sheet (BC-373, produced by Benham and issued on 28 April 2012). Right: Celebrating 50 years of James Bond commemorative sheet (CSS-017 produced by Royal Mail and issued on 1 May 2012)

Fig 11 Business customised sheets with stamps with square-ended perforations. Left: 150th Anniversary of Alice in Wonderland sheet (BC-375, produced by AG Bradbury as History of Britain sheet 84 and issued on 16 May 2012). Middle: Giant Pandas sheet (BC-376, produced by Benham and issued on 18 May 2012). Right, 75th Anniversary of the Coronation of King George VI sheet (BC-381, produced by Buckingham Covers and issued on 13 July 2012)

Square-ended perforations appeared in vertical A4 sheets of ten stamps from April 2012, when the Classic Locomotives of Scotland sheet (BC-371; Fig 10, left) containing 10×Train stamps was issued on 2 April 2012. This was closely followed by the Sinking of RMS Titanic sheet (BC-373, Fig 10, middle) containing 10×Ship stamps on 28 April 2012 and the James Bond commemorative sheet (CSS-017, Fig 10, right) with 10×definitive-sized Union Flag stamps on 1 May 2012. Subsequently, all the Royal Mail commemorative sheets and most of the


business customised sheets contain stamps with square-ended perforations. The King James Bible sheet (featured in last month’s GSM), produced by Bradbury and issued in November 2011, predates the introduction of square-ended perforations in Business customised sheets, and contains 1st class Christmas 2011 stamps with round-ended perforations, unlike the generic and personalised Christmas 2011 Smilers sheets (featured in last month’s GSM). This sheet is the only source of the 1st class Christmas 2011 stamp with round-ended perforations. Many of the definitive-sized stamps

introduced specifically for Smilers sheets, and two country definitives, have now appeared with square-ended perforations. The Cake stamp appeared in a business customised sheet for the 150th Anniversary of Alice in Wonderland (BC-375, Fig 11, left) on 16 May 2012, the Scottish Saltire stamp appeared in the Giant Pandas sheet (BC-376, Fig 11, middle) on 18 May 2012, and the Royal Seal stamp appeared in a business customised sheet for the 75th Anniversary of the Coronation of King George VI (BC-381, Fig 11, right) on 13 July 2012. All these sheets contained ten stamps in a vertical A4 format. G.S.M. July 2013


A horizontal A4 sheet containing 20×Union Flag stamps with square-cut perforations was issued on 27 July 2012, celebrating the Host Cities of the Olympic games from 1896 to 2012 (BC-382, Fig 12, left). Because horizontal A4 sheets of 20 stamps are likely to be printed in a direction perpendicular to vertical A4 sheets, this sheet is a source of a nominally different Union Flag stamp, although any differences due to printing direction are, as yet, undetected. The Union Flag stamps in the personalised Red, White and Blue Smilers sheet have recently appeared with square-ended die-cut perforations. The A5 half-sheets (Fig 12, right) available at Spring Stampex 2013 at the Business Design Centre, Islington, London, from 20 to 23 February contained stamps with square-ended die-cut perforations. Photographs for the label were taken on an iPad and transferred using the Royal Mail Smilers app to a Laser Jet Pro 400 printer for printing on A5-size half-sheets. The printer was unable to print on full A4 sheets. The Celebration, Poppies and England Lion 1st class stamps all appeared with square-ended die-cut perforations towards the end of 2012. The 2012 British Cycling Victory sheet (BC-386, Fig 5) containing the 10×Celebration stamps appeared on 11 September, the King George III sheet (BC393, Fig 13, left) containing 10×England Lion 1st class appeared on 19 November and The Great War 1914–1918 sheet (BC-394, Figure 13, middle) containing 10×Poppies stamps was released on 28 November. The Firework stamp with square-ended perforations was used in the vertical A4 commemorative sheet (CSS-019, Fig 13, right) commemorating the 150th Anniversary of Notts County Football Club, and issued on 10 November 2012. This sheet therefore potentially provides a source of the stamp printed perpendicular to the stamps in the Lunar New Year sheets (LS 80 and LS 84).

Fig 12 Union Flag stamps with square-ended perforations. Left: The Host Cities 1896–2012 sheet (BC-382, produced by Benham and issued on 27 July 2012. This is first issue of Union Flag stamps with square-ended perforations in a horizontal format A4 sheet. Right: Two Red, White and Blue personalised A5 half-sheets from Spring Stampex 2013, showing a close-up image of the author!

It appears that square-cut perforations are now the norm for Smilers sheets printed by Cartor. The change is reported to be a response to a recent reminder from Royal Mail of the need to achieve the original specification for die-cut simulated perforations, which was to match as closely as possible the perforations of traditional gummed stamps (British Philatelic Bulletin, March 2013). Round-ended die-cut perforations were apparently introduced by the printers for operational reasons, to facilitate the high-speed mechanical stripping of the matrix, when necessary. However, this would not apply to Smilers sheets where the matrix is retained as part of the sheet design, and it appears the die-cut tool makers referred to specifications for previous jobs rather than to the original Royal Mail specifications. This recent Royal Mail initiative would suggest that round-ended die-cut perforations are unlikely to reappear in Smilers sheets in the near future.

Future prospects

Although many of the definitive-sized self-

adhesive stamps that have been issued in Smilers sheets in the past have reappeared with square-cut perforations over the past year or so, there are several more that have not yet appeared with square-cut perforations. These include the Love, Teddy, New Baby, Thank You, Balloons and Present stamps that are currently available for personalisation from Royal Mail, and the Aircraft and Automobile stamps that were introduced in 2010 for business customised sheets. It will be worth keeping an eye on future issues of personalised Smilers and business customised sheets for these stamps, and for others containing further unannounced changes. Acknowledgements I am extremely grateful to Adrian Bradbury, Lorna Ford of Benham, and Gina Chantler of Buckingham Covers for details of perforations on their recent business customised sheets. I am also indebted to Graham Howard for the information available in his collectors’ guide and website.

Below: Fig 13 Sheets with stamps with square-ended perforations. Left: The King George III 1760-1820 sheet (BC-392, produced by AG Bradbury as History of Britain sheet 86 and issued on 19 November 2012). Middle, The Great War 1914–1918 sheet (BC-393, produced by AG Bradbury as History of Britain sheet 90 and issued on 28 November 2012). Right: Notts County Football Club commemorative sheet (CSS-019 produced by Royal Mail and issued on 10 November 2012)

G.S.M. July 2013


Great Britain Specialised Catalogue Supplement BRITISH STAMPS

GB Catalogue

A supplement to Stanley Gibbons Great Britain Specialised Catalogue Add to Section UJ Machin Self-adhesive Issues Continued from June 2013 supplement. MACHIN NUMBER CORRECTIONS: The No Value Indicated stamps printed in slate-blue and listed in the August and September 2012 supplements will follow the stamps with values issued in counter sheets. Renumber UJD36/38 to UJD45/47 leaving numbers UJD40/44 void for later additions. WALSALL PANE NUMBER CORRECTIONS: The changes published in the November 2012 supplement need revising as follows. We apologise for any inconvenience caused: UJPW31 6×1st London 2010 issued 30.3.2010 UJPW32 6×1st gold issued 25.10.2011 UJPW33 12×1st slate-blue 6.2.2012 UJPW34 4×1st (Large) slate-blue 25.4.2012 UJPW35 6×1st slate-blue 1.10.2012

(1st) Top Panel with source code “B” (MBIL), at top right above the central cross and the year code in the second line at top left “12” (M12L) Spec. No. Issued Value Spec. No. Top panel UJW47 (S.G.U2968a) 12∙00 BS38 3.1.13 1st vermilion

Self-adhesive stamps printed in gravure by WALSALL from Business Sheets

Type BS36 (50× 1st stamps)

Type BS35 top panel 1st class vermilion with FSC notice

Add to No. UJD12A see April 2013 supplement Date code “M12L” ex. BS35 (2.3.12) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 3∙50 Add to No. UJD14A Date code “MA12” ex. BS36 (4.4.12) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 3∙50 Type SA6. 1st class standard Walsall (1st) Vermilion (2012). Self-adhesive from business sheets of 100 2013 (3 JANUARY). DIE CUT PERF. 14½×14(E). TWO BANDS (blue fluor). U-shaped slits. “MBIL” iridescent overprint and date code “M12L”. NFCP/SA 1∙50 UJW47 (=S.G.U2968a) (1st) Vermilion (ex.BS38).. ... ... ... ... ... ... 1∙50 The top U-shaped slits have breaks at top but examples of No. UJW48 are continuous. Type SA15. 1st class (Large envelope) Walsall (1st Large) Vermilion (2012). Self-adhesive from business sheets of 50 2013 (3 JANUARY). DIE CUT PERF. 14½x14(E). TWO BANDS (blue fluor). U-shaped slits. “MBIL” iridescent overprint and date code “MA12”. NFCP/SA 1∙90 UJW48 (=S.G.U2973) (1st Large) Vermilion (ex. BS39) .. ... ... ... ... 1∙90 Printed in Gravure by Walsall

Type BS36 top panel 1st (Large) vermilion with FSC notice (1st ) (Large) Top Panel with source code “B” (MBIL) at bottom right within security cut second full line up and “MA12” third line up above “ge” of Large on each stamp Spec. No. Issued Value Spec. No. Top panel UJW48 (S.G.U2973) 16∙00 BS39 3.1.13 1st (L) vermilion Section W 2013. 150th ANNIVERSARY OF THE LONDON UNDERGROUND

Business Sheet top panels with 2012 year dates As Type BS25 see April 2013 supplement Inscribed 100×2nd with FSC panel before the barcode at right (2nd) Top Panel with source code “B” (MBIL) at top right corner and “M12L” second line down left corner Spec.No. BS35

First seen 2.3.12

Value 2nd bright blue

Spec. No. UJD12A (M12L)

Top panel 15∙00

As Type BS27 see April 2013 supplement Inscribed 50×2nd Large with FSC panel before the barcode at right (2nd) (Large) Top Panel with source code “B” (MBIL) at right opposite the corner of dress and “MA12” two lines above “ge” of Large Spec. No. BS36

First seen 4.4.12

Value 2nd (L) bright blue

Spec. No. UJD14A (MA12)

Top panel 15∙00

Business Sheet with stamps commemorating the Silver Jubilee

(2nd) W2703 Steam Locomotive on Metropolitan Railway, 1863 (2nd) W2704 Navvies excavating ‘Deep Cut’ Tube Tunnel, 1898 (1st) W2705 Commuters in Carriage, 1911 (1st) W2706 Boston Manor Art Deco Station, 1934 £1∙28 W2707 Train on Deep Cut Line, 1938 £1∙28 W2708 Canary Wharf Station, 1999

(1st) Vermilion printed in Gravure by Walsall

2013 (9 JANUARY). 150th ANNIVERSARY OF THE LONDON UNDERGROUND The stamps illustrate the major events of the railway which became to be known as The Tube; the miniature sheet, issued on the same day, depicts posters advertising The Tube. The initial service between Paddington and Farringdon Street via Kings Cross became the Metropolitan line in 1863. The numbers of passengers grew steadily and by the World War II the underground provided protection to Londoners sheltering from the blitz. The ultra-modern Canary Wharf Station, designed by Sir Norman Foster, is depicted to bring the story up to date. The famous map by Harry Beck of the London Underground was shown on the British Design Classic issue of 13 January 2009. The stamps were conventially gummed and printed in lithography by Cartor. The sheets of 50 (two panes up 5×5 with horizontal gutter margin) were on nonfluorescent coated paper with 2nd class one centre phosphor band and “all over” phosphor (others) all with (blue fluor) and PVA gum. The stamps were designed by Hat-trick Design and the miniature sheet was by NB Studios.

Business Sheet top panels with year date

A. Sheet Stamps

Type BS35 (100×1 stamps)

Perf.14. One centre phosphor band (2nd) and “all over” phosphor others. PVA gum

As Type BS27 see April 2013 supplement Type BS27 50×1st (Large) with source code “B” undated (1st) (Large) Top Panel with source code “B” (LBE) behind The Queen’s hair at right. Issued as a Jubilee commemorative no date code was necessary. Spec. No. BS37

Issued 25.4.12

Value 1st (L) slate-blue



Spec. No. UJW42 (LBE)

Top panel 15∙00

G.S.M. July 2013

Great Britain Specialised Catalogue Supplement

Barcode and stock code numbers were printed in the right margin sideways reading down opposite horizontal rows 1 and 2. Spec. No. Value Barcode Stock Code 5 014721 134741 NVIS LUA W2703 (2nd) 5 014721 134758 NVIS LUB W2704 (2nd) 5 014721 134765 NVIF LUA W2705 (1st) 5 014721 134772 NVIF LUB W2706 (1st) W2707 £1∙28 5 014721 134789 P128 LUA W2708 £1∙28 5 014721 134796 P128 LUB B. Miniature Sheet. 9 January 2013 (sold at £3∙52)


Plate Nos. C1(×4), (C1) phosphor W2703 (=S.G.3423) (2nd) C1(×4), (C1) phosphor W2704 (=S.G.3424) (2nd) C1(×4), (C1) phosphor W2705 (=S.G.3425) (1st) C1(×4), (C1) phosphor W2706 (=S.G.3426) (1st) W2707 (=S.G.3427) £1∙28 C1(×4), (C1) phosphor W2708 (=S.G.3428) £1∙28 C1(×4), (C1) phosphor The colours were greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (reading down). Plate blocks of eight (2×4) are needed to include the four squared (2×2) box with two spots shaded indicating “A” panes left and “B” panes right indicated by the stock codes. The 1st class “A” position was printed from all four on one of three plates plus one position on the 2nd class and £1∙28 “B” primary sheet. Therefore there were three primary sheets comprising of 100 stamps arranged in four counter sheets (5×5) each. The left vertical margin shows a grid box opposite row two and plate numbers C1×(4) opposite row 4 and at right barcode and stock code opposite rows 1/2, traffic lights opposite row 4 and sideways FSC mark opposite row 5.

WP2711 (Actual size 154×56mm) WP2711 (containing Nos. W2710×2, UJW49×4) (9.1.13) ... ... ... ... 7∙25 No.PM35 was initially sold at £3∙60. A notch at top right of the cover was for identification by the blind. Booklet Cylinder Numbers Pane No. Cyl. No. Phos. No. WP2599 W1(x6) W1... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 8∙50 The cylinder numbers were printed sideways reading up vermilion, iridescent, phosphor, followed by bright magenta, new blue, greenish yellow, black, and deep blue opposite “LONDON UND” reading up opposite the stamp showing the Boston Manor Art Deco Station. Type SA6. 1st class standard Walsall (1st) Vermilion (2013). Self-adhesive from booklet pane UJPW 2013 (9 JANUARY). DIE CUT PERF. 14½×14(E). TWO BANDS (blue fluor). U-shaped slits. “MCIL” iridescent overprint and date code “M12L”. NFCP/SA 1∙50 UJW49 (=S.G.U2968b) (1st) Vermilion (ex.PM35) ... ... ... ... ... ... 1∙50 Add to APPENDIX J H. Self-adhesive Barcode Booklets containing No Value Indicated stamps (2001-13) The following booklet was printed by WALSALL Printed by Walsall in Gravure with iridescent overprint Pane of six 1st Class Stamps

WMS2709 Miniature sheet showing “The Art of the Poster” (Des. NB Studios. Lithography Cartor Security Printing) Perf. 14½. “All over” phosphor / PVA gum WMS2709 (=S.G.MS3429) Sheet size 184×74mm. (1st) Golders Green, To fresh air (Maxwell Armfield), 1915 and Summer Sales (Mary Koop), 1925; 77p. For the Zoo (Charles Paine), 1921; Power (Edward McKnight-Kauffer), 1931 and The Seen (James Fitton), 1948; 87p. A train every 90 seconds (Abram Games), 1937; Thanks to the Undergound (Zero (Hans Schleger)), 1935 and Cut travelling time, Victoria Line (Tom Eckersley), 1969; £1∙28 The London Transport Collection (Tom Eckersley), 1975; London Zoo (Abram Games), 1976 and The Tate Gallery by Tube (David Booth), 1987 (Sold at £3∙52) (9.1.13) Individual values from the miniature sheet will not be listed separately. C. Self-adhesive stamp printed in Gravure by Walsall from 150th Anniversary of the London Underground booklet PM35 2013 (9 JANUARY). 150th ANNIVERSARY OF THE LONDON UNDERGROUND The design as (1st) No. W2706 Boston Manor Art Deco Station Self-adhesive with SA gum. “All over” phosphor. Die-cut perforation 14½ As Type W2706 From £3∙60 Barcode code booklet pane WP2711 W2710 (=S.G. 3430) (1st) multi-coloured ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1·25 1·25 No. W2710 was only issued in booklet, No. PM35, in which the surplus self-adhesive paper was, removed from around the four Machin 1st class vermilion stamps (No. UJW48), but retained around Nos. W2710. The gum is not soluble in water. SELF-ADHESIVE BOOKLET PANE (9 JANUARY) 2013 PRINTED BY WALSALL 150th ANNIVERSARY OF THE LONDON UNDERGROUND From £3∙60 Barcode Booklet PM35 Pane comprising 2×(1st) showing Boston Manor Art Deco Station printed in gravure with “all over” phosphor (blue fluor) and 4×(1st) two bands, Machin (vermilion) No. UJW49 die-cut perf. 14½×14 (E), U-shaped cuts, “MCIL”, above centre cross at right and “M12L” at left above The Queen’s hair. No.W2710 with die-cut perforation 14½ self-adhesive.

G.S.M. July 2013

Type MB12 Cover. As Type MB12, printed in vermilion by Walsall Barcode 112268 Composition. One pane of six: Pane UJPW36 (6×1st. (vermilion) two bands (blue fluor)) and two elliptical perf. holes on each vertical edge. Self-adhesive and printed in gravure by Walsall with matrix removed. Type MB12 MB12 Six 1st standard date “M12L” and code “MSIL” (3.1.13) ... ... 7∙25 No. MB12 was initially sold at £3∙60. A notch at top right of cover, when closed, was to facilitate identification by the blind. J. Self-adhesive Barcode Booklet containing No Value Indicated special and definitive stamps. 150th Anniversary of the London Underground Booklet Self-adhesive (1st) £3∙60 Barcode Booklet PM35 Type PM35 (Barcode 112268) as Type PM33 (Dec 2012 supplement) Cover. As Type PM35, London Underground 150th Anniversary. Red cover with multicoloured emblem and FSC logo. Printed by Walsall. Barcode 112268 Composition. Pane of 2×(1st) Boston Art Deco Station with surplus paper and 4×(1st) Machin vermilion, U-shaped cuts, iridescent overprint “MCIL” with self-adhesive surplus paper removed. Pane No. WP2711 printed in gravure. Type PM35, London Underground 150th Anniversary PM35 (9.1.13) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 7∙25 No.PM35 was initially sold at £3∙60. A notch at top right of the cover, was for identification by the blind.


Postal Stationery Society Special

The Postal Stationery Society By Colin Baker To mark the 21st anniversary of the Postal Stationery Society, several of its members provide a small taste of what postal stationery collecting can offer. Colin Baker starts off with the history of postal stationery, and tells us a little bit about the Postal Stationery Society itself. The idea of selling envelopes and postcards with a device to show that basic postage had been prepaid, was first introduced by the British Post Office in 1840. The stationery issued for this new innovation was designed by William Mulready, with 1d. and 2d. envelopes and letter sheets being issued. These have now become the highly collectable Mulready stationery, and despite their chequered beginnings, they are widely regarded as an important part of British philately. Over the next decade or so the idea of using prepaid stationery, in addition to adhesive stamps, spread across the globe and eventually, when the General Postal Union (later the Universal Postal Union) came into being in 1874, it became a requirement that all member countries offered prepaid envelopes and postcards as part of their services to the public.

A collector's delight

Throughout the Victorian period, the range of stationery available to the public expanded, until by the end of the century it covered everything from straightforward envelopes to items as diverse as receipts for posting and tough registration envelopes. In 1855 it also became possible in Great Britain for private firms and individuals to have their own envelopes, paper and card turned into prepaid stationery, which they could use themselves or sell to the public. Many other countries followed suit. This provides collectors today with a wonderful variety of material, helping to tell a particular story or simply enhance a collection. As the 19th century progressed, postal stationery became an important part of the postal service worldwide, but in Great Britain it was not something that people wanted to collect. The ‘stamps’ were often cut from their envelopes and postcards, and in some

cases pre-printed stamp albums provided spaces for these cut-outs. This was to be a feature of British philately for the remainder of the 19th and much of the 20th century. The collecting of postal stationery remained a Cinderella subject; I can remember my father telling me when I started my own stamp collection that these were not ‘real’ stamps. But over the years, collectors realised that postal stationery formed an important part of the postal history of their collecting area, and that the complete postal history story could not be told without including many of these items. Other enlightened collectors appreciated that the field of postal stationery was so big, that collections dedicated to this aspect of philately alone was possible, even when concentrating on just one country, or even a specific period of time in one country. Postal stationery was gradually moving away from being considered a Cinderella field to becoming an important and integral part of postal history. The international governing body for philately, the Fédération Internationale de Philatélie (FIP) defines postal stationery as ‘comprising postal matter which either bears an officially authorised pre-printed stamp or device or inscription indicating that a specific face value of postage or related service has been prepaid’. Included within this definition are international reply coupons and modern NVI stamps, which do not carry a face value but show prepayment for a particular service. So in other words, if an item of stationery has a stamp printed on it showing a value or service paid for, then it’s postal stationery.

Origins of the Society

A postal stationery society was originally formed in Britain in the middle of the 20th century with many eminent collectors as

members, including the likes of Robson Lowe. But it failed to keep going and it ceased operating about 60 years ago. With the publication of a catalogue specific to British Postal Stationery by Dr Alan Huggins in 1970, this category of stamp collecting gradually became more widely recognised as an important and integral part of philately. 20 years later, consideration was once again given to the idea of forming a society especially devoted to the subject. In September 1992 an inaugural meeting was held at the Union Jack Club in London, attended by enthusiastic collectors and the new Postal Stationery Society was born. It has grown in importance and stature ever since. Although there have been other postal stationery catalogues published over the years, none have matched the detail included in that written by Dr Huggins in 1970. By the start of the new millennium, all were well out of date. In a joint project, Dr Alan Huggins and myself decided to rectify this situation and in 2007 a new, but simplified catalogue of British postal stationery was published, bringing the listing of all known British postal stationery up to date. It is a task that is ongoing and may never end. Finally, with the help of a number of internally renowned collectors and the backing of the FIP, postal stationery in Great Britain is now a respected part of our hobby. There are a number of postal stationery societies around the world catering for specific needs, but the Postal Stationery Society based in Great Britain covers the whole world of stationery collecting. It issues a full colour journal four times a year, conducts two auctions and has many other services for its members. Much more information can be obtained on the Society’s website, www.postalstationery., or by writing to the Society’s membership secretary, Edward Caesley, Trepheane House, 5 Tenderah Court, Church Hill, Helston, Cornwall TR13 8NP. You can also email him at [emailprotected]

An example of the originally much-derided, but now highly desirable, Mulready envelope, plus a registration envelope printed in 1878

G.S.M. July 2013


Postal Stationery Society Special

Around The World For A Penny: British ‘Foreign Rate’ Postcards, 1892–1917 By Peter O'Keeffe Peter O’Keeffe looks at the development of a single type of British postal stationery. Three monarchs, two basic formats, two printers and various design changes make this an interesting topic—and then there are the infinite possibilities offered by different postal markings and destinations! From 1 October 1891 the postage rate for postcards, to any part of the world, was reduced to the equivalent of one penny in accordance with new regulations introduced by the Universal Postal Union. At the time Britain had different, 1½d. or 2d. rate postcards, printed in brown, which could be used for mail to overseas addresses.

We are not amused!

To comply with the new rate, new postcards, with the wording and the ‘stamp’ printed in red, were brought into service from 1 April 1892. These had a full-length portrait of Queen Victoria, as designed by the German artist, Herr von Angeli. It is reported that the Queen approved the design, but several postal officials disliked it. This was the same design that had been used in 1889 for postcards sent to distant outposts of the British Empire, such as Australia and New Zealand, by the long sea route. There were two types of the new cards issued, a single 1d. card (Huggins & Baker type CP27) and a reply-paid card 1d. + 1d. (H&B CP28) (Fig 1). Neither showed the Royal Coat of Arms, but they did have the name ‘GREAT BRITAIN & IRELAND’ (plus ‘Grande Bretagne et Irlande’, and ‘Union Postale Universelle’, in French). The reply-paid card also had additional instructions in both English and French (the latter being the adopted language of the UPU), with details for use of the reply part of the cards. Both formats were size ‘b’ (133×83mm). The cards could also be used within the UK, even though the internal postage rate was only a ½d. at that time. All cards were Post Office issues, none being printed to order. However some companies and firms did add printed details of their business to the cards, several using the back to advertise their businesses, or to advise on the despatch of goods (Fig 2). Initially, the reply-paid cards had perforations between the two parts gauging 14/3, which means ordinary ‘stamp’ perforations of 14, but with two out of three pins removed. The cards were printed in London by De La Rue. Although red, there were some shade variations between orangevermilion and carmine. The earliest date I have seen so far is one used from Glasgow to Berlin on 23 April 1892, being sent by a lady to her daughter or sister. At the time, many Foreign countries would handstamp the arrival date on their incoming mail, and this


Fig 1 The 1d. postcard and 1d. + 1d. reply-paid card introduced in 1892 for the new worldwide 1d. postal rate (Reduced)

At the time, many foreign countries would handstamp the arrival date on their incoming mail

Fig 2 A foreign rate postcard with an additional printing on the reverse for business use (Reduced)

G.S.M. July 2013

Postal Stationery Society Special

can be useful to collectors, making it possible to calculate the time taken from the UK (remember, everything went by sea—there was no airmail facility then).

Engraved designs

In a report by a Parliamentary Postage Rate Commission in 1898 it was mentioned that just under 4 million foreign rate postcards were sold per annum; this was taken into consideration when the cost of their production was decided. In 1899, following a meeting of the UPU, it was agreed that engraved designs could henceforth be included on the cards. Britain introduced two new cards (Fig 3), which were carmine in colour and now included the Royal Coat of Arms. The wording was also amended, omitting the word ‘only’ from the front. The single card is H&B CP35, and the reply-paid card has two versions, H&B CP36 (unperforated), which needed to be cut or torn to separate the two parts, and CP37 (perf 14/3). These cards are slightly larger than the first issue, being size ‘f’ (140×89mm), again printed by De La Rue in London.

Figs 3 In 1899 Britain introduced new cards with the Royal Coat of Arms (Reduced)

Perfect for postmarks

I started to collect these cards because they often had better postmarks than could be found on envelopes, and I think that I now have examples with all the contemporary GB postmarks of that time. These include the time-coded marks in use around 1894/95, single- and double-circles, duplex, squared circles, hooded circles, and even a newspaper cancel (Fig 4), which was posted from London to Geneva in 1898. I have postmarks from London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Dublin, Jersey, Penzance, Sunderland, and many other places, one being on the reply-paid portion, sent (the wrong way!) from the UK to Switzerland. Others to Russia and Finland show differing calendar dates (Gregorian and Julian calendars), which give the impression that the card arrived, before being sent from the UK. Another, from Hastings to Russia in 1900, has cross writing (in English) which I have not previously seen on any postcard, and there is one addressed to Riga, Russia, in 1897; Riga is now the capital of Latvia. Other interesting cards include those sent to serving soldiers or POWs. I have one sent to a Lieut Williams, with the XI Hussars in Egypt, postmarked Nottingham 26 July 1900, which has an Egyptian ‘Military Post Office’ receiver mark and appears to be dated 2 August 1900. Then there are two used in 1915 and sent to different British prisoners of war (rather late usage), one to Merseburg in April, and one to Doberitz Camp in August, both in Germany. The first (the front half only of a 1d. + 1d. card) has a small thimble postmark of Firbeck (near Worksop). Both have clear British and German censor marks (Fig 5). Then there is a card which has been perfinned ‘B & S Ld’, used by a London firm, Backes & Strauss Limited, and addressed to Germany in May 1892 (fairly early date of use). There are unoverprinted cards used from the British Post Offices in British Levant (at Constantinople and Smyrna), the latter having an inverted ‘F87’ marking, used in 1894 to London, plus one with a Beyrout hooded circle from Lebanon (Fig 6). Three others held include unused cards (at the 1d. rate) overprinted for use in the G.S.M. July 2013

Figs 4 This 1898 card bears an excellent example of a newspaper cancel (Reduced)

Figs 5 A postcard sent to a British POW in 1915 (Reduced)

Figs 6 Hooded circle postmark applied at the British Post Office in Beyrout (Reduced)


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British Protectorate of Oil Rivers (Nigeria), Zululand, and British Bechuanaland, the last being uprated (overprinted) to 1½d.


I try to obtain nicely used cards sent to as many different destinations as possible. So far I have them used to most European countries, including Trieste and Turkey, but none yet to Andorra, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Poland or the Vatican. Surprisingly, I have only got cards to Egypt, Algeria and Morocco in Africa, especially as so many ex-pats from the UK were living on that continent around the relevant period. I have cards to Canada, Newfoundland, the USA, Mexico, St Thomas (then part of the Danish West Indies, but purchased by the USA in 1916), Grenada, Guatemala, Argentina, Brazil and Peru in the Americas. Then to Persia (now Iran), India, Ceylon, Bengal (now Bangladesh), Java (now Indonesia) and Australia. I have other cards marked ‘Late Fee’ which have been uprated with 1d. lilac adhesive postage stamps, and two which although having ‘late fee’ markings, were not uprated, having the small circular ‘Too Late’ mark lettered ‘FBOPO’. These are addressed to Switzerland in October 1892 and Germany in 1902. A card, addressed to Bohemia, was redirected to another town in that territory and has two different receiver marks; another card dated December 1896, addressed to Sweden and preprinted in German, is from Stanley Gibbons Ltd (Fig 7), then at 391 Strand.

It is rare to find used cards which still have the reply-paid portion attached It is rare to find used cards which still have the reply-paid portion attached, especially with both parts having been used, but I have a few with the reply part unused. One to Argentina in 1909 took 25 days for delivery, but the reply portion was not used. Used reply cards seem to attract a premium, as they have a British ‘stamp’ cancelled with a foreign postmark, and fewer seem to have survived. It is disappointing that the British PO did not add a receiver mark when such cards arrived in the UK. Many cards were used by business firms, as a postcard was easier and cheaper than sending a sealed letter, and seems to have been just as quick. For instance I have cards to Brazil taking 21 days, to Guatemala, 36 days, and to Peru, 45 days. These times may well have depended on dates boats sailed from the UK and which routes they took. The Civil Service Co-operative Company used to emboss their initials (in blue) on the front of their cards (Fig 8), with their name and address printed on the back. A card from Jersey (1897) to Germany, written in English, is signed by a Francis E Balleine as Vice Consul and gives details of which


Fig 7 The front and back of an 1896 postcard from Stanley Gibbons to Sweden preprinted in German

local newspapers the addressee could use to advertise his business.

King Edward VII

The ‘foreign rate’ cards continued into the next reign with new cards issued in 1902 having similar wording, but now the ‘stamps’ bore the King’s head (Fig 9) and not a full-length portrait. Again printed by De La Rue in carmine, the single 1d. card (CP46) and the 1d. + 1d. double card (CP47, now without perforations), had the type ‘b’ Arms (same as the Queen Victoria arms), on buff coloured card, size ‘f’. I have CP47, sent from London on 17 November 1902, addressed to an officer in the German Army (probably a collector, as there is no message and the reply portion was not used). The next issue was in 1908, again by De La Rue, but in pale carmine, in both formats (CP56a and CP57a) with the ‘Arms’ over the ‘T’ of ‘Britain’, but omitting the words ‘This side for the address’. King Edward VII died on 6 May 1910. The contract for printing Post Office stationery was awarded to McCorquodale & Co in 1911, and the De La Rue plates and dies

were transferred to the new printers, who continued with the same two formats, but using carmine to deep carmine inks. It would seem that new dies for the King George V issues were not yet chosen, hence the continuation of the King Edward VII dies, even after his death. However, these printings are not easy to positively identify (CP56b being a 1d. value, and CP57b having the reply portion). The latter is still to be confirmed (but see note about FPO below). A third printing of the single card shows a slight variation in the positioning of the Arms, which have them placed over the ‘A’ of ‘Britain’ on CP56c. These issues were rather short-lived. I have a few of the King Edward VII cards, mostly to European addresses, but one, which was sent to Mexico from London on 30 April 1906, is marked via New York, and took 15 days to arrive. Three others have unused reply cards still attached. Another is a type CP46, unoverprinted and postmarked from the British Post Office at Constantinople, Turkey, in 1904 and sent to Liverpool. Whether British Forces Post Offices overseas stocked any postal stationery G.S.M. July 2013

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Fig 8 An 1895 card used by the Civil Service Co-operative Society

Fig 9 King Edward VII foreign postcard

postcards is doubtful, it’s certainly unlikely that they would have had any Queen Victoria items. However, I have a front half of CP57b used by a soldier and postmarked FPO D35, (Field Post Office D35) dated 23 October 1917 (which was with the 35th Division of the British Army in the Ypres area of Belgium), and with a type 5c ‘Passed by Censor no 4438’ marking in violet ink. Around this period, Lloyds of London used the double cards to obtain reports of when shipping reached or passed certain points on their journeys, and these can be quite collectable, either from a shipping aspect or for an insurance theme. I understand that in 1911 a ‘Stamped to Order’ 1d. carmine ‘Foreign’ card without the coat of arms but with an embossed circular ‘stamp’ of King Edward VII was issued as CS35, but this is extremely rare.

King George V

In 1912, a new 1d. single card, bearing the ‘Downey’ head and Coat of Arms of the new King was issued (CP62), followed in 1913 by a double card (CP63) without perforations. Both were similar in size to previous issues. I have two type CP62 cards overprinted ‘LEVANT’, and both used to the UK. One is postmarked Constantinople in 1913 and the other postmarked Smyrna in 1914. I have a card sent to St Thomas, which is a fine example of a ‘Downey’ head card and is postmarked from Folkestone with a nice double-circle mark dated 7 December 1914, (during World War I and uncensored) sent by one private individual to another. The final foreign rate card to be issued G.S.M. July 2013

Fig 10 ‘Court Cards’ borrowed their design from the first issue red foreign rate cards but required an adhesive stamp for postage

was a single 1d. (CP72) which had the ‘MacKennal’ head and was issued in 1917. This is rated ‘rare’. No other red ‘Foreign’ cards were issued. This represents an interesting and rewarding aspect of British postal stationery with an overseas connection, with many cards still available in dealers’ boxes. Although not strictly postal stationery, some ‘Court Cards’, (those with black and white illustrations of London landmarks) were issued and used in the 1897–98 period, having the same design (except for the ‘stamp’) as the first issue of the red foreign rate cards, and I assume that these may have been printed to order by a commercial concern. They required an adhesive stamp and the four I have are addressed overseas at the1d. rate (Fig 10).


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Belgian Postal Stationery: The Sunday Label By Chris Howe Thanks to the severe restrictions placed upon Belgium’s early postal stationery, designs were printed with numerous special notes detailing just where and when they could be delivered. To complicate matters further, some features, such as the ‘Do not deliver on Sunday’ instruction could be ignored, which, as Chis Howe explains, led to some notable complications and several redesigns.

Introduced on 1 January 1871, Belgium’s first postal stationery cards were only valid in a limited area around the Belgian town from which they was sent and included extensive instructions at the sides of the card relating to their rather restricted usage. When the validity zone was extended to the whole country, these instructions were literally cut off the existing postal stationery. Subsequent card designs were much simpler, merely including notes that identified the address side of the card. In 1875, cards valid for overseas use were introduced and up to World War I these employed an effigy of the monarch as the imprint stamp, whilst those on cards for internal use had an allegorical or state arms design. However, by 1893, thanks to the influence of the Catholic Church, delivery restrictions were again added to the designs of Belgium’s postal stationery.

‘Do not deliver on Sunday’

Jules Vandenpeereboom, born in Kortrijk/Courtrai on 18 March 1843, was a Belgian Catholic Party politician and a lawyer representing Kortrijk in the Belgian Chamber of People’s Representatives from 1878 to 1900. He held several ministerial posts, beginning with Railways, Posts and Telegraphs, from 1884 to 1899, and was responsible for the introduction of bilingual postage stamps and detachable ‘Bandalette’ (French) or ‘Strookje’ (Dutch) labels. The predominantly Catholic southern provinces of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands had rebelled against the rule of the House of Orange in 1830, leading to the formation of Belgium. Subsequently, the Catholic Church held a dominant position in Belgian politics and Vandenpeereboom, who had strong religious beliefs, was of the opinion that the postal service should be restricted on Sunday to ensure the health and welfare of postal workers. The result was the introduction, on 1 June 1893, of a detachable label, or Bandalette, on adhesive stamps containing the two-line bilingual legend ‘NE PAS LIVRER LE DIMANCHE/NIET BESTELLEN OP ZONDAG’ which translates as ‘Do not deliver on Sunday’. However, if the person sending the letter did not mind it


A Belgian postcard produced in 1904. Confusingly, the bandalette is linked to the instructions at the bottom of the card by an asterisk inside brackets, whereas the sender’s address on the left of the card is linked to the instructions by a similar asterisk

The postal service should be restricted on Sunday to ensure the health and welfare of postal workers being delivered on a Sunday, he could detach the tab bearing these instructions and the letter would be allowed to be delivered on a Sunday. In December 1893, new postcards were issued with an imprint stamp including the same label. Clearly, this presented a problem as, of course, the label could not be detached, as was the case with adhesives, so instructions were applied to the bottom of the card through the legend ‘Cette inscription peut être biffée. – Dat opschrift mag doorgehaald worden.’. That roughly translate as ‘This inscription can be crossed out’. The legend and the stamp were linked by an asterisk in brackets ‘(*)’ situated to the left of both the bandalette and the legend. Two designs of imprint stamp were adopted, which were identical to the adhesive series. The 5c. internal card employed the Royal Coat of Arms and in early 1894 a 10c. external card employing an effigy of King Leopold II Type ‘Fine Barbe’ was issued. Both designs featured a row of ‘Pearls’ separating the stamp from the bandalette. Similar cards with a reply-paid card attached, 5c.+5c. and 10c.+10c., were also issued, providing a four-card series. The series was re-issued in 1900 in the UPU approved colours. G.S.M. July 2013

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Adding to the complications Complications arose in 1904 when the overall design of the cards was changed to include space for, and instructions relating to, the application of the sender’s address, ‘Nom et adresse de l’expéditeur Naam en adres van den afzender’ in four lines printed at right angles to the rest of the card and linked by an asterisk to a legend ‘* Indication facultative. – Onverplichte opgave.’ or ‘* Optional indication. – Non obligatory task.’. On 1 June 1905, the design of the 10c. imprint stamp was replaced by an effigy of King Leopold II Type ‘Grosse Barbe’ but without the row of ‘Pearls’ on both the 10c. and 10c.+10c. cards. In January 1908, the asterisks in brackets ‘(*)’ to the left of the Bandalette and the associated legend at the bottom of the card was replaced with ‘(2)’. On 1 January 1909 the Bandalette was separated completely from the imprint stamp on the 5c. card, thus eliminating the row of ‘Pearls’. The separation was slightly greater than that needed just to eliminate the pearls. This wider separation was retained on subsequent designs. Also in 1909, the 5c. card was redesigned with the space for the sender’s address, still printed at right angles on the left, but now reading ‘Nom et adresse de/l’expediteur/(Indication facultative)’ or ‘Optional indication’ in three lines separated by two vertical lines from the Dutch equivalence, ‘Naam en adres van/den afzender/ (Niet verplichtend)’ ‘Non obligatory task.’. The 10c. card in the same design but with the ‘Grosse Barbe’ imprint stamp was issued in 1910.

The asterisk form of linkage was modified in 1908 being replaced with (1) for the sender’s address and (2) for the bandalette. In 1909 the bandalette was separated from the imprint stamp but only on the 5c. card

New designs and commemorative issues Following the death of King Leopold II on 17 December 1909, Edward Pellens designed new imprint stamps for the previous design of cards and these were issued between 1912 and 1913 for all four values. The 5c. and 5c.+5c. cards employed a heraldic lion as the imprint stamp and the 10c. and 10c.+10c. cards an effigy of King Albert I in three formats for the 10c. and a single format for the 10c+10c. cards. The 5c. and 5c.+5c. cards were re-issued in December 1913 with a simplified heading. There were three commemorative issues of postcards employing designs of postal stationery with bandalettes current at the time; a 5c. card for the 1897 Brussels exposition, a series of six 5c. cards and a 10c. card to celebrate the 75th anniversary of independence in 1905 and a 5c. card for the 1910 Brussels exposition. A whole series of pictorial postcards, also employing existing designs of postal stationery cards, but with G.S.M. July 2013

In 1909–10 the format of the sender’s address on the left was modified eliminating the requirement for linkage to appropriate instructions. This meant the bandalette required only a simple asterisk, thereby returning to the 1893 format

publicity for the cross-channel ferries on the normally blank side, were issued from 1899 to 1910, depicting the packet boats employed on the Ostend-Dover route. Following the German invasion of 4 August 1914, the Belgian government was forced into exile in Le Havre and on 15 October 1915 all postal stationery with the Bandalette was demonetised. However, this was not quite the end of the story. In 1919 shortages of all postal items led to the re-issue of a limited variety of previously demonetised postcards, but with the imprint stamp perforated by a single hole. These were issued free to the public but required the application of a 5c. adhesive.


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Collecting Mauritius Postal Stationery

Where In The World?

By Alan Huggins Alan Huggins introduces the delights of collecting Mauritius postal stationery and provides a listing of the many items produced for use on the island, with illustrations selected from his own collection.

Some 25 years ago I started to get interested in developing a basic selection of Mauritius postal stationery into a more specialised collection. My primary interest up to that time had been in British material, which offers a very extensive range of types and uses of postal stationery from 1840 onwards, but over the years I had also amassed a representative worldwide collection, or, more accurately, an accumulation.

Why Mauritius?

So what factors contributed to make building a collection of Mauritius postal stationery appear to be an attractive option? Firstly, for a former British colonial territory it offers a better than average range of different types of postal stationery over a period stretching from Queen Victoria to King George VI, with airmail letter sheets extending into the 1990s. The embossed stationery dies used are particularly visually pleasing and the embossed envelopes issued in 1861 were amongst the earliest in the British Empire, after Ceylon, India and Canada. Secondly, unlike Great Britain postal stationery, apart from the embossed dies prepared for use on envelopes and registration envelopes, the designs of the letterpress imprinted stamps mirror the contemporary adhesive stamps. Thirdly, again by contrast to Great Britain, frequent changes in the postal rates rendered items redundant and problems of supply often necessitated the creation of provisional issues by locally surcharging surplus stock, or, in the case of postcards, producing formula items with adhesive stamps affixed. Fourthly, and I now realise somewhat naively, I anticipated that it would be possible to find material relatively easily, and without unduly excessive expenditure. Whilst this applies, with certain exceptions, to unused material, it does not apply to a significant proportion of the used material, especially if one attempts to find non-philatelic usages; even from the earliest period of the availability of postal stationery there was a lively internal philatelic community, as well as strong international collector and dealer interest Finally, the opportunity came my way by chance, when visiting Stampex, to acquire an excellent range of both issued and archival material from Ritchie Bodily. This greatly enhanced my existing collection. Subsequently, I was able to purchase the postal stationery section of Peter Ibbotson’s collection and later managed to secure some fine archival material from Carl Steig’s collection when it was auctioned by Christie’s Robson Lowe in 1994.


Since that time the search has been on to fill the gaps and I began to appreciate how elusive some items were to find. Indeed, although I think I possess examples of all the issued items in either unused or used condition, I am still missing a number to complete the full range both unused and used. As part of the process of developing this collection I have also become familiar with many aspects of the postal history of Mauritius. This has meant that I now try to find different examples of the usage of a postal stationery item in addition to the basic postal purpose for which it was produced, which adds a further level of interest.

The chronology

The following information summarises the chronology of the issue of Mauritius postal stationery and the related changes in postal rates, and indicates more fully the potential offered to collectors.

20° 10’ 0” S, 57° 31’ 0” E -20.166667, 57.516667

The embossed stationery dies used are particularly visually pleasing and the embossed envelopes issued in 1861 were amongst the earliest in the British Empire, after Ceylon, India and Canada

1861 6d. and 9d. embossed envelopes issued for ½oz rate to the UK via Southampton and ¼oz rate via Marseille (Figs 1 and 2); larger size 6d. embossed envelopes were then issued in 1862.

Fig 1 The 6d. embossed envelope issued in 1861, showing the embossed seal on the flap (Reduced)

Fig 2 9d. embossed envelope of 1861 uprated to the 10d. rate (applicable from 1866–76 via Brindisi) with a 1d. adhesive stamp (Reduced)

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1862 1s. embossed envelopes issued for the double rate to the UK via Southampton. 1872 10d. and 1s.8d. embossed envelopes issued for the increased single and double rate to the UK. 1877 10d. and 1s.8d. envelopes surcharged 6d. and 1s. respectively. 1878 Change of currency to cents and rupees—8c. embossed envelopes issued for internal use; 25c. embossed and 50c. envelopes issued for the single and double rate to Europe and the UK. 1879 50c. embossed envelopes in new design issued. 1879 2c. provisional formula postcards, the first with the coat of arms of the Colony, the second with the Royal coat of arms (Fig 4), issued with 2c. adhesive for internal use. 1879 2c. postcards issued for internal use; 8c. postcard prepared for European rate but not issued.

Fig 3 Forgeries of the 9d. embossed die prepared to meet demand to fill the space for this in the early printed stamp albums. Embossed forgeries are unusual because of the difficulty and expense of manufacture of the dies. Also found on entire envelopes (Reduced)

Fig 4 A 2c. provisional formula postcard locally produced in 1879 for use pending the arrival of the supplies of 2c. Queen Victoria postcards from De La Rue in London (Reduced)

1880 6c. postcards issued for the European rate; 8c. postcards surcharged 4c. for the rate to Reunion and Seychelles. 1882 8c. embossed envelopes in a new design issued for internal use. 1883 6c. + 6c. reply-paid postcards issued for the European rate (Fig 5).

Fig 5 The 1883 6c. + 6c. European rate replypaid postcard (Reduced)

1884 6c. and 8c. postcards locally surcharged 2c. issued for internal use. 1891 8c. embossed envelopes surcharged to produce 50c. provisional embossed envelopes (Fig 6); 50c. envelopes in new colour issued, 8c. registration envelopes for internal use issued. 1893 12c. registration envelopes for overseas use issued. 1894 2c. provisional formula postcards issued with a 2c. adhesive for internal use. 1895 2c. postcards for internal use; 6c. postcard (Fig 7) and 6c. + 6c. reply-paid postcards for overseas use and 3c. wrappers all with coat of arms design issued.

Fig 6 The 1891 50c. surcharge on the 1882 8c. envelope (Reduced)

Fig 7 The 1895 6c. postcard for overseas use (Reduced)

G.S.M. July 2013


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1897 18c. and 36c. envelopes; 8c. postcards and 8c. + 8c. reply-paid postcards all with letterpress coat of arms design issued for overseas use. 1898 18c. envelopes surcharged 4c. for internal use; 36c. envelopes surcharged 15c. for overseas use; 6c. postcards and reply-paid postcards locally surcharged 2c. for internal use (Fig 8) and 3c. wrappers surcharged 4c. 1899 8c. postcards and 8c. + 8c. reply-paid postcards surcharged 2c. for internal use (Fig 9).

Figs 8 and 9 The 1895 6c. + 6c. and 1897 8c. + 8c. reply-paid postcards surcharged 2c. in 1898 and 1899 respectively. Cards have been separated and reduced in size for internal use (Reduced)

1900 2c. letterpress envelopes with tuck in flap for internal use issued. 1901 2c. provisional formula postcards issued with 2c. adhesive (coat of arms issue) to commemorate the visit of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall. 1904 6c. and 15c. King Edward VII embossed envelopes for the Empire and foreign rates; 8c. and 12c. King Edward VII embossed registration envelopes for internal and overseas use issued. 1908 2c. letterpress envelopes and 2c. postcards for internal use with new coat of arms design issued. 1909 6c. postcards for overseas use, 4c. letter cards for internal use and 3c. wrappers with new coat of arms design issued. 1912 6c. and 15c? King George V embossed envelopes for Empire and foreign rates issued. 1914 12c. King George V embossed registration envelopes for overseas use issued. 1916 2c. letterpress mourning envelopes with black triangle at top left corner issued. 1921 12c. letterpress registration envelopes with new coat of arms design. 1922 12c. and 20c. King George V embossed envelopes; 20c. King George V registration envelopes; 4c., 6c. and 12c. letterpress envelopes; 4c., 10c. and 12c. postcards; 6c. letter cards (Fig 10) and 4c. wrappers with new coat of arms issued.

Fig 10 The 1922 6c. letter card with ‘SPECIMEN’ overprint (Reduced)

1923 20c. letterpress envelope and 12c. and 20c. letterpress registration envelopes all with new coat of arms design issued. 1925 Revision of postage rates: 1922–23 letterpress envelopes locally surcharged as follows:- 2c./4c., 5c./6c. (Fig 11), 10c./12c. and 15c./20c.; and King George V embossed envelopes 15c./20c.; also 3c./4c. postcards. 1925 5c. King George V letterpress envelopes; 5c. King George V letter cards; 15c. coat of arms envelopes; 12c. and 20c. letterpress registration envelopes with changed colours; 3c. and 10c. postcards and 3c. wrappers issued.

Fig 11 The 1922 6c. letterpress envelope surcharged 5c. in 1925 (Reduced)

1926 2c. letterpress King George V envelopes issued.


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1927 10c. letterpress King George V envelopes and 20c. King George V letterpress registration envelope issued. 1932 4c. King George V wrappers issued. 1933 20c. letterpress King George V envelopes and registration envelopes with a change to the colours issued (Fig 12). 1936 12c. letterpress King George V envelopes issued. 1938 2c., 5c., 12c. and 20c. letterpress King George VI envelopes; 12c. and 20c. registration envelopes; 3c. and 10c. postcards; 5c. letter cards and 4c. wrappers issued (Fig 13). 1953 35c. King George VI aerogrammes issued. 1955 35c. Queen Elizabeth II aerogrammes issued. 1963 35c. Queen Elizabeth II bird design aerogrammes issued. 1969 50c. Queen Elizabeth II marine life design aerogrammes issued. 1970 50c. Queen Elizabeth II marine life with various locally printed tourist views. 1976 50c. Queen Elizabeth II marine life design with locally printed ‘trees’ design. 1977 50c. + 50c. and 1r. Queen Elizabeth II marine life aerogrammes issued.

Fig 12 The 1933 King George V registration envelope—notice the change of colour of the imprinted stamp from violet to blue

From 1979 onwards a number of stamp design and postal rates changes occurred which generated a number of colourful aerogrammes. It will be obvious from the above summary of the postal stationery issued by Mauritius that there is plenty of scope, if you so wish, to select envelopes, postcards, or registration envelopes, etc, rather than the entire range of stationery types, while many postal history studies also incorporate postal stationery to illustrate particular usages. I hope this article has conveyed the range of opportunities and for those that think Mauritius might be worth trying the following

literature will provide much more detailed information. 1 Mauritius Postal History and Stamps by Peter Ibbotson; Published The Royal Philatelic Society London (1991) 2 The Postal History and Stamps of Mauritius - Revisions and Additions by Peter Ibbotson; Published by The Indian Ocean Study Circle (1995) 3 The Postal History of Mauritius by Edward B Proud; Published by Proud-Bailey Ltd (2001) The illustrations are selected to give a visual indication of some of the postal stationery items listed.

Fig 13 The 1938 King George VI 12c. registration envelope intended for internal use uprated with adhesive stamps for overseas airmail postage

G.S.M. July 2013


Foreign Postal Stationery NEW ISSUES

2011–12 Foreign Postal Stationery By Geir Sør-Reime FRPSL Geir Sør-Reime takes us from Ecuador to Norway as he continues his annual tour of foreign postal stationery. Ecuador: Pre-stamped scenery and nature postcards


Postcards 16 January: Images of Ecuador (I), 24 different $1.97. Stamp imprints and picture sides: Scenery and nature of the provinces of Ecuador, including six cards with images from the Galapagos Islands. 13 May: Canton of Francisco de Orellana, ten different $1.97. Stamp imprints and picture sides: Scenery and nature of the area. 13 May: Canton of Mejia, ten different $1.97. Stamp imprints and picture sides: Scenery and nature of the area. 9 July: Yasuni National Park Protection Fund, five different $1.97. Stamp imprints and picture sides: Fauna and landscapes of the park. 9 July: Images of Ecuador (II), 25 different $1.97. Stamp imprints and picture sides: Touristic images of Ecuador. 16 August: First South Pacific Stamp Exhibition, Quito, $1.97. Stamp imprint and picture side: Paddle steamer Ecuador. Front illustration: Culture Centre of the Catholic University of Quito. 3 September: Child Drawings, four $1.25. Stamp imprints and picture sides: Drawings showing a. Bird flying out of cage, b. Bird with key in beak looking through window, c. Butterfly, d. Ball coming out of canon with law-book decoration, dove of peace, national flag, people raising their hands. 26 November: City of Guayaquil, ten different $1.97. Stamp imprints and picture sides: Scenery of the city. Pre-stamped envelope 25 November 2011: Letters to Women, $1.25. Stamp imprint: Hand-written letter, woman. 26 June: Visit of President of Indonesia to Ecuador, $1.97. Stamp imprint: President Belgado of Ecuador. Front illustration: Monument.

Estonia: 125th Birth Anniversary of Jaan Jaago


Postcards 6 January: First Winter Youth Olympic Games, Innsbruck and Seefeld, Austria, NVI (€1.34). Stamp imprint: Mascot. Front illustration: Participants. 12 January: 125th Birth Anniversary of Jaan Jaago (wrestler), NVI (75c.). Stamp imprint, front and picture side illustrations: Photos of Jaago. 21 April: Centenary of Tartu Academic Male Choir, NVI (75c.). Stamp imprint: Photo of 1912 members. Front illustration: Conductors. Picture side: Logo. 11 May: Estonian Maritime Museum, NVI (€1.34). Stamp imprint: Seaplane. Front illustration: Museum building. Picture side: Interior of museum building. 6 June: UEFA Under 19 European Football Championships, Estonia, NVI (€1.34). Stamp imprint and front illustration: Football players in action. G.S.M. July 2013

12 December: 25th Anniversary of Estonian Heritage Society, NVI (75c.). Stamp imprint: Logo. Front illustration: Members doing fieldwork.


Christmas postcards Similar to Åland, a number of charitable

organisations in Finland issued a series of prestamped Christmas cards (both single cards with stamp imprints directly on the cards; and double card with pre-stamped envelopes). These cards are sold by Finnish post-offices, stationers, book stores and other outlets. Each organisation has its own stamp design. In 2012, such cards and pre-stamped


Foreign Postal Stationery

Finland: Pre-stamped Christmas postcards

Pre-stamped envelopes for France: Tropical fish and Centenary of the League for protection of birds

Grand Mosque of Paris, four NVI domestic (€4.60). Stamp imprints: As 60c. stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustrations: Decorations at Mosque. 26 March: European Capital Cities: Copenhagen, four NVI domestic (€4.60). Stamp imprints: As stamps issued simultaneously. Front illustrations: Similar sights of Copenhagen. 23 April: Tropical Fish, four NVI domestic (€4.60). Stamp imprints and front illustrations: As stamps issued simultaneously. 14 May: Centenary of League for Protection of Birds, four NVI domestic (€4.60). Stamp imprints: As stamps issued simultaneously. Front illustrations: Other images of same birds as depicted on the stamps. 18 June: Gardens of France: Domaine de Saint-Claud, NVI domestic (€4.60). Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. C5 size. 2012: Forwarding, NVI (C5-size €1.75, C4size €3.50). Stamp imprint: Stylised map of France. Front illustration: Instructions for use (as cartoon series). Envelopes sold in selected Départements June 2011: Corsica, the Island of Beauty, four NVI Europe (€4.60). Stamp imprint: Blue parasols (as 2007 Vacations booklet stamp). Front illustrations: Coastal scenery from Corsica. Sold in Corse-du-Sud and HautCorse. July 2011: Rivers in Tarn-et-Garonne, four NVI domestic (€3.90). Stamp imprint: Dovecote (as 2005 Portrait of the Regions stamp). Front illustrations: Riverside sceneries. Sold in Tarn-et-Garonne. July 2011: The Land of the Dordogne, four NVI domestic (€3.90). Stamp imprint: View of Sarlat-la-Canéda (as 2008 Portrait of Regions stamp). Front illustrations: Castles of Dordogne. Sold in Dordogne. July 2011: The Colours of Lot-et-Garonne, four NVI domestic (€3.90). Stamp imprint: View of Villeneuve-sur-Lot (as 2010 stamp). Front illustrations: Scenery of Département. Sold in Lot-et-Garonne. August2011: The Tastes of the North, four NVI domestic (€3.90). Stamp imprint: Lille Braderie flea market (as 2011 stamp). Front illustrations: a. Cheeses, b. Strawberries, c. Candy sugar, d. Endives. Sold in Nord. September 2011: Mont Saint-Michel, NVI domestic (97c.). Stamp imprint: Mont SaintMichel (as 2006 stamp). No front illustration. Sold in Calvados, Eure, Manche and Orne.

envelopes were issued by Finnish Red Cross, stamp imprint: Decorated Christmas tree. The pre-stamped envelopes have the same front illustration as the Åland pre-stamped envelopes (Bullfinches). Finnish UNICEF Committee, stamp imprint: Three candles. Finnish Save the Children Fund, stamp imprint: Two children posting letter in wooden mailbox. World Wildlife Fund Finland, stamp imprint: Willow Tit. Plan International Finland, stamp imprint: Logo. Mannerheim Child Protection Foundation, stamp imprint: Child on skis. Finnish Heart Foundation, stamp imprint: Bullfinches. Finnish Society for Mental Health, stamp imprint: Poinsettias. Seen on cards only.



Commemorative pre-stamped envelopes Except where noted, all envelopes are DLsize. Greetings cards enclosed. Envelopes sold throughout France. September 2011: The Gardens of Villandry and Cheverny, four NVI domestic (€3.90). Stamp imprints: Two different, as Gardens of France stamps issued simultaneously. Front illustrations: Details from gardens. September 2011: Fire Brigades of Paris, four NVI domestic (€3.90). Stamp imprint: Four different, as four of the stamps issued simultaneously. Front illustrations: Similar to stamp designs. December 2011: Festive Season, four NVI domestic (€4.60). Stamp imprints and front illustrations: Paintings with fruits and flowers. Square shape. 13 February: 90th Anniversary of the


Postcards April: Lighthouse, 45c. (sold in sets of ten at €5.20). Stamp imprint: Norderney lighthouse, as 2009 stamp. August: 1100th Birth Anniversary of Emperor Otto the Great, 45c. (55c.). Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Pre-stamped envelopes/Commemorative envelopes (C6 format) 9 February: 800th Anniversary of State of Anhalt, 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2004 Bauhaus stamp. Front illustration: Images of Anhalt. 9 February: Centenary of Studio Babelsberg (film studio), 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2008 Helmut Käutner stamp. Front illustration: Film reel, city scene. 9 February: 50th Anniversary of 1962 G.S.M. July 2013

Foreign Postal Stationery

Flooding along German North Sea Coast, 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2008 Hohe Weg lighthouse stamp. Front illustration: Map of German North Sea coast. 9 February: Didacta Learning Fair, Hannover, 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2010 Konrad Zuse stamp. Front illustration: Brochures issued by German Union of Philatelists. 1 March: 15th International Stamp Fair, Munich, 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As Spring Holidays stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: Nymphenburg Castle. 12 April: 22nd International Stamp Fair, Essen, 55c.+25c. (€1). Stamp imprint: As For Sports stamp issued simultaneously. 9 August: 125th Anniversary of ‘Made in Germany’, 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2011 125th Anniversary of Automobiles stamp. Front illustration: Various goods made in Germany. 9 August: 275th Anniversary of University of Göttingen, 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2012 Bicentenary of Grimm’s Fairy Tales stamp. Front illustration: Interiors of University buildings. 11 October: 775th Anniversary of Berlin, 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2007 Carl Gotthard Langhans stamp. Front illustration: Towers dominating the skyline of Berlin. 11 October: 30th International Stamp Fair Sindelfingen, 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2012 Stamp Day stamp. Front illustration: Photos of air post loading through the times. 2 November: 200th Anniversary of the Convention of Tauroggen (ceasefire between Prussia and Russia, 1812), 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2004 German-Russian friendship stamp. Front illustration: Map. 2 November: International Philatelic Literature Exhibition, Mainz, 55c. (75c.). Stamp imprint: As 2012 Centenary of German National Library stamp. Front illustration: Old philatelic literature. Pre-stamped envelopes with commemorative stamp imprints December 2011: Till Eulenspiegel, 55c. (sold in sets of ten at €6.50, also available in boxes of 500 with rebate). C6 plain. January: 175th Anniversary of the Alte Pinakothek museum, €1.45, C4 size, windowfaced. Sold in boxes of 100 at €158.69 and in sets of five at €8.95. January: Welfare Stamps 2012, three 55c.+25c. (C6 plain, two DL plain and window-faced), two 90c.+40c.(DL plain and window-faced), €1.45+55c. (C4). Stamp imprints: As 2012 Welfare stamps. April: For Sports, three 55c.+25c. (C6 plain, DL plain and window-faced), two 90c.+40c. (DL plain and window-faced), €1.45+55c. (C4). April: Lynx, 55c. Stamp imprint: Lynx, as 2012 stamp. Sold in sets of ten at €6.50 and boxes of 100 at €60.50. May: Environmental Awareness, 55c. (DL plain and window-faced). Stamp imprint: Cartoon, princess kissing frog-can (as 2012 stamp). August: Youth Welfare, Locomotives, 55c.+25c. (C6 plain), 90c.+40c. (C6 plain), €1.45+55c. (C5 plain). Pre-stamped envelopes with personalised stamps, issued by German Post 2 July: Maja the Bee (cartoon character), three 55c. (€2.95 set). Stamp imprint: Maja the Bee. Front illustrations: Maja and other G.S.M. July 2013

Italy: Stamp Day pre-stamped postcard

Korea (North): Locomotives pre-stamped postcard

characters from the series. Set contains three greetings cards.


Pre-stamped envelope 10 September: 20th Anniversary of HungaryMoldova Diplomatic Relations, 105f. (DLsize). Stamp imprint: Arms of Hungary and Moldova. Front illustration: Commemorative inscription.


Postcard 13 October: Stamp Day, 60c. Stamp imprint: Three-part design showing the purchasing of stamps, looking at stamps through magnifying glass and at a stamp exhibition. Picture side: People looking at stamps at an exhibition. 11 November: 1950th Anniversary of the Taking of St Paul to Rome, 60c. Stamp imprint: Modern St Paul procession in Rome. Front illustration: Detail of St Paul’s statue from this procession. Pre-stamped envelopes 4 May: 500th Anniversary of Somascan Fathers (Catholic order), 60c. Stamp imprint: Basilica of Saints Boniface and Alexius on the Aventine. Front illustration: painting of Jerome Emiliani (founder) experiencing the apparition of the Virgin Mary. Joint issue with Vatican City. 26 May: 90th Anniversary of Rimini-San Marino Railway, 60c. Stamp imprint: Train at Rimini station, 1932. Front illustration: Photos of trains and landscape, timetable. Joint issue with San Marino.

29 September: 150th Anniversary of the Italian Post Office, 60c. Stamp imprint: @-symbol. Back illustration: Selection of Italian stamps.


Postcards 1 January: New Year Lottery, lottery cards, two 50y. Stamp imprints: a. Dragon, b. Open door with cherry tree outside. December: New Year Lottery, lottery cards, two 50y. Stamp imprints: a. Mount. Fuji, basket with new sprouts, b. Stylised flowers.

Korea (North)

Postcards 31 August 2011: FIFA World Cup Football, Russia 2018, 200w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Picture side: Football players. 30 January: Architectural Monuments of Pyongyang and Moscow, 60w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Picture side: Schematic city plan. 22 March: Floriade 2012, World Horticultural Expo, Venlo (Netherlands), 30w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Picture side: Flowers. 31 May: Locomotives, 50w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Picture side: Another locomotive. Pre-stamped envelopes 31 August 2011: FIFA World Cup Football, Russia 2018, 200w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: World Cup trophy.


Foreign Postal Stationery

Christmas tree popping out of envelope (as 2012 Christmas stamp).

Mexico: Mothers' Day pre-stamped postcard


Postcards 2 February: Valentine’s Day, 7p. Stamp imprint and picture side: Stylised heart (as stamp issued simultaneously). 26 April: Mothers’ Day, two 7p. Stamp imprints: a. Two children giving greetings card to mother, b. Four children thinking of their mothers. Picture sides: Similar to stamp imprints. 13 August: Grandparents’ Day, 7p. Stamp imprint: Grandparents (as stamp issued simultaneously). Picture side: Similar to stamp imprint. 8 November: Christmas, three 7p. Stamp imprints: As stamps issued simultaneously. Picture sides: Similar to stamp imprints.


Postcards 13 October 2011: 575th Anniversary of Chisinau, six 70b. Stamp imprint: Arms of Chisinau. Picture sides: Buildings of the city. 15 June: Statues of Mihai Eminescu (poet), six 90b. Stamp imprints and picture sides feature statues of Eminescu in different towns in Moldova. 27 August: Roman Wolverine Monument in Edinet, 90b. Stamp imprint and picture side: Monument. 6 September: Nicolae Sulac (musician) Museum, Sulac, 90b. Stamp imprint: Portrait of Sulac. Picture side: Birthplace. 12 October: 260th Anniversary of the Mazarache Church in Chisinau, 90b. Stamp imprint and picture side: Photos of church.

Moldova: Pre-stamped postcard of Roman Wolverine Monument in Edinet

27 January: Joint Editors of North Korean Newspapers, 50w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: Winged horse with rider carrying torch. 30 January: Architectural Monuments of Pyongyang and Moscow, 140w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: Another building. 16 February: 70th Birthday of Kim Jong-il, 10w. Stamp imprint: Rose, as stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: Cabin below Jong-il Peak. 10 March: Porcelain Vases of Koryo and Ri Dynasties, 40w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: Porcelain object. 20 March: Day of the Star (Kim Jong-il’s Birthday), 10w. Stamp imprint: Jong-il Peak, as stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration Mount. Paektu. 31 May: Locomotives, 70w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: Another locomotive. Aerogrammes 31 August 2011: FIFA World Cup Football, Russia 2018, 200w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: City view. 30 January: Architectural Monuments of Pyongyang and Moscow, 190w. Stamp imprint: As stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: Detail of stamp design. 31 May: Locomotives, 90w. Stamp imprint:


As stamp issued simultaneously. Front illustration: Another locomotive.


Postcard 25 October: International Stamp Fair, Sindelfingen, 45l. Stamp imprint: Butterfly. Picture side: Flowers.


Postcards 14 May: LIBA 2012, Centenary of Liechtenstein Stamps, 1f., 1f.40, 1f.90. Stamp imprints: a. St Laurentius Church, Schaan, b. Exhibition Hall, Schaan, c. Town Hall, Schaan. Front illustrations: a. and c. Girl with a bird made from stamps, b. Girl with an arch of stamps.


Postcards 2011: Christmas, four 1l.35. Stamp imprints: a. Snow on tree branch, b. Old houses seen on Christmas ball, c. Stylised Christmas tree, d. Snowfall over small village. Picture sides: a. Trees covered by snow, b. Christmas gift, c. Decorated Christmas tree, d. Madonna and Child.


Pre-stamped envelope 12 December: Christmas/New Year, NVI (sold in sets with four envelopes and four different greetings cards at €7.85). Stamp imprint:

Pre-stamped envelopes (C6 size unless otherwise stated) 28 August 2011: Birth Centenary of David Ghersfeld (composer), 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait, playing piano. Front illustration: Scene from the opera Grozovan. 29 September 2011: 40th Anniversary of Codrii Nature Reserve, 1l.20 (DL-size). Stamp imprint: Map, logo, squirrel. Front illustration: Forest scene with deer and wild boar. 12 October: 575th Anniversary of the city of Chisinau, four 1l.20. Stamp imprints: Portraits of the city’s architects: a. Valentin Mednec, b. Alexei Sciusev, c. Robert Kurt, d. Alexandru Bernardazzi. Front illustrations show buildings designed by each of these architects. 12 October: Stamp Exhibition for 20th Anniversary of First Moldovan Stamps; 20th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations between Moldova and Romania, 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Moldova 1992 stamp (SG 1) under magnifying glass. Front illustration: Medals. 14 October: 20th Anniversary of RCC (Regional Communications Community), 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Logo, communications satellite. Front illustration: Map of Moldova, earth satellite station. 5 December: 20th Anniversary of the ‘Fulger’ Special Forces, 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Badge. Front illustration: Force on parade. 19 December: 160th Birth Anniversary of Joan Suruceanu (first Bessarabian archaeologist). 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Archaeological objects. 6 January: Birth Centenary of Oscar Dayn (violinist and professor), 1l.20. Stamp G.S.M. July 2013

Foreign Postal Stationery

imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Violin, score. 7 February: 150th Birth Anniversary of Vladimir Ocusco (painter), 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Painting (ploughing scene with oxen). 15 February: Birth Centenary of Aldrei Lupan (poet and playwright), 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Lupan in studio, books. 2 March: War Heroes of 1992 Fighting along Dniester River, 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Statue of mother and child. Front illustration: Candle, Dniester River. 24 May: Balkanfila Stamp Exhibition, Maribor, 4l.50. Stamp imprint: Logo. Front illustration: First day covers from Moldova. 28 May: 20th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations between Moldova and Azerbaijan, 4l.50. (DL-size). Stamp imprint: Arms of Moldova and Azerbaijan. Front illustration: State flags and State Houses of both nations. 1 June: 130th Birth Anniversary of Gheorghe Botezatu (mathematician, inventor and helicopter constructor), 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Botezatu in helicopter. 2 June: 170th Anniversary of National Wine College, 1l.20. Stamp imprint: College building. Front illustration: Vineyard, wine press. 1 July: 110th Birth Anniversary of Nicolae Morosan (geologist and archaeologist), 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Morosan taking rock samples, map, books. 7 July: 90th Birth Anniversary of Dionisie Tanasoglu (author, musician), 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Tanasoglu playing violin, children’s books by Tanasoglu. 10 July: 20th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations between Moldova and Lithuania, 4l.50 (DL-size). Stamp imprint: Arms of Moldova and Lithuania. Front illustration: National flags and cathedrals of both nations. 22 August: 180th Anniversary of National Library of Moldova, 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Library building. Front illustration: Exterior and interior views of the library, old book. 27 August: Veronica Garstea (Conductor of Academic Choir ‘Doina’, 1927-2012) Commemoration, 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Garstea conducting choir. 1 September: 80th Anniversary of College building, Chisinau, 85b. Stamp imprint: Logo. Front illustration: College building. 10 September: 20th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations Between Moldova and Hungary, 4l.50 (DL-size). Stamp imprint: Arms of Moldova and Hungary. Front illustration: National flags and parliament buildings of both nations. 14 September: 50th Anniversary of Union of Film-makers of Moldova, 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Logo. Front illustration: Participants at first congress of Union, 1962. 17 September: 120th Birth Anniversary of Serghei Ciocolov (sculptor), 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Plastic art. 6 October: Birth Centenary of Sergiu Rosca (priest and publisher), 1l.20. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Portrait and church bell. 27 October: 140th Anniversary of Balti Hospital, 85b. Stamp imprint: Celebration logo. Front illustration: Photographs of the hospital taken in 1872 and 2012. G.S.M. July 2013

New Caledonia: Pre-stamped envelope showing a Sea Turtle

Norway: 75th Anniversary of Philatelic Service pre-stamped postcard

9 December: 80th Birth Anniversary of Filimon Hamuraru (painter), 1l.75. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Stainedglass artwork. 20 December: Birth Bicentenary of Boleslav Hajdeu (author, folklorist, naturalist), 1l.75. Stamp imprint: Portrait. Front illustration: Writing desk with books and pamphlets.


Pre-stamped envelopes March 2011: Maxi letter, three different sizes (one each for maximum 20g., 50g., and 1kg). Stamp imprint: Prince’s Palace.


Postcard 2011: 65th Anniversary of Dutch Society for Postal Stationery and Postal Cancellations Collectors, NVI 1. Stamp imprint: Coloured squares, as 2010 definitive stationery. Front illustration: Commemorative inscription. Pre-stamped envelopes 2011: Definitives, two NVI 1, C5-size (plain and window-faced). Stamp imprint: Coloured squares.

New Caledonia

Postcard November: Christmas, NVI (120f.). Stamp imprint: Not yet seen. Picture side: Canoe, island. Pre-stamped envelopes 2012 (stamp imprint featuring a Kagu bird, red, blue and violet, for domestic,

metropolitan or international postage up to 20g., DL-size): March: 70th Anniversary of Arrival of US Troops, 12 March 1942 (red and blue); June: Transit of Venus (red and blue); June: Foa Film Festival 2012 (red and blue); August: Sea Turtle (red, blue and violet); September: Coffee Festival, Sarramea 2012 (red and blue); September: Michel Corbasson Zoological and Botanical Park (red, blue and violet); November: Blue Whale (red, blue and violet).


Postcards 1 February: 75th Anniversary of Philatelic Service, NVI International (20k.). Stamp imprint: Posthorn design. Picture side: Selection of Norwegian stamps, photo showing collectors queuing in front of Philatelic Service during the 1970s. 6 July: 50th Anniversary of TrondheimBodø Railway, two NVI (Inland, 16k. and International, 20k.). Stamp imprints: a. Steam locomotive, b. Diesel train. Picture sides: a. 1962 inaugural train, b. Modern train passing the Arctic Circle. 12 November: Christmas, NVI International (20k.). Stamp imprint: Father Christmas. Picture side: Two Christmas gnomes on sledge, text. Pre-stamped envelopes 1 February: Smartpost, three NVI Domestic (C6 15k., C5 20k., C4 39k.). Stamp imprint: Oslo Opera House. As previous issue, but with additional text ‘Maximum thickness 2 cm’).


New Zealand’s General Purpose Revenue Stamps

New Zealand’s General Purpose Revenue Stamps By David Smitham The general purpose revenue stamps of New Zealand are familiar to collectors, since many of them were also used as higher value postage stamps. Here, David Smitham reviews some of the more interesting aspects of these stamps, one of which had a face value of over £190,000! New Zealand’s first postage stamps were issued in 1855. These bore the Chalon portrait of Queen Victoria. They were inscribed ‘POSTAGE’ and were not intended to be used for purposes other than for postage. However, some were employed for revenue use in the first few days of January 1867—new laws were effected and not all towns had received supplies of revenue stamps. Many of New Zealand’s postage stamps issued since then were able to be used for postal or fiscal purposes as they were inscribed ‘POSTAGE & REVENUE.’ Dated cancels such as OTAGO over crown (and AUCKLAND over crown) are typical of fiscal cancels of the period and may be found on many ordinary New Zealand stamps. Some difficult to acquire postally used postage stamps are relatively easy to acquire fiscally used. Perhaps the most commonly seen (often erroneously described as being postally used) are fiscally used 5s. Mt Cook stamps with OTAGO over crown cancels; these of course are inscribed ‘POSTAGE & REVENUE’ (Fig 1). Some easily acquired postally used Fig 1 5s. Mt Cook postage stamps are fiscally used exceedingly difficult with OTAGO over to find fiscally used, crown cancel and are even more so on document. Only the 1947 to 1951 health stamps were valid for fiscal use. Now try locating them fiscally used! Methods of cancelling revenue stamps include punching, embossing, by rubber stamp, by pen or by steel datestamp. In this article only New Zealand’s general purpose revenue stamps will be discussed. There are other revenue stamps which were used for specific purposes and these will be dealt with in a later article.

1867 and 1871 Queen Victoria series

New Zealand’s first revenue stamps were inscribed ‘STAMP DUTY’ and featured a side-face profile of Queen Victoria. These general purpose revenue stamps were introduced in 1867 and range in denomination from 1d. to £10. Initially these stamps were issued imperforate to


stamp offices around New Zealand, so that they could be used from 1 January 1867. Once the initial distribution of imperforate stamps had been effected, the Government Printing Office commenced perforating sheets and these stamps Fig 2 Two were also in use in experimental 1867. Perforated separations on general purpose a Die I Queen revenue stamps from Victoria 1s. the 1867 series in stamp Y roulette denominations from vertically at left 1d. up to £50 exist. and H roulette From an early vertically at right date, unofficial, or experimental methods of separation by roulettes and serrates of various gauges were also used on New Zealand’s revenue stamps, just as the Chalon head postage stamps exist with these experimental methods of separation. Volume VI of Postage Stamps of New Zealand records 16 different types of experimental separations used on revenue stamps, ranging in denomination from 1d. to 5s. (Fig 2)1. Some denominations (such as the imperforate Queen Victoria 1s. grey and red) may be found with the value printed in one or in two lines; some denominations (such as the imperforate Queen Victoria 1s. 8d. grey-brown and blue) may be found with the value printed in small figures and letters, as well as with the value printed in large figures and letters. Both imperforate and perforate £1 15s. grey and red stamps are known with different spellings of ‘THIRTY FIVE SHILLINGS’. These stamps have one or more lower case ‘i’ type instead of upper case ‘I’ type! As with postage stamps, watermarked papers were used to print revenue stamps. In many instances they are the same as those found on contemporary postage stamps with one notable exception: some early New Zealand revenue stamps were printed on a thick paper with an impressed ‘NZ’ where the letters are intertwined.

Dies I and II

By 1869 the plate from the first die was showing signs of wear and its use was

Fig 3 2d. Queen Victoria Die I

Fig 4 2d. Queen Victoria Die II

Fig 5 2d. Queen Victoria Die I value tablet

Fig 6 2d. Queen Victoria Die II value tablet

restricted but continued in use until 1870. A new die was made in Melbourne, and its design was based upon the earlier die (known as Die I). The new die (Die II) general purpose revenue stamps were issued in 1871. The two dies are quite easy to differentiate: in Die I stamps the vertical lines in the value tablet are set close together; in Die II stamps they are set wider apart. Also, the two white dots between ‘STAMP DUTY’ and ‘NEW ZEALAND’ are larger in die II stamps (Figs 3 to 6). G.S.M. July 2013

New Zealand’s General Purpose Revenue Stamps

Fig 7 £1 Queen Victoria Die II—short-tailed ‘£’

Fig 8 £1 Queen Victoria Die II—long-tailed ‘£’

Base photo credits: Nick Kean: New Zealand Flag. eGuide Travel ( Mt Cook New Zealand

Fig 9 1d. lilac Queen Victoria 1878

Denominations of Die II revenue stamps range from 1d. to £50; colours vary and there are a range of watermarks and perforations. Some interesting type varieties exist with high denomination stamps having either short or long-tailed ‘£’ signs (Fig 7 and 8). By 1878 the Die II revenue printing plates were beginning to wear. This resulted in options for their replacements being considered. In 1878 and in the following years several important decisions were made by the New Zealand government. These resulted in major changes to both postage and revenue stamp production. In 1878 it was decided that for the 1d. denomination, which was the revenue stamp most in demand, a new stamp of a completely different design was to be introduced. This resulted in the introduction of a smaller-sized stamp (based upon the British 1d. Inland Revenue stamp), initially in lilac and later in blue (Figs 9 and 10). In 1880 new plates were made for the whole revenue series. The design was very similar to that of the earlier series but a plate was made for each denomination with the value incorporated. As the 1d. was already provided for, the new plates covered denominations from 4d. upwards, and their number was initially reduced. In 1882 the need for higher value postage stamps was raised. It was decided that postage and revenue stamps could be used for either purpose. The intention was that postage stamps should also be used for low value revenue purposes and a new series of stamps was placed on sale inscribed ‘Postage and Revenue’ (the second sidefaces). No alteration was made to the design of the revenue stamps but all the denominations below 2s. were withdrawn from sale. It was intended that postal needs for 2s. and upwards should be met by the use of fiscal stamps.

1884 Queen Victoria ultra-high values

In 1884, in order to avoid a document having many stamps affixed, ultra-high value revenue stamps were individually printed when values exceeding £1000 were required. Occasionally some values less than £1000 were printed; the lowest recorded is £389 and the highest is £190,225. The Queen Victoria Die II G.S.M. July 2013

Fig 10 1d. blue Queen Victoria 1878

design was used for these ultra-high value revenues which were printed in gold with the denominations printed in blue ink. The earliest recorded date of use is 7 July 1884. Just 3285 of these stamps were printed between December 1890 and November 1935. The number printed prior to 1891 was probably quite low (eight were printed in 1891 and seven in 1892); and a total of only 22 ultra-high value stamps with values under £1000 were printed—all before 1916 (Fig 11).

1880–1926 Queen Victoria series

These replaced the earlier 1867–1871 series; with denominations ranging from 4d. up to £1000. Apart from different papers and perforations, some of these stamps may be found with differing printed denomination lengths as well as printed in different colours—thus giving collectors plenty to search for! Some examples: £15 brown—exists with 9mm, 12.5mm and 16mm length denominations; £30—12.5mm and 16mm denominations; £40—7mm and 11mm denominations; £50—6mm, 10mm and small type denominations; £2.10s. printed in rose lake as well as in Venetian red (Figs 12 and 13) and £3.10s. printed in claret as well as in rose.

Fig 11 £30,000 Queen Victoria die II ultra-high value. Enlarged

1931–1956 Coat of Arms series

Collectors are probably more familiar with stamps from this series than any of the others as they often feature in stamp albums—mint and sometimes postally used. Many a collection has fiscally used stamps from this series—usually the more difficult denominations to acquire postally used such as the 12s.6d, £4.10s. and denominations above £5 (Fig 14). These stamps may be found with different watermarks and perforations as well as with surcharges. More details about these may be found in the newly published Kiwi Catalogue 2.

Fig 12 £2 10s. rose-lake Queen Victoria

Fig 13 £2 10s. Venetian red Queen Victoria

1935 Coat of Arms ultra-high value series

These replaced the 1884 Queen Victoria ultra-high value stamps. The New Zealand Coat of Arms replaced Queen Victoria’s portrait. Denominations of Coat of Arms ultra-high values are generally £2000 or more, but 21 stamps were printed with

Fig 14 £3 10s. Coat of Arms


New Zealand’s General Purpose Revenue Stamps

lower values. Stamps with denominations in round thousands predominate. Of the values £3000, £4000, £6000 and £10,000 at least 30 of each were printed (and 80 of £5000). In total, 1897 of these stamps (of which the highest is £150,000) were printed between 5 December 1935 and 24 November 1954, when printings officially ceased (Figs 15 and 16). The first printings (to about 1937) have a stop after the denomination at the top and the words below are in small seriffed letters. Some of the 1936–37 and 1942 printings were made in olive green; otherwise they were printed in gold ink with values printed in blue to blue-black. Later printings (1942 to 1954) have no stop above and narrow sans-serif lettering below.

Fig 15 £68,052 gold and blue ultra-high value Coat of Arms

Fig 16 £3400 olive-green and blue ultra-high value Coat of Arms

Fig 17 £900 surcharged Coat of Arms

1939 Surcharged Coat of Arms series


Fig 18 Type 1 POUNDS

Fig 19 Type 2 POUNDS

Fig 20 ‘VR’ stamp duty cypher label

Fig 21 ‘EVIIR’ stamp duty cypher label

Fig 22 ‘GVR' stamp duty cypher label

King Edward VII (both imperforate) or King George V was attached, covering the tin foil to help retain the revenue stamps on the document. Up to 1920 the King George V cypher labels may be found perf 10; whilst those from the 1930s will be found perf 11. The latest recorded date of cypher label use is 5 October 1933. Trimmed labels exist (Figs 20 to 22).

References 1 Postage Stamps of New Zealand, volume VI, Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand. 2 Kiwi Catalogue of New Zealand Revenue and Railway Stamps, 5th edition, Mowbray Collectables, 2013. 3 New Zealand Stamp Collector, volume 60 number 3, p.84. G.S.M. July 2013

Base photo credit: Paul Bica. Lake Pukaki and Mt Cook in the background. New Zealand

Bold surcharges in black ink were applied to various stamps to prevent confusion with and sales of similar coloured but different denomination stamps (such as the yellow-orange 1s.3d. and 35s.) in poor lighting conditions often experienced in pre-war post offices. Denominations of the surcharged Coat of Arms series range from 3s.6d. (may be found with serif or sans-serif lettering) to £900, and like the non-surcharged stamps. These may exist with different watermarks, but all with the same perf 14 (Fig 17). Two sets of type were used for the values printed in words. Type 1 letters are small and the ‘O’ in ‘POUNDS’ is round, or perhaps you could say a horizontal oval. Type 2 letters are slightly larger and the ‘O’ in ‘POUNDS’ is a vertical oval (Figs 18 and 19)3. New Zealand’s general purpose revenue stamps may sometimes be found on complete document (equivalent to postage stamps on cover!) with a mix of issues as well as low value postage and revenue stamps, as well as, of course, on piece. Some legal documents may be found with a range of revenue stamps but cancelled at different times. Payment of the total sum could be effected in instalments; thus for example £55,002 13s.4d. of estate duty payable may have been paid in full (with a £55,002 ultra-high value stamp and some lower value stamps), or in several instalments—but not necessarily made in equal payments. Whether on document, on piece or soaked off, many perforate revenue stamps may be found imperforate. Revenue stamps had to be affixed to vellum—a greasy document made from animal skin—and they were prone to flick off the surface of such documents. The solutions to this problem were twofold: i) the perforations were often trimmed off (to avoid catching on other papers on desks, and ii) they were additionally tied to the document by tin foil strips. On the reverse of the document where the tin foil pierced the document a label bearing a cypher of Queen Victoria,

Vatican Post Office Sede Vacante Stamps

Vatican Post Office Sede Vacante Stamps and Emeritus Pope Benedict By Peter Jennings FRPSL, FRGS The first stamps to be issued for the Sede Vacante (Vacant Papal See) were introduced on 20 February 1939 following the death of Pope Pius XI. The seventh such issue was released by the Vatican Post Office after the surprise resignation of Pope Benedict XVI in February. In a special report from Rome, Peter Jennings examines this and the previous Sede Vacante issues, which have proven to be extremely popular with both stamp collectors and non-collectors around the world.

The four stamps issued on 1 March 2013 for the Sede Vacante—the brief period of time when the office of the Roman Pontiff is no longer filled—were released not because of the death of a Pope but because of the historic and dramatic resignation of Pope Benedict XVI. Nothing of any particular note was expected to happen in the Vatican on 11 February 2013. There had been speculation in the media about the health of Pope Benedict XVI, then 85 years old, but nothing more. During the morning, Pope Benedict took part in a routine Ordinary Public Consistory called in order to approve the causes for the canonization of new Saints. At the end of the assembly, with no prior warning, Pope Benedict XVI began addressing the Cardinals in Latin. He said: ‘I have come to the certainty that my strengths due to an advanced age are no longer suited to an adequate exercise of the Petrine ministry.’ The German Pope announced his resignation as from the evening of 28 February 2013, at 8.00p.m., adding: ‘The See of Rome, the See of Saint Peter, will be vacant and a Conclave to elect the new Supreme Pontiff will have to be convoked by those whose competence it is.’

The resignation of Pope Benedict XVI

The historic and dramatic announcement was received in stunned silence by those present. Soon afterwards, the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI was officially confirmed by the Vatican Press Office. Within seconds this was a breaking news-story throughout the world! Having written and broadcast extensively

about the Roman Catholic Church and the Vatican in particular since the mid-1970s, I was not completely surprised. Pope, now Blessed John Paul II, who died in April 1995, suffered from extremely bad Parkinson’s disease but took the decision to remain in office until the end of his life. I felt sure that Pope Benedict would not want illness or old age to impair his ability to lead the world’s 1.2 billion Roman Catholics effectively during difficult times with the constant glare of a 24hour news media agenda. On 28 February 2013, the last day of his Pontificate, Pope Benedict XVI met with members of the College of Cardinals in the Clementine Hall at the Vatican. At 5.00p.m. he said his final farewells and was driven by car the short distance to the Vatican helipad where he travelled by helicopter to Castel Gandolfo, and the Apostolic Palace of Castel Gandolfo, situated about 24km south-east of Rome, that serves as the Pope’s summer residence. Vatican Television showed superb live pictures of the helicopter as it circled the dome of St Peter’s Basilica and made its way over the familiar tourist attractions surrounding Rome. Shortly after his arrival at Castel Gandolfo, Pope Benedict briefly addressed the large crowds packed in the courtyard. When the clock on the wall struck 8.00p.m. the Pontificate of Pope Benedict XVI, which had begun on 19 April 2005, was over!

Conclave to elect the new Pope

Only Cardinals under the age of 80 are permitted to vote in the actual Conclave

Vatican City commemorative cover postmarked 11 February 2013, the date that Pope Benedict XVI announced his dramatic and surprise resignation as Bishop of Rome, Supreme Pontiff and Head of the Vatican City


to elect the new Pope. However, all the Cardinals, including those over the age limit, took part in the important General Congregations, held in the Paul V Audience Hall, in the Vatican, from 4 March until and including 11 March. During that time, there were more than 160 interventions, some Cardinals spoke twice, on every aspect of the life and work of the Catholic Church. Everyone involved, including secretaries, is under a solemn oath of secrecy and so Fr Fernando Lombardi, the Jesuit Papal Spokesman was only able to brief the accredited media—about 5000 in total, including about 800 permanently accredited members of the Vatican Press Office—in a general but helpful way. Great Britain did not have a CardinalElector in the Conclave. However, Cardinal Cormac-Murphy O’Connor, Emeritus Archbishop of Westminster, who reached the age of 80 on 24 August 2012 and was therefore unable to vote in the Conclave, did take part in the General Congregations.

Stamps of the Sede Vacante, 2013

The Vatican Press Office made the official announcement in a bulletin about the four Sede Vacante stamps on 1 March 2013, the date of issue. ‘The Philatelic and Numismatic Office of the Governorate of Vatican City State has issued four stamps with the image of an angel raising the pavilion (umbraculum) of the Apostolic Camera, the work of Italian artist Daniela Longo.’ The stamps, the seventh in the series of Vacant See stamps, were printed using the offset process in sheetlets of ten by Cartor in France—70c. for mail to Italy; 85c. for mail to Europe; €2.00 for mail to the Americas; €2.50 for mail to Oceania. The Vatican notice emphasised: ‘The issue of Vacant Papal See stamps is intended to commemorate the event and ensure the continuity of the issue of postal stamps, to be used to send correspondence from the Vatican City only during the period of the Vacant Papal See itself.’ It was made clear that their philatelic use is allowed afterwards and that the Vatican Post Office would continue to sell them to collectors. Stocks quickly became exhausted and were not replaced. G.S.M. July 2013

Vatican Post Office Sede Vacante Stamps A Vatican City first day cover with two of the four Sede Vacante values, along with a special first day of issue cancellation applied on 1 March 2013 Below: The other two Sede Vacante values on first day cover autographed by Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O’Connor, Emeritus Archbishop of Westminster

A complete sheet of the 85c. Vatican City, 2013 Sede Vacante stamp, the postage rate for Europe including the UK

This correspondent arrived in Rome on 8 March and spent two weeks in the Eternal City, writing, broadcasting, and visiting the Vatican Post Offices and nearby stamp shops. It was a busy, challenging but exhilarating time to be in Rome as a Roman Catholic journalist and a stamp collector.

70c. €2.00 and €2.50 Sede Vacante values in the set issued by the Vatican City on 1 March 2013

Temporary chimney

The day after my arrival in Rome, the small temporary chimney was fixed to the roof of the Sistine Chapel—it is clearly visible from St Peter’s Square—from which the ballot papers are burnt in one of two stoves together with special chemicals that produce either black smoke, or white smoke to signal to the world that a new Pope has been elected. During the day the Vatican Press office arranged for groups of senior media correspondents to visit the Sistine Chapel, adjoining St Peter’s Basilica in the heart of the Vatican, and see the final preparations being made for the Conclave. I had the privilege and opportunity of being part of the final, small group, during the late afternoon. After entering through the great Bronze Doors to the Apostolic Palace situated to the right-hand side of St Peter’s Basilica when facing it from St Peter’s Square, our small group climbed the seemingly endless stairs up to the entrance of the magnificent Sistine Chapel. We were now facing the deeply foreboding Last Judgement, by the Italian Renaissance master, Michelangelo, on the altar wall. I had been in the Sistine Chapel on several occasions but it was well worth the effort just to see the two little stoves and the amazing pipework that had been carefully built up into the roof to carry the smoke that billows from the little chimney. At the General Congregation on 11 March, the Cardinals decided that the Conclave to elect the new Pope would begin in the Sistine Chapel the following evening, 12 March 2013.

Left: The two small stoves and chimney (below) installed in the Sistine Chapel, on 9 March 2013, three days before the Conclave. The ballot papers are burnt in one of the two stoves with special chemicals to make black smoke—or white smoke if a new Pope has been elected. Pictures by Peter Jennings FRPSL, FRGS

The Cardinal-Electors

Taking part in the Conclave were 115 Cardinal-Electors, that is Cardinals who have not yet reached their 80th birthday, though one had in fact just celebrated his 80th birthday but was allowed to vote as the process had already begun. Of these, 60 were European, including 21 from Italy; 19 from G.S.M. July 2013

Vatican City Sede Vacante stamp on commemorative cover with special cancellation, Tuesday, 12 March 2013, the day the 115 Cardinal-Electors entered the Sistine Chapel to elect the new Pope


Vatican Post Office Sede Vacante Stamps Vatican City commemorative cover with the three Sede Vacante stamps issued on 15 June 1963, following the death of Pope, now Blessed John XXIII, on 3 June that year— postmarked 19 June 1963

Latin America; 14 from North America, 11 from Africa; ten from Asia and one from Oceania. A twothirds majority was required to elect the new Pope.

Previous Sede Vacante stamps

Meanwhile, it is well worth recalling some of the pervious Vatican Post Office Sede Vacante stamps, special first day covers and cancellations. Following the death of Pius XII on 9 October 1958 the Vatican Post office issued a second set of Sede Vacante stamps on 21 October that year (SG 279/81). Cardinal Angelo Roncalli, the Patriarch of Venice was the surprise choice of the Cardinal-Electors. He took the name John XXIII. Pope, now Blessed John XXIII died on 3 June 1963, and the Vatican Post Office issued a third set of Sede Vacante stamps on 20 June that year (SG 406/8). At the Conclave which followed, the Cardinal-Electors elected Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini, the Archbishop of Milan, as the new Pope. He took the name Paul VI. He continued the Second Vatican Council—opened by Pope John XXIII during 1962—and closed the Council in December 1963. The following year he visited the Holy Land, and became the first Pope in more than 150 years to travel beyond Italy. Pope Paul VI died on 6 August 1978 and a fourth set of Sede Vacante stamps was issued on 23 August that year (SG 702/4). Pope Paul VI was succeeded by Pope John Paul I. He died on 29 September 1978, after only 33 days as Pontiff. The fifth set of Sede Vacante stamps was issued on 12 October that year (SG 705/7). During the Conclave on 16 October 1978, the CardinalElectors stunned the world by electing Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, the Archbishop of Cracow in Poland, then under the grip of communism, as the new Pope. He was the first non-Italian Pope to be elected since 1522. He took the name John Paul II. Pope, now Blessed John Paul played a leading role in the demise of communism, the ending of the Cold War, and the emergence of the Third World on the world stage. After a long and successful papacy, Pope John Paul II died in extremely poor health on 2 April 2005. Three Sede Vacante stamps were issued on 12 April that year (SG 1446/8).

Pope Francis

On 13 March 2013 the Cardinal–Electors in the Sistine Chapel took everyone, including the media pundits, by complete surprise, when they elected 78-year-old Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the Archbishop of Buenos Aires, as the new Pope, during the fifth ballot of the Conclave held in the Sistine Chapel. The new Pope took the name Francis, after Saint Francis of Assisi. Pope Francis is the 265th successor of St Peter, the Supreme Pontiff, the Bishop of Rome, the Head of State of the Vatican City, and the leader of the world’s 1.2 billion Roman Catholics.


Vatican City first day cover with the four stamps issued to commemorate the Papacy of Pope Paul VI, Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini, who was elected Pope on 21 June 1963— postmarked 16 October 1963

Vatican City first day cover with the three Sede Vacante stamps issued on 23 August 1978, following the death of Pope Paul VI on 6 August that year

Vatican City first day cover with the three Sede Vacante stamps issued on 12 October 1978, following the death of Pope John Paul I

Vatican City first day cover with the four stamps issued on 11 December 1978 to commemorate the short 33day Papacy of Pope John Paul I—26 August to 28 September 1978

Vatican City first day cover with the three stamps issued on 22 March 1979 to commemorate the election of Pope John Paul II, on 16 October 1978—the first Pope from Poland and the first non-Italian Pope since the 16th century

Vatican City Sede Vacante set on first day cover, with cancellation 12 April 2005, autographed by Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O’Connor, then Archbishop of Westminster, who took part in the Conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI

G.S.M. July 2013

The Postmarks of Southern Rhodesia during the King George VI Period, 1937–1953

The Postmarks of Southern Rhodesia during the King George VI Period, 1937–1953 By David Horry David Horry continues his study of the postmarks which may be found on stamps of King George VI. This month his main subject is Southern Rhodesia, which, as usual, seems to offer considerable opportunities for the hunter of rare cancels. He then reports a new discovery from Bahamas—just to show that there are still finds to be made—even after 60 years!

Southern Rhodesia, now known as Zimbabwe, formed a plateau, the High Veld, in central Southern Africa, boasting a mainly temperate climate due to its elevation. The state was originally named after Cecil Rhodes, whose British South Africa Company acquired the land in the late 19th century—it covers an area of 150,820 square miles. Southern Rhodesia developed an economy that was narrowly based on production of a few primary products, notably chrome and tobacco. It was therefore vulnerable to the economic cycle. The deep recession of the 1930s gave way to a post-war boom. This boom prompted the immigration of about 200,000 white settlers between 1945 and 1970, taking the white population up to 307,000. There are two main ethnic groups—the Matabele and the Mashona. The total population in 1937 was estimated at 1.5 million. The British established the government of Southern G.S.M. July 2013

Where In The World?

17° 51’ 50” S, 31° 1’ 47” E -17.863889, 31.029722

Fig 1 Map of Southern Rhodesian Post Offices 1937–1953

Fig 2 Wankie LDC*, 1948; Umtali LDC, 1940; Shabani mDC, 1939; Plumtree mDC, 1941; Que Que LDC; Gwelo LDC, 1939 and Salisbury LDC, 1938


The Postmarks of Southern Rhodesia during the King George VI Period, 1937–1953

Fig 3 A minefield! mDCs from Queen’s Mine, 1938, Iron Mine Hill, 1948, Lonely Mine, Nil Desperandum Mine, 1942, Beatrice Mine, Turk Mine and Wanderer Mine, 1938

Fig 4 With side fleurons—Chatsworth mDC*, 1939 and Odzi mDC*, 1942

Fig 5 Guinea Fowl mDC, 1941(computer enhanced)

Rhodesia on 1 October 1923, until Prime Minister Ian Smith’s unilateral declaration of independence in 1965. Interim, in 1953, The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was established, being dissolved on 1 January 1964.

Fig 6 KGVI Salisbury mDC, 1943

Fig 7 LLDC Bulawayo, 1937

The literature

Southern Rhodesia’s postmarks have been written about since Knight and Mitchell published The Postmarks and Principal Postage Rates of Southern Rhodesia to 1924. In 1940 HC Dann wrote The Romance of the Posts of Rhodesia—published by Frank Godden and was one of the first books to deal with the postmarks of both Southern and Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland, up to 1935. We had to wait until 1997 when Ted Proud published his Postal History of Southern Rhodesia, for an update. Southern Rhodesia was not dealt with by Reginald Courtney Cade in his handbook The British Colonial Stamps in Current Use as it presumably wasn’t under the jurisdiction of the Crown Agents. The King George VI period ends on 31 August 1953 when the Bradbury, Wilkinson Queen Elizabeth II definitives were released. Southern Rhodesia postmarks are usually found on the King George VI definitive series, which makes them fairly easy to read but somewhat uninspiring. There are some 26 Post Offices and 183 Postal Agencies found within the King George VI period (Fig 1). The standard issues during the period were the medium and Large Double Circles (mDCs and LDCs) which abound at the GPO in Salisbury and the major towns such as Bulawayo, Causeway, Fort Victoria, Gatooma,


Fig 8 Mount Silinda sDC*, 1951 (computer enhanced)

Gwanda, Gwelo, Hartley, Highlands, Kopje, Marandellas, Plum Tree, Que Que, Raylton, Rusape, Selukwe, Shabani, Umtali, Victoria Falls and Wankie (Fig 2).

Harder examples

The harder examples of the mDCs often emanate from remote mines such as Antelope Mine, Beatrice Mine, Eldorado, Gath’s Mine, Iron Mine Hill, Jumbo, Legion Mine, Lonely Mine, Mayfair Mine, Motopa Mine (Eastnor), Nelly Mine, Nil Desperandum Mine, Queens Mine, Surprise Mine, Turk Mine and Wander Mine (Fig 3). Some of the older ones, such as Chatsworth and Odzi, have side fleurons (Fig 4). Other notable mDCs are Achnashee and Britwell (which both closed in 1939), Birchenough Bridge, Chirundu (1939), Coro Park, Dadaya, Dahlia, Duchess Hill, Great Zimbabwe (which closed in August 1947), Guinea Fowl, Gwaai Settlement, Heany Camp, Hope Fountain, Keynshamburg, Kirriemuir, Lydiate, Mabelreign, Makaha, Marco, Marula Tank, Mt Hampden, Mtepetepa, Musume, Ncema Dam, Ngondoma, Outspan Halt, Park River, Rocky Spruit, Seignury Drift, Soti Source, Triangle, Tuli (which was closed in 1938), Vumba and Willoughbys Halt (Fig 5). A mDC inscribed ‘K G VI Salisbury’ was a camp for the Light Battery, Signallers and Medical Corps (Fig 6). Extra Large Double Circles (LLDC) are noted at the larger post offices and at Gokwe, Raffingora (from 1951), Mtepetepa and Sawmills—throughout the period (Fig 7). Small Double Circles with asterisk (sDC*) are noted at Mount Silinda and Tegwani (Fig 8). G.S.M. July 2013

The Postmarks of Southern Rhodesia during the King George VI Period, 1937–1953


Short-lived small Single Circles (sSC) are all particularly difficult to find—Antelope Mine (1937), Battlefields (1949), Beit Bridge (Limpopo) (1949), Belingwe (1939), Bikita (1950), Bushtick (1949), Craigmore (1941), Daisyfield (1939), Dawsons (1939), Dett (1947–48), Eastnor (1949), Eiffel Flats (1939), Felixburg (1939), Filabusi (1949–50), Glendale (1949), Greendale (1951), Gutu (1950–1953), Hatfield (1947), Insiza (1940), Kumalo (Airport) (1942), Macheke (1937 and 1941), Mashaba (1940), Matetsi (1951), Meyrick Rark (1947), Mt Hampden (1942), Miami (1950–51), Moffat (1942), Mondoro (1949), Mtoko (1949), Nkai (1949), Rurgwe (1940), Ruwa (1949), Show Grounds Salisbury (1952–53), Somabula (1939), Thornhill (1949), Trelawney (1951), Turk Mine (1947), Victoria Falls (1943), Wanderer Mine (1939), Wellesley (1939), West Nicholson (1950) and Wilton (1947) (Fig 9). Krag Machine Slogan Postmarks are found at Salisbury and Bulawayo at the beginning of the reign with ‘Universals’ being introduced in 1946 (Fig 10) and a Krag at Que Que and a ‘Universal’ at Gwelo in 1951. There are four Madame Joseph forgeries noted for Southern Rhodesia (Fig 11). Postmarks for Southern Rhodesia occasionally appear on eBay. Next time out I’ll be heading north into Northern Rhodesia.

Fig 9 Kumalo sSC, 1942; Trelawney, 1951 (computer enhanced)

Fig 10 Bulawayo SP ‘It Is Quicker to Telephone’, 1950

Fig 11 Southern Rhodesia Madame Joseph forgeries, 1937-42

Photo credits: Jimmy Baikovicius. Nassau, Bahamas at night. Zebenji. Colour palm trees and coastline

Short-lived small Single Circles are all particularly difficult to find Back to Bahamas

I now return to my earlier travels to The Bahamas where I have discovered an entirely new postmark for Dundas Town—28 June 1951 (Fig 12). This mSC is completely different to Ted Proud’s D2 having larger type (Fig 13). It came from a lot in Sandafayre’s April sale. It is extremely unusual for a standard issue postmark to suddenly appear after 60 years—which just shows how rare the postmarks of some of the Bahamaian Outer Islands are. The date is noted by Ludington and Proud but neither realising this was a different ‘species’. Charles Freeland has shown me another copy which is on stamp but undated—are there any more out there? Let me know on [emailprotected] if there are.

Fig 12 The new Dundas Town postmark which uses a larger type to the previously known example below

Fig 13

G.S.M. July 2013


Jersey’s Man of Steel

Jersey’s Man of Steel With the new Man of Steel film wowing the multiplex-masses, Jersey Post has rolled out the red carpet (or should that be cape) with a new issue marking the island’s link with this summer's super blockbuster.

Above: Jersey Post's Man of Steel first day covers

Left: Stamp sheets from the limited edition collector's pack

©2013 Warner Bros. Ent. Inc. All Rights Reserved. MAN OF STEEL and all related characters and elements are trademarks of and © DC Comics.


G.S.M. July 2013

Jersey’s Man of Steel

Following the success of its innovative 2012 diamond and hologram issues, Jersey Post has unveiled its biggest and most adventurous stamp issue to date. Man of Steel, starring Henry Cavill together with a star-studded cast, is the blockbuster film for this summer. Henry Cavill may currently be Hollywood’s most exciting young actor but this son of Krypton is, in fact, a son of the island of Jersey. Jersey Post’s Philatelic Bureau started work on the project in 2011, opening discussions with the Henry Cavill Management Team (HCMT) as soon as it was announced that he would be taking the lead role in the movie. Warner Bros Pictures have also been actively involved in the concept and development of the stamps, in a close collaboration between Jersey Post’s Head of Philatelic, Sally Diamond, who has coordinated the designers at True North and Cartor Security Printers in France. The set is unique in many respects and is the first to be issued in Jersey to coincide with the release of a major new motion picture.

Super-powered stamps

Six stamps and a lenticular miniature sheet have been designed to reflect the super powers of the Man of Steel and all have been personally approved by Henry Cavill himself. Cartor Security Printers has applied a different print technique to each product and here, Sally Diamond explains the complex operation. ‘From the outset, we have been really excited about our plans to honour Henry Cavill’s fantastic achievement. The project has involved many late night multi-national conference calls, bringing together all the key players at Warner Bros, HCMT, the designers in Manchester and the security printer in France. ‘The lenticular miniature sheet shows the Man of Steel flying out of the stamp and into the clouds as the film title appears during the motion. We were supplied with a series of frames of film footage by Warner Bros and a motion lenticular effect was produced

using complex production techniques. Of course, as with all super heroes, the Man of Steel has a plethora of super powers and we carefully considered several print techniques to bring the stamps to life. ‘The 45p stamp in the set triggers a Smartsy App which, when viewed on a Smart phone, takes the viewer to bonus material, including an introduction from Henry Cavill recorded exclusively for Jersey Post, alongside the film trailer, interesting snippets of information and a gallery of Man of Steel and Jersey images. The Man of Steel’s ability to fly is represented with the transparent 55p stamp, the only self-adhesive stamp in the set. Transformation is depicted with thermochromy; when heat is applied to the 68p stamp, the full image is revealed. The Man of Steel’s incredible strength is reflected by the use of foil printing on the 60p stamp whilst a granite rock from Henry Cavill’s favourite beach in Jersey, Beauport, has been ground down and fixed into the 80p value using thermography. The Man of Steel owes much to the wisdom of his father, Jor-El, and on the final stamp (88p) luminous ink glows in the dark to reveal words spoken during the film’. A limited edition collector’s pack valued at £60 is available and includes a sheet of each of the stamps, information about the film and Henry Cavill, bound in a specially commissioned steel-effect cover. Sally continued: ‘This is an incredibly exciting project for Jersey Post. We are renowned for producing innovative and highly collectible stamp issues that reflect important cultural and historic moments with relevance to Jersey, such as the hologram stamp we issued last year to mark The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee. On this occasion we have produced a stunning set of stamps, which were inspired not only by a momentous cinematic occasion but also by the talent that this small island is capable of producing.’ The six stamps, lenticular miniature sheet, first day covers, presentation packs and collector’s packs were made available

The Man of Steel’s superpowers have been represented by different printing techniques, including the use of an interative Smartsy App, heat-sensitive thermochromy, foil printing and luminous ink

from 7 June 2013, one week before the Man of Steel movie premiere. Order online at or telephone: 00 44 (0) 1534 516320. Man of Steel is presented by Warner Bros Pictures and Legendary Pictures, and directed by Zack Snyder (300, Watchmen). The film also stars Amy Adams as Lois Lane, Kevin Costner as Clark Kent’s adoptive father and Russell Crowe as his real father. The film was released on 14 June (for more information go to

Left: Jersey Post’s Man of Steel Presentation Pack

Above and left: The lenticular miniature sheet

G.S.M. July 2013


Stamps to look for

Nimrod suggests some stamps worth looking for St Vincent

St Vincent lies at the southern end of the Windward Islands chain in the Caribbean, just north of Venezuela. In recent years St Vincent has gained a well-deserved reputation amongst collectors as an excessive issuer of stamps, mostly as a result of issuing stamps inscribed for use in the Grenandines of St Vincent and, latterly, an agreement with the Inter-Governmental Philatelic Corporation (IGPC). Fine used examples of most 19th century stamps are quite difficult to locate at the moment, particularly well centred examples. Several stamps from this period to look out for include the 1861 1d rose-red (SG 1) (always in demand by collectors of ‘number ones’), 1862–68 6d. deep green (7), 1869 4d. yellow, 1s. indigo and 1s. brown (12/14), 1871 6d. deep green (16), 1875 1s. claret (21), 1875–78 4d. deep blue (25), 1880 1d. olive-green (29), 1883–84 ½d. green and 1s. orange-vermilion (42, 45) and 1885–93 2½d. on 1d. milky blue (49). I believe these are all under-priced in the catalogue and are well worth acquiring at current prices. Empire stamps of the Edwardian period are currently experiencing a surge in demand, particularly for fresh mint examples. St Vincent is no exception. Both the 1902 and 1904–11 sets (76/84, 85/93) are proving difficult to obtain with fresh, white gum and it looks as though the short 1909–11 set (102/07) could turn out to be something of a sleeper, with the 6d. dull purple (107) an especially elusive stamp at the moment. Fine used examples of the 1904–11 £1 purple and black/red (93) are very scarce but not currently in demand; however, if you need this stamp for your collection insist on a recent certificate from one of the recognised expert committees. The 1913–17 2d. grey and its sister shade of slate (110/a) have long been recognised as ‘good’ stamps in fine used condition with the catalogue price maintaining a steady upward curve over the last ten years or so. I don’t see this curve flattening out for some time, so if you need either of these stamps, try and purchase them sooner rather than later. The 2s. blue and purple from the same set (118) is also worth looking for in used condition. Fine used sets of the 1921–32 issue (131/41) haven’t experienced much of an increase of the last few years but I expect this trend to be reversed over the coming few years. Both the 1935 Silver Jubilee set (142/45) and 1937 Coronation set (146/48) have been considered amongst the most common components of the respective omnibus issues, but used examples of both sets have started to harden in value over the past five years. The Jubilee set especially is starting to become quite scarce. Fine used examples of the 1948 RSW £1 (163) are also (finally) starting to harden in value. The 1949–52 King George VI new currency set (174/77) is not easy to assemble in fine used condition. Both 1c., 3c. and 6c. values are in short supply at the moment. The first Queen Elizabeth II set of 1955–63 (189/200) is relatively common, both mint and used, but the listed shades of the 1c., 2c., 50c., $1 and $2.50 (189a, 190a, 198a, 199a, 199b, 200a) are becoming much more difficult to find. Mint examples of the $2.50 Indigo-blue are particularly elusive. I don’t tip modern stamps very often, but the series of local surcharges that appeared between 1993 and 2004 (V1953/2104) is just too good to miss. These were done to meet serious shortages of low value stamps, with the 10c. mainly intended for fiscal usage. Examples used on cover or card with a clearly dated postmark are highly desirable. I believe most would have been used locally or within the Caribbean, so tracking down examples could prove tricky but it should prove to be wellworth the effort in years to come. G.S.M. July 2013

Quality GB/Commonwealth “Summer” Offers! Having traded for more years than I care to remember, I have recently retired to Cornwall. I have a very good stock to sell over the coming months all at the keenest prices at around 1/10th Cat Value or less – so don’t miss out! These lots are ideal for collectors or dealers. No duplication – even in the largest lots. No damaged – except Lot C. LOT A: GB ALL REIGN LOT. Excellent range from 1841, with Line-Engraved, various ‘Plates’, Surface Printed, better King Edward Vll, King George V and George Vl with sets, mint & used, top values. QEll with strength in earlier material, Regionals and Postage Dues. PER LOT: £25 ( Cat. Val: £250) £50 ( Cat Val: £500+) £100 ( Cat. Val: £1000+) Dealers Lot £200 ( Cat. Val: £2500 approx) LOT B: GB QUEEN VICTORIA ONLY Ever popular early issues 1841 – 1900. All good/fine used. Line Engraved; range of Plates including scarce; Surface Printed through to 1900 with better values and Officials. PER LOT: £25 ( Cat. Val: £250) £50 (Cat. Val: £500+) £100 ( Cat. Val: £1000+) Dealers Lot £200 ( Cat. Val: £2500 approx) LOT C: GB QUEEN VICTORIA “ SECONDS” These are similar in range to Lot B but represent great value at around 1/25th. – 1/30th. Cat. Value. All stamps are collectable but will have faults – pulled/trimmed perf, rounded corner, small thin or crease. NO killer cancels! An excellent way to fill those expensive gaps in your collection. PER LOT: £25 (Cat. Val: £600+) £50 (Cat. Val: £1250+) £100 (Cat. Val: £2500) Dealers Lot £200 (Cat Val: £6000) LOT D: QV – KING EDWARD Vll ONLY A Good / Fine Used selection of these, ever popular, early issues: 1841 – 1910 with Line Engraved, Surface Printed, High Value King Edward with some Fine CDS examples. PER LOT: £25 ( Cat. Val: £250+) £50 (Cat. Val: £500+) £100 (Cat. Val: £1000+) Dealers Lot £200 (Cat. Val: £2200) LOT E: QV – KING GEORGE Vl ONLY An extension of ‘Lot D’ with Commems, sets, Top Values and a few Postage Dues. Excellent range in these 4 – Reign Lots. PER LOT: £25 (Cat. Val: £ 250) £50 (Cat Val: £500+) £100 (Cat. Val: £1000+) Dealers Lot £200 (Cat Val: £2200) LOT F: BRITISH COMMONWEALTH QV – QEll No damaged or isolated low values (low values only as part of a set). Mint & Used. Top values, full sets. Original old album leaves, stock cards and various packets. Always a wide range of countries. NO TWO LOTS ALIKE! Unbeatable value at around 1/8th. – 1/10th. Cat. PER LOT: £25 (Cat. Val: £200) £50 (Cat: Val: £400+) LIMITED STOCK! GB SPECIAL OFFER LIST FREE ON REQUEST No great rarities – but some keenly priced singles and small one-off lots etc From £5 to £50. James Coe, 42, Trelawney Avenue, Poughill, Bude, Cornwall. EX23 9HB Phone: 01288 359700 Email: [emailprotected] TERMS: Cash, Cheque, UK Postal Orders with order or use Paypal. Strictly POSTAL ONLY.FREE UK 1st Class Signed-For post.World : £4.00 towards Tracked and Signed-For Mail No quibble refund/guarantee. All items photographed. Telephone or email enquiries welcome.



Stamp Hunting

Creating a Jewel of the Jubilee: Part 4

Creating a Jewel of the Jubilee: Part 4 —The European Connection By John Davis FRPSL John Davis continues with the ‘European connection’ of his muchappreciated Diamond Jubilee Exhibition with a focus on the history of the royal family of Denmark (including the Danish West Indies, Faroe Islands, Greenland and Iceland), as told through stamps.

In 1397, the Kalmar Union united Norway, Sweden and Denmark under one monarch, Erik, and his guardian, Queen Margrete I. Eric, the grandnephew of Margrete, had been King of Norway since 1389, and succeeded to the thrones of Denmark and Sweden in 1396. In 1809, Sweden declared its independence and a constitutional monarchy was established. In 1814, Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden, and in 1849 Denmark itself became a constitutional monarchy.

Denmark, like Belgium, has, despite the problems with the succession of King Christian IX (see below), enjoyed an unbroken line of succession since Christian VIII came to the throne in 1863; the present Queen Margrethe II, is the seventh in this sequence. The first Danish stamps were issued in April 1851 during the reign of King Frederick VII, but it was not until November 1904, during the reign of King Christian IX that Denmark issued stamps portraying the head of the ruling monarch.

Christian IX

Princess Louise of Hess-Kassel. Their eldest daughter was Alexandra, who became the wife of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, and their second son, Prince George, was elected as King George I of Greece, the first monarch of the new Greek dynasty. King Christian was known as the father-in-law of Europe, as his six children married into other royal houses. Christian IX reigned for 42 years from November 1863 until his death on 29 January 1906. In November 1904, Denmark issued its first stamps which depicted the head of the reigning monarch, King Christian IX, with only two types of definitive stamps Denmark's first stamps depicting being issued during the last 14 the head of the reigning monarch, months of his reign. King Christian IX

Christian’s predecessor was King Frederick VII, who was childless. This plunged Denmark into a very complicated succession crisis, with constitutional problems surrounding Salic Law, Semi-Salic succession and Agnatic descent from King Frederick III (where the younger brother of a reigning monarch succeeds in preference to the ruling monarch’s own sons). Choosing an heir to the throne through a maze of possible candidates was complex, but eventually the problem was resolved by the London Protocol of 8 May 1852. Christian IX was chosen as the next-in-line to the throne on the death of Frederick VII. This decision was ratified by the Danish Law of Succession of 31 July 1853. The succession of Christian IX led to brief wars between Denmark and a Prussian/Austrian alliance over the two provinces of Schleswig and Holstein. As a young man, Prince Christian unsuccessfully sought the hand of his third cousin, Queen Victoria. On 26 May 1842 he married

Frederick VIII

Frederick VIII was the eldest son of Christian IX, and succeeded to the throne on 29 January 1906 on the death of his father. He reigned for just six years until his death on 14 May 1912, just three weeks before his 69th birthday. He had been to Nice, and on his return journey he stopped over in Hamburg. On the evening of his arrival, he (incognito) went for a walk along the Jungfernstieg, one of Hamburg’s most fashionable shopping streets; he collapsed on a park bench and died from a paralysis attack. It was not until a year after he ascended to the throne that the one and only definitive set portraying his head was issued.

The only definitive stamp design to portray the head of King Frederick VIII


Christian X

Following the death of Frederick VIII on 14 May 1912, his eldest son succeeded to the throne to become Christian X. He reigned for nearly 35 years until his death on 20 April 1947. He was one of the most popular Danish monarchs of modern times, his reign spanning two World Wars. Denmark was one of the countries that did not proliferate the issue of stamps depicting the monarch’s head, and during the 35-year reign of Christian X, only four types of such definitive stamps were issued.

The first of only four Danish definitive stamps depicting Christian X

Denmark’s first commemorative stamps to portray the head of a monarch were issued in 1924 to mark the 300th anniversary of the Danish Post Office. The four stamps in the set depict two portraits each of King Christian IV

(1577–1684) and King Christian X and either show the heads facing left or facing right. In 1930, a set of ten stamps was issued to commemorate the 60th birthday of Christian X. A pictorial set of four stamps was issued in 1937 to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of Christian X, and two years later in 1939, Denmark’s first charity stamps were issued to raise money for the Red Cross. These stamps portrayed Queen Alexandrine, the wife of Christian X. In 1945, three Denmark's first stamps were issued to charity stamp depicted Quenn commemorate King Christian’s 75th birthday. Alexandrine G.S.M. July 2013

Creating a Jewel of the Jubilee: Part 4

Frederick IX

Frederick IX was the eldest son of Christian X and succeeded to the throne on 20 April 1947 on the death of his father. He reigned for nearly 25 years until his death on 14 January 1972. The number of types of definitive stamps that bore the head of Frederick IX was limited to just two during his reign. The first of these was not issued until 1948, more than a year after he succeeded to the throne, and the second type not until 1961, 13 years later. The two definitive 1948 and 1961 Frederick IX designs

The 1941 charity stamp depicting Princesses Ingrid and Margrethe

Margrethe II

In 1941 and again in 1943, a charity stamp was issued to support child welfare. Although Frederick IX did not succeed to the throne until 1947, these stamps portrayed his wife, Princess Ingrid—later to become Queen Ingrid, and their first born child, Princess Margrethe—later

As King Frederick IX had three daughters and no sons, it was expected that on his death his younger brother, Knud, would inherit the throne in accordance with Denmark’s succession law. However, in 1953 an Act of Succession was passed, which changed the method of succession to cognatic primogeniture, which meant that the eldest daughter—Princess Margrethe II would succeed if there were no sibling brothers. Such was the case on the death of Frederick IX, and on 14 January 1972, Princess Margrethe succeeded as Queen Margrethe II. At the time of my Diamond Jubilee Exhibition, only five different types of definitive stamps had been issued which depicted Queen Margrethe II. As Princess Margrethe, before she came to the throne, two types of commemorative stamps were issued. The first was in 1967 when a single G.S.M. July 2013

to become Queen Margrethe II in 1972. In 1950, another charity stamp was issued to support National Children’s Welfare Association, and this stamp showed Frederick’s third daughter, Princess The 1950 National Anne-Marie, who Children's Welfare later became Queen Association stamp of Greece on her showing Princess marriage to King Anne-Marie Constantine II. In 1959, a set of three stamps was issued to commemorate King Frederick’s 60th birthday, and in the following year, two stamps were issued to commemorate King Frederick and Queen Ingrid’s Silver Wedding. A charity stamp was issued in 1960 to commemorate Queen Ingrid’s 25 years of service to the Girl Guides, and in 1964 there were two more stamps issued to raise money for the Red Cross. King Frederick’s 70th birthday was commemorated in 1969 by two stamps. King Frederick died three years later in January 1972, and a stamp was issued in recognition of his life, 1899–1972. In 1985, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Queen Ingrid’s arrival in Denmark, a single stamp was issued. She died five years later at the age of 90.

stamp was issued on the occasion of her marriage to Prince Henrik; the second in 1969, when two Red Cross charity stamps were issued portraying Princess Margrethe, Prince Henrik and their baby son, Prince Frederick. In 1975, another charity stamp was issued, depicting Queen Margrethe, which recognised International Women’s Year, In 1984 and 1986 single stamps were issued to commemorate Prince Henrik’s 50th birthday and Prince Frederick’s 18th birthday respectively. In 1992, Queen Margrethe and Prince Henrik celebrated their Silver Wedding, and in 1994, Henrik had his 60th birthday. In 1997, Queen Margrethe celebrated her Silver Jubilee, and in 2000, she arrived at her 60th birthday. In 2001, for the International Stamp Exhibition in Copenhagen, a set of four stamps was issued which portrayed Queen Margrethe II with Prince Henrik, King Frederick IX with Queen Ingrid, King

1959-1960 commemorative stamps

A 1964 Red Cross charity stamp

Below: One of King Frederick's 70th birthday stamps

Above: 1992 Silver Wedding of Queen Margrethe and Prince Henrik

Christian X with Queen Alexandrine, and Kings Christian IX and Frederick VIII. In May 2004, Crown Prince Frederick married Mary Donaldson, and in the following month, Prince Henrik celebrated his 70th birthday. Another charity stamp was issued in 2007, for Crown Prince Frederick and Crown Princess Mary’s Fund, which depicted the couple with their son, Prince Christian. In 2009 and 2010, stamps were issued to commemorate the 75th birthday of Prince Henrik, and the 70th birthday of Queen Margrethe II respectively.


Creating a Jewel of the Jubilee: Part 4

Danish West Indies

After a long period of Spanish control, other European countries tried to establish settlements in the Caribbean. The Danes finally occupied St Thomas in the 1660s and annexed the neighbouring island of St John in 1718. In 1733 Denmark also bought the island of St Croix from France. These islands became known as the Danish West Indies. America wanted to purchase the islands in 1867, and a sale was agreed, but due to American political complications, the sale was not effected. When the World War I broke out, conditions in the Danish West Indies worsened, the population having decreased from 38,000 in 1870 to 26,000 in 1917. The United States was now even more interested in purchasing the islands to prevent the Germans from establishing a

naval base there. A price of 25 million dollars was offered in 1916 and agreed. The islands were transferred to the United States on 31 March 1917, and virtually all the Danes left and returned to Denmark. A British Postal Agency was established on the island of St Thomas in 1809, and Queen Victoria stamps of Great Britain were used there between 1865 and 1879. The first Danish West Indies stamps were issued in November 1855. There were only three types of definitive stamps depicting the head of the ruling monarch before the islands were sold in 1916. The first type which, issued in July 1905, portrayed King Christian IX. The two other types were that of King Frederick VIII (1907) and King Christian X (1915), respectively. There were no commemorative stamps.

Three types of definitive stamps depicted the head of the ruling monarch. Top: 1905 King Christian IX. Bottom left: 1907 King Frederick VIII. Bottom right: 1915 Christian X

Faroe Islands

The first settlers on the Faroe Islands were Irish Monks in the late 7th and early 8th centuries, with predominately Norse settlers arriving in the 9th century. The Faroe Islands came under the control of the Kingdom of Norway in 1035, and in 1380, when Norway and Iceland entered a union with Denmark, the Faroe Islands became a part of the dual monarchy of Denmark and Norway. Within the Kalmar Union of 1397, they remained under the control of Norway, but in 1814, when Norway was ceded to Sweden, Denmark retained possession of the Faroe Islands. Danish stamps were used in the islands from 1870. Between 1940 and 1945 the islands were under British administration to prevent their seizure by the Germans who had occupied Denmark. In 1948, the Faroe Islands were given self-government within the Danish Kingdom, with their own flag, but Danish stamps continued to be used until 1975, when the Faroe Islands issued their own. There are no royalty definitive stamps, but there are two commemorative miniature sheets; the first issued in 1997 to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of Queen Margrethe II, and the second in 2004 for the marriage of Crown Prince Frederick and Mary Donaldson.


In 982, Erik the Red, who had been banished from Iceland, discovered Greenland, and his Norse followers later settled there. In the 1260s, Greenland recognised Norway as its overlord. When Norway came later under Danish rule from the middle ages, it remained a part of Norway. However, in 1919 Denmark successfully claimed Greenland as its own territory, and in 1924 it became a colony of Denmark. In 1979 Greenland was granted home rule within the Danish Kingdom, and its status changed from that of a colony to being a province of Denmark. Danish Parcel Post stamps were available in Greenland in 1907, 1916 and 1937, but is was not until 1938 that Greenland issued its own stamps. Only three definitive royalty stamps were issued,

these being during the reigns of Kings Christian X and Frederick IX, between 1938 and 1968. During the current reign of Queen Margrethe II, five different types of pictorial stamps were issued, and in 1972 a charity stamp was issued for King Frederick IX and Queen Ingrid’s Charity Fund. There were also a number of commemorative stamps issued during the reign of Queen Margrethe II, some of which were of the same design as those issued by Denmark. Those that were different commemorated the 70th birthday of King Frederick IX in 1969, Crown Prince Henrik’s 50th birthday in 1984, the Silver Jubilee of Queen Margrethe II in 1997, and The Royal Family of Crown Prince Frederick, Crown Princess Mary and Prince Christian in 2007.

The three definitive royalty stamps issued between 1938–1968


Right: commemorative stamp for Crown Prince Henrik's 50th birthday in 1984 Left: commemorative stamp for King Frederick IX’s 70th birthday in 1969

G.S.M. July 2013

Creating a Jewel of the Jubilee: Part 4


Irish and Scottish monks were the first recorded visitors to Iceland in the 8th and 9th centuries, but they left before the Nordic settlers arrived in the late 9th century. In 1262, Iceland was brought under the Norwegian crown. In 1380, Norway and Iceland entered a union with Denmark, and in 1662, Iceland was forced to accept the absolute monarchy of the King of Denmark. In 1814, when Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden, Iceland remained under Danish rule. In 1874, Denmark granted Iceland a constitution with limited home rule, which was expanded in 1904, with the appointment of the first Minister for Iceland in the Danish cabinet. On 1 December 1918 Iceland became an independent sovereign state in a personal union with Denmark, until 17 June 1944, when, as the result of a plebiscite, the islanders decided in favour of becoming a republic. Danish post offices were opened in Iceland on 1 March 1870 with Danish stamps being used until the first Iceland stamps were issued on 1 January 1873. However, it was not until 1902 that Iceland issued the first definitive stamps that depicted the head of the Danish ruling monarch—King Christian IX. There were just two types, one for normal use and an official version with its centre in sepia. The 1902 definitive and official stamps depicting King Christian IX


Stanley Gibbons voucher to be won! Just read through this month’s GSM and find the answers to the ten questions printed below. Write the answers (the source is not required) on a postcard or sheet of paper, add your name and address (in block letters) and post to: GSM COMPETITION (July), Stanley Gibbons Limited, 7 Parkside, RINGWOOD, Hants, BH24 3SH. The senders of the first all-correct entry opened on 2 September 2013 will win a £50 Stanley Gibbons voucher. The correct answers will be published in the October GSM. REMEMBER: Include your name and address; Do NOT include any correspondence or cash; Post early. COMPETITION QUESTIONS 1 What was GVH Kneale chairman of in 1958?

In 1907, during the reign of King Frederick VIII, only two types of stamps were issued, again a regular definitive and an official, both showing the double heads of Kings Christian IX and Frederick VIII. Similarly, during the 35-year reign of King Christian X, only two types of definitive stamps were issued that depicted his head. The 1907 definitive depicting the heads of Christian IX and Frederick VIII

One of the two definitive designs issued in Iceland during the reign of Christian X

2 In his article published in 1897, AH Stamford announced the discovery of what? 3 What was established in September 1992 at the Union Jack Club in London? 4 Tin foil strips were used to affix what to certain documents? 5 Early examples of what can be recognised by their uneven layout? 6 Which artist painted the double portrait of Princes William and Harry in 2009? 7 In which new issue does a stamp trigger an App?

Between 1921 and 1930, stamps from the reigns of Kings Christian IX, Frederick VIII and Christian X were surcharged. In 1928, the 10a. scarlet stamp of King Christian X, and in 1929 the 50a. claret and grey double-headed stamp of Kings Christian IX and Frederick VIII, were overprinted with the image of an aeroplane and issued as airmail stamps. 5a. surcharge on a 16a. King Christian IX and King Frederick VIII definitive

10a. and 50a. values overprinted for use as airmail stamps

Iceland did issue a set of three stamps in 1937 to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of King Christian X, and they were the last royalty stamps to be issued before it became a Republic in 1944. Join me next time as we continue with Germany/Prussia, Hanover and Württemberg.

G.S.M. July 2013

8 Who designed the full-length portrait of Queen Victoria on the red 1d. postcard of 1892? 9 Which European monarch had only two definitive stamps bearing his likeness issued during his reign? 10 What was the title of the publication written by HC Dann In 1940? COMPETITION RESULT The winner of the £50 SG voucher in our April competition was DM Robinson MBE, Witney, Oxfordshire. The correct answers were: (1) The rescue of the Nordenskjold Expedition, (2) Late fee was reduced to ½d., (3) Rt Hon Frederick G Kellaway, (4) Perkins Bacon, Harrison’s, De La Rue (5) Royal monogram, GR/V, (6) Die-cutters for Machin ‘U’ shaped slits, (7) Black Rats, (8) Danish Gold Coast, (9) Holy Cross, (10) Stuart Rose Employees of GSM or any company in the Stanley Gibbons Group or their families are disqualified from entry. No correspondence can be entered into. The decision of the Editor is final and legally binding.


The Manx Factor

The Manx Factor By Richard West In July 1973 the Isle of Man Post Office became an independent postal administration. To mark the 40th anniversary, Richard West looks back at some of the home-grown design talents that have contributed greatly to the Isle of Man’s stamp story.

The first postage stamp designed specifically for the Isle of Man was issued on 18 August 1958. The Queen had given her approval for distinctive stamps, not only for the Isle of Man, but also for Guernsey and Jersey, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. In each of the six ‘regions’, local committees were formed to invite and instruct artists, and to adjudicate on the submitted designs. In the case of the Isle of Man, three artists were approached, Mrs A Humphreys, Miss Margaret Lockwood and John H Nicholson. One of the designs submitted by Miss Lockwood and two from John Nicholson were short-listed, and in the event it was one of the latter than was selected for the issued 3d. stamp. Six years later, when it was decided to issue a further value, 2½d. for postcards, rather than go through the design procedure once more, the two previous unadopted designs were re-visited, and Nicholson’s second shortlisted design was selected.

John Hobson Nicholson

John Hobson Nicholson began his working career as an interior decorator, working in his father’s painting and decorating business. A self-taught artist, he became best known for his watercolours of the island, although he was also skilled in oils and pastels, with his repertoire extending to landscape and maritime subjects. He was an active member of the Isle of Man Art Society, becoming its President. It really is not surprising therefore that when the Isle of Man Post Office decided to become ‘independent’ as from 5 July, 1973, the designer of the first, and indeed many subsequent sets, was John Nicholson. While his passion for landscapes is clearly seen on the first definitive series and the subsequent 1978 and 1983 sets, the versatility of his work is amply demonstrated ½p stamp from the 1973 set in the many sets he designed during the formative years of postal independence. Whether the subject matter was motorcycles or railways, natural history or life at sea, John Nicholson would meet the challenge. He died in 1988, his final involvement with stamps being seen on four values—30p, 40p, 50p and £1—of the definitives issued in 1993. He is recalled on


The first postage stamp designed specifically for the Isle of Man by John H Nicholson was issued in 1958

Queuing outside a post office on the Isle of Man in the 1970s

a 31p stamp, part of the Manx Worthies set issued in 2008.

Victor Kneale

A member of the advisory committee for the 1958 design was the then Chairman of the Isle of Man Art Society, G V (Victor) H Kneale. As a member of the committee he could not submit designs, but he did produce some ideas which it is believed he discussed with John Nicholson. Later, Victor would become the first Chairman of the newly independent Isle of Man Post Office, so naturally took a very keen interest in the matter of stamp design. Throughout his political career he was both Speaker of the House of Keys and Education Minister, but there is no doubt that he thoroughly enjoyed his philatelic role, and would always be seen at stamp exhibition at which the Isle of Man Post Office had a stand. He designed a number of the earlier issues, most notably that to mark the centenary of the birth of Winston Churchill in 1974, the anniversary of the death of Sir George Goldie in 1975, Christmas combined with the centenary of the Mothers’ Union in 1976, the 25th anniversary of the Coronation in 1978, the Royal Visit by the Queen in 1979, and Boy Scouts in 1982. Victor died in 2007.

in using local designers wherever feasible. A name that first appeared in 1983 was that of Colleen Collett, who designed the £5 definitive. Initially an in-house designer with the Isle of Man Post Office, later turning freelance, her name was soon associated with several issues, including several of the Christmas sets, for 1983, 1987, 1989, 1992, 1994 and 1995 and 1996. She also designed many sets with a ‘Royal’ theme, such as the Royal Wedding and Royal birthdays in 1986, the 90th birthday of the Queen Mother in 1990, the Golden Wedding of the Queen and Prince Philip in 1997 and British Monarchs of the 20th Century in 1999. The other sets she designed ranged from the Flowers definitives issued in 1998, to Girl Guides in 1985, Children’s Games in 1989, Dogs in 1996, Spring in Mann in 1997, and also the 150th anniversary of the Penny Black in 1990 and Postal Uniforms in 2001.

Specialist artists

Using local talent

The Isle of Man can boast much outstanding artistic talent, so it has not proved difficult to maintain the trend initiated by Victor Kneale

For some artists their skills are more focused, such as Dr Jeremy Paul, who specialises in wildlife, most notably birds and animals. He started his career as a marine biologist, and his degree and PhD are in Marine Science. While working on an island off the coast of Skye he took up painting birds. His work took him to the Isle of Man, but the job did not work out. However, rather than move away, he decided to stay and paint. In 1997 he produced the designs for a set devoted to Owls, and the following year the five stamps for the International Year of the Ocean. In G.S.M. July 2013

The Manx Factor

2004 his designs depicting Robins were used for the ‘Winter Friends’ series, and in 2008 he worked with The Agency on the Manx Bird Atlas set. In 2009 a series titled ‘Country File’ featured six of his bird paintings. More recently, in 2011, six more of his bird paintings were used for the Christmas series with its theme ‘Birds in Winter’. It seems a major leap from wildlife to the TT Races, but such is the appeal of the Isle of Man. Manx born designer, Ruth Sutherland, has a passion for these races, and so in 2001 was invited to design the set in honour of motorcycle champion, Joey Dunlop. The motorcycle was also prominent in George Formby’s film, No Limit, scenes from which were used by Ruth for her set in 2004 to mark the centenary of the birth of this famous entertainer. In the film, Formby played George Shuttleworth, who dreams of winning the TT race. Next, in 2005, came the 50th anniversary of Yamaha, followed two years later by a landmark issue, on the occasion of the centenary of the Isle of Man TT motorcycle races. In 2012 she designed the set that honoured cyclist, Mark Cavendish. Another renowned motor sports artist is Peter Hearsey who, after living in London for some years, moved to the Isle of Man in 1977. He became a full-time painter, mainly specialising in automotive subjects, after being invited to exhibit in the United States in 1989. However, his versatility is clearly demonstrated by his stamp designs. He designed the 2010 set for the 50th anniversary of the Model T Ford (designed with Eddie Cassidy, who will be mentioned again later); the miniature sheet for the centenary in 2009 of the sinking of the SS Ellan Vannin, a steam packet; the series to mark the European Vintage Ploughing Championship in 2007 (also designed with Eddie Cassidy); International Polar Year also in 2007; Post Office Vehicles in 2003; the miniature sheet that accompanied the Isle of Man at War series in 2000; and Manx Buses in 1999—a very diverse mixture. Motor sport has not been entirely neglected, however, as in 2009 he designed the set featuring British Motor Racing. G.S.M. July 2013


While individual artists will have their specific talents—as already made clear, many can embrace a multitude of challenges—with an agency that embraces a team of designers, one can have all the skill one needs ‘under one roof’. So increasingly Isle of Man Post has been turning to design agencies on the island, where is found the necessary skills to translate an idea into a stamp-sized piece of paper. The first time such an agency was used came in 1998 for the series to mark the Isle of Man TT Races and the 50th anniversary of Honda. Chosen was the aptlynamed The Agency, a name that would be linked to many subsequent stamp issues covering a diverse range of topics. Perhaps most notable was the series in 1999 dedicated to the Manx-born musicians, the Bee Gees, the set and two miniature sheets celebrating their unforgettable hits. The company was also responsible for the designs of the issues that featured two phenomena of the big screen, the Harry Potter series and The Lord of The Rings trilogy. One of the Isle of Man’s leading companies supplying a wide range of print and designs is Mannin Media. The 2001 set to mark the centenary of the death of Queen Victoria was designed by the company. One of its employees, now retired, is Eddie Cassidy. He is credited with several sets from 2000 to 2010, including that to mark the World Cup Football Championships in Japan and South Korea in 2002, the bicentenary of the Battle of Trafalgar in 2005, and in 2009 the 40th anniversary of the First Moon Landing. He also designed two sets in conjunction with Peter Hearsey as previously mentioned. Fusion Design based on the island was established in 2005. The following year its team of graphic designers was responsible for two sets; featuring Peel Cars and Manx links with Washington. Working with several agencies is Emma Cooke. She came to the Isle of Man in 2000, first as Studio Manager of The Agency. In 2006 she designed her first set for Isle of Man Post in her own right, the Christmas series for that year. In 2007 she was appointed Studio Manager of Kcreative, this studio then becoming very active in stamp design with, for example, involvement with no fewer than five issues in 2008, the subjects ranging from Cunard Liners, Banknotes, British Motor Racing, Manx Worthies and A Walk in the Ballaugh Curragh. This studio has continued to be involved with Manx stamp design. In 2010, however, Emma Cooke formed her own agency, EJC Design, and from that time has created several issues, ranging from the Cartoons of Harold ‘Dusty’ Miller and Manx Cats in

2011 to the miniature sheet that recaptured the historic Thames Pageant that celebrated The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee and Christmas 2012. With its policy of ensuring that its stamps have local relevance, Isle of Man Post is fortunate in having such a wealth of talent on its doorstep, talent that knows what it takes to create a successful stamp design.

Two stamps from the Harry Potter series issued in 2003 and designed by The Agency

Two stamps from The Lord of The Rings series issued in 2003 and designed by The Agency

22p stamp from the 2001 set marking the centenary of the death of Queen Victoria

The cartoons of Harold ‘Dusty’ Miller were represented in a set designed by EJC Design in 2011



Shore to Shore Island Hopper previews forthcoming stamp issues A ‘Super’ issue from Jersey

As you would imagine, Jersey is very proud of celebrating one of its own sons being cast in one of the silver screen’s most iconic roles. This innovative issue, which was issued on 7 June 2013, certainly does not disappoint. At first glance, the large square stamps themselves are pretty striking, each featuring Jersey-born actor, Henry Cavill, as the Man of Steel in an image based on a scene from the film of the same name. But, just as with Clark Kent, there is much more to them than meets the eye! Each stamp in the issue is produced using a different print technique, including the 45p which has its own superpower—triggering an augmented reality app to view the trailer, information, scenes from the film and beautiful images of Jersey itself. The 55p is a ‘mid-air’ image printed on a transparent self-adhesive to portray the illusion of flight, whilst the 60p features a moody shot of our hero printed on metallic foil representing steel. The 68p has been

Above: Two of the stamps from the Man of Steel Jersey issue. Right: The lenticular miniature sheet

produced using heat sensitive ink; light pressure from a finger reveals the Earth from behind the Man of Steel in flight. To signify strength, granite from Cavill’s favourite beach in Jersey—Beauport Bay—is incorporated into the thermographic 80p stamp, while the 88p initially appears to show the character’s steely stare—until you dim the lights to reveal a hidden, glow-in-the-dark, message from the superhero’s father, Jor-El.

The set also includes a lenticular miniature sheet; a slight tilt makes the flying hero appear to speed from the distance. Also available is a specially produced metallic effect and embossed collectors’ pack, first day cover and sheets of ten. Man of Steel was released in cinemas in the UK on 14 June 2013. For more information about the movie visit

©2013 Warner Bros Ent Inc. All Rights Reserved. MAN OF STEEL and all related characters and elements are trademarks of and © DC Comics.

200 years of Guernsey Press

The Guernsey Press is one of the most enduring regional daily newspapers in Britain, being first published as The Star in 1813 and having seen the island through two World Wars, nine changes of British Monarchy and a Nazi occupation. To commemorate the newspaper’s longevity, June 2013 sees Guernsey Post issue three pairs of square format, typographically styled stamps, representing the front pages of six key editions over the years. Representations of the front covers of the inaugural 1813 publication, when published as The Star, and the 2013 200th year edition of The Guernsey Press are featured on the 40p and 63p stamps respectively. The second pair celebrates two of the British monarchs who have celebrated their Diamond Jubilee in the lifetime of the

Isle of Man—serving the island by rail With 2013 representing the 140th anniversary of the Isle of Man Steam Railway and 2014 being the 120th year of the Manx Electric Railway, The Isle of Man Post Office have produced an issue to celebrate both. These stamps echo back to the late 19th century, a time when the railways were launched to provide excursions for the holiday-boom tourists. Although initially intended to visit the local beauty spots, castles and villages, this formed the catalyst for the construction of a railway linking the capital, Douglas, in the East with the rest of the island. The first of the steam routes, a three-foot gauge railway, was opened by the Isle of Man Railway Co in July 1973, with the electric


newspaper, namely Queen Victoria from 1897 on the 53p and her great-greatgranddaughter Elizabeth II, whose 1953 Coronation is illustrated on the 71p value. The final pair, the 55p and 79p stamps, illustrate occasions which echo very different sentiments—namely the doom-laden ‘Orders of the Commandant’ headline of the 2 July 1940 issue as Nazi forces took control of the island and the ecstatic ‘Freedom’ illustration of the 9 May 1945 issue as British forces liberated the island after five desperately hard years. In fact, this stamp itself features a stamp; it bears an image of the green postage stamp printed by The Guernsey Press print department and three-foot gauge of the Isle of Man Tramways and Electric Power Co following suit in September 1893. The expansion of these new rail systems were a revolution for the Manx community, ferrying cattle to market, children to school and distributing mail. They remained integral to Manx life until the 1950s, when road transport came to the fore. These routes and trains have been sympathetically maintained over time to provide today’s tourist with a leisurely experience of days gone by. Released on 17 May, this issue features a set of six stamps, alternately featuring both steam and electric running stock set within the rugged and picturesque island landscape and illustrated with an intricately detailed treatment of photographs. Each 28.5×42.5mm stamp represents the look and feel of tourism posters, with a colourful

used locally under German rule. With its unusual visual style and intricate detail, this issue offers a fascinating insight into the history of this long-serving publication and the island it has loyally represented across part of three centuries. border incorporating railway company crests and advertising headlines. This issue will no doubt appeal especially to railway enthusiasts and captures perfectly a time when a more leisurely pace was the norm; a pace which is happily still part of the Manx experience.

G.S.M. July 2013


Panorama Dean Shepherd looks at the stories behind some new and recent issues Happy Matariki! To the Ma¯ori people of New Zealand, when the star cluster known as Matariki (commonly known as Pleiades or The Seven Sisters) appears in the night sky in late May or early June it signals the start of the New Year and a time of new beginnings. Fittingly, New Zealand Post’s latest six-stamp Matariki issue, released on 5 June, celebrates the Ma¯ori New Year with the use of the koru. This beautiful scroll-like pattern symbolises new life and regeneration and can be found in many Ma¯ori and New Zealand art forms. In addition to the koru, each stamp also includes aspects of traditional Ma¯ori culture that have particular significance during the time of Matariki. New Zealand Post's six-stamp set celebrating Matariki, the Ma ¯ori New Year The first of two 70c. stamps in the set uses the koru pattern to represent the elegant shape of a blooming piko shoot as The $1.40 stamp features an ornate nguru on the shape of the hammerhead shark, the mangopare symbolises strength, determination it begins its transformation into a rauponga (flute) with intricate koru shapes carved into and an unwillingness to yield. It is shown (fern leaf). The artwork surrounding the fern it. In the background is the face of Hine represents the domain of Ta¯ne Mahuta—the Raukatauri, the Ma¯ori Goddess of Flute Music. swirling around a traditional Ma¯ori kotiate (club). Together, the kotiate and mangopare God of the Forest. The $1.90 stamp design shows a traditional represent the domain of Ta¯matauenga, the A koru pattern symbolising the winds of pa¯taka, or storehouse, which has been God of War and Balance. Ta¯whirima¯tea (the God of the Weather) is elaborately carved with koru patterns. This The $2.90 stamp shows a swirling koru shown on the second 70c. value. Also shown represents the concept of planting and pattern that represents a pa¯tiki (flounder is a traditional manu tukutuku (kite), which storing kai (food). In the background is a fish). The pa¯tiki pattern is used in many Ma¯ori to the Ma¯ori , acts as a messenger between depiction of Rongo-ma¯-Ta¯ne, the God of carvings—particularly in pa¯taka and waka Heaven and Earth. The background design Cultivated Food. shows a sunrise, representing the first day A symmetrical koru pattern is used to create (canoes). It is the symbol of hospitality, and can represent the catching of fish from the of Matariki, set against a dramatic sky—the the mangopare design depicted on the $2.40 domain of Tangaroa, the God of the Ocean. domain of Ta¯whirima¯tea. stamp. This traditional Ma¯ori design is based

Ascension Island – Bicentenary of British Settlement Ascension Island has released the first in a series of stamp sets to be issued in the run-up to the bicentenary of the first British settlement on the island, which takes place in 2015. The first set in the series, issued on 21 May, features images related to the island’s most famous neighbour, albeit a rather reluctant one—Napoleon Bonaparte. Following his defeat at Waterloo in 1815, and his subsequent abdication as Emperor of France, Napoleon Bonaparte, regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time, surrendered himself to the British. He was immediately exiled to St Helena, arriving at the island on 15 October 1815. Fearing that Ascension Island could be used by the French to launch a rescue mission, the British commander, Rear Admiral George Cockburn, dispatched two brigs, HMS Zenobia and HMS Peruvian, to Ascension. On 22 October 1815, the Jack was raised and the island was claimed for G.S.M. July 2013

His Britannic Majesty King George III. The Royal Navy officially designated the island as a stone frigate, HMS Ascension, with the classification of ‘Sloop of War of the smaller class’. Following the death of Napoleon in 1821, Ascension became a victualling place and recuperation base for the West Africa Squadron, then engaged in anti-slaving duties on the African Coast. Each set of stamps in the new bicentenary series will depict historical scenes, paintings and illustrations from the Napoleonic Years. This inaugural set comprises four values. The 45p stamp depicts an oil painting of Napoleon’s wife, Empress Josephine Bonaparte, by the French painter, Francis Simon Gerard. The 50p value shows a painting by Antoine-Jean Gros of Bonaparte at the Bridge of Arcole (1796). An oil painting of Napoleon and his General Staff during his Egyptian campaign in 1798 is shown on the 60p value, while the final value in the set (£1.45) shows an image of Napoleon as First Consul, based on the picture by Jean-Baptiste Isabey.

The first stamps in a new series from Ascension Island released in the run-up to the bicentenary of the first British settlement on the island



Stamp News in Brief New and recent issues from the UK and abroad. Information included in this column is as received from Postal Authorities and/or their agents. Inclusion does not necessarily imply that any individual issues will subsequently be granted catalogue status by Stanley Gibbons. ÅLAND 15 January, Art Museum 50 Years, €1.10. 19 February: Passenger Ferries series—SS Ålandsfärjan, 80c.; Old Wooden Duck Decoys, postal labels. 5 April, Loons and Grebes (WWF), 4×NVI ‘Europa’ in booklet of eight. 6 May: My Stamps—Åland Cheeses, €1.10; Europa—Postal Vehicles, €1. 4 June, Water Lilies, €1.00, €2.50.

6 May, Europa—Postal Vehicles, 70c. 8 May, 150th Anniversary Red Cross, 62c. 11 May, Centenary Vienna Concert House, 90c. 13 May, Birth Centenary Robert Jungk (writer and journalist), 90c. 14 May, Franz West 1947-2012 (artist and sculptor), 70c. 24 May, Southern Styria, 62c.

Ascension Island: Bicentenary of British Settlement 1815–2015

CROATIA 8 April, Fauna—Amphibians, 1k.60, 3k.10, 4k.60. 16 April, Famous Croats, 2×1k.20, 2×5k.80. 29 April, Bridges and Viaducts, miniature sheet 14k.20.

ANDORRA (FRENCH) 16 March, 20th Anniversary of Constitution, 63c. 13 April, Cord 810 Phaeton (automobile), 95c. 11 May, Plaça Rebés, Andorra La Vella, 63c. 18 May, Europa—Postal Vehicles, 80c. ASCENSION ISLAND 21 May, Bicentenary of British Settlement 1815–2015, part 1—the Napoleonic Years, 45p, 50p, 60p, £1.45. 14 June, Margaret Thatcher, 45p, 50p, 60p, £1.45. AUSTRALIA 10 May: Kangaroo and Map Stamp Centenary, $10, miniature sheet $10; Battle of Beersheba 1917, 60c, $2.60 (joint issue with Israel); Black Caviar Retirement, 2×60c. 11 May: Commonwealth Banknote Centenary, 60c., $2.60, miniature sheet $3.20; Australian Birds series—Pardalotes, 60c., $1.20, $1.80, $3. 11 June, Historical Architecture series 1— Government Houses, 4×60c. AUSTRIA 2 January, Ski World Championships 2013 Schladming, 62c., 70c., 90c. 4 January, Modern Architecture— Sprungschanze Bergisel, 62c. 21 January: HMW Z50Bj 1953 (moped), 220c; Wertzeichen Europa (20 Reasons to Love Europe), 70c. 20 February, Greetings (flower), 62c. 27 February, Centenary Salzburg Marionette Theatre, 62c. 28 February, Porsche 356 ‘Number 1 in the World’, 70c. 13 March, Baden zur Biedermeierzeit Railway, 145c. 14 March, Chamois Goats, 90c. 15 March, Sacred Art series—Stift St Florian, 90c. 22 March, Senta Berger (actress), 70c. 4 May, Centenary Steam Paddleboat Hohenntwiel, 62c. 5 May, 50th Anniversary Stübing Open Air Museum, 70c.


CHINA (TAIWAN) 17 April, Berries, $1, $15, $17, $20. 10 May, Classic Chinese Novel Outlaws of the Marsh, 2×$5, $10, $25.

Australia: Kangaroo and Map Stamp Centenary

ESTONIA 12 April, Saaremaa Folk Costumes, 45c., €1. 25 April, 50th Anniversary of the Icebreaker Tarmo, €1. 2 May: First Estonian Satellite, €1.10; Europa—Postal Vehicles, 2×€1 se-tenant. FALKLAND ISLANDS 11 June, Sir Rex Hunt, 30p, 75p, £1, £1.20. FINLAND 6 May: Odd Sports, 6ב1st’; Nuuksio National Park, ‘1st’; Summer Bouquet, ‘1st’; Europa— Postal Vehicles, 2ב1st’ se-tenant; Moomin Favourites, 6ב1st’ in booklet.

Austria: 50th Anniversary Stübing Open Air Museum

GERMANY 6 June: Lighthouses series, Flügge 45c., Büsum 58c.; German Rose Garden, Lausitz, 45c.; Cultural Buildings, 75c., 150c. (joint issue with South Korea); Im Einsatz fur Deutschland, 58c. GIBRALTAR 2 May: Old Gibraltar Views III, 10p, 30p, 61p, 78p, £1.75, miniature sheet £2.02; International Literary Festival, 10, 42p, £2. GREAT BRITAIN 18 June, Classic Locomotives of Northern Ireland. 25 June, Post & Go, Freshwater Life 2— Lakes.

Falkland Islands: Sir Rex Hunt

Great Britain: Classic Locomotives of Northern Ireland

HONG KONG, CHINA 7 May, Restoration of Historic Buildings, $1.40, $1.80, $2.40, $2.50, $3, $5, miniature sheet $16.10. ? June, Opening of Kai Tak Cruise Terminal, miniature sheet $10. INDIA 3 May, 100 years of Indian Cinema, 50×5r. in six miniature sheets. IRELAND 7 February, St Patrick’s Day, 82c. G.S.M. July 2013

New Issues

ISLE of MAN 3 April, The Three Legs of Man, 5p, 10p, 40p, 42p, 69p, 73p, £1.19, £2. 21 April, Queen Elizabeth II’s Coronation, miniature sheet £3. 24 April, Robin Gibb 1949–2012, 2p, 40p, 42p, 50p, 69p, 73p, £1.20, £1.78. 17 May, Isle of Man Railways, 40p, 42p, 69p, £1.19, £1.60, £1.61. ISRAEL 2 April: Memorial Day 2013—The Silver Platter, 2s.; Taking the Vultures under our Wing, 3×3s.; Flags over the Ghetto, 9.50s.; Israeli Achievements—Cardiology, 4s.20, 3s., 5s. 10 May, Battle of Beersheba 1917, 2s., 6s..10s. (joint issue with Australia). ITALY 12 January, Fano Carnival, 60c. 1 February, Nordic Ski World Championships, 85c. 4 February, The Carnival of Termini Imerese, 70c. 13 February, definitive, 25c. 18 February, Maria Luisa de Medici, €3.60. 23 February, Mattia Preti, 70c. 1 March, definitive, 70c. 9 March, Paolo Paschetto, 70c. 12 March, Gabriele d’Annunzio, 70c. 15 March, Verona Opera Festival, €1.90. 28 March, Italian Air Force, 70c. 5 April: Gardens of Castel Trauttmansdorff, Merano, 70c; Cinque Terre National Park, 70c; Botanic Garden Museum, Bari, 70c; Edict of Milan, €1.90. 2 May, Pope Francis, 70c. 7 May, Polytechnic University of Milan, 70c. 9 May, Europa—Postal Vehicles, 70c., 85c. 14 May, Bologna Theatre, 70c. 16 May, Institutions—Police Headquarters, Milan, 70c.

NEW CALEDONIA 20 March, Opening of Noumea International Airport—La Tontouta, 110f. 14 May, Bacouya Sugar Factory Chimney, 120f.

Ireland: 50th Anniversary of the Irish Cancer Society

PITCAIRN ISLANDS 24 April, Cruise Ships, 4×$2.

Isle of Man: The Three Legs of Man

Israel: Flags over the Ghetto

MONACO 5 June: SEPAC Animals—Gull, 80c.; World Festival of Amateur Theatre, 63c.; Monegasque Weevil, €1. 8 June, World Oceans Day—Sharks, miniature sheet €3.46. MYANMAR 10 April, 65 Years Diplomatic Relations with Russia, 500k. G.S.M. July 2013

POLAND 13 January, The Great Orchestra of Christmas Charity issue, ‘A’ in sheetlet of six. 8 March, Economy and Priority stamps, 1z.60, 2z.35, 3z.75, 5z.10z. 29 March, Economy and Priority stamps, 3z.70, 4z.50, 4z.75, 7z.10. 12 April, Birds, miniature sheet 4z.55z. 16 April, Wieslaw Chrzanowski, Marshal of the SEJM, 3z.80. 19 April, 70th Anniversary Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, 3z.80. 2 May, Polish Flag Day, 1z.60. 6 May, Europa—Postal vehicles, 4z.60. 1 June, Magical World of Disney, miniature sheet 4z.60. 14 June, Lighthouses, 1z.60, 2z.35, 3z.75, 3z.80. ROMANIA 5 April, Easter, 1l. 6 April, Centenary Bucharest University of Economics, 8l.10. 17 April, Architecture—National Bank of Romania Palace. 3l.10, 3l.60, 4l.50, 4l.70. 22 April, Earth Day, 5l. 26 April, World Intellectual Property Day— Women Inventors, 1l., 3l.30, 9l.10. 30 April, Europa—Postal Vehicles, 2l.10, 14l.50. SAN MARINO 7 June: Juventus—Italian Football League Champions 2012-13, €1; 40th Anniversary European Patent Convention, 85c.; Church of St John the Baptist, Patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, miniature sheet €5.10 (joint issue with Sovereign Military Order of Malta); Inauguration of Nursery School in Matola, Malawi, 10c., 70c; 550th Anniversary Determination of Border with Italy, miniature sheet €5.45 (joint issue with Italy).

JERSEY 10 May, 150 Years International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, 6×NVI, £3.96 total, miniature sheet £2. 2 June, 60th Anniversary of The Queen’s Coronation, 2×£2 se-tenant, miniature sheet £4. MALTA 15 February, 900th Anniversary Papal Bull, miniature sheet €2.47. 24 February, 40th Birth Anniversary Mattia Preti (painter), miniature sheet €2.84. 27 March, Treasures of Malta series— Fountains, 6c., 32c., €2.62.

NEW ZEALAND 7 February, Native Ferns, 70c., $1.40, $1.90, $2.40, $2.90, miniature sheet $9.30. 13 March, Margaret Mahy (children’s writer), 70c., $1.40, $1.90, $2.40, $2.90, miniature sheet €9.30.

Jersey: 60th Anniversary of The Queen’s Coronation

Sweden: Measure Time and Space series

SWEDEN 14 March: Ice Hockey Heroes, 4בBrev’ (6k.) in booklet of ten, miniature sheet with 9×different 6k. stamps (revised version 1995 stamp), 59k.; Europa—Postal Vehicles, 2×12k., miniature sheet 24k.; Stockholm City Archives (drawings of buildings), 5×12k. in booklet; Measure Time and Space series— Compass, 50k. 8 May: Measure Time and Space series— Barometer 30k., Sundial 40k.; Cookies, 4בBrev’ in booklet of ten. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 10 February, Champions of 21st Gulf Football Cup, 3d., miniature sheet 6d. 21 March, Mother of the Nation, 3d. 30 March, 50 Years of Postal Services, 1d., 3d., 4d., 150f., miniature sheet 10d.



14 February, Weddings, ‘N’ (55c.) in booklet of ten, 2×55c. self-adhesives. 7 March, Greetings, ‘N’ in booklet of ten, 2×55c. self-adhesives. 21 March, 50th Anniversary Irish Cancer Society, ‘N’.

Catalogue Column

Catalogue Column Hugh Jefferies reports The return of the Trinidad Toucan

Back in 2001, Trinidad and Tobago released a 75c. surcharge on its then current $2.25 ‘Birds’ definitive showing the Channel-billed Toucan, the surcharge being applied to both the Script CA diagonal and ‘Spiral’ CA watermarked stamps (SG 894/a). The birds were replaced shortly afterwards by the ‘Endangered Wildlife’ and in 2005 by the ‘Herbal Medicine’ definitive sets, but now, more than a decade later the Channelbilled Toucan has made a return, this time surcharged $1.00. I am grateful to Steve Zirinsky of New York for bringing this item to my attention and for providing scans of the stamp and of three examples used on cover. Steve reports that the Post office in Trinidad and Tobago gives a print figure for the surcharge of 100,000 and an issue date of 7 November 2012. However, one of the three covers, to St. Lucia, is backstamped on arrival 20 Aug 2012 and the other two both date from September. Reports of earlier dates would be welcomed.

A ‘plug’ for Hawaii

Here is one from way outside my experience—thanks (I think!) to John Horsey of County Philatelic Auctions. The stamp is the 1864-78 5c. Prussian blue definitive, showing King Kamehameha V in military uniform and the item of interest is a dark solid circle over the ‘H’ of ‘HAWAII’. Dr Horsey’s suggestion, and it seems a reasonable one to me, is that, presumably because of a flaw on the original plate the offending section was drilled out and a ‘plug’ inserted in the resulting hole. The end of the plug does not seem to have been flush with the surface of the plate, the hole was sufficient to take ink and the dark circle over the ‘H’ was the result. If anyone is able to confirm the variety, or, even better, provide a bit more information about it, I’d be very pleased to hear from them.

New Watermark Varieties

As usual, there will be a cluster of new watermark varieties to look out for when the new, 2014 ‘Part 1’ is published, with additional discoveries being reported all the time. In front of me as I write are a couple sent in by David Wild of Norwich; the India 1899 3p. Queen Victoria in aniline carmine with the star watermark inverted, unused, and the Ireland 1922 Thom overprint 6d. (SG 39) watermark inverted and reversed. Mr Wild had two used examples of the latter stamp; judging from their centring, both from the same sheet and both nicely used. While on the subject of watermarks, it is also important that we keep our eyes on current auctions. On 12 March, Murray Payne Ltd sold a King George VI Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika 10c. red-brown and orange used with inverted watermark. Although listed in the catalogues (SG 134aw, CW 10a) it is not priced in either catalogue, so, although according to the description it suffered from ‘a few nibbled perfs at left’, this is the first indication of a real market price that we have had. It sold for £1600!


G.S.M. July 2013


BritiSH COMMOnWeaLtH Great Britain

May 2013

Relist Nos. U2911/37 with the addition of new values Nos. U2928, U2930 and U2936. 2009 (17 Feb)–2013. Self-adhesive. Designs as T 367. Two phosphor bands. U-shaped slits. Iridescent overprint. Die-cut perf 14½×14 (with one elliptical hole in each vert side). (a) No source code, no date code, gravure De La Rue. U2911 50p. grey U2912 £1 magenta U2913 £1.50 brown-red U2914 £2 deep blue-green U2915 £3 deep mauve U2916 £5 azure (b) With source and date codes, gravure Walsall or Cartor. 50p. grey “MPIL” (8.5.10) a. Booklet pane. Nos. U2917×2, U2962×2 and U2966×4, with central label and margins all round


(c) No source code, with date code, gravure Walsall (78p., 88p., £1.88) or De La Rue (others). U2920 1p. deep crimson (3.1.13) U2921 2p. deep green (3.1.13) U2922 5p. dull red-brown (3.1.13) U2923 10p. dull orange (3.1.13) U2924 20p. bright green (3.1.13) U2925 50p. slate (3.1.13) U2926 68p. deep turquoise-green (29.3.11) U2927 76p. bright rose (29.3.11) U2928 78p. deep mauve (27.3.13) U2929 87p. yellow-orange (25.4.12) U2930 88p. orange-yellow (27.3.13) U2931 £1 magenta (10.10.11) U2932 £1 bistre-brown (3.1.13) U2933 £1.10 yellow-olive (29.3.11) U2934 £1.28 emerald (25.4.12) U2935 £1.65 grey-olive (29.3.11) U2936 £1.88 dull ultramarine (27.3.13) U2937 £1.90 bright mauve (29.4.12) No. U2917 was first issued in £11.15 booklets, No. DX50 with “MA10” date code. It was issued again in £9.99 premium booklets, No. DY1, with “M11L” date code. Nos. U2926/7 and U2931 exist with “M11L” and “M12L” date codes, U2933 and U2935 with “M11L” and Nos. U2920/5, U2929, U2932, U2934 and U2937 with “M12L”. Nos. U2928, U2930 and U2936 have “M13L” date codes. No. U2917 exists with breaks in all U-shaped slits or with breaks in the lower “U”s only. Relist Nos. U2981/6 with the addition of new values Nos. U2983a and U2984a. (Gravure De La Rue) 2009 (17 Nov)–2013. Self-adhesive. Designs as T 2132a/d. Two phosphor bands. U-shaped slits. Iridescent overprint. Diecut perf 14 (U2982, U2984/a) or 14½×14 (others) (all with one elliptical hole in each vert side). U2981 U2982

(a) Without date code. (Recorded Signed for 1st) bright orange-red and lemon (17.11.09) (Recorded Signed for 1st Large) bright orange-red and lemon (17.11.09)

(b) With date code. (Recorded Signed for 1st) bright orange-red and lemon (11.4.11) U2983a (Royal Mail Signed for 1st) bright orange-red and lemon (27.3.13) U2984 (Recorded Signed for 1st Large) bright orange-red and lemon (11.4.11) U2984a (Royal Mail Signed for 1st Large) bright orange-red and lemon (27.3.13) U2985 (Special Delivery up to 100g)blue and silver (26.10.10) U2986 (Special Delivery up to 500g)blue and silver (26.10.10) Nos. U2981/2 have neither source nor date codes. Nos. 2983/6 have no source code but have date codes (“MA13” (U2983a, U2984a)) or “MA10” (others)). All have breaks in the U-shaped slits. No. U2981 originally sold for £1.14, U2982 for £1.36, U2983 for £5.05 and U2984 for £5.50. No. U2983a was originally sold for £1.55 (£1.70 from 2 April 2013) and U2984a was originally sold for £1.85 (£2 from 2 April 2013).

Illustration sizes: Stamps – 3/4 actual size Overprints and surcharge – actual size © Stanley Gibbons Limited 2012


2622 Norman Parkinson (1913-90, portrait and fashion photographer)

2628 Benjamin Britten (1913-76, composer and pianist)

2623 Vivien Leigh (1913-67, actress)

2629 Mary Leakey (1913-96, archaeologist and anthropologist)

2624 Peter Cushing (1913-94, actor)

2630 Bill Shankly (1913-81, football player and manager)

2010 (13 May)–2013. Designs as T 367 and T 913/14. Ordinary gum. Iridescent overprint. One centre phosphor band (2nd) or two bands (others). Die-cut perf 14½×14 (both with one elliptical hole in each vertical side). (a) With source code and date, gravure Walsall (68p.) or De La Rue (others). (2nd) bright blue (“MRIL”) (1st) gold (“MRIL”) 68p. turquoise-green (“MPIL”) (10.1.12)

U3001 U3002 U3005

(b) With source code and date. Litho Cartor (1st gold, 76p) or Walsall (others). U3010 1p. crimson (“MPIL”) (9.5.13) a. Booklet pane. Nos. U3010×2, U3016×2, 3488/90 and NI95 with centre label and margins all round U3011 2p. deep green (“MPIL”) (9.5.13) a. Booklet pane. Nos. U3011/13, each ×2 U3012 5p. red-brown (“MPIL”) (26.3.13) a. Booklet pane. Nos. U3012/14, U3020 and 3452x4 with central label and margins all round U3013 10p. dull orange (“MPIL”) (26.3.13) U3014 20p. bright green (“MPIL”) (26.3.13) U3015 (1st) gold (9.9.11) (“MPIL”) U3016 (1st) vermilion (“MPIL”) (9.5.13) U3019 76p. bright rose (9.9.11) (“MPIL”) U3020 87p. yellow-orange (“MPIL”) (26.3.13) Nos. U3001/20 have an iridescent overprint with the words ‘ROYAL MAIL’ repeated throughout. Nos. U3001/2 were issued in separate coils of 500 or 1000. No. U3005 comes from £11.47 Roald Dahl booklets, No. DY3. Nos. U3010, U3011 and U3016 come from £11.11 Football Heroes booklets, No. DY7, Nos. U3014 and U3020 come from £13.77 Doctor Who booklets, No. DY6, and Nos. U3012/13 come from both Dr. Who and Football Heroes booklets. Nos. U3015 and U3019 were from £9.97 Aerial Post booklets, No. DY2.

2625 David Lloyd George (1863-1945, Prime Minister 1916-22)

(Des Together Design. Litho Cartor)

2626 Elizabeth David (1913-92, cookery writer)

Relist Nos. U3001/20 with the addition of Nos. U3010/11 and U3016.

For a full range of Stanley Gibbons catalogues, please visit

2631 Richard Dimbleby (1913-65, journalist and broadcaster)

2627 John Archer (1863-1932, politician and civil rights campaigner)

2013 (16 Apr). Great Britons. ‘All-over’ phosphor. P 14½. 3453 2622 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black a. Horiz strip of 5. Nos. 3453/7 3454 2623 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3455 2624 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3456 2625 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3457 2626 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3458 2627 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black a. Horiz strip of 5. Nos. 3458/62 3459 2628 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black

Copyright Notice The contents of this Catalogue Supplement, including the numbering system and illustrations, are fully protected by copyright. No part of this supplement may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of Stanley Gibbons Limited. Requests for such permission should be addressed to the Catalogue Editor.

G.S.M. July 2013



The Stanley Gibbons Catalogue numbers quoted in this Supplement are liable to change in the next edition of their Catalogue. The issue of Gibbons Stamp Monthly in which each country was last updated is now noted under its heading for easier reference. The Publishers of this Supplement reserve the right to defer the listing of new issues until they have proved to have passed through and been accepted by the international mail.

Catalogues supplemented are: Commonwealth British & Empire 2013 Stamps of the World (Vols 1–6) 2013 Parts 13, 14 (1st edition) Part 12 (2nd edition) Parts 15 (3rd edition) Parts 16, 20, 21 (4th edition) Parts 3, 18 (5th edition) Parts 4, 5, 10, 11 (6th edition) Parts 2, 6, 8, 19, 22 (7th Edition) Part 17 (8th Edition) Part 7, (9th edition)



(1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3461 2630 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3462 2631 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black Nos. 3453/7 and 3458/62 were each printed together, se-tenant, as horizontal strips of five stamps in sheets of 50 (2 panes 5×5).

2639 Bobby Moore (England)

2013 (9 May). Football Heroes (2nd issue). Self-adhesive. “All-over” phosphor. Diecut perf 14½×14 . 3477 2632 (1st) multicoloured a. Booklet pane. Nos. 3677/81 3478 2633 (1st) multicoloured 3479 2637 (1st) multicoloured 3480 2638 (1st) multicoloured 3481 2639 (1st) multicoloured 3482 2634 (1st) multicoloured a. Booklet pane. Nos. 3482/7 3483 2635 (1st) multicoloured 3484 2636 (1st) multicoloured 3485 2640 (1st) multicoloured 3486 2641 (1st) multicoloured 3487 2642 (1st) multicoloured Nos. 3477/87 were issued in £11.11 premium booklets, No. DY7.

2640 Bryan Robson (England)

2632 Jimmy Greaves (England)

2643 St. George’s Flag

2641 Dave Mackay (Scotland)

2633 John Charles


2645 Red Dragon

2642 Bobby Charlton (England) 2634 Gordon Banks (England)

(Des Andrew Kinsman and True North. Litho Cartor (3463/74) or photo Walsall (3475/6)) 2013 (9 May). Football Heroes (1st issue). ‘Allover’ phosphor. (a) Ordinary paper. P 14½. 2632 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black a. Horiz strip of 5. Nos. 3463/7 3464 2633 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3465 2634 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3466 2635 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3467 2636 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3468 2637 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black a. Horiz strip of 6. Nos. 3468/73 3469 2638 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3470 2639 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3471 2640 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3472 2641 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black 3473 2642 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black MS3474 192×74 mm. Nos. 3463/73


2635 George Best (Northern Ireland)

2636 John Barnes (England)

2637 Kevin Keegan (England)

2638 Denis Law (Scotland)

G.S.M. July 2013

2644 Scottish


(b) Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 14½. 2635 (1st) multicoloured a. Booklet pane. Nos. 3475/6 and U2968b×4 3476 2639 (1st) multicoloured Nos. 3463/7 were printed together, setenant, as horizontal strips of five stamps in sheets of 30 (5×6). Nos. 3468/73 were printed together, setenant, as horizontal strips of six stamps in sheets of 30 (6×5). Nos. 3475/6 were issued in booklets, No. PM37, sold for £3.60. Nos. 3463/87 commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Football Association and the 140th Anniversary of the Scottish Football Association. 3475

2013 (9 May). Football Heroes (3rd issue). Two phosphor bands. P 14½×14 (with one elliptical hole in each vert side). 3488 2643 (1st) multicoloured 3489 2644 (1st) multicoloured 3490 2645 (1st) multicoloured Nos. 3488/90 were issued in £11.11 Football Heroes booklets, No. DY7 (see booklet pane No. U3010a). i. enGLanD Subset (a) Gravure printings have been renumbered as follows for Great Britain Concise 2013 catalogue: EN13a (56p.) is now EN14; EN13b (60p.) is EN15; EN14 (68p.) is EN16; EN15 (72p.) is EN17; EN16 (78p.) is now EN18; EN17 (81p.) is EN19; EN17a (90p.) is EN20; EN17b (97p.) is EN21. Relist Nos. EN29/42 (litho printings) with the addition of No. EN33. 2003 (14 Oct)–2013. As Nos. EN1/3 and EN5, and new values, but with white borders.. One centre phosphor band (2nd) or two phosphor bands (others). P 15×14 (with one elliptical hole in each vert side). (b) Litho Enschedé or Cartor (1st) or Cartor (others). EN29 en 1 (2nd) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (1.2013) EN30 en 2 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (20.9.07) l. Booklet pane. Nos. EN30, NI95, S131 and W122 with five labels and margins all round EN31 en 3 68p. silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (29.3.11) EN32 87p. silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (25.4.12) EN33 88p. silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (27.3.13) EN41 en 4 £1.10 silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (29.3.11) EN42 £1.28 silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (25.4.12) No. EN30 was first issued for £7.66 stamp booklets, No. DX40, printed by Enschedé. It was issued in sheets printed by Cartor in January 2013. ii. nOrtHern ireLanD Relist Nos. NI95/113 (litho) with the addition of No. NI104. Subset (b) Gravure printings have been re-numbered for the Great Britain Concise 2013 catalogue as follows: NI102 (2nd) is now NI122; NI103 (1st) is NI123; NI104 (48p.) is NI124; NI105 (50p.) is NI125; NI105a (56p.) is NI126; NI105b (60p.) is NI127; NI106 (78p.) is NI128; NI107 (81p.) is NI129; NI107a (90p.) is NI130; NI107b (97p.) is NI131.

2003 (14 Oct)–2013. As Nos. NI89/91 and NI93, and new values, but with white borders.. One centre phosphor band (2nd) or two phosphor bands (others). P 15×14 (with one elliptical hole in each vert side). (a) Litho Walsall (NI98), De La Rue or Enschedé (NI95), Cartor (NI101, NI112) or De La Rue (others). NI94 n 6 (2nd) black, new blue, bright magenta and greenish yellow NI95 n 7 (1st) black, new blue and greenish yellow a. Black omitted NI96 n8 (E) black and new blue NI97 40p. black and new blue (11.5.04) NI98 42p. black, new blue and orange-yellow (5.4.05) a. Black, new blue and greenish yellow (26.7.05) NI99 44p. black, new blue and greenish yellow (28.3.06) NI100 n 9 68p. black, bright magenta* and greenish yellow NI101 n 8 68p. greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (29.3.11) NI102 n 9 72p. black, greyish black, bright magenta and greenish yellow (28.3.06) NI103 n 8 87p. greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (25.4.12) NI104 88p. greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (27.3.13) NI112 £1.10 greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (29.3.11) NI113 £1.28 greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (25.4.12) No. NI95 was printed in sheets by De La Rue and was also issued in £7.66 booklets, No. DX40, printed by Enschedé. No. NI98 (Walsall printing) appears bluish grey and No. NI98a (De La Rue printing) appears olive-grey. *The bright magenta used on the 68p. is fluorescent.

iii. SCOtLanD Relist Nos. S130 etc (litho) with the addition of No. S134. Subset (a) Gravure printings have been renumbered for the Great Britain Concise 2013 catalogue as follows: S116a (56p.) is now S117; S116b (60p.) is S118; S117 (68p.) is S119; S118 (72p.) is S120; S119 (78p.) is S121; S120 (81p.) is S122; S120a (90p.) is S123; S120b (97p.) is S124. 2003 (14 Oct)–2013. As Nos. S94/6 and S99, and new values, but with white borders. One centre phosphor band (2nd) or two phosphor bands (others). P 15x14 (with one elliptical hole in each vertical side). (b) Litho Enschede (1st) or Cartor (others). S130 S 5 (2nd) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black S131 S 6 (1st) silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (20.9.07) S132 S 7 68p. silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (29.3.11) S133 87p. silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (25.4.12) S134 88p. silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (27.3.13) S142 S 8 £1.10 silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (29.3.11) S143 £1.28 silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black No. S131 was issued on 20 September 2007 in £7.66 stamp booklets printed by Enschedé, No. DX40. It was issued in sheets printed by Cartor on 27 June 2012.

iV. WaLeS Relist Nos. W121 etc (litho) with the addition of No. W125. Subset (a) Gravure printings have been renumbered for the Great Britain Concise 2013 catalogue as follows: W105a (56p.) is now W106; W105b (60p.) is W107; W106 (68p.) is W108; W107 (72p.) is W109; W108 (78p.) is W110; W109 (81p.) is W111; W109a (90p.) is W112; W109b (97p.) is W113.





2003 (14 Oct)–2013. As Nos. W83, W84/5 and W88, and new values, but with white borders.. One centre phosphor band (2nd) or two phosphor bands (others). P 15×14 (with one elliptical hole in each vert side). (b) Litho Enschedé or Cartor (1st) or Cartor (others). W 6 (2nd) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (1.2013) W122 W 7 (1st) greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (20.9.07) W123 W8 68p. greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (29.3.11) W124 87p. greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (25.4.12) W125 88p. greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (27.3.13) W133 W 9 £1.10 gold, silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (29.3.11) W134 £1.28 gold, silver, greenish yellow, bright magenta, new blue and black (25.4.12) No. W122 was first issued in £7.66 stamps booklets, No. DX40 printed by Enschedé and MSW147. It was issued in sheets printed by Cartor in January 2013.


1650 Souvenir of Visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Manchester, 1913

1675 Magnet, 2003

1651 King George VI , Queen Elizabeth, Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret 1676 Robin Gibb Live, 2005 1669 Symbolic

Three Legs of Man

1670 Three Legs of

Man on Wall, Douglas

(Des Emma Cooke (EJC Design). Litho BDT) 2013 (3 Apr). The Three Legs of Man.

1652 Arms and Photo of Queen


1667 Three Legs of 1668 Arms with Man wearing Spurs Three Legs of Man, Peregrine Falcon, Raven and Crown

Elizabeth II

A. Sponsored Booklets.

1653 Queen Elizabeth II and Duke of Edinburgh (Coronation souvenir)

1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819

(a) Ordinary gum. P 13. 1663 5p. multicoloured 1664 10p. multicoloured 1665 40p. multicoloured 1666 42p. multicoloured 1667 69p. multicoloured 1668 73p. multicoloured 1669 £1.19 multicoloured 1670 £2 multicoloured

(b) Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 12½×13. 1820 1665 40p. multicoloured a. Booklet pane. No. 1820×10 1821 1666 42p. multicoloured a. Booklet pane. No. 1821×10 Nos. 1820/1 were issued in separate booklets, Nos. SB79/80.

1677 Titanic Requiem (composed with R. J. Gibb, performed by Royal Philharmonic Orchestra), 2012

DY7 Gordon Banks, John Barnes, Bobby

Moore, Kevin Keegan and George Best (image scaled to 27% of original size)

2013 (9 May). Football Heroes. Multicoloured cover as Type DY 7 (163×96 mm). Booklet contains text and illustrations on panes and interleaving pages. Stitched. DY7 £11.11 containing booklet panes Nos. U3010a/11a, 3477a and 3482a No. DY7 was issued in a souvenir foil wrapper. J. Self-adhesive Barcode Booklets containing No Value Indicated Special or Occasions issues, with Definitive stamps. 2013 (9 May). Football Heroes. Red cover with multicoloured emblem (74×57 mm) as Type PM 15. Printed by Walsall . PM37 (£3.60) booklet containing No. 3475a

Great Britain iSLe Of Man

May 2013

Re-number Nos. MS1802/10, T 1654/61 (Year of the Snake, Isle of Man Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Service, May 2013 supplement) to Nos. MS1803/11, T 1655/62. Relist Nos. 1796/1801 with the addition of No. MS1802 now received.

1678 50 St. Catherine’s Drive

(Des EJC Design. Litho Lowe-Martin)

1654 Coronation Photograph

(Des EJC Design. Litho BDT) 2013 (6 Feb–21 Apr). 60th Anniv of the Coronation. A Celebration of Coronation Commemoratives. P 14½×14 (MS1802) or 14 (others). 1796 1648 38p. multicoloured 1797 1649 41p. multicoloured 1798 1650 65p. multicoloured 1799 1651 £1.05 multicoloured 1800 1652 £1.37 multicoloured 1801 1653 £1.73 multicoloured MS1802 110×70 mm. 1654 £3 multicoloured (21 Apr) Nos. 1796/801 were printed in separate sheetlets of eight stamps and a central stampsize label.

1671 Robin’s Reign, 1970

2013 (24 Apr). Robin Gibb (singer and songwriter) Commemoration. Album Covers. P 13. 1822 1671 2p. multicoloured 1823 1672 40p. multicoloured 1824 1673 42p. multicoloured 1825 1674 50p. multicoloured 1826 1675 69p. black and grey 1827 1676 73p. multicoloured 1828 1677 120p. black, grey and dull blue-green 1829 1678 178p. multicoloured MS1830 211×298 mm. Nos. 1822/5 and Nos. 1826/9×2

1672 How Old are you?,


New listing:

1679 Dubs Steam Locomotive Caledonia, Douglas Station, July 2009

1648 Queen Victoria

1649 King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra

G.S.M. July 2013

1663 Three Legs of Man wearing Armour

1664 Arms with Three Legs of Man

1665 Three Legs of

1666 Three Legs of

Man with Crown

Man in Stained Glass Window

1673 Secret Agent, 1984

1674 Walls Have Eyes, 1985

1680 Manx Electric Railway Tramcar No. 6 at Halfway House Crossing, August 2012



May 2013

No. 1747 was inscr ‘LOCAL LETTER’, No. 1748 ‘UK LETTER’, No. 1749 ‘EUROPE’, No. 1750 ‘LOCAL LARGE’, No. 1751 ‘INTERNATIONAL’ and No. 1752 ‘UK LARGE’ and they were originally sold for 45p., 55p., 60p., 68p., 80p. and 88p. respectively.

2013 (5 Mar). Centenary of Canberra. Multicoloured cover, 83×60 mm (folded) as Type B 221. Self-adhesive. SB437 $12 booklet containing pane of twenty 60c. (No. 3950a)


May 2013

1681 Beyer Peacock Steam Locomotive No. 10 G. H. Wood leaving Douglas Station, July 2009

CORRECTION: Re-number Nos. 3918/48 (Greetings Stamps - Special Occasions, Surfing Australia and Top Dogs, May 2013 supplement) to Nos. 3917/47. 1665 Tracing and Messaging (to reunite separated families)

902 National Portrait Gallery, Canberra

(Des Mary Callahan. Litho Pemara (coil stamps) or McKellar Renown (others)) 1666 Red Cross Staff and Volunteers unloading Emergency Supplies 1682 Manx Electric Railway Tramcar No. 5, Baldrine, September 2012

2013 (5 Mar). Centenary of Canberra. T 902 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. (a) Ordinary gum. (i) Domestic mail. P 14×14½. 3948 60c. Type 902 3949

1667 Villagers drawing Water (‘Water, shelter and food’)

(ii) International Post. P 14×14½. $2.35 Parliament House, Canberra

(b) Self-adhesive. Irregular phosphor frame. Diecut perf 11×11½ (interrupted on vert sides). 3950 60c. As Type 902 a. Booklet pane. No. 3950×20 Nos. 3948/9 were also issued in $12.95 premium booklets, No. SP196. No. 3950 was issued in rolls of 200 and also in $12 booklets, No. SB437.

B222 Land of the Golden Fleece and Flinders

– Far North Stamps (image scaled to 68% of original size)

2013 (19 Mar). The Gallery Series. National Gallery of Australia. Landscape Paintings. Multicoloured cover, 60×86 mm, as Type B 222. Self-adhesive. SB438 $6 booklet containing pane of ten 60c. (No. 3956a) PreMiUM BOOKLetS

1683 Beyer Peacock Steam Locomotive No. 13 Kissack, Ellenbrook, July 2012 1668 First Aid Training

903 Dandenong Ranges from ‘Beleura’ (detail) (Eugene von Guérard), 1870

(Des Lynette Traynor. Litho McKellar Renown) 2013 (19 Mar). The Gallery Series. National Gallery of Australia. Landscape Paintings. T 903 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. 1684 Manx Electric Railway Tramcar No. 7 arriving at Laxey Station, May 2012

1669 South African Red Cross Helicopter (‘Emergency response’)

3952 3953

(Des EJC Design. Litho BDT) 2013 (17 May). Isle of Man Railways. 140th Anniv of the Isle of Man Steam Railway and 120th Anniv of the Manx Electric Railway Douglas to Groudle Line. Modern Isle of Man Railways Posters. P 14. 1831 1679 40p. multicoloured 1832 1680 42p. multicoloured 1833 1681 69p. multicoloured 1834 1682 119p. multicoloured 1835 1683 160p. multicoloured 1836 1684 161p. multicoloured


3954 3955

1670 Princess Diana visiting

HALO Trust (landmine clearance organisation), Angola, 1997


(a) Ordinary gum. P 14½×14. 60c. Type 903 a. Horiz strip of 5. Nos. 3951/5 60c. In the Flinders - Far North (detail) (Hans Heysen), 1951 60c. Land of the Golden Fleece (detail) (Arthur Streeton), 1926 60c. Mr. Robinson’s house on the Derwent, Van Diemen’s Land (detail) (John Glover) c. 1838 60c. Studley Park at sunrise (detail) (Nicholas Chevalier), 1861

(b) Self-adhesive. Phosphor bands at top and foot of stamps. Die-cut perf 11½×11 (interrupted on horiz sides). 3956 60c. As Type 903 a. Booklet pane. Nos. 3956/60, each ×2 3957 60c. As No. 3952 3958 60c. As No. 3953 3959 60c. As No. 3954 3960 60c. As No. 3955 Nos. 3951/5 were printed together, se-tenant, as horizontal strips of five stamps in sheets of 50 (2 panes 5×5). Nos. 3956/60 were issued in $6 booklets, No. SB438. StaMP BOOKLetS

1671 Red Cross Ship SS Vega arriving in Jersey, 1940-5 (image scaled to 35% of original size) B45 Three Legs of Man with Crown (image scaled to 53% of original size)

2013 (3 Apr). The Three Legs of Man. Multicoloured cover, 76×58 mm, as Type B 45. Self-adhesive. SB79 £4 booklet containing pane No. 1820a (Type B 45) SB80 £4.20 booklet containing pane No. 1821a (cover showing Three Legs of Man in stained glass)

G.S.M. July 2013

(Des Nick Shewring. Litho BDT) 2013 (8 May). 150th Anniv of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent. P 14. 1747 1665 (45p.) multicoloured 1748 1666 (55p.) multicoloured 1749 1667 (60p.) multicoloured 1750 1668 (68p.) multicoloured 1751 1669 (80p.) multicoloured 1752 1670 (88p.) multicoloured MS1753 115×80 mm. 1671 £2 multicoloured

P87 Plans for Canberra, c. 1913 (image scaled to 26% of original size)

2013 (5 Mar). Centenary of Canberra. Multicoloured cover, 158×104 mm, as Type P 87. Booklet contains text and illustrations on panes and interleaving pages. SP196 $12.95 booklet containing six panes as follows: Nos. 3948/9, each ×2; No. 3480×4; No. 3227×2; No. 2994×2; No. 2844×2; Nos. 2075/6 Face value: $12.38

aUStraLian antarCtiC territOrY

January 2013

49 Mt. Parsons

(Des Sharon Rodziewicz. Litho RA Printing) 2013 (12 Mar). Mountains. T 49 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14×14½. 224 60c. Type 49 a. Horiz pair. Nos. 224/5 225 60c. Mawson Escarpment 226 $1.20 South Masson Range 227 $1.80 David Range MS228 135×72 mm. Nos. 224/7 Nos. 224/5 were printed together, se-tenant, as horizontal pairs in sheets of 50 (2 panes 5×5), each sheet giving 20 horizontal pairs and ten single stamps (Type 49).


March 2012

B221 Plans for Canberra, c. 1913 (image scaled to 49% of original size)

Four 10t. stamps depicting House Sparrow, Red Munia, Spotted Dove and Common Myna were issued on 27 September 2010. They were sold in 100t. miniature sheets (a 60t. premium above face value) and 250t. sheetlets containing four blocks of the four designs (a 90t. premium).



Great Britain JerSeY


MS1058 10t. Type 415; 10t. Victory of Bangla Monument, Chittagong; 10t. Memorial of Liberation War, Rajarbagh Police Line, Dhaka; 10t. Invincible Bhoirab, Kishoreganj; 20t. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (32×84 mm)

Nos. 1065/8 were printed together, setenant, in blocks of four stamps throughout the sheet. A miniature sheet containing the four 10t. stamps was sold for 100t., a 60t. premium above face value. This miniature sheet was issued perforated 14×13½ or imperforate.

407 Tiger

(Des Motiur Rahman. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2010 (28 Sept). 35th Anniv of Diplomatic Relations between Bangladesh and the People’s Republic of China. Year of the Tiger. P 13. 1042 407 50t. multicoloured A miniature sheet issued from Bangladesh was sold in a folder at an exhibition centre in China, but was not issued in Bangladesh.

412 Mahatma Gandhi at Laksham Railway Station

(Des Anowar Hossain. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur)

2011 (10 Feb). Indipex 2011 World Philatelic Exhibition, New Delhi. Mahatma Gandhi’s Visit to Noakhali, 1946. T 412 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. P 13½. 1049 10t. Type 412 a. Horiz strip of 3. Nos. 1049/51 1050 15t. Mahatma Gandhi and others at Noakhali, 1946 1051 20t. Mahatma Gandhi at Noakhali, 1946 Nos. 1049/51 were printed together, setenant, as horizontal strips of three stamps in sheets of 99 and sheetlets of six.

(Des Anowar Hossain. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur)

2011 (20 Apr). Inauguration of Probashi Kallyan Bank. P 12½. 1059 416 10t. multicoloured

2011 (17 July). Rare Species of Turtle. T 420 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 14×13½. 1069 10t. Type 420 a. Horiz pair. Nos. 1069/70 1070 10t. Geoclemys hamiltonii Nos. 1069/70 were printed together, setenant, as horizontal pairs in sheets of 100.

417 Rabindranath Tagore and Shlaidaha, Kushtia

(Des Jasim Uddin. Litho)

413 Bowler

(Des Manzare Shamim. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur)

2011 (27 Jan). Population and Housing Census. P 13½×14. 1044 409 3t. multicoloured

2011 (23 Feb). ICC Cricket World Cup, Bangladesh. T 413 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 12½. 1052 20t. Type 413 a. Horiz strip of 4. Nos. 1052/5 1053 20t. Batsman 1054 20t. Wicket-keeper 1055 20t. Fielder MS1056 127×91 mm. 50t. Umpire, batsman and players. Imperf Nos. 1052/5 were printed together, setenant, as horizontal strips of four stamps in sheets of 120.

2011 (6 May). 150th Birth Anniv of Rabindranath Tagore (poet). T 417 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13½. 1060 10t. Type 417 a. Block of 4. Nos. 1060/3 1061 10t. Rabindranath Tagore and Shahjadpur, Sirajganj 1062 10t. Rabindranath Tagore and Dakkhindihi, Khulna 1063 10t. Rabindranath Tagore and Patishar, Naogaon Nos. 1060/3 were printed together, setenant, as blocks of four stamps in sheetlets of eight. A miniature sheet containing the four 10t. stamps was sold for 100t., a 60t. premium over face value.

418 Planting Sapling

(Des Begum Rafika Khan. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (1 June). National Tree Plantation Campaign. P 14×13½. 1064 418 10t. multicoloured

410 Children

(Des Muhammad Ashraf Shiddike. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (9 Feb). 7th National Cub Camporee. P 14×13½. 1045 410 10t. multicoloured

A Rare Animals of Bangladesh miniature sheet containing four 10t. stamps depicting Frog Euphilyctis hexadactylus, Monkey Trachypithecus phayrei, River Dolphin Platanista gangetica and Fishing Cat Prionallurus viverrinus was issued on the same date. It was sold for 100t., a 60t. premium over the face value.

(Des Anowar Hossain. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur)

2010 (14 Dec). Abu Nayem Mohammed Nazibuddin Khan (Khurram) (1954-71) Commemoration. P 13. 1043 408 3t. multicoloured

409 Emblem

420 Hardella thurjii

(Des Motiur Rahman. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur)

408 Abu Nayem Mohammed Nazibuddin Khan (Khurram)

(Des Aminul Islam Talukder Azad. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur)

416 Probashi Kallyan Bank, Banknotes and Globe

421 Heliopais personata

(Des Anowar Hossain. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (17 July). Birds of the Sundarbans. T 421 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13½×12. 1071 10t. Type 421 a. Sheetlet. Nos. 1071/82 1072 10t. Leptoptilos javanicus 1073 10t. Haliaeetus leucogaster 1074 10t. Bubo coromandus 1075 10t. Pelargopsis amauroptera 1076 10t. Halcyon coromanda 1077 10t. Alcedo meninting 1078 10t. Halcyon pileata 1079 10t. Todiramphus chloris 1080 10t. Treron bicincta 1081 10t. Gorsachius melanolophus 1082 10t. Pitta megarhyncha Nos. 1071/82 were printed together, setenant, in sheetlets of 12 stamps. Nos. 1083/6, T 422 are left for Traditional Musical Instruments, issued 21 July 2011, not yet received

414 Emblem

(Des Sadatuddin Ahmed Amil . Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (24 Feb). Anti-Corruption Day (9 December 2010). P 12½. 1057 414 5t. multicoloured

423 Coin of Sultan Fakhr al-Din Mubarak Shah (1334-49) (image scaled to 65% of original size)

(Des Jashim Uddin. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 419 Kazi Nazrul Islam

(Des Anowar Hossain. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur)

411 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Followers

(Des Motiur Rahman. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (10 Feb). Return to Bangladesh of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, 1972 (“ Bangabandhu’s Homecoming Day”). T 411 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. P 13½. 1046 5t. Type 411 a. Horiz strip of 3. Nos. 1046/8 1047 5t. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman waving to crowd 1048 10t. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (1920-75, first President of Bangladesh)

G.S.M. July 2013

415 Bangabandhu Square Fountain, Dhaka

(Des Motiur Rahman and Jasim Uddin. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (26 Mar). 40th Anniv of Independence. Sheet 110×110 mm containing T 415 and similar vert designs . Multicoloured. P 12.

2011 (24 June). International Nazrul Conference. 90th Anniv of Publication of Poem Bidrohi (The Rebel) by Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899-1976, Bengali poet and musician). T 419 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 13½×14. 1065 10t. Type 419 a. Block of 4. Nos. 1065/8 1066 10t. Kazi Nazrul Islam and Nazrul Academy, Trishal 1067 10t. Kazi Nazrul Islam wearing hat and building with arches 1068 10t. Kazi Nazrul Islam as old man and sculpture at Nazrul Museum

2011 (21 July). Coins of the Independent Sultans of Bengal (1st series). Sheet 140×110 mm containing T 423 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13½×12. MS1087 10t. Type 423; 10t. Coin of Sultan Shams al-Din Ilyas Shah (1342-57) ; 10t. Coin of Sultan Ghiyath al-Din Azam Shah (1389-1410); 10t. Coin of Sultan Jalal al-Din Muhammad Shah (1415-32) A miniature sheet was issued on 21 July 2011 for Phila Nippon 2011 World Stamp Exhibition, Yokohama. It contained five 10t. stamps depicting Imperial Palace, Tokyo, Sakura-Cherry blossom, Sumo wrestling, Kiyomizu Temple, Kyoto and Mount Fuji, and was sold at 100t., a 50t. premium above face value.



Nos. 1046/8 were printed together, setenant, as horizontal strips of three stamps in sheets of 120 and sheetlets of 9.


424 Dhaka Club

(Des Jasim Uddin. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (19 Aug). Centenary of Dhaka Club. P 14×13½. 1088 424 3t. multicoloured

384 ‘Protect Youth from HIV Infection’

(Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand) 2011 (8 June). HIV AIDS Prevention in Fiji. T 384 and similar multicoloured designs. P 14½×14 (horiz designs) or 14×14½ (vert). 1449 20c. Type 384 1450 40c. Couple (‘Zero new HIV infections’) (vert) 1451 65c. Mother and baby (‘Stop mothers and babies from being infected with HIV’) (vert) 1452 $5 Couple wearing AIDS ribbons (‘Zero Discrimination’)

(Des Sharon Light. Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand)

(Des Sue Wickison. Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand)

2011 (25 Nov). International Year of Volunteers. T 388 and similar multicoloured designs. P 14½×14 (horiz designs) or 14×14½ (vert). 1463 40c. Type 388 1464 90c. Volunteer from Suva City Council Environmental Health Supporters Programme (vert) 1465 $1.10 Dr. Maung Maung Mon (Fiji Red Cross volunteer and International Volunteer of the Year, 2010) (vert) 1466 $10 Blood donor (Fiji National Blood Service)

2012 (11 July). Endangered Species. Collared Lory (Phigys solitarius). Sheet 200×141 mm containing T 393 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. MS1480 $2 Type 393×2; $2 Pair of lories (one facing left and the other right)×2; $2 Collared Lory feeding on nectar×2; $2 Collared Lory (in close-up)×2


May 2013 Relist Nos. 2851/2 (September 2012 supplement) with the addition of MS2853 now received

389 Man holding Wrapped Gift

(Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand) 2011 (16 Dec). Christmas. T 389 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14½×14. 1467 20c. Type 389 1468 65c. Fijian man with clay pots 1469 $1.20 Fijian man 1470 $2 Fijian Nativity

425 Emblem and Globe

(Des Jasim Uddin. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (1 Dec). E Asia 2011 Conference, Dhaka. P 14×13½. 1089 10t. multicoloured 385 Plumeria rubra Buds and Flowers

2026 Woodcarvings

(Des Kamleshwar Singh. Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2011 (20 Dec). 150th Anniv of the Archaeological Survey of India. T 2026 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 13½. 2851 5r. Type 2026 2852 20r. Stonecarvings MS2853 100×65 mm. Nos. 2851/2

(Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand) Add into listing:

2011 (12 July). Frangipani Flowers. T 385 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14½×14. 1453 50c. Type 385 1454 90c. Plumeria rubra f. rubra flowers 1455 $1.50 Plumeria rubra f. lutea 1456 $3 Plumeria obtusa (Plumeria rubra f. acutifolia) 390 Dragon

(Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand)

426 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and

2012 (23 Jan). Chinese New Year. Year of the Dragon. Sheet 130×160 mm. P 14. MS1471 $3 Type 390×4

National Memorial, Savar

(Des Anowar Hossain. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (16 Dec). 40th Anniv of Victory in War of Independence. P 14×13½. 1090 426 10t. multicoloured 386 Saulaki Vividrasa

(Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand) 2011 (15 Aug). War Clubs of Fiji. T 386 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14½×14. 1457 20c. Type 386 1458 65c. Cali, Sali or tebetebe 1459 $1.20 Totokia 1460 $10 I ula tavatava 427 Emblem and Stethoscope

(Des Dr. Pinaki Bhattacharya and Md Tanvier Hasan. Litho Security Printing Press, Gazipur) 2011 (28 Dec). 40th Anniv of Bangladesh College of Physicians and Surgeons. P 12½. 1091 427 10t. multicoloured

391 Fijian Acmopyle (Acmopyle sahniana)

(Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand)

Nos. 1151/6, T 260 are left for Night Animals, issued 1 December 2010, not yet received.

2046 Customs Officer and Launch, Container and Aircraft

387 Pomegranate Flowers and Bird

(Des Alka Sharma. Photo India Security Press)

(Litho) 2011 (15 Aug). Pomegranate Flowers (Punica granatum). T 387 and similar vert design. Multicoloured. P 13½. 1461 65c. Type 387 a. Horiz pair. Nos. 1461/2 1462 $1.20 Pomegranate flowers and flying bird (at lower left) Nos. 1461/2 were printed together, setenant, as horizontal pairs in sheetlets of six stamps.

392 Hydro Power

2012 (25 June). Renewable Energy. International Year of Sustainable Energy. T 392 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14½×14. 1476 20c. Type 392 1477 50c. Biomass 1478 $1.20 Wind Energy 1479 $3 Solar Power

2047 Durga Prasad Chaudhary

(Des Gwithie Kirby. Litho)

G.S.M. July 2013

2012 (26 July). 50th Anniv of the Customs Act. P 13. 2884 2046 5r. multicoloured

(Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand)

261 Motantanyane (Ipomoea obscura)

2011 (1 Jan). Flowers. T 261 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 13×13½. 1157 2p.60 Type 261 1158 4p.10 Ledelele (Xenostegia tridentata) 1159 5p.50 Tsebe-tsankuku (Ipomoea magnusiana) 1160 6p.10 Kgane (Ipomoea bolusiana)

2012 (25 July). Olympic Games, London. T 2045 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. P 13. 2879 5r. Type 2045 a. Horiz strip of 4. Nos. 2879/82 2880 5r. Windsurfing 2881 20r. Volleyball 2882 20r. Badminton MS2883 108×108 mm. Nos. 2879/82 Nos. 2879/82 were printed in separate sheetlets. They were also printed together, se-tenant, as horizontal strips of four stamps in sheetlets of 20.

2012 (26 Apr). Fiji’s Endangered Flora. T 391 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14½×14. 1472 20c. Type 391 1473 65c. Lau Fan Palm (Pritchardia thurstonii) 1474 $1.20 Cycad (Cycas seemannii) 1475 $2 Fiji Magnolia (Degeneria vitiensis)


November 2011

2045 Rowing

(Des Kamleshwar Singh. Litho India Security Press)

(Des Brahm Prakash. Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad)

388 First Aid Training (St. John

Association of Fiji)

393 Collared Lory (pair)

2012 (31 July). Durga Prasad Chaudhary (founder of Dainik Navjyoti newspaper) Commemoration. P 13½. 2885 2047 5r. multicoloured




November 2011




5r. multicoloured

(Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2013 (16 Mar). 125th Anniv of Malayala Manorama (Malayalam newspaper). P 13½. 2924 2076 5r. multicoloured

2061 Sri Shivarathri Shivayogi

(Des Sankha Samanta. Litho India Security Press) 2012 (21 Dec). Sri Shivarathri Shivayogi (10th century saint) Commemoration. P 13. 2904 2061 5r. multicoloured

2066 Hand holding Torch and Raised Fists

(Des Alka Sharma. Litho India Security Press) 2013 (8 Jan). Centenary of Ghadar Movement (anti colonial rebellion). P 13. 2911 2066 5r. multicoloured

2071 Aditya Vikram Birla

(Des Kamleshwar Singh. Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2013 (14 Jan). Aditya Vikram Birla (1943-95, industrialist) Commemoration. P 13½. 2919 2071 5r. multicoloured 2077 Jhulelal Sahib

(Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2013 (17 Mar). Jhulelal Sahib (community god of Sindhi community). P 13½. 2925 2077 5r. multicoloured

2062 Srinivasa Ramanujan and Formula

(Des Alka Sharma. Litho India Security Press) 2012 (22 Dec). National Mathematics Day. 125th Birth Anniv of Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920, mathematician). P 13. 2905 2062 5r. multicoloured No. 2905 was originally scheduled for release in 2010 and was printed and supplied to philatelic bureaux. It was postponed and officially released on 22 December 2012, the first day cover date. However the stamp, which is inscr ‘2010’, was sold prematurely.

2067 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Building, Lucknow

(Des Alka Sharma. Litho India Security Press) 2013 (8 Jan). 125th Anniv of Uttar Pradesh Legislature. P 13. 2912 2067 5r. multicoloured

2072 Shrine Basilica, Vailankanni

(Des Gulistaan. Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2013 (22 Jan). Shrine Basilica, Vailankanni. P 13½. 2920 2072 5r. multicoloured

2078 Shiv Ram Hari Rajguru and Statues of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev

(Litho India Security Press) 2013 (22 Mar). Shiv Ram Hari Rajguru (1908-31, anti colonial revolutionary) Commmemoration. 2926 2078 5r. multicoloured

2068 Scroll

(Des Alka Sharma. Litho India Security Press) 2013 (11 Jan). Silk Letter Movement (planned anti colonial revolt, 1913-16). P 13. 2913 2068 5r. multicoloured

2073 Badges

(Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2013 (2 Mar). Third Battalion Parachute Regiment (Special Forces). P 13½. 2921 2073 5r. multicoloured

2079 Srikurmam Temple, Srikakulam

2063 Mahabalipuram (Mamallapuram) Lighthouse

(Des Sankha Samanta. Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2012 (23 Dec). Lighthouses. T 2063 and similar vert design. Multicoloured. P 13. 2906 5r. Type 2063 2907 20r. Alleppey (Alappuzha) Lighthouse MS2908 104×85 mm. Nos. 2906/7

2064 Boy examining Flower

(Des Dr. Tridha Gajjar of National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad. Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2013 (3 Jan). Centenary of Indian Science Congress Association, Kolkata. P 13½. 2909 2064 5r. multicoloured

(Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2013 (11 Apr). Architectural Heritage of India. Temples. T 2079 and similar vert design. Multicoloured. P 13½. 2927 5r. Type 2079 2928 20r. Arasavalli Temple, Srikakulam MS2929 120×81 mm. Nos. 2927/8

2069 Swami Vivekananda at Kanyakumari, 1893

(Des Sankha Samanta. Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2013 (12 Jan). 150th Birth Anniv of Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902, Hindu monk and spiritual leader, founder of Ramakrishna Mission). T 2069 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. P 13. 2914 5r. Type 2069 a. Block of 4. Nos. 2914/17 2915 5r. Swami Vivekananda and World Parliament of Religions, Chicago, 1893 2916 5r. Swami Vivekananda and Belur Math 2917 20r. Swami Vivekananda, Dakshineswar Kali Temple and birthplace Nos. 2914/17 were issued in ordinary separate sheets of 40. They were also printed together, se-tenant, as blocks of four stamps in sheetlets of 8.

2074 Officers

(Litho India Security Press) 2013 (7 Mar). 50th Anniv of Officers Training Academy, Chennai. P 13. 2922 2074 5r. multicoloured

2080 Mumbai Post Office

(Litho) 2013 (12 Apr). Heritage Buildings. T 2080 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 13. 2930 5r. Type 2080 2931 5r. Agra Head Post Office MS2932 120×68 mm. Nos. 2930/1 2075 Sahir Ludhianvi

(Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad) 2013 (8 Mar). Sahir Ludhianvi (1921-80, Urdu poet and Hindi lyricist) Commemoration. P 13½. 2923 2075 5r. multicoloured

2065 Nehru Hospital of the PGIMER, Chandigarh

(Des Alka Sharma. Litho Security Printing Press, Hyderabad)

(Des Gulistaan. Litho India Security Press)

2013 (7 Jan). 50th Anniv of Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh. P 13½. 2910 2065 5r. multicoloured

2013 (13 Jan). Birth Centenary of C. Achyutha Menon (1913-91, Chief Minister of Kerala 1969-77, Communist Party leader and writer). P 13.

G.S.M. July 2013

2081 Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and Chaitya Bhoomi, Mumbai

2070 C. Achyutha Menon


2076 Malayala Manorama Newspaper and Office

2013 (14 Apr). Chaitya Bhoomi, Mumbai (Buddhist place of pilgrimage and memorial to Dr. Ambedkar (architect of the Indian constitution)). P 13. 2933 2081 5r. multicoloured



New listing:


No. 1212 was inscr ‘Postcard Rate’ and originally sold for $5.60.

Nos. 1175/9, T 313 are left for Grasses, issued 30 September 2011, not yet received.

neW ZeaLanD tOKeLaU

317 Parabuthus villosus

March 2012

108 Queen Elizabeth II in Wellington, New Zealand, 1963

(Des Anja Denker. Litho Austrian State Ptg Wks, Vienna)

314 Carp’s Tit (Parus carpi)

(Des Helge Denker. Litho) 2012 (15 Feb)–2013. Endemic Birds. T 314 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. P 13. 1180 5c. Type 314 1181 10c. Hartlaub’s Spurfowl (Pternis hartlaubi) 1182 20c. Herero Chat (Namibornis herero) 1183 30c. Rüppell’s Parrot (Poicephalus rueppellii) 1184 50c. Rüppell’s Korhaan (Eupodotis rueppellii) 1185 90c. Benguela Long-billed Lark (Certhilauda benguelensis) (1.3.13) 1186 $1 Barlow’s Lark (Calendulauda barlowi) (1.3.2013) 1187 ($2.90) White-tailed Shrike (Lanioturdus torquatus) 1188 $3 Rosy-faced Lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis) (1.3.13) 1189 $5 Rockrunner (Achaetops pycnopygius) 1190 ($5.30) Dune Lark (Calendulauda erythrochlamys) 1191 ($8.90) Damara Hornbill (Tockus damarensis) 1192 $10 Gray’s Lark (Ammomanopsis grayi) (1.3.13) 1193 $12 Monteiro’s Hornbill (Tockus monteiri) (1.3.13) 1194 $20 Damara Tern (Sterna balaenarum) 1195 ($21.90) Violet Wood-Hoopoe (Phoeniculus damarensis) 1196 $100 Bare-cheeked Babbler (Turdoides gymnogenys) No. 1187 was inscr ‘Standard Mail’, No. 1190 ‘Postcard Rate’, No. 1191 ‘Non-Standard Mail’ and No. 1195 ‘Registered Mail’ and they were originally sold for $2.90, $5.30, $8.90 and $21.90 respectively.


2012 (11 June). Scorpions of Namibia. T 317 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14×13½. 1204 $4.80 Type 317 1205 ($5.30) Parabuthus namibensis 1206 $5.40 Opistophthalmus carinatus 1207 $6.50 Hottentotta arenaceus No. 1205 was inscr ‘Postcard Rate’ and originally sold for $5.30.

2012 (23 May). Diamond Jubilee. T 108 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 13½. 438 $2 Type 108 439 $3 Official New Zealand Portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, 2012 MS440 110×60 mm. Nos. 438/9 103 Rabbits feeding on Carrots

(Litho) 2011 (3 Feb). Chinese New Year. Year of the Rabbit. Sheet 105×71 mm. P 13½. MS419 103 $5 multicoloured

318 Mail Carrier in the Bush

109 Yellowfin Tuna

(Des Anja Denker. Litho Lowe-Martin) 2012 (31 July). 20th Anniv of NamPost. Circular sheet, 100 mm diameter, containing T 318 and similar square design. Multicoloured. P 12½. MS1208 $2.90 Type 318; $2.90 Modern NamPost mail lorry


104 Yellow-bellied Sea Snake


319 Satellite Dishes

(Des Anja Denker. Litho Lowe-Martin) 2012 (31 July). 20th Anniv of Telecom Namibia. Circular sheet, 100 mm diameter, containing T 319 and similar square design. Multicoloured. P 12½. MS1209 $2.90 Type 319; $2.90 Fibre-optic cable strands

2011 (25 Mar). Endangered Species. Yellowbellied Sea Snake (Pelamis platura). T 104 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13½×13. 420 50c. Type 104 a. Strip of 4. Nos. 421/4 421 $1 Sea snake on sandy beach 422 $2 Sea snake in sea 423 $2.50 Three sea snakes in sea Nos. 421/3 were printed in ordinary sheets and also se-tenant as horizontal and vertical strips of four in sheetlets of 16.

2012 (3 Oct). Fish of Tokelau. T 109 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13½. 441 40c. Type 109 442 45c. Ruby Snapper 443 $1.40 Wahoo 444 $2 Common Dolphinfish MS445 110×90 mm. Nos. 441/4


July 2012

New listing:

748 St. Joseph’s Convent School, Karachi

(Des Adil Salahuddin. Litho Pakistan Security Printing Corporation, Karachi) 2012 (19 Mar). 150th Anniv of St. Joseph’s Convent School, Karachi. P 13½. 1434 748 8r. multicoloured 315 Straw-coloured Fruit-bat (Eidolom helvum)

106 Christmas Tree

(Des Anja Denker. Litho Cartor)


2012 (9 Apr). Bats. T 315 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13. 1197 ($5.30) Type 315 1198 ($5.30) Egyptian Slit-faced Bat (Nycteris thebaica) 1199 ($5.30) Angolan Epauletted Fruit-Bat (Epomophorus angolensis) Nos. 1197/9 were inscr ‘Postcard Rate’ and originally sold for $5.30 each.

2011 (16 Nov). Christmas. T 106 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. Phosphorised paper. P 13½. 425 40c. Type 106 426 45c. Tree bauble 427 $1.40 Stocking 428 $2 Angel tree decoration

320 Namaqua Chameleon (Chameleo namaquensis)

(Des Anja Denker. Litho Enschede) 2012 (22 Sept). 50th Anniv of Gobabeb Research and Training Centre. Sheet 129×94 mm containing T 320 and similar diamond-shaped designs. Multicoloured. P 14×13½. MS1210 ($3.10) Type 320; $5.10 Dune Grass (Stipagrostis sabulicola); $5.80 Flying Saucer Beetle (Lepidochora discoidalis)

749 Emblem (image scaled to 69% of original size)

(Des Adil Salahuddin. Litho Pakistan Security Printing Corporation, Karachi) 2012 (1 Apr). 50th Anniv of Asian-Pacific Postal Union (APPU). P 13. 1435 749 8r. multicoloured

107 Gathering Coconuts 316 Shooting (‘Getting There’)

(Des Helge Denker. Litho Cartor) 2012 (16 Apr). Olympic and Paralympic Games, London. T 316 and similar multicoloured designs. P 13×13½ (horiz designs) or 13½×13 (vert). 1200 $2.90 Type 316 1201 $4.80 Athlete running (‘For Our Country’) (vert) 1202 $5.40 Three cyclists (‘Competing with the Best’) 1203 $6.50 Wheelchair athlete (‘Paralympic Glory’) (vert)

G.S.M. July 2013

321 Black Mongoose

(Galerella nigrata)

(Des Helge Denker. Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand) 2012 (1 Oct). Mongooses. T 321 and similar multicoloured designs. P 14½×15 (1212) or 15×14½ (others). 1211 $5.10 Type 321 1212 ($5.60) Yellow Mongoose (Cynictis penicillata) (vert) 1213 $5.80 Banded Mongoose (Mungos mungo) 1214 $6.90 Dwarf Mongoose (Helogale parvula)

(Litho) 2012 (11 Apr). Scenic. T 107 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13½. 429 10c. Type 107 430 20c. Atoll with palm trees and sandy beach 431 25c. Small offshore atoll with palm trees and hut 432 40c. Divers in lagoon 433 45c. Sailing canoe off coast 434 50c. Beached canoes and church 435 $1 Sandy beach backed by palm trees 436 $1.40 Angler and offshore atoll 437 $2 Palm forest and sandy beach

750 Government High School No. 1 (image scaled to 67% of original size)

(Des Naveed Awan. Litho Pakistan Security Printing Corporation, Karachi) 2012 (15 Apr). Centenary of Government High School No. 1, Thana, Malakand Division. P 13½. 1436 750 8r. multicoloured




December 2011



150c. Blue Russian wall-mounted box 577 150c. Green Chinese pillarbox 578 150c. Red Dutch wall-mounted box 579 150c. Ornate green box on two legs 580 150c. Royal mail pillarbox Nos. 571/80 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of ten stamps within the sheet

231 Pacific Princess

(Des Denise Durkin. Litho Southern Colour Print, New Zealand) 2013 (24 Apr). Cruise Ships. T 231 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14½×14. 878 $2 Type 231 879 $2 MV Marina 880 $2 Arcadia 881 $2 Costa Neo Romantica

fOreiGn arUBa (Pt. 4)

November 2011

170 Girl with a Red


(Litho Enschedé) 2011 (21 Sept). Art. Paintings by Johannes Vermeer. T 170 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 581 200c. Type 170 582 250c. The Kitchen Maid 583 250c. The Lacemaker 584 300c. Girl with the Pearl Earring Nos. 581/4 were printed, se-tenant, in vertical strips of four stamps within sheets of eight, the strips separated by a gutter.

167 Holocanthus ciliaris

(Litho Austrian State Printers) 2011 (15 June). Fish. T 167 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 552 120c. Type 167 a. Block of 10. Nos. 552/61 553 120c. Chaetodon caristratus 554 120c. Sparisoma viride 555 120c. Pomacanthus para 556 120c. Balistes vetula 557 120c. Lactophrys triqueter 558 120c. Holocentrus rufus 559 120c. Holocentrus striatus 560 120c. Didon holocanthus 561 120c. Equetus puncatus Nos. 552/61 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of ten stamps within the sheet

171 Barquentine

2011 (25 Oct). Ships. Classic Sail Ships. T 171 and similar multicoloured designs. P 14. 585 200c. Type 171 a. Block of 6. Nos. 585/90 586 225c. Two-masted barque (horiz) 587 250c. Schooner (horiz) 588 250c. Galleon (horiz) 589 275c. Three-masted barque (horiz) 590 300c. Three-masted barque under partial sail Nos. 585/90 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of six stamps within the sheet, with the vertical stamps laid horizontally.


(Litho Austrian State Printers)

172 Diaethria neglecta

(Des Studio LaBranda. Litho Austrian State Printers) 2010 (22 Dec). Butterflies. T 172 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 591 160c. Type 172 a. Block of 10. Nos. 591/600 592 160c. Lycaena cupreus lapidicola 593 160c. Pyrrhogyra edocla 594 160c. Anartia amathea amathea 595 160c. Anglais urticae 596 160c. Morpho aega 597 160c. Junio coenia coenia 598 160c. Junio coenia coenia (different) 599 160c. Dione juno juno 600 160c. Lycaena heteronea austin Nos. 591/600 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of ten (3×3+1) stamps within the sheet.

169 Square Pillarbox

(Litho) 2011 (15 June). America. Mailboxes. T 169 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 571 150c. Type 169 572 150c. Estonian red wall-mounted box 573 150c. Yellow wall-mounted box 574 150c. American blue post box on legs 575 150c. Early German yellow wallmounted box with decorative top

G.S.M. July 2013

173 Pithecophaga jefferyi

2012 (19 Jan). Raptors and Vulture. T 173 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 601 150c. Type 159 (Philippine Eagle) a. Block of 10. Nos. 601/10 602 150c. Harpia harpyja (Harpy Eagle) 603 150c. Morphnus guianensis (Crested Eagle)

177 White Dress with Blue Underskirt

(Des Michiko Takatsu and Studio LaBranda. Litho Austrian State Ptg) 2012 (21 June). Caribbean Dresses. T 177 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 630 175c. Type 177 a. Block of 4. Nos. 630/3 631 200c. White dress with red underskirt 632 200c. Two dancers wearing halter tops and white skirts 633 250c. Two women wearing yellow dresses with red and black bodices Nos. 630/3 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of four stamps.

174 White Goat

(Des Edith van der Wal and Studio LaBranda. Litho Austrian State Ptg) 2012 (21 Feb). Aruban Goats. T 174 and similar multicoloured designs. P 14. 611 175c. Type 174 a. Block of 4. Nos. 611/14 612 225c. Dark coloured goat against sunset (horiz) 613 275c. Light brown goat with large horns (horiz) 614 300c. Head of small brown goat with immature horns Nos. 611/14 were printed, se-tenant, in strips of four stamps with the horizontal stamps laid vertically.

(Des Studio LaBranda. Litho Austrian State Printers)

168 White

2011 (22 July). Chess. T 168 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 562 180c. Type 168 a. Sheet of 64. Nos. 562/70 plus 49 labels 563 180c. Black pawn 564 180c. Black king 565 180c. White knight 566 180c. Black bishop 567 180c. White pawn 568 180c. Black knight 569 180c. Black rook 570 180c. White king Nos. 562, 563×5, 564, 565, 566×2, 567×2, 568/70 were printed in sheets of 15 stamps and 49 stamp-size labels, the sheet laid out as chess board.

150c. Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara) 605 150c. Lophaetus occipitalis (Longcrested Eagle) 606 150c. Stephanoaetus coronatus (Crowned Eagle) 607 150c. Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle) 608 150c. Vultur gryphus (Andean Condor) 609 150c. Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle) 610 150c. Falco sparverius (American Kestrel) Nos. 601/10 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of ten stamps within the sheet 604

178 Sailfish

(Des Adolfo Valbuena and Studio LaBranda. Litho Austrian State Printers) 2012 (7 Aug). Rembrandt Regatta. T 178 and similar multicoloured designs. P 14. 634 150c. Type 178 a. Block of 6. Nos. 634/9 635 150c. Three-masted yacht (horiz) 636 175c. Twin-sailed yacht 637 175c. Three man keel boat (horiz) 638 200c. J 35 yacht 639 200c. Sailfish (horiz) Nos. 634/9 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of six stamps with the horizontal stamps laid vertically.

175 Hurdler

(Des Rudberth Wolff and Studio Labranda. Litho Austrian State Ptg) 2012 (27 Apr). Olympic Games, London. T 175 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 615 500c. Type 175 a. Block of 4. Nos. 615/18 616 500c. Hand holding Olympic torch 617 500c. ‘OLYMPIA’ (laid horizontally) 618 500c. Swimmer MS619 80×65 mm. Nos. 615/18 Nos. 615/18 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of four stamps.

176 Delphinapterus leucas

(Des Angiolina Henriquez and Studio LaBranda) 2012 (19 Jan). Whales. T 176 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 620 120c. Type 176 (Beluga Whale) a. Block of 10. Nos. 620/9 621 120c. Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale) 622 120c. Balaena mysticetus (Bowhead Whale) 623 120c. Orcinus orca (Killer Whale) 624 120c. Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale) 625 120c. Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale) 626 120c. Globicephala macrorhynchus (Short-finned Pilot Whale) 627 120c. Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale) 628 120c. Baleanoptera edeni (Bald Eagle) 629 120c. Megaptera novaeangliae (Andean Condor) Nos. 620/9 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of ten stamps within the sheet

179 White Cat

2012 (19 Jan). Cats. T 179 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 640 110c. Type 179 a. Block of 8. Nos. 640/7 641 110c. Tabby leaping 642 110c. Tabby laying on back 643 110c. Tabby kitten (head) 644 110c. Tabby and white with open mouth 645 110c. Tabby kitten looking up and right 646 110c. Silver tabby sleeping in curled position 647 110c. Tortoiseshell and white cat on tree trunk Nos. 640/7 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of eight (3×2+2+label) stamps within the sheet.

180 Baubles

(Des Stephanie Croes and Studio LaBranda. Litho Austrian State Ptg) 2012 (18 Oct). Christmas. T 180 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 648 75c. Type 180 a. Block of 8. Nos. 640/7 649 120c. Presents and The Nativity 650 125c. Candles 651 210c. Wine glasses and fireworks Nos. 648/51 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of four stamps.



PitCairn iSLanDS

May 2013


€ 4.60 White-tailed Eagle (‘Pyrargueà queue blanche’) (33×28 mm) 3708ca € 4.60 Barn owl (‘Chouette effraie’) 3708cb R-A (€ 4.90) Osprey (‘Chouette effraie’) 3709 €5 Ruff (‘Combattant Varie’) (38×27 mm) 3709a R-A (€5.03) Arctic Tern (‘Sterne Arctique)

181 Yellow Tube Sponges

(Des Stan Kuiperi and Studio LaBranda. Litho Austrian State Printers) 2012 (15 Nov). Underwater Exploration. T 181 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 652 100c. Type 181 653 100c. Flat yellow coral 654 100c. Manta Ray 655 100c. Blue Angelfish 656 100c. Turtle 657 100c. Encrusted spars of shipwreck 658 100c. Modern shipwreck 659 100c. Coral encrusted deck and rails of shipwreck 660 100c. Dark-coloured encrusted shipwrecks 661 100c. Aircraft Nos. 652/61 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of ten stamps within the sheet

1743 HMW Z50 Motorcycle (1953)

(Des David Gruber) 2013 (21 Jan). Motorcycles. P 14. 3199 1743 220c. multicoloured

(Des Angiolina Henriquez and Studio LaBranda. Litho Austrian State Ptrs) 2012 (20 Dec). Orchids. T 182 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 14. 662 200c. Type 182 663 200c. Orchidaceae dendrobium 664 200c. Orchidaceae dendrobium convolutum 665 200c. Orchidaceae brassavola nodosa 666 200c. Orchidaceae rossioglossum grande 667 200c. Orchidaceae cattleya aclandiae 668 200c. Orchidaceae cattleya 669 200c. Orchidaceae epidendrum cinnabarinum 670 200c. Orchidaceae phragmipedium cardinale 671 200c. Orchidaceae phragmipedium 672 200c. Orchidaceae phalaenopsis 673 200c. Orchidaceae cattleya gaskelliana Nos. 662/73 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of 12 stamps within the sheet.

aUStria (Pt. 2)

June 2013

Add into listing: (Des Rainer Prohaska. Litho Enschedé) 2012 (18 May). Modern Architecture. Horiz design as Type 1648. Self-adhesive. Diecut perf 13½. 3156a 90c. azure Designs: 62c. As No. 3083 (Museum of Modern Art Ludwig Foundation, Vienna (Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Wien)) No. 3156a is as No. 3083 but with architect’s names added at bottom left. No. 3156a was printed in booklets of four stamps.

1742 ‘FALTIN’ etc

(Des Elvira Barriga) 2013 (21 Jan). Europe - Unity in Diversity. P 14. 3198 1742 70c. multicoloured

G.S.M. July 2013

1501 Latin (Brody Neuenschwan-


BeLGiUM (Pt. 4) Re-list to show corrections and additions:

1491 Post Horn

2011 (19 Sept). Personal Stamp. 4403

1182 Stock Dove (“Pigeon Colombin-Holenduif”)

182 Orchdaceae laelia xanthina

The following stamps were issued on 11 February 2012 at Athénée Royal Jean Rey, Couvin and on general release from 13 February 2012.

2002 (4 May). Birds. T 1182 and similar designs. Multicoloured. P 11½. 3692 1c. Nightingale (‘Rossignol philomele’) (postage) 3692a 1c. Black Woodpecker (‘Pic noir’) 3693 2c. Snipe (‘Becassine des Marais’) 3693a 3c. Marsh Tit (‘Mesange Nonnette’) 3693aa 5c. Little Grebe (‘Grebe castagneux’) (24×28mm) 3693b 5c. Cirl Bunting (‘Bruant Zizi’) 3693c 5c. Teal (‘Sarcelle D’Hiver’) 3693d 6c. Burrowing Owl (‘Chouette Cheveche’) 3694 7c. Type 1182 3694a 8c. Pintail Duck (‘Canard Pilet ‘) 3694aa 10c. Tengmalm’s Owl (‘Chouette De Tengmalm’) 3694b 10c. Hedge Sparrow (‘Accentor Maichet’) (AIRPRIOR) 3694c 10c. Tawny Owl (‘Chouette Hulotte’) 3695 15c. Spotted Nutcracker (‘Cassenoix Mouchete’) (AIRPRIOR) 3697 20c. Mediterranean Gull (‘Mouette Melanocephale’) 3697a 23c. Black-necked Grebe (‘Greb a Cou Noir’) 3697b 23c. Jackdaw (‘Choucas des Tours’) 3698 25c. Oystercatcher (“ScholeksterHuîtrier Pie”) 3698a 27c. Woodcock (‘Bécasse des bois’) 3699 30c. Corncrake (‘Rale des Genets’) 3700 35c. Spotted Woodpecker (‘Pic Epeiche’) 3700a 40c. Spotted Flycatcher (‘Gobemouche gris’) 3700b 40c. Long-eared owl (‘Hibou Moyen’) 3700c V-A (40c.) Black Grouse (‘Tétras Lyre’) (24×33 mm) 3701 41c. Collared Dove (‘Tourterelle Turque’) 3701a 44c. Housemartin (‘Hirondelle de fenetre’) 3701b 44c. Wood pigeon (‘Pigeon Ramier’) 3701c 46c. Avocet (‘Avocette’) 3701d 52c. Hoopoe (‘Huppe Fasciee’) 3701e 55c. Plover (‘Petit gravelot’) 3702 57c. Black Tern (‘Guifette Noire’) 3702a 60c. Partridge (‘Perdrix Crise’) 3703 65c. Black-headed gull (‘Mouette rieuse’) 3704 70c. Redshank (‘Chevalier Gambette’) 3704a 70c. Swift (‘Martinet noir’) 3704aa 75c. Golden Plover (‘Pluvier doré’) 3704b 75c. Firecrest (‘Roitelet TripleBandeau’) 3704ba 75c. Kestrel (‘Faucon Crécerelle’) 3704c 78c. Black-tailed godwit (‘Barge A Queue Noir’) 3705 €1 Wheatear (‘Traquet Motteux’) (38×27 mm) 3706 €2 Ringed Plover (‘Grand Gravelot’) (38×27 mm) 3707 €3.72 Moorhen (‘Poule d’eau’) (38×27 mm) 3708 €4 Eagle Owl (‘Hibou grand-ducOehoe’) (38×27 mm) 3708a €4.09 Pheasant (‘Faisan de Colchide’) (32×24 mm) 3708aa €4.30 Grebe (‘Grèbe Huppé’) 3708ab RP (€4.35) Short-eared Owl (‘Hibou des marais’) 3708b €4.40 Peregrine Falcon (‘Faucon Pélerin’) (38×28 mm)

(a) Ordinary gum. P 11½. 1491 1 (71c.) scarlet and slate-grey

(b) Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11½. 4403a 1491 1 (71c.) scarlet and slate-grey Nos. 4403/a were for use in Belgium. No. 4403 was available in books of four pages of five stamps, each with a label attached at right illustrating three themes, ‘Happy Love’, ‘Happy Baby’ ‘Happy Party’, on sale for €14.95. New Listing. The following stamps were issued on 14 January 2012 at St Catherinakerk, Tongeren and on general release from 16 January 2012.

(Des Brody Neuenschwander) 2012 (13 Feb). Write! Calligraphy. Booklet Stamps. T 1501 and similar horiz designs showing calligraphy, language given. Multicoloured. 4423 1 (€1.24) Type 1501 4424 1 (€1.24) Arab (Wassam Shawkat) 4425 1 (€1.24) Chinese (Jianing Wang) 4426 1 (€1.24) Hindi (Dharmesh Jadeja) 4427 1 (€1.24) Greek (Georgia Angelopoulos) Nos. 4423/7 were for use on international mail. Nos. 4423/7 were printed in booklets of five stamps.

1498 Mermaid

(Des Marijike and Karl Meersman) 2012 (16 Jan). Mythical Creatures. Booklet Stamps. T 1498 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Self-adhesive. Die-cut 10½. 4411 1 (71c.) Type 1498 4412 1 (71c.) Werewolf 4413 1 (71c.) Unicorn 4414 1 (71c.) Dragon 4415 1 (71c.) Amphiptere 4416 1 (71c.) Pegasus 4417 1 (71c.) Griffon 4418 1 (71c.) Centaur 4419 1 (71c.) Sphinx 4420 1 (71c.) Harpy The booklet has straight outside edges giving Nos. 4411, 4413, 4415, 4417, 4419 imperforate left edges and Nos. 4412, 4414, 4416, 4418, 4420 imperforate right edges.

1502 Atomium and Symbols of Belgium

(Des Ever Meulen) 2012 (13 Feb). Europa. Visit Belgium. Sheet 120×80mm containing T 1502 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 11½. MS4428 3 (€3.09)×2, Type 1502; Atomium and symbols of Belgium (right) The stamps and margins of MS4428 form a composite design. The stamps of MS4428 were for use on mail within Europe. No. MS4428 was on sale for €5.94. The following stamps were issued on 10 March 2012 at Maison des sports, La Louvière and on general release from 12 March 2012.

2012 (12 Mar). Personal Stamp. No. 4429/30 were for use in Belgium. 4429

(a) Ordinary gum. P P 11½. 1 (71c.) As Type 1491


(b) Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11½. 1 (71c.) As Type 1491

1499 Achel

(Des MVTM. Litho) 2012 (16 Jan). Trappist Beers. Sheet 166×100 mm containing T 1499 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 11½. MS4421 1 (€1.03)×6, Type 1499; Chimay; Orval; Rochefort; Westmalle; Westvleteren The stamps of MS4421 were for use on European mail. No. MS4421 was on sale for €5.94. 1503 Cirque du Soleil (Las Vegas, 1998)

(Des Jean Libert. Litho)

1500 Mayan Calendar (detail)

(Des MVTM. Litho) 2012 (16 Jan). Mayan Calendar Prediction. 21 December 2012 End of World. P 11½. 4422 1500 1 (€1.24) multicoloured No. 4422 was for use on international mail. No. 4422 was printed in sheets of five stamps with an enlarged illustrated right margin.

2012 (12 Mar). Franco Dragone Entertainment Group. Booklet Stamps. T 1503 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Selfadhesive. Die-cut perf wavy edge. 4431 1 (€1.03) Type 1503 4432 1 (€1.03) Décroucher la lune (La Louvière, 2000 - 2002 - 2006 - 2009) 4433 1 (€1.03) A New Day (Las Vegas, 2005) 4434 1 (€1.03) La Rêve (Las Vegas, 2005) 4435 1 (€1.03) The House of Dancing Water (Macau, 2010) Nos. 4431/5 were for use within Europe.





1508 Relay Handover

1512 Pieris brassicae (Large White)

(Des Els Vandevyvere. Litho) 1054 Gerard Mercator

(Des MVTM. Eng Guillaume Broux. Recess and photo)

2012 (21 May). Olympic Games, London. P 11½. 4449 1508 1 (€1.24) multicoloured No. 4449 was for use on international mail.

2012 (12 Mar). Cartography. 500th Birth Anniv of Gerardus Mercator. Sheet 160×112 mm containing T 1504 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 11½. MS4436 3 (€3.09)×2, Type 1504; Jodocus Hondius

(Des Marijike Meersman) 2012 (25 June). Butterflies (1st issue). Booklet Stamp. Self-adhesive. Polyvalent phosphorescent paper. Die-cut 10½×imperf (one side). 4463 1512 1 (71c.) multicoloured The booklet has straight outside edges giving stamps with either left or right edges imperforate depending on position.

The following stamps were issued on 6 October 2012 at Evenementenhal Houtemveld, Tienen and on general release from 8 October 2012.

The following stamps were issued on 14 April 2012 at Lycée Notre-Dame, Hannut and on general release from 16 April 2012. The following stamps were issued on 14 April 2012 at Lycée Notre-Dame, Hannut and on general release from 16 April 2012.

1509 Drum 1513 Papilio machaon (Old World Swallowtail)

(Des Gert Dooreman. Litho)

1505 Canaries

(Des MVTM) 2012 (16 Apr). Pets. Booklet Stamps. T 1505 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Self-adhesive. Die-cut 10½. 4437 1 (71c.) Type 1505 4438 1 (71c.) Guinea Pig 4439 1 (71c.) Cat 4440 1 (71c.) Goldfish 4441 1 (71c.) Two Budgerigars 4442 1 (71c.) Pony 4443 1 (71c.) Chihuahua 4444 1 (71c.) Two Gerbils 4445 1 (71c.) Two Dwarf Rabbits 4446 1 (71c.) Collie The booklet has straight outside edges giving stamps with either left or right edges imperforate depending on position.

2012 (21 May). 50th Anniv of Burundi and Rwanda Independence. T 1509 and similar vert design. Multicoloured. P 11½. 4450 1 (€1.24) Type 1509 4451 1 (€1.24) Woven pot Nos. 4450/1 were for use on international mail. The following stamps were issued on 23 June 2012 at Salle des Sports, Marche-enFamenne and on general release from 25 June 2012.

1517 Hommage à


(Des Marijike Meersman) 2012 (25 June). AIR. Butterflies (2nd issue). Booklet Stamps. Self-adhesive. Polyvalent phosphorescent paper. Diecut 10½×imperf (one side). 4464 1513 1 (€1.20) multicoloured No. 4464 was inscribed ‘A PRIOR’ and was for on international airmail. The booklet has straight outside edges giving stamps with either left or right edges imperforate depending on position.

(Des Luc Derycke) 2012 (8 Oct). Art. Jacob Jordaens Exhibition, Royal Museum of Fine Art, Brussels. P 11½. 4477 1517 1 (71c.) multicoloured

The following stamps were issued on 14 September 2012 at Temsifil 2012 Exhibition and on general release from 17 September 2012.

1518 St. Martin’s Festival

1510 Volcan ensorcelé

(Des MVTM)

1506 Titanic and Lifeboat

(Des François Schuiten and Kris Maes. Recess and photo) 2012 (16 Apr). Centenary of Sinking of Titanic. Sheet 146×105 mm containing T 1506×2. Multicoloured. P 12×11½. MS4447 3 (€3.09)×2, Type 1506×2 The stamps of MS4445 were for use on international mail. No. MS4445 was on sale in a folder containing 3D glasses, for viewing the sheet, for €8.99. No. MS4445 was also available to purchase separately, for €7.14, to customers who had already received the glasses via their subscription. A stamp of a similar design was issued by Aland.

2012 (25 June). Art. Pierre Alechinsky (artist and founder of CoBrA). Booklet Stamps. T 1510 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Self-adhesive. Die-cut wavy edge. 4452 1 (71c.) Type 1510 4453 1 (71c.) A propos de Binche 4454 1 (71c.) Sans espoir de bâtiment pour Anvers ni même pour l’Escaut 4455 1 (71c.) Parfois c’est l’inverse 4456 1 (71c.) A la ligne (vert) 4457 1 (71c.) Aquarelle estampillée (vert) 4458 1 (71c.) Labyrinthe d’apparat (vert) 4459 1 (71c.) Encreur (vert) 4460 1 (71c.) Nuages en pantalons 4461 1 (71c.) Le dernier jour Nos. 4456/9, the vertical stamps, are laid at right angles, giving the appearence od horizontal stamps.

(Des Pieter Gaudesaboos) 1514 Gil&Jo (by Jef Nys)

(Des MVTM) 2012 (17 Sept). This is Belgium. Tenth Anniversary. Sheet 195×120 mm containing T 1514 and similar multicoloured designs showing cartoons, cartoonist’s name given. P 11½. MS4465 1 (71c.)×10, Type 1514; Bob de Moor (28×41 mm); André Franquin (28×41 mm); Marc Sleen (28×41 mm); SU (Willy Vandersteen) (38×24 mm); Hergé (32×36 mm); Lucky Comics (Morris) (28×41 mm); Jije (Jerry Spring) (41×28 mm); Studio Jacobs (E. P. Jacobs) (41×28 mm); Peyo (41×28 mm) No. MS4465 was on sale for €6.50.



1 (71c.) multicoloured

1519 Bales of Hay

(Des Inge van Damme (from photographs by Bart Van Leuven))

1515 Zenobe Gramme (Training


(Des William Vance)

1511 Cabaret au Bord de la Rivière (Jan Brueghel the Younger)

2012 (8 Oct). St. Martin’s Day. P 11½.

2012 (17 Sept). 50th (2011) Anniv of Launch of Zenobe Gramme. Temsifil 2012 Exhibition. P 11½. 4466 1515 1 (71c.) multicoloured No. 4466 was printed in sheets of ten stamps with an enlarged left margin inscribed for the anniversary.

2012 (8 Oct). Regions. Condroz. Sheet 152×185 mm containing T 1519 and similar multicoloured designs. P 11½. MS4479 1 (€1.20)×5, Type 1519; Fontaine Castle; Glasses of beer; Belgian Blue cattle (33×40 mm);Collegiate Church of NotreDame and view of Dinant from Meuse River (49×37 mm) No. MS4479 was for use on international mail and was on sale for €4.95. The following stamps were issued on 27 October 2012 at Provincial Hof, Bruges and on general release from 29 October 2012.

(Des Jean Libert)

1507 Floristan

(Des Luc Derycke. Litho) 2012 (21 May). Jef Geys Exhibition, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium. P 11½. 4448 1507 1 (71c.) multicoloured

G.S.M. July 2013

2012 (25 June). Philately without Frontiers. Philatelic Collection of Prince Albert II of Monaco Exhibition, Bruges, 2012. P 11½. 4462 1511 1 (71c.) multicoloured No. 4462 was printed in sheets of ten stamps with an enlarged upper margin inscribed for the exhibition A stamp of a similar design was issued by Monaco.

1520 Apatura ilia

(Des Marijike Meersman)

1516 Acer macrophyllum

2012 (29 Oct). Butterflies (3rd issue). Coil Stamp. Self-adhesive. Die-cut 14. 4480 1520 1 (71c.) multicoloured No. 4480 was printed with the surplus paper around the stamp removed.



(Des MVTM) 2012 (17 Sept). Tree Leaves. Booklet Stamps. T 1516 and similar multicoloured designs. Self-adhesive. Die-cut. 4467 1 (71c.) Type 1516 4468 1 (71c.) Acer palmatum 4469 1 (71c.) Morus nigra 4470 1 (71c.) Sorbus alinifolia 4471 1 (71c.) Ginkgo biloba 4472 1 (71c.) Betula pendula 4473 1 (71c.) Fagus sylvatica 4474 1 (71c.) Aesculus hippocastanum 4475 1 (71c.) Euonymus europaeus 4476 1 (71c.) Quercus ‘pondaim’ Nos. 4467/76 were each die-cut around the design.


Re-list and renumber to conform with East Africa Foreign Combined catalogue:

1525 Devil

(Des Marijke Meersman)

1521 Statue of Jan

Breydel and Pieter de Coninck (Des Jean Libert. Eng Guillaume Broux. Recess and photo) 2012 (27 Oct). Promotion of Philately. GrandPlace, Bruges (UNESCO world heritage site). Sheet 160×184 mm containing T 1521 and similar multicoloured designs. P 11½. MS4481 1 (71c.)×5, Type 1521; Belfrey; Maison Boechoute, Craenenburg, Die Maene and Pathe Cinema (horiz); Le Panier d’Or; Provincial Court (horiz) The horizontal stamps of MS4481 are laid at right-angles giving the appearence of vertical stamps, and the stamp showing Le Panier d’Or is inverted. No. MS4481 was on sale for €6.50 (including premium).

2013 (21 Jan). Characters from Fairy Tales. Booklet Stamps. T 1525 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Self-adhesive. Die-cut. 4487 1 (71c.) Type 1525 4488 1 (71c.) Troll 4489 1 (71c.) Ghost 4490 1 (71c.) Wizard 4491 1 (71c.) Witch 4492 1 (71c.) Gnome 4493 1 (71c.) Fairy 4494 1 (71c.) Giant 4495 1 (71c.) Prince 4496 1 (71c.) Elf Nos. 4487/96 were printed in booklets of ten stamps. The booklets have straight outer edges giving each stamp either right or left edge imperforate, with two stamps in each booklet having lower edge also imperforate.

1231 Emblem 1228a Suzanne Mubarak and Library Facade

2009 (5 May). Mubarak Public Library, Damanhour. P 13×13½. 2507 1228a 150p. multicoloured

1231a Championship Emblem and Paraguay Flag

StaMP BOOKLetS 2012 (16 Jan). Mythical Creatures. Selfadhesive. SB153 €6.50 Nos. 4411/20


2009 (11 May). First Egypt Post Creative Forum. P 13½×13. 2508 1228b 150p. multicoloured

2012 (16 Jan). Write. SB154 €5.95 One pane. Nos. 4423/7

1522 Saint

Martin’s Church, Kessenich (Des Frédéric Thiry) 2011 (2 Nov). Christmas. T 1522 and similar vert design. Multicoloured. Self-adhesive. . Polyvalent phosphorescent. Die-cut perf 10×imperf. 4482 1 (71c.) Type 1522 4483 1 (€1.03) Saint Mard Church, Vieux-Virton No. 4482 was for use in Belgium and No. 4483 was for use on mail within Europe. Nos. 4482/3, respectively, were each printed in two rows of five stamps in booklets of ten. The booklets have straight outer edges giving each stamp either upper or lower horizontal edge imperforate, with two stamps in each booklet having right edge also imperforate.

2009 (15 July). al-Quds—2009 Capital of Arab Culture. P 13½×13. 2512 1231 150p. multicoloured

2012 (12 Mar). Franco Dragone. Self-adhesive. SB155 €4.95 Nos. 4429/33

2009 (5 Oct). FIFA U-20 Football World Cup Championship, Egypt. Sheet 230×144 mm containing T 1231a and similar horiz designs showing championship emblem and flags of competing countries, country name given. P 13×13½. MS2513 150p.×16, Type 1231a; Brazil; Uruguay; Germany; Nigeria; South Korea; Venezuela; Ghana; United Arab Emirates; South Africa; Egypt; Spain; Italy; Hungary; Czech Republic; Costa Rica

2012 (25 Jun). Art. Pierre Alchinsky. Selfadhesive. SB156 €6.50 Nos. 4452/61 2012 (25 Jun). Butterflies. Self-adhesive. SB157 €6.50 No. 4463×10 2012 (25 Jun). AIR. Butterflies. Self-adhesive. SB158 €4.95 No. 4464×5 2012 (17 Sept). Tree Leaves. Self-adhesive. SB159 €6.50 Nos. 4467/76 2012 (29 Oct). Christmas. Self-adhesive. SB152 €9.90 No. 4484×10 SB160 €6.50 No. 4483×10 2013 (21 Jan). Christmas. Self-adhesive. SB162 €6.50 No. 4487/96

1229 Globe

2009 (14 May). Suzanne Mubarak Women’s International Peace Movement. Cyber Peace Initiative. 2509 1229 150p. multicoloured

1232 Symbols of China and Africa

2009 (8 Nov). Fourth Ministerial Conference of the China-Africa Cooperation Forum (FOCAC), Sharm El Sheikh. P 13×13½. 2514 1232 150p. multicoloured

No. 4484 is vacant.

DenMarK (Pt. 11)

June 2013

Stamps now received:

1233 Symbols of Internet 1229a Ahmed Zewail

1523 Princess Mathilde

(Des Myriam Voz) 2013 (21 Jan). 50th Birth Anniv of Princess Mathilde. P 11½. 4485 1523 1 (71c.) multicoloured No. 4485 was printed in sheets of ten stamps with an enlarged upper margin inscribed for the anniversary.

632 Saponaria officinalis (Soapwort)

2009 (9 June). PAPU Conference, Cairo. Sheet 298×199 mm containing T 1229a and similar horiz designs.. Multicoloured. P 13½×13. MS2510 150p.×16, Type 1229a; Desmond Tutu; Wangari Mathai; Muhammad Anwar Al Sadat; Naguib Mahfouz; Alan Cormack; Nelson Mandela; Wole Soyinka; Sydney Brenner; Frederik Willem de Klerk; Nadine Gordimer; Max Theiler; Mohamed Mostafa El Baradei; Albert Luthuli; Kofi Annan; John Maxwell Coetzee

2009 (15 Nov). Internet Governance Forum, Sharm El Sheikh. P 13×13½. 2515 1233 150p. multicoloured

(Des Lars Gejl) 1233a Masks

2012 (5 Sept). Flowers. T 632 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. Self-adhesive.

2009 (9 Dec). Luxor. P 13×13½. 2516 1233a 250p. multicoloured

(a) Sheet stamps. Die-cut perf 13×13½. 1691 8k. Type 632 1692 12k. Centaurea scabiosa (Greater Knapweed) 1693 14k. Leontodon autumnalis (Hawkbit) (b) Booklet stamp. Die-cut perf 13½. 1693a 8k. As Type 632 1524 Kid Paddle

(Des MIDAM) 2013 (21 Jan). Youth Philately. Kid Paddle. P 11½. 4486 1524 1 (71c.) multicoloured No. 4486 was printed in sheets of ten stamps with an enlarged right margin.

G.S.M. July 2013

StaMP BOOKLetS 2012 (5 Sept). Flowers. SB316 80k. One pane. No. 1693a×10

1230 Emblem

2009 (15 July). 15th Non-Aligned Movement Summit. P 13×13½. 2511 1230 150p. multicoloured

1234 Emblems

2009 (19 Dec). Centenary of Egyptian Society of Political, Economy, Statistics and Legislation. P 13×13½. 2517 1234 150p. multicoloured



eGYPt (Pt. 19)

May 2013


1257 1886 20pa. Stamp (As SG No. 3) 1245 Emblem

2010 (21 June). 20th Anniv of Reading for All Campaign. P 13½×13. 2528 1245 E£1 multicoloured

1251 Emblem and Stylized Young Athletes

2010 (17 Oct). Arab Universities Games, Cairo. P 13½×13. 2534 1251 30p. multicoloured

1236 ’10’ and Emblem

2010 (16 Mar). Tenth Anniv of National Council for Women. P 13×13½. 2519 1236 30p. multicoloured

2011 (2 Jan). Post Day. T 1257 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. P 13. 2542 30p. Type 1257 a. Block of 10. Nos. 2542/51 2543 30p. 1914 50m. stamp (As No. 80) 2544 30p. 1925 15m. stamp (As No. 125) 2545 30p. 1934 13m. stamp (As No. 225) 2546 30p. 1948 10m. stamp (As No. 348) 2547 30p. 1952 22m. stamp (As No. 413) 2548 30p. 1956 10m. stamp (As No. 517) 2549 30p. 1956 10m. stamp (As No. 519) 2550 E£2 1971 5m. stamp (As Type 413) 2551 E£2.5 1926 27m. stamp (As No. 133) Nos. 2542/51 were printed, se-tenant, in blocks of ten stamps within the sheet.

1246 Emblem 1237 Emblem and 1960 10m. Stamp (Type 204)

2010 (21 July). 50th Anniv of Egyptian Television. P 13½×13. 2529 1246 E£1 multicoloured 1252 Emblem and Stylized Graph

2010 (22 Mar). 50th Anniv of Arab League. P 13×13½. 2520 1237 200p. multicoloured

2010 (20 Oct). World Statistics Day. P 13½×13. 2535 1252 30p. multicoloured 1258 Cairo Tower

2011 (11 Apr). 50th Anniv of Cairo Tower. T 1258 and similar vert design. Multicoloured. P 13½×13. 2552 30p. Type 1258 a. Pair. Nos. 2552/3 2553 E£2.5 Tower by night Nos. 2552/3 were printed, se-tenant, in horizontal pairs within the sheet.

1247 Symbols of Alexandria (image scaled

to 55% of original size)

2010 (22 July). Alexandria - Capital of Arab Tourism. P 13×13½. 2530 1247 150p. multicoloured

1238 Flower and Boy

2010 (1 Apr). Orphan’s Day. P 13½×13. 2521 1238 30p. multicoloured 1248 Competition Emblem

2010 (19 Sept). Asia-Pacific Robot Contest (ABU Robocon) 2010, Cairo. P 13×13½. 2531 1248 E£2.5 multicoloured

1249 Roman Theatre, Alexandria 1239 Aerial View, Cairo

2010 (20 Apr). 130th Anniv of Egyptian Gazette Newspaper. P 13½×13. 2522 1239 30p. multicoloured

2010 (28 Sept). Euromed 2010 Postal Conference, Alexandria. P 13×13½. 2532 1249 E£2.5 multicoloured

1253 Enamelled Plate

2010 (25 Oct). Centenary of Museum of Islamic Art. T 1253 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 13½×13. 2536 30p. Type 1253 a. Strip of 3. Nos. 2536/8 2537 E£2 Bas relief 2538 E£2.5 Vase Nos.2536/8 were printed, se-tenant, in horizontal strips of three stamps within the sheet. No. 2539 and Type 1254 are left for Centenary of Olympic Committee, issued on 11 December 2010, not yet received. No. 2540 and Type 1255 are left for 25th Anniv of Information Centre, issued on 20 December 2010, not yet received

1259 Tree as Hands

2011 (5 June). World Environment Day. P 13½×13. 2554 1259 E£2.5 multicoloured

1260 Armed Forces and Academy

2011 (20 July). Bicentenary of War Academy. P 13×13½. 2555 1260 30p. multicoloured

1250 Alabaster Canopic

1244 Tawfiq al-Hakim

2010 (6 June). Second Meeting for Innovation in Egypt Post. Tawfiq al-Hakim (writer) Commemoration. P 13½×13. 2527 1244 150p. multicoloured

G.S.M. July 2013


2010 (8 Oct). Archaeology. P 13½×13. 2533 1250 E£2.5 multicoloured A stamp of a similar design was issued by Slovakia.

1256 Stadium (image scaled to 51% of original size)

2010 (30 Dec). 50th Anniv of Football Stadium, Cairo. Sheet 80×58 mm. Imperf. MS2541 1256 E£2.5 multicoloured

1261 Pyramids



1235 ’30’ and Emblem

2010 (18 Jan). 30th Anniv of PAPU (Pan African Postal Union). P 13×13½. 2518 1235 150p. multicoloured

STANLEY GIBBONS CATALOGUE SUPPLEMENT July 2013 2012 (July). 20th Anniv of Egypt - Azerbaijan Diplomatic Relations. T 1266 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 13×13½. 2568 E£2.5 Type 1266 a. Pair. Nos. 2568/9 2569 E£2.5 Sphinx and pyramids, Egypt Nos. 2568/9 were printed, se-tenant, in horizontal pairs within the sheet.

1267 Cycling

1262 Dove

2012 (2 Jan). Post Day. T 1262 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 13½×13. 2562 E£2.5 Type 1262 a. Horiz strip of 3. Nos. 2562/4 2563 E£2.5 Central Post Office, Ataba Square 2564 E£2.5 Eye of Horus Nos. 2562/4 were printed, se-tenant, in horizontal strips of three stamps within the sheet.

2012. Olympic Games, London. T 1267 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 13½×13. 2570 E£2.5 Type 1267 a. Horiz strip of 5. Nos. 2570/4 2571 E£2.5 Sprinting 2572 E£2.5 Games emblem 2573 E£2.5 Handball 2574 E£2.5 Football Nos. 2570/4 were printed, se-tenant, in horizontal strips of five stamps within the sheet.

751 Brain (90th Anniv of Psychology Studies)

2011 (28 Mar). 375th Anniv of Utrecht University. T 751 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 13½×13. 2824 1 (46c.) Type 751 a. Sheet of 10. Nos. 2824/33 2825 1 (46c.) Owl (centenary of UNITAS) 2826 1 (46c.) Gerard’t Hooft (65th anniv of Nobel Prize for Physics) 2827 1 (46c.) Globe (125th anniv of University Funding) 2828 1 (46c.) Stylised building plans (50th anniv of Utrecht Science Park) 2829 1 (46c.) Horse (190th anniv of Animal Medicine) 2830 1 (46c.) Spotlight (45th anniv of Drama Institute) 2831 1 (46c.) Petrus van Musschenbroek (250th death anniv) 2832 1 (46c.) Partial DNA (25th anniv of M.B.V. Mebiose) 2833 1 (46c.) Buildings (325th anniv of Portrait Gallery) Nos. 2824/33 were printed, se-tenant, in sheets of ten stamps with a brief description of the anniversaries in the margin. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.r

NetherlaNdS (Pt. 4)

June 2011

No. 2565 and Type 1263 are left for First Anniv of Tahrir Square, issued on 25 January 2012, not yet received.

749 St Jan’s Cathedral,


1264 Pope Shenouda III (image scaled to 51% of original size)

2012 (17 Apr). Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria Commemoration. Sheet 80×58 mm. Imperf. MS2566 1264 E£5 multicoloured

2011 (10 Jan). Personal Stamp. Two phosphor bands. Die-cut perf 13×13½. 2820 749 1 (46c.) multicoloured The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and top edge of the stamp. No. 2820 could be personalised by the addition of photograph or logo. (Des Ontwerpwerk Agency) 2011 (10 Jan). Tourism. Vert designs as T 660. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 14½. 2821 1 (46c.) Waterside buildings, City Centre, Almere and map 2822 1 (46c.) Skyscraper, Einhoven and map Nos. 2821/2, respectively, were each issued in se-tenant sheetlets of five stamps with illustrated and perforated margins. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

1265 Globe as Tree

2012 (5 June). World Environment Day. P 13½×13. 2567 1265 E£2 multicoloured

750 Great Tit

1266 Maiden Tower and Shirvanshahs Palace Complex, Baku, Azerbaijan

G.S.M. July 2013

754 ’50 JAAR OESO (OECD)’

2011 (2 May). Anniversaries. T 754 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 13½×13. 2848 1 (46c.) Type 754 2849 1 (46c.) ‘100 JAAR KONINKLIJKE NEDERLANDSE BILJARTBOND’ (Royal Dutch Billiards Association centenary) 2850 1 (46c.) ‘100 JAAR KONINKLIJKE NEDERLANDSE DAMBOND’ (Royal Dutch Chess Association centenary) 2851 1 (46c.) ‘650 JAAR SLOT LOEVESTEIN’ (650th anniv of Loevestein Castle) 2852 1 (46c.) ‘100 JAAR GENOOTSCHAP NEDERLANDSE COMPONISTEN’ (Dutch Composers’ Society centenary) Nos. 2848/52 were printed, se-tenant, in vertical strips of five stamps within the sheet. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

752 Map of Netherlands (Netherlands Architectural Institute)

2011 (28 Mar). Construction Projects. T 752 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 13. 2834 1 (46c.) Type 752 a. Sheet of 12. Nos. 2835/44 and 2834×2 2835 1 (46c.) Floor plan (Kenniscluster, Arnhem) 2836 1 (46c.) Building projection (Kenniscluster, Arnhem) 2837 1 (46c.) Floor plan (Parkeertoren (parking tower)) 2838 1 (46c.) Building projection (Parkeertoren (parking tower)) 2839 1 (46c.) Stylised stepped mountain (Boekenberg (book mountain) Library, Spijkenisse ) 2840 1 (46c.) Skytower, Amsterdam 2841 1 (46c.) Floor plan (Skytower, Amsterdam) 2842 1 (46c.) Boekenberg Library building, Spijkenisse 2843 1 (46c.) Stylised tower (Windpost, Maasvlakte, Rotterdam) 2844 1 (46c.) Windpost building, Maasvlakte, Rotterdam Nos. 2835/44 and 2834×2, were printed, setenant, in sheets of 12 stamps. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps. (Des Ontwerpwerk Agency)

2011 (31 Jan). Personal Stamp. Two phosphor bands. P 14. 2823 750 1 (46c.) multicoloured The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamp. No. 2823 could be personalised by the addition of photograph or logo.

753 Kaleidoscope

2011 (18 Apr). Publicity Campaign. ‘Now that deserves a card!’. Two phosphor bands. P 13½×14. 2847 753 1 (46c.) multicoloured The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamp. No. 2847 was printed in sheets of three stamps with enlarged margins and in booklets.

2011 (11 Apr). Tourism. Vert designs as T 660. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 14½. 2845 1 (46c.) Apartment Buildings, Plantsoen Welgelegen and map 2846 1 (46c.) Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe Church, Breda and map Nos. 2845/6, respectively, were each issued in se-tenant sheetlets of five stamps with illustrated and perforated margins. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

755 Child holding Doll

2011 (23 May). 60th Anniv of UNICEF. T 755 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 13×13½. 2853 1 (46c.) Type 755 a. Sheet of 10. Nos. 2853/62 2854 1 (46c.) Children using globe 2855 1 (46c.) Child holding envelope addressed to ‘Bryan’ 2856 1 (46c.) Child carrying load on head 2857 1 (46c.) Child looking through broken window 2858 1 (46c.) Child playing violin 2859 1 (46c.) Mother and baby 2860 1 (46c.) Giving toddler drops on tongue 2861 1 (46c.) Child using bag as rain shield 2862 1 (46c.) Child blowing bubbles Nos. 2853/62, were printed, se-tenant, in sheets of ten stamps. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

756 ‘WIJN’ (wine) (Sacharmyces cerevisiae)

2011 (27 May). Centenary of Society for Microbiology. T 756 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 13½×13. 2863 1 (46c.) Type 756 a. Sheet of 10. Nos. 2863/72 2864 1 (46c.) ‘PENICILLIN’ 2865 1 (46c.) ‘KAAS’ (cheese) 2866 1 (46c.) ‘BIOGAS’ 2867 1 (46c.) ‘GROENBEMESTING’ (green fertilization) 2868 1 (46c.) ‘BIODIESEL’



2011 (17 Oct). Significant Rivers. T 1261 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 13×13½ . 2556 30p. Type 1261 a. Horiz strip of 3. Nos. 2556, 2558 and 2560 b. Block of 6. Nos. 2556/61 2557 30p. Modern skyline, Singapore a. Horiz strip of 3. Nos. 2557, 2559 and 2561 2558 E£2 Galleon 2559 E£2 River boat, Singapore 2560 E£2.5 Modern skyline 2561 E£2.5 Ruins, Singapore Nos. 2556, 2558 and 2560 and Nos. 2557, 2559 and 2561, respectively, were printed, se-tenant, in horizontal strips of three stamps within blocks of six (No. 2556b), each strip forming a composite design of the River Nile (No. 25561a) or Singapore River (No. 2557a). Stamps of a similar designs were issued by Singapore.


1 (46c.) ‘AFVALWATERZUIVERING’ (sanitation) 2870 1 (46c.) ‘COMPOST’ 2871 1 (46c.) ‘DESINFECTIE’ (disinfection) 2872 1 (46c.) ‘ZELFHELEND BETON’ (self setting concrete) Nos. 2863/72, were printed, se-tenant, in sheets of ten stamps. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps. No. 2873 is left for Post, issued on 31 May 2011, not yet received. Nos. 2874/9 and Type 757 are left for Netherlands and Beyond, issued on 25 July 2011, not yet received. Nos. 2880/5 and Type 758 are left for Centenary Heemschut, issued on 22 August 2011, not yet received. Nos. 2886/97 and Type 759 are left for Green Initiatives, issued on 1 September 2011, not yet received. Nos. 2898/907 and Type 760 are left for Centenary of Circus, issued on 19 September 2011, not yet received. No. 2908 and Type 761 are left for Personal Stamp, issued on 10 October 2011, not yet received. Nos. 2909/14 and Type 762 are left for Post Crossing Initiative, issued on 14 October 2011, not yet received. No. 2915 and Type 763 are left for Stamp Day, issued on 14 October 2011, not yet received. No. MS2916 and Type 764 are left for ‘For Children’, issued on 29 October 2011, not yet received. Nos. 2917/26 and Type 765 are left for Christmas, issued on 22 November 2011, not yet received.

766 De Drie Haringen (Three Herrings) House, Deventer

(Des Max Kisman) 2012 (2 Jan). Personal Stamps. KLM Delftware Houses. T 766 and similar vert design. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 13½×14. 2927 1 (85c.) Type 766 2928 1 (95c.) Rembrandt’s House, Amsterdam No. 2927 was inscribed ‘EUROPA’ and was for mail within Europe, No. 2928 was inscribed ‘WERELD’ and was for use on international mail. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamp. Nos. 2927/8 could be personalised by the addition of photograph or logo.


Nos. 2932/3, respectively, were each issued in se-tenant sheetlets of five stamps with illustrated and perforated margins. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps. (Des Joseph Plateau Agency) 2012 (27 Feb). Tourism. Historic Country Houses. Vert designs as T 660. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 14½. 2934 1 (50c.) Vollenhoven House 2935 1 (50c.) Trompenburg House Nos. 2934/5, respectively, were each issued in se-tenant sheetlets of five stamps with illustrated and perforated margins. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

768 Outline of Albert Heijn Store over Photo of First Grocery Delivery Bicycle

(Des Tahir Idouri and Millford Brand-id) 2012 (27 Feb). 125th Anniv of Albert Heijn (food retailer). T 768 and similar vert designs showing parts of Albert Heijn’s logo over photographs. Multicoloured. Self adhesive. Two phosphor bands. Diecut perf 13½×13. 2936 1 (50c.) Type 768 2937 1 (50c.) Coffee beans over photo of women working in coffee production 2938 1 (50c.) Hamster over poster advertising first ‘Stock-up Week’ 2939 1 (50c.) Father pushing trolley over photo of modern employees The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps. The back of the sheet is inscribed for the anniversary.

771 Pigeon and Flowers

(Des Marenthe Otten. Cartor) 2012 (26 Mar). Publicity Campaign. ‘Now that deserves a card!’. Two phosphor bands. P 14½. 2945 771 1 (50c.) multicoloured The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamp. No. 2945 was printed in sheets of three stamps with enlarged margins and in booklets. Customers purchasing at least six euros worth of greetings cards from participating sales points during 26 March to 16 April 2012 received a free sheetlet with three special stamps.

(Des Rudo Hartman. Cartor) 2012 (27 Feb). 125th Anniv of Dutch Salvation Army. Two phosphor bands. P 13½. 2940 769 1 (46c.) multicoloured No. 2940 was issued both in sheets and booklets, each of ten stamps. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

(Des Christine Alberts and Patrick Coppens) 2012 (23 Apr). Centenary of Netherlands Open Air Museum. Sheet 108×150 mm containing T 772 and similar horiz designs. Colours given in text. Two phosphor bands. P 14½. MS2946 50c.×10, Type 772 (emerald and black); Women at market (black and bright mauve); Children and smart phone (black, magenta and new blue); Children playing c. 1940 (new blue and black); Migrant worker in his room (new blue, black and bright mauve); Women and sod hut (bright mauve, black and magenta); Camper van and occupants (bright mauve, black and emerald); Children with tablet device and camping lamp (emerald, black and new blue); Boarding aircraft c. 1960 (black and magenta); Petrol station (magenta, black and emerald) The designs of the stamps of MS2946 overlap and extend into the right margin. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

2012 (21 May). Tourism. Historic Country Houses. Vert designs as T 660. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 14½. 2947 1 (50c.) Middachten House MS2948 144×75 mm. 1 (50c.)×5, Nos. 2922/5 and 2937 No. 2947 was issued in sheetlets of five stamps with illustrated and perforated margins. No. MS2948 also has illustrated and perforated margins The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

Bij Ongelukken ‘ (first aid)

(Des Joseph Plateau Agency)

G.S.M. July 2013

(Des Sonja Haller and Pascal Brun ) 2012 (18 June). 135th Anniv of De Grote Bosatlas (atlas). Sheet 108×150 mm containing T 774 and forming the overall design T 775. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. MS2959 1 (50c.)×10, Type 774; Pages from 2007 edition; Page from 1961 edition; Page from 1961 edition (different); Page from 1971 edition; Pages from 2001 edition; Pages from 2102 edition; Pages from 2001 edition (different); Pages from 2102 edition (different); Page from 1981 edition The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps. The back of the sheet is inscribed for the anniversary.

nOrWaY (Pt. 11)

February 2012

(Des Enzo Finger and Sverre Morken. Enschedé) 2011 (11 Nov). Posthorn. Vert design as Type 402. Multicoloured, colour of oval given. P 14×13½. 1801 50k. greenish slate

SLOVenia (Pt. 3)

(Des Karel Martens . Litho Cartor)

2012 (30 Jan). Tourism. Historic Country Houses. Vert designs as T 660. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 14½. 2932 1 (50c.) David (statue), Mattemburgh 2933 1 (50c.) Amstenrade House

775 Page from 1877 Edition of De Grote Bosatlas (image scaled to 38% of original size)

February 2013

767 Red Cross ‘Eerste Hulp

2012 (30 Jan). Red Cross. First Aid. T 767 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 13½×14. 2929 1 (50c.) + 25c. Type 767 2930 1 (50c.) + 25c. White cross enclosing face Eerste Hulp dóór iedereen (first aid by all) 2931 1 (50c.) + 25c. White cross enclosing hand Eerste Hulp vóór iedereen (first aid for all) Nos. 2929/31 were printed, se-tenant, in horizontal strips of three stamps within sheets of six stamps. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

774 Page from 1877 Edition of De Grote Bosatlas (detail)

772 Women cleaning Courtyard

(Des Joseph Plateau Agency)

769 Salvationist giving Homeless Man Bowl of Soup

1 (50c.) Prinsjesdag, Queen’s speech day, Binnenhof, The Hague Nos. 2949/58, were printed, se-tenant, in sheets of ten stamps. The phosphor bands were laid at rightangles along the left and bottom edge of the stamps.

773 De Amsterdam (Dutch East Indiaman)

(Des LUST Agency. Cartor) 770 De Amsterdam (Dutch East Indiaman), National Maritime Museum, Oosterdok

(Des Michaël Snitker. Cartor) 2012 (26 Mar). Visit Amsterdam. T 770 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 13½. 2941 1 (50c.) Type 770 a. Pair. Nos. 2931/2 2942 1 (50c.) Muziekgebouw aan ‘t IJ Concert Hall, Bimhuis Jazz Hall and Lirica cruise ship alongside. 2943 1 (85c.) De bocht van de Herengracht (Gerrit Berckheyde) a. Pair. Nos. 2933/4 2944 1 (85c.) Magere Brug (skinny bridge) over River Amstel

2012 (21 May). 60th Anniv of Madurodam (miniature city). T 773 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. Two phosphor bands. P 13½. 2949 1 (50c.) Type 755 a. Sheet of 10. Nos. 2939/48 2950 1 (50c.) Windmill in a polder near Zaanse Schans 2951 1 (50c.) Alkmaar cheese market 2952 1 (50c.) Port of Rotterdam 2953 1 (50c.) Bulbfields in South Holland 2954 1 (50c.) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam 2955 1 (50c.) KLM aircraft at Schiphol Airport 2956 1 (50c.) Maeslantkering storm surge barrier, Nieuwe Waterweg ship canal 2957 1 (50c.) Dredger in Maasvlakte 2 harbour, Rotterdam

Nos. 1013/16 and Type 501 are left for Bees, issued on 28 September 2012, not yet received. No. 1017 and Type 502 are left for Urška Žolnir, issued on 28 September 2012, not yet received. No. 1018 and Type 503 are left for Art, issued on 28 September 2012, not yet received. No. 1019 and Type 504 are left for Chess, issued on 28 September 2012, not yet received.

504a Red Cross Workers carrying Patient

(Des Studio KVADRAT) 2012 (7 Nov). OBLIGATORY TAX. Red Cross Week. P 14×14½. 1019a 504a 15c. multicoloured





2011 (25 Nov). Christmas. SB37 €3.24 No. 980×12 SB38 €4.92 No. 981×12 2011 (25 Nov). New Year. SB39 €3.24 No. 984×12 SB40 €4.92 No. 985×12 505 Nativity Crib

(Des Robert Žvokelj; Edi Berk. Litho Oriental Ptg., Bahrain) 2012 (23 Nov). Christmas. T 505 and similar vert design. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 13 . 1020 A (27c.) Type 505 1021 C (41c.) Angel Nos. 1020/1 were each issued in booklets of 12 stamps. The stamps are peeled directly from the booklet cover.

2012 (23 Nov). Christmas. SB40 €2.70 No. 1020×12 SB41 €4.10 No. 1021×12 2012 (23 Nov). New Year. SB43 €2.70 No. 1022×12 SB44 €4.10 No. 1023×12

tUrKeY (Pt. 16)

May 2013

O1029 Dianthus

2010 (10 Dec). Official Stamps. Flowers. Type O1029 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 13½. O4020 5ykr. Type O1029 O4021 50ykr. Orange and yellow pansyshaped flowers O4022 80ykr. Dark pink salvia-shaped flowers, blue background O4023 90ykr. Yellow composite flowers, blue background O4024 1ylr. White tulip-shaped flowers, blue background

1035 Evliya Celebi

2011 (18 Apr). 400th Birth Anniv of Evliya Celebi (traveller and adventurer). T 1035 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 13×13½. 4039 90ykr. Type 1035 4040 1ylr.30 On horseback

1036 Diplodus vulgaris

2011 (28 Apr). Fish. T 1036 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13½. 4041 1ylr.30 Type 1036 4042 1ylr.30 Trigla lucerna 4043 1ylr.30 Xiphias gladius 506 New Year Fairy

(Des Ariana Noršić; Robert Žvokelj. Litho Oriental Ptg., Bahrain) 2012 (23 Nov). New Year. Self-adhesive. Diecut perf 13 . 1022 A (27c.) Type 506 1023 C (41c.) Piglet Nos. 1022/3 were each issued in booklets of 12 stamps. The stamps are peeled directly from the booklet cover.

1025 Two Players

(Litho Fersa Ofset Ltd) 2010 (28 Aug). FIBA World Basketball Championship for Men, 2010. T 1025 and similar vert design. Multicoloured. P 13. 4012 80ykr. Type 1025 4013 80ykr. Two players at net 4014 110ykr. As Type 1025 4015 110ykr. As No. 4013

1030 Emblem on Map of Turkey

(Litho Fersa Ofset Ltd) 2010 (20 Dec). Economic Cooperation Organisation (ECO) Summit. Sheet 120×80 mm containing T 1030 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 13. MS4025 90ykr. Type 1030;100ykr. As Type 1030; 130ykr. As Type 1030; 150ykr. As Type 1030

1037 Anniversary Emblem

2011 (5 May). 50th Anniv of OECD. P 13×13½. 4044 1037 1ylr. multicoloured

507 ETA 80 Telephone

(Des Robert Žvokelj and Jaka Babnik. Litho AS VABA MAA, Tallinn) 2012 (23 Nov). Slovenian Industrial Design. P 14. 1024 507 58c. multicoloured

1026 Ritsurin Gardens

(Litho Fersa Ofset Ltd) 2010 (2 Sept). Japan Year in Turkey, 2010. Sheet 198×198 mm containing T 1026 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13×13½. MS4016 80ykr.×5, Type 1026; Tradtional Japanese dance (woman); Traditional Japanese folk dance troup; Tokyo skyline and Mount Fuji; Noh theatre actor. 100ykr.×5, Kabuto Samurai war mask; Mount Fuji: Kokeshi dolls; Ertugrul frigate; Sushi A stamp (showing Mount Fuji) of No. MS4016 is part of the background design.

1032 Lily

2011 (7 Feb). Lilies. T 1032 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. P 13½. 4030 25ykr. Type 1032 4031 1ylr. Two pale mauve blooms 4032 3ylr.65 One green tinged bloom 4033 6ylr. One red, orange and pink bloom Nos. 4030/3 are perforated in a heart-shape enclosed in an outer perforated square.

508 Mountaineer

1038 Woodpecker and Forest

2011 (9 May). Europa 2011. Forests. T 1038 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 13½×13. 4045 90ykr. Type 1038 4046 1lyr.30 Deer and forest

1039 Emblem

(Des Studio Arnoldvuga+. Litho AS VABA MAA, Tallinn)

1033 Government Institution, Moscow

2012 (23 Nov). 80th Anniv of First Slovene Films (2nd issue). The Slopes of Triglav. P 14½×14. 1025 508 58c. multicoloured 1027 Collegiate Church of Santa María la Mayor, Toro, Zamora

2011 (16 Mar). 90th Anniv of Moscow Agreement. Sheet 113×53 mm containing T 1033 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 13½×13. MS4034 90ykr.×2, Type 1033; Negotiators around conference table

2011 (10 May). Week of the Disabled. T 1039 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 13½×13. 4047 90ykr. Type 1039 4048 1ylr.30 Emblem (different)

(Litho Fersa Ofset Ltd) 2010 (18 Oct). The Alliance of Civilizations, Turkey and Spain. Multicoloured. P 13. MS4017 80ykr. Type 1027; 110ykr. Ortakoy Mosque, Istanbul 1040 Atatürk

509 Kranjska Klobasa (Carniolan Sausage) O1034 Flower

(Des Edi Berk and Tomo Jeseničnik) 2012 (23 Nov). Gastronomy. T 509 and similar horiz design. Multicoloured. P 11½×12. 1026 77c. Type 509 a. Pair. Nos. 1026/7 1027 77c. Sautéed potatoes Nos. 1026/7 were printed, se-tenant, in horizontal pairs within the sheet StaMP BOOKLetS 2010 (26 Nov). New Year. SB35 €2.70 No. 918×12

G.S.M. July 2013

1028 Rug from Uşak

(Litho Fersa Ofset Ltd) 2010 (17 Nov). Traditional Turkish Arts - Rugs. Multicoloured. P 12½×13½. 4018 80ykr. +10ykr. Type 1028 4019 110ykr. +10ykr. Kayseri

2011 (18 Apr). Official Stamps. Type O1034 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 14×13 (with one elliptical hole on each horiz side and one star-shaped perf on each vert side). O4035 10ykr. Type O1034 O4036 1ylr. Orange and yellow composite flowers O4037 2ylr.80 Stylized peacock feathers, blue background O4038 6ylr. Stylized peacock feathers, multicoloured background

2011 (19 May). 130th Birth Anniv of Atatürk. Sheet 94×64 mm. P 13×13½. MS4049 1040 90ykr. multicoloured

1041 Military Aircraft



2010 (26 Nov). Christmas. SB36 €4.92 No. 920×12

STANLEY GIBBONS CATALOGUE SUPPLEMENT July 2013 2011 (12 July). City of Van, History and Natural Assets. Sheet 128×66 mm containing T 1046 and similar vert designs. Multicoloured. P 13×13½. MS4056 25ykr. Type 1046; 90ykr. Husrev Pasha Mosque; 1ylr.30 Catak Bridge and Pearl Mullet; 1ylr.30 Akdamar Island Church and Van Cat

1047 Emblem (partial) and Mascot

1042 Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)

2011 (5 June). World Environment Day. Sheet 111×111 mm containing T 1042 and similar square designs. Multicoloured. P 13½. MS4052 25ykr. Type 1042; 90ykr. Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle Dove); 1ylr.30 Phasianas colchicus (Common Pheasant ); 1ylr.30 Alectoris chukar (Chukar Partridge) The stamps of MS4052 are perforated in a circle contained in an outer perforated square.

2011 (23 July). Trabzon 2011, European Youth Olympic Festival. T 1047 and similar multicoloured designs. P 13. 4057 25ykr. Type 1047 4058 90ykr. Emblem (full) and mascot 4059 1ylr.30 Mascot and partial emblem on banner 4060 1ylr.30 Mascot (vert)

Nos. 5172/5 have ‘USPS’ in microprinting on the collar of the bauble. Nos. 5176 and 5180 have microprinting to the left of third stripe on the bauble. Nos. 5177 and 5179 have microprinting on the left side of the bottom ribbon in the ribbon cluster above the collar. No. 5178 has microprinting below the lowest stripe of the bauble. No. 5181 has microprinting on the vertical ribbon of the ribbon cluster, No. 5182 has microprinting on the left curved ribbon of the ribbon cluster and No. 5183 has microprinting on the left side of the bauble below the collar. Nos. 5173/5 and 5176/9, each×5 were issued in double-sided booklets of 20 (6×2, 4×2). No. 5180 and 5183, each×5, 5181/2, each×4 were issued in panes of 18 (6×3) from automatic teller machines. All types of booklet have outer edges imperforate. Single stamps may be die-cut all round or show one side or two adjacent sides imperforate. Nos. 5172/83 have no face value expressed and were inscribed ‘FOREVER’, they were originally on sale for 44c.

United StateS of aMerica (Pt. 22)

July 2012


(Des Suzanne Kleinwaks. Litho Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina) 2010 (14 Oct). Hanukkah Festival. Selfadhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5184 3309 (44c.) multicoloured 3304 Madonna of the Candelabra (Raphael)

3315 Shirt

3316 Shirt

3317 Shirt

(Des Carl T. Herrman) 2012 (19 Jan). Aloha Shirts. Self-adhesive. (c) Sheet Stamps. Photo. Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina. Die-cut perf 11. 5193 3313 32c. multicoloured 5194 3314 32c. multicoloured 5195 3315 32c. multicoloured 5196 3316 32c. multicoloured 5197 3317 32c. multicoloured (b) Size 22×24 mm. Coil Stamps. Multicoloured. Litho. Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina. Die-cut imperf×perf 11. 5198 32c. As Type 3313 5199 32c. As Type 3314 5200 32c. As Type 3315 5201 32c. As Type 3316 5202 32c. As Type 3317 Nos. 5198/202 were printed in coils with the designs alternating. There is a slight colour change between the sheet and coil stamps.

(Des Richard Sheaff. Photo Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina) 2011 (31 Oct). Christmas (1st issue). Selfadhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5171 3304 44c. multicoloured 1043 Pagoda

3310 Family

(Des Derry Noyes. Litho Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd, Williamsville, New York)

2011 (25 June). 60th Anniv of Korean War. P 13½. 4053 1043 1ylr. multicoloured

2011 (14 Oct). Kwanza Festival. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5185 3310 (44c.) multicoloured

3318 Glacier National Park, Montana

(Des Carl T. Herrman. Litho Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina) 2012 (19 Jan). AIR. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. A5203 3318 85c. multicoloured

3305 Bauble

3306 Bauble 3311 Eagle

(Des Edith Kessler. Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina) 1044 Adult Hand clasping Child’s Hand

2011 (28 June). 90th Anniv of Social Services and Child Protection Agency. P 13½. 4054 1044 90ykr. multicoloured 3307 Bauble

3308 Bauble

(Des William J. Glicker. Litho) 2011 (13 Oct). Christmas (2nd issue). Baubles. Self-adhesive.

1045 Wrestlers

2011 (8 July). 650th Year of Kirkpinar Oil Wrestling. Sheet 119×89 mm containing T 1045 and similar horiz designs. Multicoloured. P 13×13½. MS4055 90ykr. Type 1045; 90ykr. Falling wrestlers; 1ylr.30 Standing wrestlers with heads lowered; 1ylr.30 Wrestlers and referee

1046 Van Castle

G.S.M. July 2013

(a) Booklet Stamps. Litho. Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd, Williamsville, New York. Die-cut perf 11. 5172 3305 (44c.) multicoloured 5173 3306 (44c.) multicoloured 5174 3307 (44c.) multicoloured 5175 3308 (44c.) multicoloured

(b) Booklet Stamps. Litho. Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina. Die-cut perf 11. 5176 3305 (44c.) multicoloured 5177 3306 (44c.) multicoloured 5178 3307 (44c.) multicoloured 5179 3308 (44c.) multicoloured

(c) Size 22×24 mm. Automatic Teller Machine Stamps. Photo. Avery Dennison, Clinton. South Carolina. Die-cut perf 11½×11. 5180 3305 (44c.) multicoloured 5181 3306 (44c.) multicoloured 5182 3307 (44c.) multicoloured 5183 3308 (44c.) multicoloured

2012 (3 Jan). Pre-sorted First Class Mail. Coil Stamps. Self-adhesive. Die-cut imperf×perf 11. 5186 3311 (25c.) multicoloured (orange) 5187 3311 (25c.) multicoloured (yellow) 5188 3311 (25c.) multicoloured (green) 5189 3311 (25c.) multicoloured (turquoise) 5190 3311 (25c.) multicoloured (blue) 5191 3311 (25c.) multicoloured (magenta) Nos. 5186/91 were printed in coils with the surplus paper around the stamps removed and the designs alternating along the coil. Colour of side panel given.

3312 Sanctuary II (Doug West)

(Des Richard Sheaff. Photo Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina) 2012 (6 Jan). Centenary of New Mexico Statehood. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5192 3312 (44c.) multicoloured

3313 Shirt

3314 Shirt

3319 Cockerel

3320 Centaur

3321 Cockerel on Perch

3322 Cow

3323 Eagle

(Des Derry Noyes. Litho Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina) 2012 (20 Jan). Weather Vanes. Self-adhesive. Die-cut imperf×perf 12. 5204 3319 45c. multicoloured 5205 3320 45c. multicoloured 5206 3321 45c. multicoloured 5207 3322 45c. multicoloured 5208 3323 45c. multicoloured Nos. 5204/8 were printed in coils with the surplus paper around the stamps removed and the designs alternating along the coil. No. 5209 is vacant.



2011 (1 June). Centenary of Turkish Air Force. Two sheets each 119×89 mm containing T 1041 and similar multicoloured designs. P 13×13½ (MS4050) or imperf (MS4051). MS4050 1ylr.30×4, Type 1041; Aircraft over river; Aircraft at sunrise; Aircraft taking off MS4051 1ylr.30×4, Aircraft over three figures looking up; Aircraft, flag and eagle (statue, Air Force war academy, Istanbul); Aircraft in flight above clouds; Aircraft above buildings



85c. multicoloured a. Strip of 5. Nos. 5216/20 5217 3331 85c. multicoloured 5218 3332 85c. multicoloured 5219 3333 85c. multicoloured 5220 3334 85c. multicoloured Nos. 5216/20 were printed in horizontal strips of five stamps within the sheet.

(Des Howard E. Paine. Litho Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd, Williamsville, New York) 2012 (31 Jan). Black Heritage. John H. Johnson (magazine publisher) Commemoration. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5228 3342 (45c.) multicoloured

3324 Wedding


(Des Ethel Kessler. Litho Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina) 2012 (20 Jan). Greetings Stamp. Wedding Cake. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5210 3324 65c. multicoloured No. 5210 is similar to No. 4951.

3343 ‘Love’ 3335 Amish Horse and Buggy, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

(Des Phil Jordan. Litho Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd, Williamsville, New York) 2012 (20 Jan). AIR. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5221 3335 $1.05 multicoloured

(Des Louise Fili. Litho Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina) 2012 (2 Feb). Love. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5229 3343 (45c.) multicoloured No. 5229 was originally to be issued on 14 February 2012, but was released early so that it could be used on St Valentine’s Day cards.

3325 Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly

(Des Derry Noyes. Photo Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina)

3336 Sierra Juniper

2011 (20 Jan). Butterfly. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5211 3325 65c. multicoloured

3337 Trident Maple


3350 (45c.) multicoloured

(b) Coil Stamps. Litho. Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd, Williamsville, New York. Die-cut imperf×perf 9½. 5237 3347 (45c.) multicoloured 5238 3348 (45c.) multicoloured 5239 3349 (45c.) multicoloured 5240 3350 (45c.) multicoloured (c) Coil Stamps. Litho. Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina. Die-cut imperf×perf 11. 5241 3347 (45c.) multicoloured 5242 3348 (45c.) multicoloured 5243 3349 (45c.) multicoloured 5244 3350 (45c.) multicoloured (d) Booklet Stamps. With darker shading and duller phosphor. Litho. Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd, Williamsville, New York. Die-cut perf 11. 5245 3347 (45c.) multicoloured 5246 3348 (45c.) multicoloured 5247 3349 (45c.) multicoloured 5248 3350 (45c.) multicoloured (e) Booklet Stamps. With lighter shading and brighter phosphor. Litho. Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina. Die-cut perf 11. 5180 3347 (45c.) multicoloured 5181 3348 (45c.) multicoloured 5182 3349 (45c.) multicoloured 5183 3350 (45c.) multicoloured Nos. 5245/8 have darker shading amongst the stars at top left, and duller, greener phosphor applied to the paper. Nos. 5249/52 have lighter shading amongst the stars at top left, and brighter, yellower phosphor applied to the paper.

3344 Leaf, Male Figure, Sun and Apple

(Des Derry Noyes. Photo Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina) 2012 (9 Feb). Heart Health. Self-adhesive. Diecut perf 11. 5230 3344 (45c.) multicoloured

3326 Spaniel (Therapy Dog)

3327 Black Labrador (Guide Dog)

3338 Black Pine

3351 Sunshine Skyway Bridge, Florida

3345 Cathedral Rock Azalea 3328 German Shepherd (Rescue Dog)

(Des Richard Sheaff. Photo Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina) 2012 (14 Feb). Centenary of Arizona Statehood. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5231 3345 (45c.) multicoloured

3329 Yellow Labrador (Military Dog)

3352 Carmel Mission, Carmel

(Des Howard E. Paine. Photo Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina) 2012 (20 Jan). Working Dogs. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5212 3326 65c. multicoloured a. Block of 4. Nos. 5212/15 5213 3327 65c. multicoloured 5214 3328 65c. multicoloured 5215 3329 65c. multicoloured Nos. 5212/15 were printed in blocks of four stamps within the sheet.

(Des Carl T Herrman (5253) or Phil Jordan (5254). Litho Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina (5253) or Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd Williamsville, New York (5254))

3340 Banyan

(Des Edith Kessler. Litho Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd, Williamsville, New York) 2012 (23 Jan). Bonsai Trees. Booklet Stamps. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5222 3336 (45c.) multicoloured 5223 3337 (45c.) multicoloured 5224 3338 (45c.) multicoloured 5225 3339 (45c.) multicoloured 5226 3340 (45c.) multicoloured

3346 Danny Thomas

(Des Greg Breeding. Litho Banknote Corporation of America Inc, Browns Summit, North Carolina) 2012 (16 Feb). Danny Thomas (comedian) Commemoration. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5232 3346 (45c.) multicoloured

3330 Peregrine



3341 Dragon

2011 (13 Oct). Christmas (2nd issue) . SB412 $8.80 Self-adhesive double-sided convertible booklet. Nos. 5176/9, each×5

(Des Edith Kessler. Photo Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina)

3332 Osprey

3333 Northern Harrier

3347 ‘Freedom’

3348 ‘Liberty’

3350 ‘Justice’

2012 (22 Feb). Freedom, Liberty, Equality and Justice (1st issue).

2012 (22 Feb). Freedom, Liberty, Equality and Justice (1st issue). SB415 $9 Self-adhesive double-sided convertible booklet. Nos. 5245/8, each×5

(a) Coil Stamps. Photo. Avery Dennison, Clinton, South Carolina. Die-cut imperf×perf 8½. 5233 3347 (45c.) multicoloured 5234 3348 (45c.) multicoloured 5235 3349 (45c.) multicoloured

2012 (22 Feb). Freedom, Liberty, Equality and Justice (1st issue). SB416 $9 Self-adhesive double-sided convertible booklet. Nos. 5249/52, each×5

(Des Howard E. Paine) 3334 Northern Goshawk

(Des Howard E. Paine. Litho Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd, Williamsville, New York)

G.S.M. July 2013

2011 (13 Oct). Christmas (2nd issue) . SB413 $7.92 Self-adhesive double-sided vending booklet. No. 5180 and 5183, each×5, 5181/2, each×4 2012 (23 Jan). Bonsai Trees. SB414 $9 Self-adhesive double-sided vending booklet. Nos. 5222/6, each×4

3349 ‘Equality’

2012 (20 Jan). Birds of Prey. Self-adhesive. Diecut perf 11.

StaMP BOOKLetS 2011 (13 Oct). Christmas (1st issue) . SB410 $8.80 Self-adhesive double-sided convertible booklet. No. 5171×20 2011 (13 Oct). Christmas (2nd issue) . SB411 $8.80 Self-adhesive double-sided convertible booklet. Nos. 5173/5, each×5

3331 Golden

2012 (23 Jan). Chinese New Year. Year of the Dragon. Self-adhesive. Die-cut perf 11. 5227 3341 (45c.) multicoloured No. 5227 was printed in panes of 12 stamps with a brief description of the New Year on the backing sheet.

2012 (28 Feb). Landmarks. Self-adhesive. Diecut perf 11. 5253 3351 $5.15 multicoloured 5254 3352 $18.95 multicoloured

3342 John H. Johnson






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